Friday, July 1, 2022
HomeMust ReadWhat To Do For A Migraine

What To Do For A Migraine

What Are Rescue Treatments

What to Do For a Migraine at Work – How to Relieve Migraines So It Doesn’t Interfere With Your Job

Most commonly, rescue treatments are strong NSAIDS like toradol or difenolac, but can also be diphenhydramine, anti-emetics , or even opioids. A rescue treatment should be a medicine that you can administer at home when your abortives fail. The goal of a rescue treatment is to prevent you from having to seek treatment at the ER.

Does Food Really Trigger Migraines

Of course, the relationship between food and migraine isnât clear-cut, and unfortunately, no single factor can be directly tied to your attacks. That said, there’s scientific evidence that suggests migraines may be triggered by certain foods. Additionally, 27% of those who experience migraines believe that particular foods are personally triggering.

According to Dr. Sara Crystal, clinical neurologist and Cove Medical Director, certain foods and additives are more likely to trigger headaches in a higher percentage of migraineurs, but even among individuals, other factors like stress, hormonal changes, and lack of sleep can increase the likelihood of an attack after consuming a known trigger.

So, without further ado, hereâs a list of the most common food triggers for migraine sufferers, in no particular order.

What Should I Do When A Migraine Begins

Work with your doctor to come up with a plan for managing your migraines. Keeping a list of home treatment methods that have worked for you in the past also can help. When symptoms begin:

  • If you take migraine medicine, take it right away.
  • Drink fluids, if you don’t have nausea during your migraine.
  • Lie down and rest in a dark, quiet room, if that is practical.

Some people find the following useful:

  • A cold cloth on your head
  • Rubbing or applying pressure to the spot where you feel pain
  • Massage or other relaxation exercises

Also Check: Migraine Headaches Fever

Are There Different Kinds Of Migraine

Yes, there are many forms of migraine. The two forms seen most often are migraine with aura and migraine without aura.

Migraine with aura .;With a migraine with aura, a person might have these sensory symptoms 10 to 30 minutes before an attack:

  • Seeing flashing lights, zigzag lines, or blind spots
  • Numbness or tingling in the face or hands
  • Disturbed sense of smell, taste, or touch
  • Feeling mentally “fuzzy”

Only one in five people who get migraine experience an aura. Women have this form of migraine less often than men.

Migraine without aura .;With this form of migraine, a person does not have an aura but has all the other features of an attack.

What Are The Different Types Of Migraine Medications

Does Caffeine Help Headaches

Migraine medications fall into two major categories.

  • The first contains drugs that abort or stop migraines from progressing once they begin. The earlier these drugs are used in a migraine attack, the better they work.
  • The second category contains drugs that prevent migraines from happening.

Over-the-counter migraine medications used to address pain include analgesics, NSAIDS, and caffeine, including:

  • Naproxen
  • Ibuprofen
  • Acetaminophen
  • Or combinations of these

One drawback to using analgesics and NSAIDs is that taking them daily can make headaches worse due to medication overuse.

Prescription drugs used to provide relief from pain include

  • NSAIDs and

Like over-the-counter medications, prescription drugs often come in combinations.

  • A barbiturate called butalbital is often used in combination with acetaminophen, and
  • caffeine with or without codeine .

Barbiturates are a sedative and may be useful to help people sleep off the pain.

While analgesics, NSAIDs, and narcotics relieve pain, they don’t address the underlying physiology — primarily the dilation of blood vessels in the brain. Two classes of migraine drugs are:

  • ergotamines andÂ;
  • triptans.

Ergot alkaloids — such as ergotamine tartrate and dihydroergotamine mesylate — are potent drugs that constrict blood vessels. Because nausea is a possible side effect of these migraine drugs, some people take ergotamines in combination with other drugs to prevent nausea.

You May Like: Piercing That Helps With Migraines

Remedies To Get Rid Of Headaches Naturally

Headaches are a common condition that many people deal with on a daily basis.

Ranging from uncomfortable to downright unbearable, they can disrupt your day-to-day life.

Several types of headaches exist, with tension headaches being the most common. Cluster headaches are painful and happen in groups or clusters, while migraines are a moderate-to-severe type of headache.

Although many medications are targeted at relieving headache symptoms, a number of effective, natural treatments also exist.

Here are 18 effective home remedies to naturally get rid of headaches.

What Is A Migraine Attack And How Do You Manage It

Migraine is the leading cause of disability in people aged 15 to 49, yet this brain disease is often misunderstood and misdiagnosed. Heres what you need to know.

I was a teenager when I had my first migraine attack. I was sitting in my sunny living room and I started to see spots. Bright and iridescent, they gradually morphed into a swirling pattern that spread across the left side of my vision. I couldnt see past it, and I had no idea what was happening to me.

The episode soon passed, but it was followed by a throbbing headache. My mom instantly recognized the signs of migrainesomething she was all too familiar with.

Over the years, I had the odd migraine attack, but nothing I couldnt manage with a nap and some ibuprofen. But after I had kids, my attacks increased, and I developed some concerningand confusingsymptoms.

I became painfully sensitive to noise and had bouts of tinnitus , but ear exams showed nothing. I had dizzy spells and thought my thyroid medication needed adjusting, but my bloodwork was normal. I was often exhausted, but I blamed it on parenting. Ditto for my anxiety and depression, which were at an all-time high.

Then I started getting pins and needles in the side of my face, along with tingling in my arm, tightness in my chest, and heart palpitations. After two visits to the ER and a full cardiology workup, I was assured that my heart was healthy. I was relieved, but mystified. What was going on with me?

Don’t Miss: How Many Migraines Are Normal

What Are Additional Symptoms Of A Migraine

Some people have additional symptoms before or after a migraine starts. These symptoms are called auras and can include:

  • Numbness or a feeling of pins and needles in your arms, legs, fingers, or face
  • Problems with your vision
  • Trouble speaking
  • Weakness or difficulty moving your arms, legs, or face, although this is rare

Add A Little Pressure

What to Do When You Have a Migraine – How to Stop a Migraine Fast

Although it may feel as though your head is under an incredible amount of pressure and pain, getting in touch with certain pressure points on the body can alleviate your discomfort.

When you begin to feel the first tinges of a migraine, place a bit of pressure on your craniosacral system. By pressing with your fingers on certain migraine-specific spots, you can force your brain to relax and rest, restarting it from a pain-free place. Though it increases pressure in the cranium, it works to send the tension that’s building in your brain elsewhere.

Image via Shutterstock

Recommended Reading: Can Migraines Cause Ear Infections

What Role Do Hormones Play In Migraine

Before age 10, boys and girls are equally affected by migraine. After puberty, however, the rate of migraine increases dramatically in girls. By the age of 17, migraine affects eight percent of boys and 23 percent of girls. We can thank the relationship between estrogen and migraine.

Migraine attacks are often triggered by the drop in estrogen that occurs before menstruation, and sometimes during ovulation. The condition usually improves during pregnancy, when estrogen levels rise. After delivery, however, estrogen levels plummetand migraine attacks resume.

For many women, migraine attacks worsenor happen for the first timeduring the hormonal rollercoaster of perimenopause. They might diminish after menopause, but that transition can take years.

During that time, women can feel much worse, says Lay. So they really need to be actively seeking out treatment that works and not just waiting it out until menopause.

What Are Some Ways I Can Prevent Migraine

The best way to prevent migraine is to find out what triggers your attacks and avoid or limit these triggers. Since migraine headaches are more common during times of stress, finding healthy ways to cut down on and cope with stress might help. Talk with your doctor about starting a fitness program or taking a class to learn relaxation skills.

Talk with your doctor if you need to take your pain-relief medicine more than twice a week. Doing so can lead to rebound headaches. If your doctor has prescribed medicine for you to help prevent migraine, take them exactly as prescribed. Ask what you should do if you miss a dose and how long you should take the medicine. Talk with your doctor if the amount of medicine you are prescribed is not helping your headaches.

Also Check: What Is The New Medicine For Migraines

What Is The Prognosis For People With Migraines

Migraines are unique to each individual. Likewise, how migraines are managed is also unique. The best outcomes are usually achieved by learning and avoiding personal migraine triggers, managing symptoms, practicing preventive methods, following the advice of your healthcare provider and reporting any significant changes as soon as they occur.

When To Contact A Medical Professional

Do Migraine Glasses Work? An Analysis of Thousands of ...
  • You are experiencing “the worst headache of your life.”
  • You have speech, vision, or movement problems or loss of balance, especially if you have not had these symptoms with a migraine before.
  • A headache starts suddenly.

Schedule an appointment or call your provider if:

  • Your headache pattern or pain changes.
  • Treatments that once worked no longer help.
  • You have side effects from your medicine.
  • You are taking birth control pills and have migraine headaches.
  • Your headaches are more severe when lying down.

Recommended Reading: What Foods To Avoid When You Have Migraine Headaches

How Do You Identify Your Triggers

So how do you know which of these foods are actually triggering your migraines? Since food affects all migraine sufferers differently, the best thing you can do is examine your eating habits and identify patterns that could be potential triggers. By slowly eliminating foods one-by-one, you can start to recognize what spurs your migraines. Food allergy testing can also be helpful, though you should still be wary of certain foods even if you arenât allergic to them.

To keep track of your habits, Dr. Crystal recommends keeping a careful food diary for at least one month to record what you do and donât eat. If something is a trigger, an attack will likely hit 12 to 24 hours post-consumption. Youâll be able to trace the pain back to the sourceâor at the very least, narrow it down.

We know reading this might make you feel like youâll have to start living off of nothing but water if you want to avoid debilitating pain, but itâs important to remember that not all of these foods are triggers for every sufferer . Migraines are personal, and the only way to learn your specific triggers is to track your migraines, make one adjustment at a time, and see what helps.

And, of course, not all foods are your enemy. Check out this article for a list of migraine-safe foods. Looking for dinner ideas? Try this roundup of migraine-safe recipes.

Know Your Triggers Prevent Headaches

The more you know about what causes your headaches, the better prepared you are to prevent and stop them.

Many headaches, especially migraines, are triggered by certain foods, activities or changes to your environment. If you know your triggers, you can work to avoid them. Common triggers include:

  • Caffeine

  • Changes in your normal routine

  • Chocolate

  • Strong odors

  • Weather changes

Regular exercise and drinking plenty of water can help prevent headaches. Exercise reduces stress and helps relieve muscle tension.

Treatments and research

Read Also: How Does Elavil Work For Migraines

Consider What Caused It

If you can determine the cause of your migraine, you may be able to take additional steps to find relief. For instance, are you getting a migraine because you havent had enough to eat today? Some migraines can be triggered by a lack of food, which can cause . If you think your headache is triggered by hunger, eat something thats easy on the stomach such as saltine crackers. This, in combination with your medications, may give you additional relief. The National Headache Foundation says some people may crave carbohydrates just before a migraine hits. If this is the case, listen to your body and have a snack.

Dehydration can cause headaches too, and may make your migraine worse. If you havent had enough fluids today, get a drink of water. Sip slowly to avoid triggering nausea or vomiting.

The Road To Migraine Freedom

What do I do to treat an ocular migraine?

No two people experience migraineor respond to therapythe same way. A pill that helps one person may do nothing for another, and preventative treatment can take months to work.

You may have to try several medications to find one that works for you.

Managing migraine takes time and patience.

I am at the beginning of that journey. Ive adjusted my lifestyle, I take supplements, I keep a migraine journal, and I have a prescription on hand. Now that I recognize the early symptoms of a migraine attack, I know when to avoid triggers, get extra rest, and take my medication. If Im lucky, I can nip it in the bud.

For me, understanding my condition is half the battle. Im not constantly wondering what is wrong with me, or whether its all in my mind. When an attack comes on, I can explain why Im not myself. I dont feel as guilty about taking it easy or asking for support. And most importantly, I know Im not alone.

You May Like: Can A 13 Year Old Take Excedrin Migraine

How Is Migraine Diagnosed And Treated

Usually the first step is to see your family physician, says Lacey. If your doctor isnt familiar with migraine therapies, or if you have chronic migraine, you may be referred to a neurologist.

Because there are no biological markers for migraine, it cant be detected with blood work or imaging; physicians diagnose migraine by evaluating symptoms such as auras, motor weakness, vertigo and vomiting according to the International Headache Disorders Classification. Once youve been diagnosed, your physician will start you on a treatment plan.

A healthy lifestyle is key to managing migraine. Lacey recommends consistency: going to bed and waking up at the same time every day, eating meals every four hours , and exercising regularly. You should drink plenty of water and avoid alcohol, sugary drinks, and excess caffeine. And since stress can be a huge trigger, its important to learn healthy ways to manage stress.

Your physician can recommend vitamins and minerals that have been shown to help prevent migraine attacks. They will also advise you on the use of over-the-counter anti-inflammatories like ibuprofen and naproxen to manage pain.

If you dont see an improvement after two attempts at oral medication , you become eligible for calcitonin gene-related peptide monoclonal antibody injections. Injected once a month, this medication has been shown to reduce the number, severity, and length of migraine attacks.

Treatment For Pregnant And Breastfeeding Women

In general, migraine treatment with medicines should be limited as much as possible when you’re pregnant or breastfeeding.

Instead, trying to identify and avoid potential migraine triggers is often recommended.

If medicine is essential, your GP may prescribe you a low-dose painkiller, such as paracetamol.

In some cases, anti-inflammatory medicine or triptans may be prescribed.

Speak to a GP or your midwife before taking medicine when you’re pregnant or breastfeeding.

Page last reviewed: 10 May 2019 Next review due: 10 May 2022

Also Check: How To Get A Migraine

Where Does The Information Come From

Researchers reviewed studies on medicines to treat migraines in the ER. These studies were published through January 2012. The researchers were funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality , a Federal Government research agency.

The researchers wrote a report on what they found, and this summary is based on that report. The report was reviewed by doctors, researchers, other experts, and the public. You can read the report at www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/migraine-emergency.cfm.

Try Hot Or Cold Therapy

NewYork

If youve ever put an ice pack on an injury or a heating pad on a sore back, you know the power of temperature therapy. This can also help when you have a migraine. You may need to experiment to decide what feels best for you. Some people find that an ice pack applied to the head offers soothing, numbing relief. This is particularly helpful if sun or heat brought on your migraine.

Other people find a heating pad or hot shower to be therapeutic during an attack. Its worth trying hot or cold therapy when your next migraine hits. It can safely and effectively complement your medication.

Read Also: How To Treat Severe Migraine At Home

What Are The Possible Side Effects Of Medicines Given In The Er To Treat Migraines

Researchers found that the side effects from these medicines are usually minor and temporary. Some of the medicines can cause drowsiness, so you may not be able to drive right away. More information is listed below for each type of medicine when it is taken a single time in the ER for a severe migraine.

  • Neuroleptics/Antiemetics: Restlessness in the legs or body is a common side effect. A possible serious side effect is uncontrollable muscle movements, such as tics and tremors.
  • Sumatriptan: The most common side effect is pain or swelling at the place where the shot was given. Other side effects can include redness in the face and neck, a burning feeling, feelings of tightness , and drowsiness.
  • NSAIDs: Side effects are not common with these medicines.
  • Opioids: Tiredness and drowsiness are common side effects.
  • Dihydroergotamine: The most common side effects include pain or swelling at the place where the shot was given or where the IV needle was put in, drowsiness, stomach problems, nausea and vomiting, and an irregular heartbeat.
  • Dexamethasone: Side effects were not common with this medicine in the research studies. But, possible side effects can include nausea, headache, dizziness, and trouble sleeping.

Note: There are other possible side effects of these medicines. The side effects listed here are the most common side effects when the medicines are taken a single time in the ER for a severe migraine.

RELATED ARTICLES

Popular Articles