Wednesday, August 17, 2022
HomeExclusiveWhat Is Best Medication For Migraines

What Is Best Medication For Migraines

Fast Targeted Relief From Migraine Symptoms

Best Medicines For Migraine Headaches

IV therapy for migraines is unique in that it is capable of simultaneously delivering a blend of medications to treat the full range of migraine symptoms. The symptoms of a migraine often include severe pain, nausea, and inflammation, but a migraine infusion takes a multi-faceted approach to defeat all three.

The combination of substances provided in a migraine infusion is designed to target the specific proteins that induce a migraine event, which is something no other treatment option can accomplish.

Why Is This Medication Prescribed

Sumatriptan injection is used to treat the symptoms of migraine headaches . Sumatriptan injection is also used to treat the symptoms of cluster headaches . Sumatriptan is in a class of medications called selective serotonin receptor agonists. It works by narrowing blood vessels in the brain, stopping pain signals from being sent to the brain, and blocking the release of certain natural substances that cause pain, nausea, and other symptoms of migraine or cluster headaches. Sumatriptan does not prevent migraine attacks or reduce the number of headaches you have.

The Following Drugs Are Fda Approved For The Acute Treatment Of Migraine With Or Without Aura In Adults

Drug Name
calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor antagonist orally disintegrating tablets

as needed no more than one dose to be taken in 24 hours

calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor antagonist oral tablets

as needed no more than 200 mg to be taken in 24 hours

serotonin 1F receptor agonist oral tablets
Dr. Reddys Laboratories Limited serotonin 1B/1D receptor agonist nasal spray

as needed no more than 30 mg to be taken in 24 hours

Dr. Reddys Laboratories Ltd. serotonin 1B/1D receptor agonist subcutaneous injection

as needed no more than 12 mg to be taken in 24 hours

serotonin 1B/1D receptor agonist nasal powder

as needed no more than two doses to be taken in 24 hours

Don’t Miss: How To Get A Migraine

Iv Hydration Therapy For Migraines And Headaches

For those that suffer from migraines, learning how to avoid triggers and prevent episodes is key. But sometimes, despite your best efforts, a migraine can occur anyway.

The pain, nausea, and sensitivity to light and sound can disable you completely, preventing you from participating in your daily life for days or even weeks at a time.

Thankfully, advancements in migraine treatment options have provided the answer that so many migraine sufferers have been desperately searching for: fast, effective migraine relief with IV hydration therapy.

What Should I Know About Over

10 Best Migraine Medicines 2020

Just because something is available without a prescription doesnt mean its without risk. Its important to keep a few guidelines in mind when using OTC medication:

  • Read labels and be familiar with active ingredients.
  • Follow the directions on the package.
  • Be careful with medicines that contain more than one active ingredient.
  • Dont use OTC migraine medications too often, or they can cause medication overuse headache.
  • Be careful when mixing medications of the same class, i.e., two NSAIDs like ibuprofen with naproxen or aspirin.

When OTC medications work reliably and are not overused, they can be an effective treatment for some people with headache and migraine. In some cases, though, OTC medicines may make headaches worse or lead to other problems.

Most OTC medicines are suspected of causing Medication Overuse Headache if taken consistently for more than two days a week. Caffeine-containing medicines appear especially likely to cause MOH.

People often use more than one OTC or prescription medication with similar or the same active ingredients, unintentionally consuming more of a drug than intended. For example, some medicines for sinus headache contain acetaminophen. People may use this sinus drug along with other medicines advertised for pain, which also contain acetaminophen.

Recommended Reading: Migraine Medication With Caffeine

Overmedicating And Rebound Headache

People who are prone to having headaches may develop a pattern of daily or almost-daily headaches. In some people, migraine-type headache attacks may become so frequent that they finally blend together with no clear-cut beginning or end. In both of these cases, the development of more severe or frequent headaches may actually be caused from taking headache relief medications too frequently. Daily or almost daily use of over-the-counter medications such as aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, narcotics, barbiturates and caffeine-containing medications or prescription medications such as the triptans, appears to interfere with the brain centers that regulate the flow of pain messages to the nervous system and may make your headache worse. In addition, overmedicating interferes with the effectiveness of prescribed preventive medications.

Rebound headaches may result from taking prescription or nonprescription pain relievers more than two days a week. If prescription or nonprescription abortives are overused, the headaches may rebound as the last dose wears off, leading you to take more and more medication and actually aggravate the pain. When the medications are no longer taken, headache pain will likely improve over a period of 6 to 12 weeks.

Use Migraine Meds That Have Been Through Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials

My research for a list of migraine medications uncovered over 100 different ones available on prescription. In most cases, one drug will have a number of different brand names in different countries.

No matter what you read or what you decide to take as your migraine treatment, always consult your doctor first. Ask for migraine medicine that has been through randomized controlled clinical trials, and not just clinical testing. You want something with good evidence behind it. And remember, you can print this list of migraine medications and take it to your next appointment.

Migraine is a serious medical condition and the medications used must not be taken lightly.

Always… always get your migraine medications from a reliable source.

Stay in touch by joining the mailing list to get tips, tools, freebies and updates.

Until next time, be well and be pain free.

WANT MORE TIPS? Subscribe to my newsletter and follow along on , and for all of the latest updates.

Recommended Reading: Do Daith Piercings Help With Migraines

How To Use Rizatriptan Oral

Read the Patient Information Leaflet if available from your pharmacist before you start taking rizatriptan and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Take this medication as directed by your doctor, at the first sign of a migraine. Handle the tablets with dry hands. Place the tablet on your tongue, allow it to dissolve, and swallow with your saliva. You do not need to take this medication with water or other liquid. It may be taken with or without food, but may work faster when it is taken on an empty stomach.

Do not break or crush the tablets. If you are using the individually wrapped tablets, do not open the outer pouch until the dose is needed. Peel the foil back and carefully remove the tablet from the blister pack immediately before taking your dose. If you are using the tablets from a bottle, leave the tablets in the bottle they came in until you are ready to take a dose. Keep the bottle tightly closed between uses.

The dosage is based on your medical condition, response to treatment, age, and other medications you may be taking. For children, the dosage is also based on weight. Be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use .

How Should This Medicine Be Used

What is the best treatment for Migraine Headaches? | Apollo Hospitals

Sumatriptan injection comes as a solution to inject subcutaneously . It is usually used at the first sign of a migraine headache. If your symptoms improve after you use sumatriptan but return after 1 hour or longer, you may use a second dose of sumatriptan. However, if your symptoms do not improve after you use sumatriptan, do not use a second injection without talking to your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Use sumatriptan exactly as directed. Do not use more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.

Sumatriptan injection comes in a pre-filled auto-injection device and in vials to be used with disposable syringes. If you are using vials of sumatriptan injection, your doctor or pharmacist will tell you what type of syringe you should use. Do not use any other type of syringe because you may not get the right amount of medication.

You can inject your sumatriptan in the outer side of your thigh or upper arm. Do not inject sumatriptan through clothing. Never inject sumatriptan into a vein or muscle.

You may use your first dose of sumatriptan injection in a doctor’s office or other medical facility where you can be monitored for serious reactions. Carefully read the instructions that come with your device, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to show you how to use it.

Recommended Reading: How To Tell If Someone Is Faking A Migraine

Acute Migraine Headache: Treatment Strategies

LAURA MAYANS, MD, MPH, and ANNE WALLING, MB, ChB, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Wichita, Kansas

Am Fam Physician. 2018 Feb 15 97:243-251.

Patient information: A handout on this topic is available at .

Migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent attacks. Acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, triptans, antiemetics, ergot alkaloids, and combination analgesics have evidence supporting their effectiveness in the treatment of migraine. Acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are first-line treatments for mild to moderate migraines, whereas triptans are first-line treatments for moderate to severe migraines. Although triptans are effective, they may be expensive. Other medications such as dihydroergotamine and antiemetics are recommended for use as second- or third-line therapy for select patients or for those with refractory migraine. The pharmacologic properties, potential adverse effects, cost, and routes of administration vary widely, allowing therapy to be individualized based on the pattern and severity of attacks. Several treatment principles, including taking medication early in an attack and using a stratified treatment approach, can help ensure that migraine treatment is cost-effective.

SORT: KEY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PRACTICE

SORT: KEY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PRACTICE

Recommendations from the Choosing Wisely Campaign

BEST PRACTICES IN NEUROLOGY

Treatment Of Acute Migraine Headache

BENJAMIN GILMORE, MD, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California

MAGDALENA MICHAEL, MD, Mountain Area Health Education Center, Hendersonville, North Carolina

Am Fam Physician. 2011 Feb 1 83:271-280.

Patient information: See related handout on this topic at .

Migraine headache is one of the most common, yet potentially debilitating disorders encountered in primary care. Approximately 18 percent of women and 6 percent of men in the United States have migraine headaches, and 51 percent of these persons report reduced work or school productivity.1 Patients typically describe recurrent headaches with similar symptoms, and approximately one-third describe an aura preceding the headache.1 This article reviews treatment options for acute migraine headache.

Don’t Miss: How To Cure Migraine Naturally

Nausea Drugs For Migraines

Many people who have migraines often have nausea and vomiting along with head pain. Those symptoms usually get better when you treat the migraine. But sometimes, the nausea and vomiting are bad enough to keep a person from taking their migrainemedications. In these cases, a nausea drug can ease your symptoms so you can get the treatment you need.

Most nausea medicines come in pill form, but if the problem is severe, you can take them as a rectal suppository.

Generic Name

Confusion, drowsiness, dizziness, upset stomach, excitability, nightmares, uncontrollable muscle movements, lip smacking or chewing movements

Confusion, drowsiness, dizziness, upset stomach, excitability, nightmares, uncontrollable muscle movements, lip smacking or chewing movements

Trimetho-benzamide hydrochloride

Low blood pressure, blurred vision, drowsiness, dizziness, feeling disoriented, uncontrollable muscle movements, lip smacking or chewing movements

metoclopramide hydrochloride

Uncontrollable muscle movements, lip smacking or chewing movements, sensitivity to sunlight, aching in the lower legs, diarrhea

Strongest Migraine Medication Over

Migraine Medication

When discussing strength, we often refer to how much of a medication is given per dose.

Many of these OTC migraine medications are given in high doses. For example, the recommended dosages for aspirin and acetaminophen are typically around 1,000 mg.

However, when thinking about strength, you may also be considering how strongly these medications act against your migraine symptoms.

In this case, an argument can be made for the aspirin, acetaminophen, and caffeine combination. Older research has found that the combination of these three ingredients has a greater effectiveness than each individual ingredient alone.

Overall, its important to remember that the medication that most effectively alleviates acute migraine symptoms can vary by person. Because of this, focus on finding the treatment that best addresses your symptoms.

Recommended Reading: How Long Can Migraines Last

What Is Iv Hydration Therapy For Migraines

IV hydration therapy, also called migraine IV treatments or migraine IV cocktails, utilizes a combination of vitamins, electrolytes, antioxidants, hydrating fluids, and medication.

Delivered intravenously , the migraine cocktail can be a highly effective option for counteracting migraine symptoms.

As your body is rehydrated and rebalanced, you can finally find relief.

Additionally, many migraine IV treatments also feature medications to fight nausea and inflammation, so you can be back to feeling like yourself in no time.

IV treatments for migraines are a non-invasive treatment option, and typically take one hour or less to complete. Depending on the provider, the specific cocktail for migraine relief may be uniquely formulated to address your specific triggers and needs.

All youll need to do is sit back, relax, and await the fast-acting relief the IV therapy can provide.

Which Migraine Medications Are Safe To Use During Pregnancy

Migraine headaches may become less frequent during pregnancy. However, in rare cases migraines may appear for the first time during pregnancy or become worse. Non-drug therapies are considered to be safer during pregnancy, they should be tried first. Non-drug therapies such as relaxation, sleep, massage, ice packs, and lifestyle changes are considered first-line options during pregnancy.

If drug treatment is required, acetaminophen is usually the treatment of choice. When used appropriately, acetaminophen treatment does not affect the pregnancy or the unborn baby.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are considered second-line options and thought to be safest in the second trimester. They should not be used near the time of birth. Opioids are third-line options. Prolonged use of opioids may cause addiction and dependence in mothers and child.

Triptans are reserved for moderate-to-severe symptoms in women who have failed to adequately respond to other treatments. Sumatriptan is the oldest and most studied triptan in pregnancy. A pregnancy registry for sumatriptan did not find an increased risk of birth defects or miscarriage in 600 patients who were treated with sumatriptan during pregnancy.

Ergotamines should not be used during pregnancy as they may potentially induce hypertonic uterine contractions and vasospasms/vasoconstrictions which can cause harm to the unborn baby.

Read Also: Which Condition Commonly Accompanies Migraine Headaches

Vestibular Migraine Not As Rare As Once Thought

Vestibular Migraine was once considered rare, but it is increasingly becoming a more widely recognized diagnosis. This type of Migraine is characterized by vertigo and dizziness. It is a common cause of headache with dizziness, but VM can occur with or without head pain.

Migraine-associated vertigo affects between 1-3% of the general population, making Migraine the leading causes of vertigo and dizziness in adults

Only about half of all patients with VM experience pain with their attacks. It can be confusing to get a diagnosis of Migraine if you have no pain, but an accurate diagnosis is key to finding the right treatment and relief.

Treating Migraine Headaches: Some Drugs Should Rarely Be Used

What is the best treatment for headaches?

Migraine attacks can last for hoursor even days. They can cause intense pain, nausea and vomiting. They can make you sensitive to light or noise and they can affect your life and work.

To treat migraines, you may be given a prescription for an opioid or a barbiturate called butalbital. These are pain medicines. But you should think twice about using these drugs for migraine. Heres why:

These drugs can make headaches worse.

Using too much pain medicine can lead to a condition called medication overuse headache . Two kinds of pain medicine are more likely to cause MOH:

  • Drugs containing opioidssuch as codeine , morphine , Hycodan or oxycodone .
  • Drugs containing butalbital .

They are not as effective as other migraine drugs.

There are other drugs that can reduce the number of migraines you have and how severe they arebetter than opioids and butalbital. Even in the emergency roomwhere people with severe migraines often ask for opioidsbetter drugs are available, including triptans.

They have risks.

Opioids and butalbital can cause serious withdrawal symptoms if you stop taking them suddenly. People who use high doses for a long time may need to be in the hospital in order to stop using them.

Opioids, even at low doses, can make you feel sleepy or dizzy. Other side effects include constipation and nausea. Using them for a long time can lower your sex drive and cause depression and sleep problems.

Which drugs are good for migraines?

Limit the use of all pain medicines.

Also Check: Migraine Aura During Pregnancy

What Is The Best Medicine For Retinal Migraine

Treatment for retinal migraine

  • aspirin to reduce pain and inflammation.
  • a beta-blocker which may help relax blood vessels.
  • a calcium channel blocker which may help prevent blood vessels constricting.
  • a tricyclic antidepressant which may help prevent migraine.
  • anti-epileptics which may help prevent migraine.

Working With A Trusted Professional

Finally, it is important to follow the recommendations from your childs healthcare provider carefully and report any side effects or lack of improvement rather than simply stop treatment. With some positive changes in lifestyle, an appropriate regimen for the treatment of acute headache and a well-chosen preventive treatment, a child experiencing uncontrolled migraine attacks can typically anticipate significant improvement and, consequently, improved quality of life.

For help finding a specialist in your area, check out the American Migraine Foundations Find a Doctor tool. For more information about pediatric migraine, visit the AMF Resource Library.

Font Size

Read Also: Suppository For Migraines

RELATED ARTICLES

Popular Articles