Causes Of Morning Headache
Here are a few reasons why you get headaches in the morning:
What Is An Aura
An aura is a group of sensory, motor and speech symptoms that usually act like warning signals that a migraine headache is about to begin. Commonly misinterpreted as a seizure or stroke, it typically happens before the headache pain, but can sometimes appear during or even after. An aura can last from 10 to 60 minutes. About 15% to 20% of people who experience migraines have auras.
Aura symptoms are reversible, meaning that they can be stopped/healed. An aura produces symptoms that may include:
- Seeing bright flashing dots, sparkles, or lights.
- Blind spots in your vision.
- Numb or tingling skin.
Restless Night Sleeping Tips For People With Migraine At Night
Why are you still up? Oh, thats right. You have a blinding headache that wont let you rest. A migraine at night is the worst, isnt it?
Dont worry youre not alone. There are millions of people out there that have the same problem you do, and all they want to do is get some shut-eye.
Migraines are tough to beat, though, and some of them have underlying emotional causes that it would be nice to get to the root of if youre actually serious about beating the headache monster that loves to harass you and make you toss and turn at night, grasping your head and screaming at the ceiling for sweet relief.
Perhaps your plight isnt as drastic as that. Either way, soothing the savage noggin is a necessary step in the tricky process of falling asleep at night.
But how does one do it, exactly?
How can you get sufficient rest and get rid of the headache that is slowly driving you mad?
These are the questions that keep many people awake at night so much so that its making their heads hurt. What should these desperate sleep seekers do when faced with the unrelenting pain of an unwanted migraine at night?
Since we just cant watch you suffer anymore, we decided to write a piece that will help you gain some resolution, comfort, and much-needed relief so you can catch all the Zs you deserve tonight. Here are a few sleeping tips for people who have migraines, especially migraine at night.
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What Types Of Headache Are Serious Or Dangerous
All headaches are unpleasant and some, such as headache from medication misuse, are serious in the sense that when not tackled properly they may never go away. However, a few headaches are signs of serious underlying problems. These are uncommon – in many cases very rare.
Dangerous headaches tend to occur suddenly, and to become progressively worse over time. They are more common in older people. They include the following:
Why Are My Sinuses Worse At Night
Weve all been there: you think your sinus problems are getting better, but the minute you lay down, your nose gets stuffy, and youre stuck staring at the ceiling. Ultimately, you find yourself wondering, Why are my sinuses worse at night?
The answer to this question why are my sinuses worse at night? isnt always straightforward, and it can differ from person to person. What holds true for everyone, however, is that if your nose is blocked at night on one side or both, or if you are struggling with any other sinus-related issue, your sleep is going to suffer.
What follows is a list of common conditions or circumstances that might make your sinuses worse at night, along with some potential remedies.
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What To Expect At Your Office Visit
Your provider will take a medical history and will examine your head, eyes, ears, nose, throat, neck, and nervous system.
Your provider will ask many questions to learn about your headaches. Diagnosis is usually based on your history of symptoms.
Tests may include:
- Blood tests or a lumbar puncture if you may have an infection
- Head CT scan or MRI if you have any danger signs or you have been having headaches for a while
Sleep And Headaches: What Is The Connection
While headaches may be considered a symptom or warning sign of various sleep disorders, research has also shown that sleep disturbances often occur in those who have frequent headaches. There is no doubt that sleep and headaches are connected, but the strongest relationship between headaches and sleep is found in the number of REM cycles experienced. Migraines occur in direct correlation to the amount of REM sleep periods experienced per night , and this connection is even stronger in relation to cluster headaches and REM cycles. Headaches have also been associated with the decreased oxygen intake and transient hypertension caused by sleep apnea, and these factors have been theorized to cause early morning headaches.
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What Causes Migraines At Night
The relationship between sleep and migraines is somewhat illogical excessive sleep causes headaches, sleep deprivation causes headaches, sleeping relieves headaches and sometimes sleeping can cause migraines.
How can sleep be a relief AND a culprit of migraines?
It is not uncommon for migraines to occur during the night, sleep and/or upon awakening.
The preferential nighttime timing of migraines is commonly referred to as nocturnal migraines.
The relationship between a migraine and sleep is complicated and requires a holistic diagnostic approach. But, new clinical evidence has shown some biological and lifestyle correlations to after-dark migraine timing.
Read on to learn more about these interesting new findings and some ways to get relief from nocturnal migraines.
When Should I Talk To My Doctor
If you find yourself regularly waking up with a headache, talk to your doctor. They can help you determine whether you have hypnic headaches and recommend a treatment plan, so you can start sleeping and feeling better.
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Do Brain Tumours Cause Headaches
Headaches are one of the most common symptoms of a brain tumour, but they are also common in healthy people, and can be due to many everyday causes.
The headaches are not caused directly by the tumour itself, as the brain has no pain receptors, but by a build-up of pressure on pain-sensitive blood vessels and nerves within the brain.
The build-up of pressure can be due to the tumour pressing on these vessels/nerves or by the tumour blocking the flow of cerebrospinal fluid within the brain.
Headaches are rarely the only symptom of a brain tumour.
Doctors do NOT generally worry if your headache is:
- doesn’t last long
- has an identifiable cause, such as a hangover, lack of sleep, flu-like illness, sinus infection or if you have been ‘fasting’ or overusing medication.
However, people often worry whether their headache is due to something more serious, such as a brain tumour, particularly if they have frequent or severe headaches causing a lot of pain.
If you’re worried, you should speak to your doctor, who can undertake a neurological examination. This involves testing your vision, hearing, balance, reflexes, arm and leg strength, and coordination. If this examination does not show anything outside the normal range and you have no other symptoms, you are unlikely to have a brain tumour.
Actions to take
Jaw Clenching Or Grinding
Grinding or clenching teeth can occur without the individual even realizing it. You may have a morning migraine or headache but not notice symptoms from the jaw.
Clenching throughout the night can lead to fatigue and exhaustion of jaw muscles.
Individuals may notice a stiff jaw, aches in the temples and even damaged teeth. Extreme forces can occur in individuals who grind or clench during sleep. This is often several times more forceful than teeth clenching whilst awake during the day.
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What Are Hypnic Headaches
Hypnic headaches are a rare type of headache that occurs during sleep and wakes the person up, which is why theyve earned the nickname alarm-clock headaches. The pain can keep people up for at least 15 minutes, if not longer. People who experience hypnic headaches typically have them several times a week.
Brain Tumors Are Rare But Can Cause Headache
Its rare that a brain tumor is the cause of a headache, but it does happen, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine. The pain of a brain tumor can be hard to distinguish from a regular headache, though sometimes head pain from a brain tumor is worse early in the morning or when lying down.
A brain tumor can also be accompanied by seizures, forceful vomiting, weakness, double vision, speech impairment, personality changes, and confusion. If a brain tumor is suspected, a thorough evaluation by a doctor is crucial.
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Be Aware Of Potential Causes
One of the most frustrating things about migraines is that they can appear to arise out of the blue causing people even more pain by catching them unaware. However, by understanding when you might be more likely to experience migraines, you can be prepared.
For instance, a recent study published by a leading journal on migraine showed that most migraine attacks occur in the early morning. Over 3000 participants were interviewed, the results of which showed that most migraineurs are early birds, who find it difficult to copy with changes in sleep patterns. If this sounds familiar, and if your migraine is worse in the mornings, try getting up early on a consistent basis. Avoid caffeine, which can make the attack more severe, and make sure youve gotten to bed early so that youve had enough sleep before your circadian rhythms wake you pre-dawn.
Another thing you can try is to protect yourself from the effects of light. Because its extra important for migraine patients to not disrupt their sleep-wake schedule, and one way you can mess up your sleep-wake schedule is exposure to blue light in the evening.
Try Axon glasses to help with headaches and light sensitivity and, by using them in the evening, you can protect yourself from painful light. Simple!
It Does Seem Like Sinus Infection Are Worse At Night
Its not difficult to feel like you are having a relapse when you lay down at night and suddenly feel lousy. Youre feeling worse even though youre resting? That doesnt seem right. But just because your infection feels worse at night doesnt necessarily mean its coming back. So the severity of symptoms isnt always a relapse.
That said, as with any illness, sleep can be crucial to your recovery. Your immune system relies on a restful eight hours of sleep each night to function correctly. And naturally, you will feel more miserable when you get up if you dont get a restful nights sleep. You can sleep more soundly and feel better by determining why your symptoms increase at night.
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Headache While Lying Down: Why And How To Help
Pain arising from any part of the head is known as headache. This ache that could be felt on one side or both sides at the same time may be sharp, throbbing or dull in nature, radiating from one point to another or being localized to one particular site. You may complain of headache on standing or an aggravation in headache while lying down. Headaches can be sudden and sharp in onset, or begin gradually and may last an hour or for weeks
Who Usually Gets Hypnic Headaches And Why
Older adults and women are more likely to get hypnic headaches, although children can also have them. Women are between 1.5 to two times more likely to have hypnic headaches than men.
Over 90% of people experience their first hypnic headache after age 50, with an average age of onset of 62 years old.
It usually takes a long time from onset of headaches to a diagnosis of hypnic headaches, which may skew the ages of those who have them to be older. On average, people dont receive a diagnosis until seven years after their first hypnic headache.
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When To Worry About A Headache
You can take care of many types of headaches by yourself, and your doctor can give you medication to control most of the tougher headaches. But some headaches call for prompt medical care. Here are some warning signs for when you should worry about headaches:
- Headaches that first develop after age 50
- A major change in the pattern of your headaches
- An unusually severe headache
- Head pain that increases with coughing or movement
- Headaches that get steadily worse
- Changes in personality or mental function
- Headaches that are accompanied by fever, stiff neck, confusion, decreased alertness or memory, or neurological symptoms such as visual disturbances, slurred speech, weakness, numbness, or seizures
- Headaches that are accompanied by a painful red eye
- Headaches that are accompanied by pain and tenderness near the temples
- Headaches after a blow to the head
- Headaches that prevent normal daily activities
- Headaches that come on abruptly, especially if they wake you up
- Headaches in patients with cancer or impaired immune systems
What Can I Do To Treat Or Prevent Nighttime Headaches
Unfortunately, you can’t always just sleep off a nighttime headache. If the pain is too much, over-the-counter pain medicine may help, but Dr. Dimitriu said you shouldn’t make it a recurring habit. It’s also important to try to manage your stress levels, and identify and address any underlying causes.
Where possible, you can also optimize your environment to help prevent headaches. Dr. Rajneesh suggests the following:
Avoid stimulants like coffee and tea late at night.
Ensure your pillows can support your neck while sleeping.
Check that your mattress properly supports your body and spine.
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How Are Hypnic Headaches Diagnosed
To diagnose hypnic headaches, your doctor will inquire about your symptoms and when they occur. This will help them determine whether your symptoms are caused by hypnic headaches or another disorder that has similar symptoms. For example, high blood pressure, brain tumors, depression, and other sleep disorders like sleep apnea can also cause headaches that occur at night or wake you up from sleep.
To help rule out other conditions, your doctor may order tests such as a polysomnogram , an MRI, or CT scans of your brain.
What Are The Symptoms Of A Hypnic Headache
Symptoms of a hypnic headache include:
- Dull or throbbing pain affecting one or both sides of the head
- Waking up in the middle of the night due to headache, multiple times a month
- Sensitivity to light or sounds
- Runny eyes or nose
The primary symptom of a hypnic headache is dull or throbbing head pain that occurs during sleep, multiple times per month, usually around the same time of night. Some people experience additional symptoms during a hypnic headache, such as nausea or sensitivity to light or sounds.
Hypnic headaches can be unilateral or bilateral, which means they can affect one or both sides of your head. However, its more common for a hypnic headache to affect both sides.
Hypnic headaches can range in severity, but theyre painful enough to rouse you from sleep. The majority of people describe the pain as moderate to severe.
Another distinguishing feature of hypnic headaches is the time they occur. Hypnic headaches usually occur in the middle of the night, around two to three hours after falling asleep, or between 1 a.m. and 3 a.m. They often occur around the same time and may even happen multiple times per night7. Hypnic headaches can last for 15 minutes to three hours, with an average of 90 minutes.
While hypnic headaches are rare, theyre a common experience for those who have them occurring at least 10 times a month. Some people experience them at least every other day.
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