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Why Do I Keep Getting Eye Migraines

Airplane Headache: Why It Occurs And How To Stop It

Migraine Aura – Everything You Need To Know About Visual Auras From Migraines

Airplane headache! Yep, its real. Its also know as high altitude headache. But it doesnt matter how you call it, its hurtful anyways.

I didnt experience it but my boyfried did on our last trip to France. What was it like? A sharp pain in the sinuses, so strong it was scary as hell. So he felt it on our second flight landing in Paris from Munich.

It lasted for a good 3-4 hours. We never knew what was it until we read about it when we got back home a week after. My boyfriend felt the same sharp pain on our way back to Sofia, on the second flight again, when landing. It lasted less then.

Treating And Preventing Migraine With Aura Or Retinal Migraine

For infrequent attacks, medications that target symptoms can be effective, from NSAIDs for pain to anti-nausea medications. Preventative therapies including calcium channel blockers, antiepileptic or tricyclic medications. Quitting smoking is recommended and cessation of oral contraceptives may be advised in certain circumstances. Some options for relief without drugs can include resting your eyes, removing yourself from bright sunlight or other harsh lighting, and taking a break from looking at a screen. As with all types of migraine, try to avoid triggers like stress, dehydration, high altitude, low blood sugar, excessive heat and extensive time spent staring at a screen.

While the symptoms can be disorienting and distressing, they are often short-lived, and almost always reversible. Take some time away from triggers and wait for the symptoms to fade. For more information, visit the American Migraine Foundations resource center, which includes content specifically related to Migraine with Aura, Retinal Migraine and more. The American Migraine Foundation is committed to providing comfort and information to people living with this disease. You are not alone: find your support network today.

Reviewed for accuracy by the American Migraine Foundations subject matter experts, headache specialists and medical advisers with deep knowledge and training in headache medicine. to read about our editorial board members.

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What Is A Headache Behind The Eyes

A headache behind your eyes can come with other symptoms. They can be a sign of a cluster headache, tension headache, or even sinus headaches that recur if you have allergies or sinus problems.

When you feel stressed or tense, headache symptoms can arise. Some may go away with an over-the-counter painkiller, but others, like migraines, may become too severe for you to continue working or enjoying time to yourself. Frequent issues like these can indicate a more serious condition, and so you should consult with your doctor.

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What Medicines Help Relieve Migraine Pain

For mild to moderate migraines, over-the-counter medicines that may help relieve migraine pain include:

  • aspirin
  • acetaminophen
  • an acetaminophen, aspirin, and caffeine combination
  • ibuprofen
  • naproxen
  • ketoprofen

People who have more severe migraines may need to try abortive prescription medicines. A medicine called ergotamine can be effective alone or combined with other medicines. Dihydroergotamine is related to ergotamine and can be helpful. Other prescription medicines for migraines include sumatriptan, zolmitriptan, naratriptan, rizatriptan, almotriptan, eletriptan, and frovatriptan.

If the pain wont go away, stronger pain medicine may be needed, such as a narcotic, or medicines that contain a barbiturate . These medicines can be habit-forming and should be used cautiously. Your doctor may prescribe these only if they are needed and only for a short period of time.

What Is Aura In The Eye

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Auras, as mentioned before are symptoms related to a patients nervous system. These mainly indicate visual disturbances in the form of waves or light flashes and zigzag vision. Sometimes, auras may be in the form of motor or movement, sensory or sensations, verbal or speech disturbances. In addition, it weakens the body muscles or forces a person to feel as somebody his touching him/her. Each of the symptoms mentioned here starts gradually and forms for several minutes, while lasts for even an hour.

Aura in the eye symptoms include:

  • Visual phenomena, which take place in the form of viewing different shapes, light flashes and bright spots, while in some cases, loss of vision
  • Sensation of needles and pins in a leg or in an arm
  • Numbness or weakness in the face or any particular side of a patients body
  • Hearing music or noises

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Causes Of Visual Migraines

Some researchers believe ocular migraines are caused by changes or spasms in the retinal blood vessels or nerves, however the exact cause is still unknown.

Most eye doctors believe they are caused by the same factors that lead to classic migraines, including:

  • Family history of migraines
  • Foods containing nitrates, MSG, or tyramine

What Causes Migraine Pain

Research is still ongoing, but migraines are thought to likely be caused by a phenomenon called cortical spreading depression . This is a process that happens in the brain, more specifically the cortex, when these brain cells are over stimulated.

This stimulation affects the production of serotonin and other brain chemicals. Serotonin then stimulates the trigeminovascular system. This system controls the brains blood vessels, causing them to swell.

Swollen blood vessels do two things:

  • Push on neighbouring nerves causing the sensation of pain.
  • Force the blood to travel through much smaller than normal spaces, making the pulsation of the blood more prominent.

With changes like this happening to the vessels inside our heads, it isnt all that surprising that people often describe the pain as throbbing or as a feeling of pressure inside their head.

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What Is A Migraine Trigger

Most migraine sufferers learn what their triggers are. A trigger is an action or event that tends to lead to the migraine starting. Sometimes a person needs to have a combination of triggers to occur before they get a migraine.

Some common triggers include:

  • Certain foods such as red wine, chocolate, caffeine or aged cheese

For many sufferers, no trigger can be found.

Why Do I Get Ocular Migraines

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Migraines are caused by cortical spreading depression, a medical term used to describe abnormal electrical activity in the brain that typically starts in the occipital lobe and spreads through the rest of the brain at a slow but steady pace. Ocular migraines may be caused by this same phenomenon that takes place in the retina of the eye.

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How Do You Diagnose The Type Of Headache

If you often experience pain behind your eyes, you should seek medical advice from your doctor. There are no specific tests to determine which kind of headache you have. Instead, your doctor will diagnose you based on the pains placement, severity, and possible causes. They may also run tests to check for underlying conditions.

To diagnose your headaches, your doctor will look for a pattern. They will ask you questions about your symptoms and try to match them with migraines, tension headaches, cluster headaches, or sinus headaches. They will also conduct a physical exam to check your vision, coordination, senses, and reflexes.

If your primary care doctor does not feel they can offer a precise diagnosis, they may refer you to a neurologist.

What Causes A Headache Behind The Eyes

A headache behind your eyes can have multiple causes, and it may take some trial and error before you understand what triggers it. To identify the source of your headache pain, you should first consider the type of pain you have.

  • Migraine: A migraine headache usually comes with extreme pain behind your eyes. If you suffer from migraines, your triggers may look different than those of someone else who also gets migraines. For many people, migraines accompany stress or anxiety, hormone changes, poor posture or diet, medication, and even environmental stimuli. They often come with nausea, weakness, tension in the head, and mood changes.
  • Tension headache: You might notice tension headaches after a long day of driving, looking at a screen, or anything that requires continuous, close focus. Many people notice these types of headaches on days with cold temperatures, and they can come with head or neck muscle contractions.
  • Cluster headache: Cluster headaches occur in cycles, and men experience them more than women do. While they are common, doctors do not know what causes them, other than possible genetic factors. Many people who have them experience severe pain.
  • Sinus headache: This type of headache appears most often during allergy seasons or at other times when you experience an allergy flare-up. Its symptoms mirror many of those that come with migraines and cluster headaches, which leads many people to mistake those types of headaches for sinus headaches.
  • Illness or infection

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How To Tell You’re Having A Migraine

Migraines are severely disabling, with symptoms ranging from intense head pain to nausea, vomiting, and fatigue. If you suffer from migraines, it’s helpful to know some common warning signs, so you can prepare for or try to prevent one. Watch this video for signs that a migraine might be around the corner.

About Dr Donald Mccormack

Why do I keep getting headaches at night ?

As an ophthalmologist, Dr. McCormack diagnoses and treats all eye diseases, prescribes eyeglasses and contact lenses to correct vision problems, and performs a wide range of clinical procedures and more complicated eye surgeries. He has special interests in treatments for dry eyes and glaucoma and has been a principal investigator in numerous clinical research trials for these conditions.

  • For an appointment, call

This article is not intended to substitute for professional advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician.

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Should I Be Concerned About Ocular Migraines

Q: I recently found out by looking on the Web that my symptoms point to ocular migraines. I have also discovered that flashing lights sometimes bring these on. I am an intensive care unit nurse who believes in not running to doctors for every little thing, but should I be concerned?

Dr. Jerry W. Swanson responds:

Not necessarily, but here’s what you should know. Ocular is a term that usually refers to a condition known as migraine visual aura, which involves episodes of passing visual disturbances, such as bright spots, affecting both eyes. Visual aura usually precedes a migraine . However, it may also occur during a headache. In some cases, as with ocular migraine, people experience the symptoms of visual aura without getting a headache. The symptoms of an aura usually begin slowly and last 15 to 30 minutes, although they sometimes persist for up to an hour.

Often, the symptoms of ocular migraine begin near the center of vision as either a bright spot or area of visual loss that spreads to involve one-quarter or one-half of the visual field. Zigzag lines or other shapes may also appear. For some people, these shapes resemble the walls of a medieval fortress. In fact, the term “fortification spectrum” is used by neurologists to describe it.

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How Can I Relieve Headache Above Left Eye

1. Treat Cluster Headaches

  • Inhaling 100% oxygen through a face mask.
  • Triptan injections, which are effective for acute cluster headaches. This type of medication can also be used as a nasal spray, which may take longer to work.
  • Zolmitriptan is another triptan medication used as a nasal spray or as oral tablets to relive cluster headaches.
  • Intranasal local anesthetics such as lidocaine may be effective against cluster headache.
  • Dihydroergotamine in the intravenous or intranasal form may be used for this type of headache.

2. Treat Migraine

Migraine treatments include:

  • Prescription drugs that work by acting on specific receptors in the nerves/ blood vessels in your head
  • Over-the-counter rescue medications to stop headaches.
  • Other preventive medications that must be taken daily to reduce the frequency of migraine headaches.

3. Avoid Triggers

There are many factors that can trigger headaches, including:

  • Alcohol use
  • Lack of sleep or changes in sleep patterns
  • Exposure to strong odors, including cigarette smoke

4. Self-Care Tips

A minor headache above the left eye can be treated successfully with simple remedies. However, if you experience a sudden, “worst headache ever”, call 911 or go to an emergency room immediately. Helpful home treatments include:

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A Shimmering Spectrum Of Colour The Pain And Beauty Of Retinal Migraines

Im watching telly when I notice a bright green blotch appear on the corner of the screen. I assume this is a glitch with the programme and continue to gawp until the advert break. I get up and make a drink, then realise the green blotch has followed me into the kitchen and has been joined by a red one. The blotches are similar to the imprint a lightbulb makes on your vision if you stare at it for too long, so I ignore it.

The blotches multiply until a whole shimmering spectrum of colour zigzags across my field of vision until it completely blinds me. My passivity is replaced by blind panic. Have I been drugged? Am I having a stroke? I ask myself as I feel my way to my local A& E. By the time a doctor sees me, the spectrum has faded, and I can see. The doctor tells me that my vital signs are normal and that I probably had a migraine.

A migraine? But I dont have a headache, I protest. Not yet, the doctor replies dismissively. The doctor notices the anxiety creasing my face. Well, it could just be in your eye, he says as he ushers me out of the treatment room.

Ive experienced three migraines with aura since my visit to A& E and, so far, have not had an accompanying headache. For others, the pretty light show is merely a forewarning for the pain to come.

What Triggers An Ocular Migraine

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Ocular migraines are caused by a narrowing of the blood vessels that supply the eye with blood, this constriction happens suddenly and reduces the amount of blood the eye receives. After the attack the blood vessels around your eyes relax, the normal blood flow resumes and your sight goes back to normal.

Retinal migraines can be triggered by a number of factors, including lifestyle choices and environmental influences. The precise cause of your ocular migraines can be difficult to pinpoint, however you may notice a pattern start to appear dependent on the activities you complete or the food you eat, for example if you skipped a meal you could experience an ocular migraine.

Common triggers of ocular migraines include:

  • Stress take time out of your day to relax and unwind, this might be having a bath before bed or finding a quiet place in the office to complete your work
  • Smoking this habit negatively impacts your health and affects many aspects of your body
  • Exercise
  • Low blood sugar making sure that you are eating regular meals will help to keep your blood sugar levels steady
  • Hormonal contraceptive pills
  • Excessive heat make sure that you feel comfortable, open a window or place a fan next to your desk, do whatever you need to do to keep your body at a regular temperature
  • Dehydration its recommend that we drink 6-8 glasses of water a day as water is needed for our body to function properly
  • Bending over
  • High altitude

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What Does Pain Behind The Eyes Mean

Sinus inflammation. Also referred to as sinusitis, sinus inflammation causes pressure and pain behind your eyes and tenderness in the front of your face. Throbbing pain from a migraine headache almost always includes pain behind the eyes. This condition is caused by the buildup of intraocular pressure.

Visual Impairments Associated With Migraine Can Happen With Or Without A Headache

Ocular Migraine is a term that has been used to refer to a number of migraine subtypes that are characterized by a variety of visual disturbances including visual loss, blind spots, zig-zag lines, or seeing stars. Unlike other forms of migraine, they may occur without any accompanying head pain. Its not uncommon for a single patient to experience a wide range of visual symptoms. Heres what you need to know to better understand the migraine subtypes that affect vision.

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What Are The Preventive Treatments For Migraine

Many patients with isolated visual migraines, without severe headaches, have relatively infrequent episodes that do not require specific preventive treatments. If a patient is aware of the particular triggers that seem to bring on an episode, then those triggers can be avoided.

In patients where the pattern of migraines includes frequent, severe headaches, it is very reasonable to consider additional preventive treatments. The main goal for any of these strategies is to reduce the overall frequency and severity of the headaches. None of the preventive treatments is a magic bullet that is 100% effective. For example, it would be considered successful if a preventive treatment helped reduce the number of severe headaches from 8 per month to 2-4 per month.

There are numerous medications that can be used as a preventive treatment for migraine. One medication that is used commonly, particularly because it has no side effects, is vitamin B2 . Approximately 100mg of riboflavin daily is thought to improve migraine headaches . One common side effect of riboflavin is that the urine turns bright yellow. Other herbal medications used to reduce migraine headaches include petasites and feverfew.

Why Do I Get Frequent Ocular Migraines

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For migraine sufferers, visual disturbances like zigzag lines or flashes of light are common occurrences, especially in those who experience an aura prior to a migraine. But some people experience these visual disturbances and do not get the pain associated with a migraine. These visual disturbances are known as ocular migraines or migraines of the eye. But what exactly are they and why do they happen so frequently?

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