Thursday, June 16, 2022
HomeWhy Do Migraines Cause Vomiting

Why Do Migraines Cause Vomiting

What Are The Symptoms Of Migraine

Why Do We Get Migraines?

The main symptoms of migraine are an intense, throbbing or pounding headache often affecting the front or one side of the head, nausea and sometimes vomiting , and an increased sensitivity to light smells and sound. The throbbing headache is often made worse by the person moving.

Other symptoms of migraine might include poor concentration, feeling hot or cold, perspiration , and an increased need to pass urine. This can occur before, during or after the migraine attack.

People might also experience stomach aches and diarrhoea.

It is common for people to feel tired for up to two or three days after a migraine.

Are Migraines Linked To Depression

Migraines and chronic headaches are fairly common in people who suffer from anxiety, and can sometimes precede the onset of a mental disorder, such as depression. Some researchers believe there is a link between migraines and a predisposition towards having anxiety, depression and mood disorders possibly a genetic link.

Migraine headaches aren’t usually triggered by other medical conditions, however, they can be triggered by some of the same issues that trigger depression, such as alcohol abuse.

Why Do Migraines Make You Vomit

Feeling nauseous when you have a migraine is an incredibly common side effect. This can happen with or without an aura. A migraine with strong associated feelings of nausea is sometimes called an abdominal migraine.

Nausea and vomiting often occur alongside dizziness; this could be linked to brain and inner ear disturbances. But since the underlying cause of migraines is still largely unknown, its hard to pinpoint exactly why nausea and vomiting are common symptoms.

Read Also: Are Migraines Related To Strokes

What Causes A Migraine

The cause of migraine headaches is complicated and not fully understood. When you have a headache its because specific nerves in your blood vessels send pain signals to your brain. This releases inflammatory substances into the nerves and blood vessels of your head. Its unclear why your nerves do that.

Nausea Vomiting And Migraine

Why Do We Vomit When We Get Sick?

Nausea and vomiting are common symptoms associated with migraine. This may be because the brain and gut are connected and able to communicate with each other. An example of this is the butterflies you feel in your stomach when youre nervous.

This communication is bidirectional, meaning that the brain can send messages to the gut, and the gut can also send messages to the brain.

This is known as the gut-brain axis. It connects the central nervous system to the enteric nervous system through the vagus nerve, which runs from the brain to the gut.

In fact, a specific type of migraine that typically occurs in children is known as abdominal migraine. Nausea and vomiting are known symptoms of this condition. Abdominal migraine pain centers in the stomach rather than in the head. Children prone to abdominal migraine often have migraine attacks as adults.

In addition to nausea and vomiting, other migraine symptoms may include:

  • intense, pounding pain on one or both sides of the head
  • extreme sensitivity to light, sound, or smells
  • blurry vision

Don’t Miss: What To Do When U Have A Migraine

What Are The Stages Of A Migraine

The Migraine Research Foundation says that migraine is a neurological disease that affects 39 million people in the U.S. Migraines, which often begin in childhood, adolescence or early adulthood, can progress through four stages: prodrome, aura, attack and post-drome. Not everyone who has migraines goes through all stages.

Can Eating Certain Foods Or Skipping Meals Trigger Nausea Or Migraine

Certain foods, and skipping meals, can trigger a migraine attack, and nausea can be a symptom that occurs during the attack, says Spears. Its not as common for people to do something to cause nausea and then end up with a migraine attack on the back end; its only in a small percentage of patients that nausea would occur first, he says.

When it comes to which foods trigger a migraine, it varies from person to person, says Lauren Doyle Strauss, DO, a headache specialist and assistant professor at Wake Forest Baptist Health in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Moderation is a good idea dont eat or drink anything to excess. Avoid things with a lot of preservatives in them, such as processed meats or hard cheeses, she says.

Because skipping meals can trigger migraine attacks, its a good idea for people with headaches or migraine to routinely have breakfast, lunch, and dinner with some snacks throughout the day, according to Dr. Strauss. This can help maintain blood sugar levels and prevent hypoglycemia, which is when blood sugar drops to a low level, and may bring on a headache or make it worse, according to the National Headache Foundation.

RELATED: 12 Foods to Help Get Rid of a Headache or Migraine Attack Naturally

Read Also: Do You Push Through Migraine

How Are Migraines Treated

Migraine headaches are chronic. They cant be cured, but they can be managed and possibly improved. There are two main treatment approaches that use medications: abortive and preventive.

  • Abortive medications are most effective when you use them at the first sign of a migraine. Take them while the pain is mild. By possibly stopping the headache process, abortive medications help stop or decrease your migraine symptoms, including pain, nausea, light sensitivity, etc. Some abortive medications work by constricting your blood vessels, bringing them back to normal and relieving the throbbing pain.
  • Preventive medications may be prescribed when your headaches are severe, occur more than four times a month and are significantly interfering with your normal activities. Preventive medications reduce the frequency and severity of the headaches. Medications are generally taken on a regular, daily basis to help prevent migraines.

What Medications Are Used To Relieve Migraine Pain

Why Do People Get Migraines?

Over-the-counter medications are effective for some people with mild to moderate migraines. The main ingredients in pain relieving medications are ibuprofen, aspirin, acetaminophen, naproxen and caffeine.

Three over-the-counter products approved by the Food and Drug Administration for migraine headaches are:

  • Excedrin® Migraine.
  • Advil® Migraine.
  • Motrin® Migraine Pain.

Be cautious when taking over-the-counter pain relieving medications. Sometimes overusing them can cause analgesic-rebound headaches or a dependency problem. If you’re taking any over-the-counter pain medications more than two to three times a week, report that to your healthcare provider. They may suggest prescription medications that may be more effective.

Prescription drugs for migraine headaches include:

Triptan class of drugs :

  • Sumatriptan.
  • Butterbur.
  • Co-enzyme Q10.

Drugs to relieve migraine pain come in a variety of formulations including pills, tablets, injections, suppositories and nasal sprays. You and your healthcare provider will discuss the specific medication, combination of medications and formulations to best meet your unique headache pain.

Drugs to relieve nausea are also prescribed, if needed.

All medications should be used under the direction of a headache specialist or healthcare provider familiar with migraine therapy. As with any medication, it’s important to carefully follow the label instructions and your healthcare providers advice.

You May Like: Can Migraines Cause You To Throw Up

The Origin Of Nausea In Migrainea Pet Study

1Headache Group Basic & Clinical Neurosciences, Kings College London, London, UK

2Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA

3Basildon and Thurrock University Hospital, Nethermayne, Basildon SS16 5NL, UK

4The Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel, London E1 1BB, UK

What Medicines Help Relieve Migraine Pain

For mild to moderate migraines, over-the-counter medicines that may help relieve migraine pain include:

  • aspirin
  • acetaminophen
  • an acetaminophen, aspirin, and caffeine combination
  • ibuprofen
  • naproxen
  • ketoprofen

People who have more severe migraines may need to try abortive prescription medicines. A medicine called ergotamine can be effective alone or combined with other medicines. Dihydroergotamine is related to ergotamine and can be helpful. Other prescription medicines for migraines include sumatriptan, zolmitriptan, naratriptan, rizatriptan, almotriptan, eletriptan, and frovatriptan.

If the pain wont go away, stronger pain medicine may be needed, such as a narcotic, or medicines that contain a barbiturate . These medicines can be habit-forming and should be used cautiously. Your doctor may prescribe these only if they are needed and only for a short period of time.

Don’t Miss: Is An Ocular Migraine A Sign Of A Stroke

Kids Experience Unique Stomach Issues With Migraine

Paula: Can you explain cyclical vomiting and abdominal migraines?

Dr. Starling: Cyclic vomiting syndrome and abdominal migraine are variants of Migraine, and they’re actually more common in our pediatric population. With abdominal migraine, individuals will have episodes of abdominal pain that is usually poorly localized somewhere in the stomach area.

These episodes will come and go, similar to migraine attacks that will come and go. There are patients for whom abdominal Migraine develops into a more chronic problem similar to Chronic Migraine.

Cyclic vomiting syndrome is another Migraine variant where they’ll have episodes where they’re unable to stop vomiting, and then episodes where they’re doing okay in between – similar to having episodic Migraine. Both of these things, as I mentioned, are more common in the pediatric population, but they can be treated effectively with the same types of medications that we use for Migraine, whether they have a headache or not.

That is another important concept: Migraine should not be synonymous to head pain. Migraine is a sensory processing disorder, and so some people have Migraine without any head pain at all, and they may only have nausea, the abdominal pain, all of these other symptoms that talk about.

Are Some Migraine Treatment Options Better For People Who Get Diarrhea

Headache and nausea: Causes, treatment, and prevention

If a person is prone to diarrhea, its a good idea stay away from certain medications that are used preventively for migraine, such as the SNRIs that may speed the gut up, says Spears.

There are potential side effects for some acute medications as well. Some over-the-counter and prescription drugs, such as Excedrin Migraine or Fioricet, contain caffeine, which may contribute to diarrhea.

You May Like: Does Daith Piercing Really Work For Migraines

Why Do Numbness And Tingling Occur

It is not known for certain why migraine aura occurs, including the numbness and tingling. Some doctors believe that migraine with aura may be similar to an electrical or chemical wave moving along the areas of the brain responsible for vision and sensation. These waves then cause the symptoms that sometimes appear with aura.1

Nausea With Or Without Vomiting

  • print page
  • Bookmark for later

People living with migraine disease often experience nausea, an uneasy, queasy feeling or discomfort in the stomach. Nausea with or without vomiting is one of the key symptoms that people report during migraine. It can be severe enough to limit activity in some people.

Nausea can occur by itself or it may cause vomiting. Sometimes migraine symptoms like nausea or vomiting can be more debilitating than migraine head pain.

Don’t Miss: Does Cbd Work For Migraines

Can Nausea Reduce The Effectiveness Of Acute Migraine Treatments Taken Orally

In some cases, yes, says Spears. I find this is especially true for nocturnal migraines the migraines that wake people from sleep. Often, the nausea is so far down the road at that point that taking an oral medication can be ineffective, so those individuals do need an alternative route of administration, he says.

Alternatives to pills you have to swallow with water could be an oral dissolvable, a nasal spray, or an injectable, says Spears. It could also be a rectal suppository, which arent very popular anymore but are a viable option, he adds.

If you have nausea, taking your medication a different way may improve its efficacy, according to Simona Sacco, MD, a full professor of neurology at the University of LAquila in Italy and the director of the clinical unit of neurology and the stroke unit at the Avezzano Hospital, in a presentation she gave at the sixth annual Migraine World Summit, held March 17 to 25, 2021.

Early nausea can be an indication that theres some impairment in how the gut is working, Dr. Sacco said. This may lead to delay or incomplete absorption of an oral drug. If this is suspected, its better to use nonoral drugs.

Why Does Migraine Affect Your Stomach

Daily Stomach Ache, Headache, Nausea: Christine’s Binocular Vision Dysfunction Story

When a Migraine attack descends, it begins in the brain. Doctors are still not 100% sure of the exact cause and pathways of a Migraine attack, but the central nervous system plays a critical role in the initiation and maintenance of Migraine. Activation of certain regions of the brain corresponds to the light sensitivity, sound sensitivity, and nausea.

Migraine nausea, and the vomiting that sometimes results, is thought to be brought about both the nervous system and the stomach itself.

During a Migraine attack, the digestive system actually slows down significantly. Doctors refer to this as gastric stasis, or delayed stomach emptying. The undigested food that waits in the stomach is most likely a cause of nausea and vomiting during an attack. Sometimes the digestive system slows in the intestines, too, leading to constipation.

Gastric stasis and the nausea it causes makes eating during a migraine attack very difficult, if not impossible. People with Chronic Migraine that is, 15 or more headache days a month can experience weight loss as a result of frequent Migraine nausea. Nausea can occur in all four phases of a Migraine attack, meaning that the stomach could still be upset even after the worst of the head pain subsides.

Don’t Miss: Why Do You Get Migraines During Pregnancy

Preventative Medication And Therapies

If you experience frequent migraines, your GP might discuss preventative medication options with you.

It is important to note that preventatives for migraines are not pain medication, but help to reduce the number of migraines. They take time to work, so the minimum time period required may be three to six months. Contact your GP or specialist for further information. All of these treatments have their advantages and disadvantages and some of the medications might not be suitable for everybody.

You might find that this medication reduces the frequency and severity of your attacks but does not stop them completely. You will need to continue your other migraine treatments when you experience an attack.

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommends that GPs and specialists should consider the following drugs and therapies if they think you might benefit from preventative treatment:

Beta blocking drugs

These drugs are traditionally used to treat angina and high blood pressure. It has been found that certain beta-blockers prevent migraine attacks. Beta-blockers are unsuitable for people with certain conditions.

Topiramate

This drug is typically prescribed for the treatment of epilepsy but has also been found to help reduce the frequency of migraines. Again, it is not suitable for everyone. In particular, women who are pregnant or thinking about getting pregnant should be advised of the associated side effects.

Amitriptyline

Acupuncture

Botulinum toxin type A

What Causes Diarrhea And Headaches

We think that there is a connection between diarrhea and headaches, with serotonin being the common denominator, says Spears. is a major that helps regulate mood, but there are also a lot of serotonin receptors in the gut, he explains.

In the majority of , the gut will actually slow down during the attack and not move anything forward. In the worst-case scenario, things go in the opposite direction, and people experience vomiting, but for a smaller percentage of people, migraine will actually speed the gut up, and they develop diarrhea, says Spears.

You May Like: What Can Help A Migraine Go Away

Why Do Migraines Make You Nauseous

A migraine is a serious chronic condition where a person has a severe headache lasting anywhere from hours to days. It can be felt on either side of the head, temples, and even behind the eyes and ears. They generally do not come on suddenly – most will have warning signs like seeing spots or having a tingling feeling. Migraine sufferers have to deal with plenty of symptoms in addition to a debilitating headache. Over one-third of migraine sufferers experience sudden nausea and vomiting.

So why do so many people feel nauseated with their migraine? Why do people get migraines in the first place? The answer to both of these questions is the same: we do not know! However, here are a few theories:

  • When someone has low serotonin levels in their brain, blood vessels swell up starting the migraine in the first place. Low levels of serotonin have been linked to nausea.
  • Women are known to get more migraines than men. Scientists are looking into the idea that nausea associated with migraines in women could have to do with changing estrogen levels.
  • High blood pressure experienced during migraines could cause vomiting, as a side effect of hypertension is nausea. However, the relationship between high blood pressure and migraines is still being investigated.

These are just a few theories as to why people vomit during migraines and no one theory is more likely than the other. Testing these answers, or even coming up with a new hypothesis altogether, could take several years of research.

How Are Migraine Headaches Treated In Children And Adolescents

Why Does Chiropractic Help with Migraines?

Basic lifestyle changes can help control a migraine. Whenever possible, avoiding the known triggers can help reduce the frequency and severity of migraine attacks.

Biofeedback and stress reduction. Biofeedback helps a person learn stress-reducing skills by providing information about muscle tension, heart rate, and other vital signs as a person attempts to relax. It is used to gain control over certain bodily functions that cause tension and physical pain.

Biofeedback can be used to help patients learn how their body responds in stressful situations, and how to better cope. Some people choose biofeedback instead of medications.

Other stress reduction options include counseling, exercising, and yoga.

Vitamins, minerals, and herbal products. These products have shown some effectiveness in migraine. They include magnesium, riboflavin, and coenzyme Q10.

Medications. Headache medications can be grouped into three different categories: symptomatic relief, abortive therapy, and preventive therapy. Each type of medication is most effective when used in combination with other medical recommendations, such as dietary and lifestyle changes, exercise, and relaxation therapy.

Important: If symptomatic relief medications are used more than twice a week, see your doctor. Overuse of symptomatic medications can actually cause more frequent headaches or worsen headache symptoms. This is called rebound or medication overuse headache.

Abortive medications include:

  • Triptans

Read Also: Do I Have A Migraine Quiz

RELATED ARTICLES

Popular Articles