How Long Is Too Long For A Migraine
How long is too long for a migraine? A typical migraine lasts between four and 72 hours. If a migraine lasts longer than 72 hours, it is paramount to consult with a doctor. Also, if a person experiences 15 or more headache days per month, a doctor may diagnose this individual with chronic migraines.
What Are The Possible Side Effects Of Medicines Given In The Er To Treat Migraines
Researchers found that the side effects from these medicines are usually minor and temporary. Some of the medicines can cause drowsiness, so you may not be able to drive right away. More information is listed below for each type of medicine when it is taken a single time in the ER for a severe migraine.
- Neuroleptics/Antiemetics: Restlessness in the legs or body is a common side effect. A possible serious side effect is uncontrollable muscle movements, such as tics and tremors.
- Sumatriptan: The most common side effect is pain or swelling at the place where the shot was given. Other side effects can include redness in the face and neck, a burning feeling, feelings of tightness , and drowsiness.
- NSAIDs: Side effects are not common with these medicines.
- Opioids: Tiredness and drowsiness are common side effects.
- Dihydroergotamine: The most common side effects include pain or swelling at the place where the shot was given or where the IV needle was put in, drowsiness, stomach problems, nausea and vomiting, and an irregular heartbeat.
- Dexamethasone: Side effects were not common with this medicine in the research studies. But, possible side effects can include nausea, headache, dizziness, and trouble sleeping.
Note: There are other possible side effects of these medicines. The side effects listed here are the most common side effects when the medicines are taken a single time in the ER for a severe migraine.
Use Migraine Meds That Have Been Through Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials
My research for a list of migraine medications uncovered over 100 different ones available on prescription. In most cases, one drug will have a number of different brand names in different countries.
No matter what you read or what you decide to take as your migraine treatment, always consult your doctor first. Ask for migraine medicine that has been through randomized controlled clinical trials, and not just clinical testing. You want something with good evidence behind it. And remember, you can print this list of migraine medications and take it to your next appointment.
Migraine is a serious medical condition and the medications used must not be taken lightly.
Always… always get your migraine medications from a reliable source.
Stay in touch by joining the mailing list to get tips, tools, freebies and updates.
Until next time, be well and be pain free.
WANT MORE TIPS? Subscribe to my newsletter and follow along on , and for all of the latest updates.
You May Like: Vestibular Migraine Duration
What Are The Best Migraine Treatments For Relief
Migraine treatment is very individualized, so youll want to speak with your doctor about how to find the best option for you and your symptoms. In some cases, your doctor may refer you to a neurologist, who better understands the intricacies of brain disorders.
When patients have headaches that are not being well controlled, we take into account their medical history, what other medical problems they may have, and what the possible side effects of each medication are, Anne Csere, D.O., an assistant professor in the department of neurology, pain, and headache medicine at the University of South Florida, tells SELF. For example, certain migraine treatments are not recommended for people who plan to become pregnant or who have a history of heart disease, she explains. Price is also an important factor because some medications are expensive and not covered by insurance.
Heres a breakdown of the most common treatment options for migraine relief:
Abortive medications are designed to stop migraine once it has started, and these can include both prescription and over-the-counter drugs. The important thing with these medications is to take them soon after the headache starts, says Dr. Csere. These medications work best early in the migraines phase.
If OTC meds dont work for you, there are several prescription drugs under the abortive medications umbrella your doctor might prescribe. These include:
What Are Migraine Headaches
Migraine headaches are severe headaches that cause intense pain. They can start suddenly and get worse quickly. A migraine headache typically lasts from 4 hours to 3 days if not treated. Migraines are thought to run in families.
Symptoms of a migraine headache can include:
- A severe headache, often with throbbing on one side of the head
- Sensitivity to light or sound
- Nausea and vomiting
- Difficulty doing physical activities like walking or climbing stairs
Also Check: Migraine Cream Of Tartar
Strongest Migraine Medication Over
When discussing strength, we often refer to how much of a medication is given per dose.
Many of these OTC migraine medications are given in high doses. For example, the recommended dosages for aspirin and acetaminophen are typically around 1,000 mg.
However, when thinking about strength, you may also be considering how strongly these medications act against your migraine symptoms.
In this case, an argument can be made for the aspirin, acetaminophen, and caffeine combination. Older research has found that the combination of these three ingredients has a greater effectiveness than each individual ingredient alone.
Overall, its important to remember that the medication that most effectively alleviates acute migraine symptoms can vary by person. Because of this, focus on finding the treatment that best addresses your symptoms.
If You Do End Up In Hospital
If you end up in hospital presenting with status migrainous, they may consider doing an occipital nerve block, in some countries, where bupivacaine 0.5 percent 4 ml and triamcinolone 40mg is injected into your ipsilateral occipital notch.
This means the top of the neck, behind your head. This injection should provide numbness for four to six hours, after which the pain should also subside.It might be a good idea to discuss a worst-case scenario with your doctor, so you know in advance what possible rescue migraine medications might be best to use first.
I keep a letter from my doctor in my wallet, just in case I ever need an injection and cannot speak.
There are so many migraine medications to choose from. Your doctor and pharmacist are the best starting point for getting all the necessary details. Gather all the information you can so you can make an informed decision and then be prepared for when you need to act quickly.
Read Also: How To Use Cream Of Tartar For Migraine
Nausea Drugs For Migraines
Many people who have migraines often have nausea and vomiting along with head pain. Those symptoms usually get better when you treat the migraine. But sometimes, the nausea and vomiting are bad enough to keep a person from taking their migrainemedications. In these cases, a nausea drug can ease your symptoms so you can get the treatment you need.
Most nausea medicines come in pill form, but if the problem is severe, you can take them as a rectal suppository.
Confusion, drowsiness, dizziness, upset stomach, excitability, nightmares, uncontrollable muscle movements, lip smacking or chewing movements
Confusion, drowsiness, dizziness, upset stomach, excitability, nightmares, uncontrollable muscle movements, lip smacking or chewing movements
Uncontrollable muscle movements, lip smacking or chewing movements, sensitivity to sunlight, aching in the lower legs, diarrhea
How Are Migraines Treated
Migraines can be treated at home with over-the-counter pain medicines such as acetaminophen , ibuprofen , or naproxen or with prescription medicines from your doctor. When a migraine hits, it may also help to lie down in a dark room and try to sleep.
To prevent migraines, try to avoid things you know can trigger your migraines and try to get regular exercise. Your doctor may also give you medicines to help prevent migraines.
Read Also: How Long Do Migraines Last For
What Should I Know About Storage And Disposal Of This Medication
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature, away from light, excess heat, and moisture .
It is important to keep all medication out of sight and reach of children as many containers are not child-resistant and young children can open them easily. To protect young children from poisoning, always lock safety caps and immediately place the medication in a safe location â one that is up and away and out of their sight and reach.
Unneeded medications should be disposed of in special ways to ensure that pets, children, and other people cannot consume them. However, you should not flush this medication down the toilet. Instead, the best way to dispose of your medication is through a medicine take-back program. Talk to your pharmacist or contact your local garbage/recycling department to learn about take-back programs in your community. See the FDA’s Safe Disposal of Medicines website for more information if you do not have access to a take-back program.
Antiemetics Available In Australia For Migraine
*Dosages apply to adults over 18. Take these medications only as directed by your doctor or pharmacist.
None of the above medications were developed specifically for migraine, except for those sold as a combined tablet with paracetamol. Metoclopramide and prochlorperazine are the antiemetics most commonly recommended for migraine, because they dont cause major blood pressure changes, require cardiac monitoring, and may themselves also bring additional pain relief .
There is also evidence to suggest that antiemetics can work synergistically with migraine treatments particularly in the setting of nausea or vomiting . One emergency department study showed that intravenous metoclopramide and prochlorperazine had a similar level of efficacy . Your doctor will be able to recommend which drug is more suitable based on your symptoms and reaction to previous medications.
Similar to triptans, ergotamine and dihydroergotamine are migraine-specific drugs that target serotonin receptors . However, triptans have mostly replaced ergotamines, because they are more effective and ergotamines tend to cause side effects such as nausea. There are no ergotamine compounds currently available in Australia .
Read Also: How To Cure Migraine Naturally
Who Needs Medication For Anxiety
Feeling anxious now and then is part of life. It is a component of the bodyâs natural self-defense system and linked closely with the fight or flight response. But there is a difference between feeling anxious prior to performing in front of a crowd, and being afraid to leave your house because you might encounter people outside. Just as there is a difference between jiggling the doorknob once as you leave your home to make sure it is locked, and checking the doorknob two dozen times.
Essentially, anyone who suffers from an anxiety disorder is a potential candidate for anxiety medication. But, just because someone might benefit from anxiety medication, it does not mean they necessarily should take one. They may be served just as effectively by a combination of psychotherapy and exercise. The most important thing is that the decision to use an anxiety medication is arrived at only after careful consultation with your doctor.
Migraine Medications For Self
So before we get to the actual medications, I think it’s really important to look at some of the side effects you may encounter.
It is essential to do your homework with your doctor beforehand.
Plan ahead for your ‘worst case’ scenario.
Some of these drugs have too many side effects to list individually, so I have provided the more common ones to watch for. You will still have to research the ones you decide to take thoroughly.
Now… according to my extensive research , the most common severe allergic reactions for these 10 migraine medications generally seem to include:
itchy skin rash or hives
unusually pale skin and
So, these seem to be the more general yet serious side effects listed for all ten rescue medications.
This list kind of makes me never want to take migraine medications ever again.
If you are one of those people who do not respond well to the acute treatment strategies, and struggle your way through taking drugs for migraines, then perhaps reading my migraine pain medication failed list will provide you with some motivation.
You might need some help to endure the trial and error of finding the most effective medication.
I urge you to stay focused and persevere to find the right migraine medications that work for you with the least amount of side effects. Or side effects that you can deal with from the medications that are less debilitating than the migraines alone.
LOOKING FOR RELIEF ?
Recommended Reading: Why Does Caffeine Help Migraines
Overmedicating And Rebound Headache
People who are prone to having headaches may develop a pattern of daily or almost-daily headaches. In some people, migraine-type headache attacks may become so frequent that they finally blend together with no clear-cut beginning or end. In both of these cases, the development of more severe or frequent headaches may actually be caused from taking headache relief medications too frequently. Daily or almost daily use of over-the-counter medications such as aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, narcotics, barbiturates and caffeine-containing medications or prescription medications such as the triptans, appears to interfere with the brain centers that regulate the flow of pain messages to the nervous system and may make your headache worse. In addition, overmedicating interferes with the effectiveness of prescribed preventive medications.
Rebound headaches may result from taking prescription or nonprescription pain relievers more than two days a week. If prescription or nonprescription abortives are overused, the headaches may rebound as the last dose wears off, leading you to take more and more medication and actually aggravate the pain. When the medications are no longer taken, headache pain will likely improve over a period of 6 to 12 weeks.
What They Are Used For
Acute medicines for migraine are taken to stop or shorten the symptoms of a migraine attack. They are taken once an attack starts, not beforehand, and should have a quick effect on the migraine attack.
There are a range of different acute medicines that can be taken. They have different strengths and you should match the severity of symptoms of a migraine attack with the strength of the medicine. This should be discussed with your doctor.
Recommended Reading: Is Sativa Or Indica Better For Migraines
Medicines For Nausea Or Vomiting
These medicines are called anti-sickness medicines or antiemetics. They can be helpful to treat migraine even if you don’t experience nausea or vomiting. These are prescribed by your doctor and can be used together with other pain relievers and triptans. Seek medical advice before taking anti-sickness medicines as they are not suitable for some people.As with pain relievers, anti-sickness medicines work better if taken as soon as your migraine symptoms begin. They usually come in the form as tablets, but are also available as a suppository.
What Natural Home Remedies And Lifestyle Changes Relieve Migraines
Migraine patients can play a significant role in managing their headache frequency and severity.
Keep track of when migraines occur by using a headache diary or log to track pain levels, triggers, and symptoms. In addition, patients should keep track of the migraine types they experience . This can help identify patterns that precede a migraine, as well as help identify factors that contribute to the development of the headache. Once these contributing factors are known, lifestyle modifications can lessen their impact. These modifications may include:
- Maintain a regular schedule for eating and sleeping.
- Avoid certain foods that might cause a migraine.
- Keep well hydrated since dehydration has been identified as a migraine trigger for some people.
- Exercise regularly.
Exercise and migraine
Some people find that exercises that promote muscle relaxation can help manage the pain of migraines. Examples of types of mind-body exercises that can help encourage relaxation are:
Don’t Miss: How To Get A Migraine
What Do Clinical Trials Look For
Companies that manufacture prescription medication for migraine conduct studies for many years. These studies on experimental drugs aim to answer several questions, including the following:
- What are the drugs ingredients?
- Does it work?
- Is it safe for humans to take?
- What is the correct dose?
- What are the side effects, which are also called adverse reactions?
- Do the drugs benefits outweigh its risks?
- Is the drugs label accurate and appropriate for its intended use?
- How will the drug be manufactured and packaged?
Important Note About ‘off
Many of the medications listed in this handout have not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in children and adolescents with headaches. When a doctor chooses to prescribe a drug for a medical condition or for a certain patient type for which it has not received FDA approval, this practice is called off-label prescribing. This is a common practice in the field of medicine. It is one of the ways by which new and important uses are found for already approved drugs. Many times, positive findings lead to formal clinical trials of the drug for new conditions other than what the drug was first approved for.
Many of the drugs prescribed to help prevent head pain disorders are prescribed in this off-label fashion. Please check with your doctor regarding other medications not mentioned in this handout or if you have any concerns or questions.
You May Like: Can Antibiotics Cause Headaches