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What To Do For A Migraine With Vomiting

What Are The Symptoms Of Migraines

What to Do For Migraines With Nausea – Learn What Helps Migraines With Nausea

The primary symptom of migraine is a headache. Pain is sometimes described as pounding or throbbing. It can begin as a dull ache that develops into pulsing pain that is mild, moderate or severe. If left untreated, your headache pain will become moderate to severe. Pain can shift from one side of your head to the other, or it can affect the front of your head, the back of your head or feel like its affecting your whole head. Some people feel pain around their eye or temple, and sometimes in their face, sinuses, jaw or neck.

Other symptoms of migraine headaches include:

  • Sensitivity to light, noise and odors.
  • Nausea and vomiting, upset stomach and abdominal pain.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Feeling very warm or cold .
  • Pale skin color .
  • Euphoric mood.

How Is Migraine Nausea And/or Vomiting Treated

Treating the migraine attack itself often helps to relieve its symptoms. Anti-nausea drugs can also be taken if the migraine comes with nausea or vomiting. These drugs can include chlorpromazine, metoclopramide , or prochlorperazine .4 These drugs will need to be prescribed by a doctor.

Acupressure and acupuncture may be effective in relieving migraine-related nausea and vomiting in some people.5

When Should You Worry About An Ocular Migraine

Although the symptoms of ocular migraines can be frightening, the condition is harmless and short-lived in most cases. However, ocular migraines can indicate serious health problems, such as increased risk for stroke or severe carotid artery disease.

Its essential to see an eye doctor when you lose your eyesight suddenly for the first time or if your eyesight deteriorates to check for any serious conditions.

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What Causes Abdominal Migraine

The cause of abdominal migraine is unknown. We dont know the exact connection between an abdominal migraine and a classic migraine, but we do know theres a connection between the gut and the brain, says Deena Kuruvilla, MD, a neurologist and specialist in facial and headache pain at Yale Medicine. Many of the drugs we use to treat depression, for example, are effective in treating an abdominal migraine.

Whats A Migraine Journal

Treatment of Migraine
  • Keeping a migraine journal is not only beneficial to you, but it helps your healthcare provider with the diagnosis process. Your journal should be detailed and updated as much as possible before, during and after a migraine attack. Consider keeping track of the following:
  • The date and time of when the migraine began specifically when the prodrome started, if youre able to tell its happening. Track time passing. When did the aura phase begin? The headache? The postdrome? Do your best to tell what stage youre in and how long it lasts. If theres a pattern, that may help you anticipate what will happen in the future.
  • What are your symptoms? Be specific.
  • Note how many hours of sleep you got the night before it happened and your stress level. Whats causing your stress?
  • Note the weather.
  • Log your food and water intake. Did you eat something that triggered the migraine? Did you miss a meal?
  • Describe the type of pain and rate it on a one to 10 scale with 10 being the worst pain youve ever experienced.
  • Where is the pain located? One side of your head? Your jaw? Your eye?
  • List all of the medications you took. This includes any daily prescriptions, any supplements and any pain medication you took.
  • How did you try to treat your migraine, and did it work? What medicine did you take, at what dosage, at what time?
  • Consider other triggers. Maybe you played basketball in the sunlight? Maybe you watched a movie that had flashing lights? If youre a woman, are you on your period?

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How Do You Get Rid Of Nausea Caused By Migraine

If you experience nausea as a symptom of migraine, talk to your doctor to make sure its addressed in your treatment plan.

Almost all new migraine therapies treat what is called the most bothersome symptoms, which include light sensitivity and sound sensitivity, along with nausea and vomiting, says Spears.

Triptans, for example, if taken early in a migraine attack, can stop the attack and alleviate the symptoms, including nausea, according to the National Headache Foundation. On the other hand, some people experience nausea as a side effect of triptans.

Ditans and gepants are newer abortive migraine medications that target very specific receptors on sensory nerves. These drugs are also designed to treat nausea and vomiting as part of stopping a migraine attack.

What Are The Types Of Headaches What Type Of Headache Is A Migraine

There are over 150 types of headaches, divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. A migraine is a primary headache, meaning that it isnt caused by a different medical condition. Primary headache disorders are clinical diagnoses, meaning theres no blood test or imaging study to diagnose it. A secondary headache is a symptom of another health issue.

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Southern Cross Medical Library

The purpose of the Southern Cross Medical Library is to provide information of a general nature to help you better understand certain medical conditions. Always seek specific medical advice for treatment appropriate to you. This information is not intended to relate specifically to insurance or healthcare services provided by Southern Cross. For more articles go to the Medical Library index page.

What You Need To Know

How to stop vomiting during Migraine episode? – Dr. Vykunta Raju K N
  • Vestibular migraine can cause vestibular or balance symptoms with or without an actual headache.
  • There is almost always a history of motion sensitivity since childhood, and migraine headaches at some point in the person’s lifetime, even if they last occurred decades ago.
  • Vestibular migraine isnt fully understood but seems to result from overlapping pathways that modulate pain and vestibular inputs into the brain.
  • Many of the triggers for migraine headaches can cause a vestibular migraine.

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What Is The Prognosis For People With Migraines

Migraines are unique to each individual. Likewise, how migraines are managed is also unique. The best outcomes are usually achieved by learning and avoiding personal migraine triggers, managing symptoms, practicing preventive methods, following the advice of your healthcare provider and reporting any significant changes as soon as they occur.

Severe Migraines Deserve An Er Visit

Go to the ER if you are experiencing severe migraine symptoms, or symptoms such as confusion, fever and vision changes, neck stiffness, trouble speaking or numbness or weakness, even if other symptoms of migraine are present . Always go to the ER if a headache begins suddenly and reaches maximum intensity within a minute or two. If you recognize your symptoms as those of a typical migraine attack, you may be better served to treat yourself at home, based on the treatment plan you and your headache specialist have drafted together. If you dont have a rescue plan, then speak with your physician to develop one so that you can avoid going into the ER. A trip to the ER may even exacerbate a migraine or provide only temporary relief only to have the pain roaring back within hours after leaving the ER.

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Community Experiences Of Migraine And Nausea advocates often write about their experiences with nausea and vomiting. In this video, one advocate shares tips on how to handle nausea without medications. There are additional tips for nausea including facing migraine’s nausea and dealing with bouts of nausea without head pain. Here are some suggestions on what to eat when you’re nauseated.

End Of A Migraine Theory


Vomiting for some marks the end of a migraine. For others, it is merely a feature that accompanies migraine. Its not fully understood why a migraine may end with vomiting. During a migraine, the gut slows or even stops moving . As the migraine ends, the gut begins to move again, and the vomiting is an accompanying feature of the migraine ending, as the GI tract starts to work again, she says.

Or conversely, once the GI tract rids itself of the sensory stimuli, it aids in a feedback loop to stop the migraine, she adds.

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Home Remedies And Lifestyle

There are some simple things you can do on your own that may help your migraine-related nausea. Using several of these suggestions together may make you feel a bit better:

  • Loosen your clothes, especially around your stomach
  • Take deep, slow breaths
  • Apply an ice pack to your head or neck
  • Open a window or step outside to get fresh air
  • Eat a small amount of bland food
  • Avoid foods with strong tastes and odors
  • Stay hydrated by sipping water, unsweetened tea, or clear broth

Allowing yourself to vomit can also provide relief during an episode of nausea, especially if these episodes are not frequent.

Are There Different Kinds Of Migraine

Yes, there are many forms of migraine. The two forms seen most often are migraine with aura and migraine without aura.

Migraine with aura . With a migraine with aura, a person might have these sensory symptoms 10 to 30 minutes before an attack:

  • Seeing flashing lights, zigzag lines, or blind spots
  • Numbness or tingling in the face or hands
  • Disturbed sense of smell, taste, or touch
  • Feeling mentally “fuzzy”

Only one in five people who get migraine experience an aura. Women have this form of migraine less often than men.

Migraine without aura . With this form of migraine, a person does not have an aura but has all the other features of an attack.

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Stages Of A Migraine Attack

It is often difficult to know when a migraine attack is going to happen. However, you can often tell the pattern of each attack as there are well defined stages.

It is these stages and their symptoms that distinguish a migraine from a headache.

However, not everyone will experience all of the symptoms of each stage and the stages can overlap. In adults, we can divide a migraine attack into four or five stages that lead on from each other.

Learning to recognise the different stages of a migraine attack can be useful. You might get one, all, or a combination of these stages, and the combination of stages may vary from attack to attack. Each stage can vary in how long and how bad it is. Recognising different symptoms at different times during your attack can give your doctor information which may help them make a diagnosis. Taking medication as soon as you notice the pain may stop or shorten an attack.

Migraine attacks in children are often much shorter than in an adult. It may be easier to tell the different headache stages in a child.

When Should I Call An Ambulance

Symptoms and Stages Of A Migraine

Most headaches are not serious. But headaches can also be a sign of a serious illness, such as a stroke or meningitis.

  • it comes on suddenly, is very severe, or has made you lose consciousness
  • you have suffered a head injury
  • you have trouble seeing, walking or speaking
  • your arms or legs feel numb
  • you have nausea or vomiting
  • you have a high fever
  • you are sensitive to light and have a new rash

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Tracking Your Migraine Symptoms

Keeping a record of your migraine symptoms may help you figure out patterns and triggers to your attacks. It may be helpful to record such things as:

  • When and where your pain or symptoms start
  • Whether the pain spreads to your entire head or neck
  • How well and how quickly acute treatment helps reduce the pain or other symptoms
  • How long your pain or symptoms last
  • Whether you experience other symptoms such as vision changes, nausea, or light sensitivity

When To Get Medical Advice

You should see a GP if you have frequent or severe migraine symptoms that cannot be managed with occasional use of over-the-counter painkillers, such as paracetamol.

Try not to use the maximum dosage of painkillers on a regular or frequent basis as this could make it harder to treat headaches over time.

You should also make an appointment to see a GP if you have frequent migraines , even if they can be controlled with medicine, as you may benefit from preventative treatment.

You should call 999 for an ambulance immediately if you or someone you’re with experiences:

  • paralysis or weakness in 1 or both arms or 1 side of the face
  • slurred or garbled speech
  • a sudden agonising headache resulting in a severe pain unlike anything experienced before
  • headache along with a high temperature , stiff neck, mental confusion, seizures, double vision and a rash

These symptoms may be a sign of a more serious condition, such as a stroke or meningitis, and should be assessed by a doctor as soon as possible.

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How To Get Rid Of Nausea With Home Remedies

Migraine induced nausea can be just as disabling as the head pain itself and sometimes even more so. Treating the symptoms of an attack, either over the counter or with prescriptions, can help lessen the burden of Migraine and throwing up and get you back to your normal, healthy activities more quickly. Here are a few worth trying:

Can Migraines Be Prevented Or Avoided

A migraine can cause severe throbbing pain or a pulsing ...

Medicine to prevent migraines may be helpful if your headaches happen more than 2 times a month. You may want to consider this medicine if your headaches make it hard for you to work and function. These medicines are taken every day, whether you have a headache or not.

Preventive medications for migraines can include prescription drugs often used to treat other ailments. Anti-seizure medicines, antidepressants, medicines to lower blood pressure, and even Botox injections are some of the preventive medications your doctor may prescribe. Calcitonin gene-related peptide inhibitors can also help prevent migraines. They do so by blocking a gene-related peptide in your sensory nerves. This peptide is known to increase during a migraine attack, so blocking it can help prevent migraines.

There are also a number of non-medical treatments designed to help minimize migraine pain and frequency. One is an electrical stimulation device, which has been approved by the FDA. It is a headband that you wear once a day for 20 minutes to stimulate the nerve linked to migraines. Another non-medical treatment is counseling aimed at helping you feel in more control of your migraines. This counseling works best when paired with medical prevention of migraines, as well.

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Challenges Patients With Migraine Face In The Er

The emergency room can be a really challenging place for a patient with a migraine, said Dr. Hamilton. Its a chaotic environment with noise, bright lights, odors which may be offensive its sensory overload the very last thing a patient in the midst of a migraine attack needs or wants.

In the emergency room, people with migraine face unique challenges. ER doctors approach neurological problems with caution, so people with migraine should generally expect testing, including CT scans, and possibly a spinal tap . Patients are likely seeing new doctors who dont know their medical history and what generally works best for them, which can lead to less effective treatment. Opioids and narcotics are commonly prescribed to patients with migraine, even though theyre not as effective as other alternatives, and come with risks.

Migraine is often not recognized as a serious problem in the emergency department and patients may not get the attention that is expected or deserved, said Dr. Hamilton.

Should I Go To The Er For A Migraine

The pain threshold varies from person to person, but if a person has a severe headache with or without nausea and vomiting and experiences loss of vision or weakness inside the body, they should go to the emergency room.

  • Individuals typically describe the pain on one side of the head as severe throbbing and pulsating .
  • Migraine symptoms vary from person to person generally, migraine headaches last about four hours, but if severe, they can last for more than three days, during which time a person should see a doctor regardless of the intensity of the pain.
  • Some people experience migraine headaches every few days, whereas others only experience them one or two times a year.

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What Is An Ocular Migraine

An ocular migraine is an eye problem characterized by short episodes of vision loss or visual disturbances.

For example, you may see flashing lights in one eye accompanied by a headache.

Your doctor may also refer to this type of migraine as ophthalmic or monocular migraines.

These episodes may be scary. But in most cases, they are harmless and short-lived. However, ocular migraines can be a sign of a more serious condition.

Some people experience retinal migraines every few months, but the frequency varies from person to person.

Retinal migraine is a unique condition that should not be confused with headache-type migraine or migraine with aura, which often affect both eyes.1

What Preventive Treatments Are There For Migraine Nausea

Migraines 101: Symptoms

Just like with migraines in general, some nausea treatments can fight off your symptoms during an attack, and others are more preventive measures you need to incorporate into your lifestyle. Here are a few things you can try to keep migraine nausea from starting in the first place.

Take a Vitamin B6 supplement

Vitamin B6 may work against nausea. Dr. Crystal notes though that while it is âeffective at reducing pregnancy-related nausea,â it has not been studied for migraines specifically.

Take a magnesium supplement

Migraine sufferers have been found to be particularly deficient in the mineral magnesium, which can lead to symptoms like fatigue, lack of appetite, andâyou guessed itânausea. That may be one reason that taking a magnesium supplement to treat migraine, can help with the accompanying nausea as well.

Dr. Crystal recommends increasing magnesium intake through supplements and magnesium-rich foods, such as dairy products like milk and yogurt, fortified foods like breakfast cereals, leafy green vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds. Cove also offers a hydration supplement that includes both magnesium and Vitamin B6.

Eat a Preventive Diet

If youâve got an upset stomach, the idea of eating specific foods to deal with it probably isnât very appealing. Chances are you wonât want to eat anything until it passes. But your overall diet can still have a preventive effect.

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