Can Migraines Be Prevented
You can’t prevent every migraine. But learning your triggers and trying to avoid them can help. Take a break from activities that might start a migraine, such as using the computer for a long time. If you know that some foods are triggers, skip them. Some people find that cutting back on caffeine or drinking a lot of water can help prevent migraines.
Make a plan for all the things you have to do especially during stressful times like exams so you don’t feel overwhelmed when things pile up. Regular exercise also can reduce stress and make you feel better.
The more you understand about your headaches, the better prepared you can be to fight them.
When To Contact A Doctor
According to the American Migraine Foundation, a person needs emergency medical care if there is an immediate onset of symptoms or the symptoms do not go away within 60 minutes.
Also, someone should contact the persons doctor as soon as possible if they experience symptoms such as weakness on one side of the body or changes in alertness. Migraine increases a persons risk factors for stroke, so a doctor will need to evaluate any symptoms related to stroke.
A person should also talk with their doctor if they find that their medication is no longer working. This could be due to an increase in symptoms, a change in other medications, or the onset of side effects from their other medications.
Before starting or stopping any medication, a person should talk with their doctor.
What Happens During A Migraine
Every migraine begins differently. Sometimes people get a warning that a migraine is on its way. A few hours or even days before the actual headache, people might feel funny or “not right. They might crave different foods, or feel thirsty, irritable, tired, or even full of energy. This is called a “premonition.”
Some people get auras. These are neurological symptoms that start just before the headache and last up to an hour. An aura is different in every person, but it often affects vision. For example, a person might:
- have blurred vision
- see spots, colored balls, jagged lines, or bright flashing lights
- smell a certain odor
- feel tingling in a part of their face
Once the headache starts, light, smell, or sound may bother people with migraines or make them feel worse. Sometimes, if they try to continue with their usual routine, they may become nauseated and vomit. Often the pain begins only on one side of the head, but it might eventually affect both sides. Trying to do physical activities can make the pain worse.
Most migraines last from 30 minutes to several hours some can last a couple of days.
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Seizure Medications And Beta
Some seizure medications like topiramate and valproate, or beta-blockers like propranolol, have also been used to prevent migraine with aura. These medications are also sometimes used to treat certain types of migraine, possibly pointing to a connection between treating both spreading depression and migraine with auras.
If you regularly have migraine attacks, you should see a doctor. There are some red flags, however, that may require you to seek additional medical attention right away. These include:
- sudden new migraine symptoms, like an aura
- changes in the type or frequency of migraine attacks
- new vision or neurological changes that accompany the aura or migraine attack
- sudden intense pain in one area that could signal bleeding in the brain
- headaches that come with speech or balance impairment, facial drooping, or other possible signs of stroke
What Causes Headache And Nausea
Migraine headaches are a common cause of combined headache and nausea. Migraines can cause a variety of symptoms, including nausea, dizziness, sensitivity to light, and severe headache pain. Theyre often preceded by a visual or sensory disturbance, called an aura.
Other conditions associated with headache and nausea include dehydration and low blood sugar. Dehydration can occur when you dont drink enough fluid.
Low blood sugar can develop for a variety of reasons, including excessive alcohol consumption, medication side effect, severe liver or kidney disease, long-term starvation, and hormonal deficiencies. If you have diabetes, taking too much insulin can also cause low blood sugar.
Other conditions that can lead to headache and nausea include:
- neck stiffness and a fever
- vomiting for more than 24 hours
- no urination for eight hours or more
- loss of consciousness
If you suspect you need urgent care, seek help. Its better to be safe than sorry.
If you experience headaches and nausea on a frequent basis, even if theyre mild, make an appointment with your doctor. They can help diagnose your symptoms and recommend a treatment plan.
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When Should You Be Concerned About Migraines
The following headache symptoms mean you should get medical help right away: A sudden, new, severe headache that comes with: Weakness, dizziness, sudden loss of balance or falling, numbness or tingling, or cant move your body. Trouble with speech, confusion, seizures, personality changes, or inappropriate behavior.
Dont Fret Just Yet The Pounding Pain In Your Head May Be Annoying But It Doesnt Necessarily Indicate A Bigger Problem
There it is again the throbbing in your dome. If youre bothered by frequent headaches, you may be concerned that you have a more serious condition, such as a brain tumor or an aneurysm. And while those and other dangerous conditions can be , its likely that your pain is primary. In other words: Its probably not the result of another condition.
Unfortunately, doctors dont know what causes most headaches. According to some estimates, only 10 percent of headaches have a known cause. But there are contributing factors that can trigger chronic headaches, such as:
- Sensory triggers such as bright lights, loud noises and pungent smells
Chronic headaches can also be linked to other disorders, including depression, anxiety, sinus infections, allergies and temporomandibular joint dysfunction, also known as TMJ. In order to figure out your headache pattern and identify your triggers, you may want to keep a headache diary to share with your doctor. The National Headache Foundation provides a handy template.
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How Are They Treated
Both migraine and chronic migraine can be treated with the same drugs. These include medications that treat the pain and symptoms as well as drugs that treat the underlying cause of migraine. In some cases, there are medical devices you can use to interrupt the headache. Still, no treatment is perfect.
Because of that, chronic migraines can take a toll on your personal life. If you get painful headaches for half of each month, you lose days of work or school and precious time with friends and family. Itâs common for people with chronic migraines to also have depression.
What Happens In Your Brain During A Migraine
But during a migraine, these stimuli feel like an all-out assault. The result: The brain produces an outsize reaction to the trigger, its electrical system firing on all cylinders. This electrical activity causes a change in blood flow to the brain, which in turn affects the brains nerves, causing pain.
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What Are The Treatments For Migraine
There is no absolute cure for migraine. However, lots of treatments are available to help ease the symptoms of a migraine attack.
When a migraine attack occurs, most people find that lying down in a quiet, dark room is helpful. Sleeping can also help. Some people find that their symptoms die down after they have vomited .
Most people affected by migraine will already have tried paracetamol, aspirin and perhaps anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen before they seek advice from their doctor. If ordinary painkillers alone are not relieving your symptoms, your GP might prescribe you a triptan to be taken in addition to over-the-counter painkillers . Triptans are available in different forms to suit individuals , although it is important to note that some people develop short-term side effects when taking triptans. Your doctor may also prescribe you anti-sickness medication. If your situation does not improve after treatment, you might be referred to a specialist migraine clinic.
It is important to avoid taking painkillers on more than two days per week or more than 10 days per month as this can in fact make things worse by triggering medication overuse headaches.
Surefire Signs Omicron Is In Your Body
If you feel like you know a lot of people who are coming down with COVID-19 these days, you’re not alone. The highly contagious Omicron variant is, in the words of doctors, “everywhere” right nowit’s accounting for 95% of new COVID cases, which are hitting all-time highs nationwide. So how do you know if the symptoms you might be feeling are likely to be COVID, and what should you do then? Here’s the very latest guidance from medical experts. Read on to find out moreand to ensure your health and the health of others, don’t miss these Sure Signs You’ve Already Had COVID.
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What Are The Four Stages Or Phases Of A Migraine Whats The Timeline
The four stages in chronological order are the prodrome , aura, headache and postdrome. About 30% of people experience symptoms before their headache starts.
The phases are:
It can take about eight to 72 hours to go through the four stages.
Why Would I Have Headache When Standing Up
There are several scientific reasons that may explain headaches when standing up. Most commonly, the pain at the base of the skull is mainly attributed to the stretching of blood vessels as a result of receptor hyper-stimulation. The pain is sometimes also sensed in the meninges and are designed to cover the brain matrix from sudden trauma or shock.
1. Postural Hypotension
In postural hypotension, also known as orthostatic hypotension, the blood pressure suddenly drops abruptly upon standing up from sitting or lying posture. Blood pressure is the force with which heart pumps blood to the periphery and can be measured by the force experienced by the arterial wall.
Experts explain that the blood is pulled into the legs due to the effect of gravity in some susceptible individuals upon standing suddenly from a lying posture. This may result in a drop in the blood pressure. The ultimate effect is, compromised reflexes and compensatory tachycardia . Postural hypotension can be due to intake of certain drugs or as a result of physiological aging.
Other symptoms of postural hypotension include dizziness and headache when standing up. This condition could stay for few minutes after standing up. Some individuals may also experience episodes of faintness or loss of consciousness.
2. Blood Pressure Abnormalities
3. Intracranial Hypotension
4. Exertion Headaches
Exercise headaches are divided into two types by the experts.
6. Tension Headache
7. Poor Posture
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Can Too Much Screen Time Cause Headaches And Migraine Episodes
The short answer is yes. Too much screen time can cause headaches and migraine. How and why it happens, however, is a bit more involved.
One 2015 study found an association between high levels of screen time and migraine in young adults, with the mean age being 20.8 years old.
The screens examined include computers, tablets, smartphones, and television. Of the 4,927 participants, those in the highest screen time group over 2 hours daily had an increased likelihood of reporting a migraine episode.
Its not uncommon to experience eye strain when you look at a computer for a long time. According to a 2018 review, computer vision syndrome or digital eye strain syndrome can cause screen headaches, eye strain, dry eyes, neck pain, and blurred vision.
More specifically, computer vision syndrome is associated with headaches behind the eyes.
The symptoms of a screen headache are similar to what you might experience with a regular headache or migraine attack, with a few extra side effects from the screen.
Some of the more common symptoms of migraine, especially during the attack phase, include:
- pulsing and throbbing pain in the temples or on the side, front, or back of the head
- increased sensitivity to light and sound
- seeing shapes, bright spots, or flashes
Symptoms of a screen headache include:
- headache behind the eyes
What Are Some Migraine Risk Factors And Triggers
Some things make you more likely to get migraine headaches . Other things may bring on a migraine .
Common migraine risk factors include the following:
- Family history: You are much more likely to have migraines if one or both of your parents had migraines.
- Sex: Women are more likely than men to have migraines.
- Age: Most people have their first migraine during adolescence, but migraines can start at any age, usually before age 40.
Common migraine triggers include the following:
- Food and drink: Certain food and drink may cause migraines. Dehydration and dieting or skipping meals may also trigger migraines.
- Hormone changes: Women may experience migraines related to their menstrual cycles, to menopause, or to using hormonal birth control or hormone replacement therapy.
- Stress: Stress may trigger migraines. Stress includes feeling overwhelmed at home or work, but your body can also be stressed if you exercise too much or dont get enough sleep.
- Senses: Loud sounds, bright lights , or strong smells may trigger migraines.
- Medicines: Certain medicines may trigger migraines. If you think your migraines might be related to your medicine, talk to your doctor. Your doctor may be able to prescribe a different medicine.
- Illness: Infections, such as the cold or the flu, may trigger migraines, especially in children.
Foods that may trigger migraines:
- aged, canned, cured, or processed meat
- aged cheese
- soy sauce
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I Get Migraines Right Before My Period Could They Be Related To My Menstrual Cycle
More than half of migraines in women occur right before, during, or after a woman has her period. This often is called “menstrual migraine.” But, just a small fraction of women who have migraine around their period only have migraine at this time. Most have migraine headaches at other times of the month as well.
How the menstrual cycle and migraine are linked is still unclear. We know that just before the cycle begins, levels of the female hormones, estrogen and progesterone, go down sharply. This drop in hormones may trigger a migraine, because estrogen controls chemicals in the brain that affect a woman’s pain sensation.
Talk with your doctor if you think you have menstrual migraine. You may find that medicines, making lifestyle changes, and home treatment methods can prevent or reduce the pain.
What Causes A Migraine
The cause of migraine headaches is complicated and not fully understood. When you have a headache its because specific nerves in your blood vessels send pain signals to your brain. This releases inflammatory substances into the nerves and blood vessels of your head. Its unclear why your nerves do that.
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Ocular Migraines: Common Questions And Answers
Below are some frequently asked questions about ocular migraines:
Can dehydration cause ocular migraines?
Dehydration is one of the triggers of ocular migraines. Keeping your body hydrated will help prevent or reduce the frequency of occurrence of migraines.
Can anxiety cause ocular migraines?
Just like dehydration, anxiety is also a trigger of ocular migraines. The symptoms of ocular migraines can also cause anxiety, which worsens ocular migraines.
Simple reassurance from your doctor will lower anxiety levels and decrease or eliminate ocular migraines.
Can high blood pressure cause ocular migraines?
Researchers are working to fully understand the relationship between high blood pressure and ocular migraines.
Current research points to the fact that migraine attacks are prevalent in people with high blood pressure.
Anyone suffering from high blood pressure is advised to get it under control, especially those with a known history of ocular migraines.
Are ocular migraines a symptom of a brain tumor?
A migraine that is accompanied by vision issues can be associated with certain tumors, such as the occipital lobe tumor.
Although this is a rare condition, migraines are common among patients with brain tumors.
Is an ocular migraine a sign of a stroke?
An ocular migraine is not necessarily a sign of a stroke, but can indicate increased risk.
However, research indicates that people with a history of ocular migraines are at a higher risk of stroke.
In this article
What Is An Aura
An aura is a group of sensory, motor and speech symptoms that usually act like warning signals that a migraine headache is about to begin. Commonly misinterpreted as a seizure or stroke, it typically happens before the headache pain, but can sometimes appear during or even after. An aura can last from 10 to 60 minutes. About 15% to 20% of people who experience migraines have auras.
Aura symptoms are reversible, meaning that they can be stopped/healed. An aura produces symptoms that may include:
- Seeing bright flashing dots, sparkles, or lights.
- Blind spots in your vision.
- Numb or tingling skin.
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