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What Is An Eye Migraine Called

Effects Of The Pandemic On People With Migraine

Ocular migraines with vision disturbance: Should I Worry?

Various factors related to the COVID-19 pandemic unrelated to direct viral infection may have led to increased migraine frequency or severity in some people.

A found that in a group of 1,018 people with a history of migraine in Kuwait, more than half reported an increase in migraine frequency or severity from the pre-pandemic period.

Factors such as lack of communication with a neurologist and increased stress may have played a role.

Only 4 percent of the study participants developed COVID-19, but of those people, 63.4 percent reported their migraine worsening.

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Flashing Lights Can Be A Frequent Trigger Of Migraine Attacks

One of the most reliable triggers of migraine episodes are flashing or flickering lights. In our survey, we found that people with light-sensitive migraine believed them to provoke attacks more regularly than fluorescent lighting, sunlight or digital screens. This may translate to approximately 16% of patients who report it to consistently precipitate their attacksalthough it may trigger at least one episode for up to one-third of all people with migraine.4 And there are plenty of situations where you may be exposed to flickering lights, such as:

  • Flash photography
  • Malfunctioning fluorescents or digital screens
  • Traffic change or safety lights
  • Car hazard lights
  • Sunlight shining through trees and other objects
  • Flashing lights in videos and movies

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What Is A Vestibular Migraine

Migraine can affect the vestibular system of the inner ear, which impacts the way the brain controls balance and the way a person experiences the space around them. When this system does not work properly, a person may experience feelings of vertigo, unsteadiness, or dizziness that can be triggered by movement.

A doctor may think a person has vestibular migraine when the person experiences these kinds of symptoms for minutes or hours.

A person with vestibular migraine may also have a history of migraine headaches. About 40% of people who suffer from migraine headaches also have vestibular symptoms. However, a person can also experience vestibular migraine without headaches.

Vestibular migraine can cause a feeling that the ground is moving or falling, or cause problems coordinating movement. It can also impact the senses and distort hearing.

Other than a headache, symptoms can include:

  • sensitivity to light, sound, or smell
  • nausea or vomiting
  • discomfort turning, bending down, or looking up
  • feeling of pressure in the head or the ear
  • ringing in the ears, known as tinnitus
  • partial or complete loss of vision
  • visual disturbances, such as flashing lights, spots, or blurring

These symptoms can vary in severity. There may be warning signs that vestibular symptoms are about to happen. A person may see flashing lights or other visual disturbances, a phenomenon also known as an aura.

If You Experience Sudden Changes In Vision It May Be The Result Of A Visual Migraine

Ocular (Retinal) Migraine: Visual Symptoms and Treatment ...

Visual migraines are an episode of vision loss in one eye, usually lasting a short time and are rarely painful.

Classic migraines usually result in intense headaches or sensitivity to light and loud sounds. While, ocular migraines cause sudden vision impairment and are not necessarily painful. For example a street sign becoming difficult to read while driving.

Most ocular migraines dont actually cause or indicate any damage to your brain or eyes.

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What Are Ocular Migraines

Ocular migraines are painless, temporary visual disturbances that can affect one or both eyes. Though they can be quite alarming, ocular migraines are typically harmless and resolve on their own within approximately 30 minutes.

A number of different visual symptoms may occur with ocular migraines. These may include the appearance shimmering, flashing, or flickering lights , the development of a small, enlarging blind spot in your central vision, and wavy or zig-zag lines surrounding the blind spot, sometimes appearing as a heat wave. The blind spot often enlarges and may move across your field of vision. A person might even observe what appears to be the sensation of looking through a cracked window. The entire experience of an ocular migraine may last only a few minutes and will usually resolve without medication within 30 minutes. In some cases, it might last longer. If you experience vision loss lasting more than 30 minutes, be sure to see an eye specialist.

Some migraine sufferers will experience symptoms in the days weeks before the attack that warn them of an impending migraine or ocular migraine. These might include changes in mood, cravings for certain foods, or a feeling of tiredness.

Migraine auras usually are visual in nature, but they can include disturbances of hearing, speech or smell progressive numbness or tingling in the face or arms or legs or generalized weakness.

Do Ocular Migraine Symptoms Persist

Its possible that ocular migraine could persist even after recovery from COVID-19 in some people.

Some people develop headaches that last for months after COVID-19. For example, in one case study, a woman had persistent loss of smell and experienced headaches 80 days after the onset of her symptoms.

She experienced migraine-like headaches during her COVID-19 illness, but she reported that her subsequent headaches felt different.

Researchers are still trying to understand why some people develop long-haul COVID-19 symptoms after recovering from their initial infection. Its possible that increased inflammation and neurological damage play a role.

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Massage Around Your Nostrils

1.Put your index fingers on either side of your nostrils and slowly start your small circular movements in a downward pressure. So not pressing into the nose but onto your face and bone.

2.Remember to use gentle pressure here.

3.You can do this massage daily if youd like, only for five minutes or so to help prevent a future attack.

Headaches Behind The Eye In People Over 40

Headache Treatments : Ocular Migraine Treatment

In particular, people over the age of 40 may begin experiencing headaches behind the eyes more frequently as they get older due to a condition called presbyopia. As the eyes age, it can become more difficult for them to focus on objects up-close, causing them to squint and strain in order to see more clearly. This strain can lead to feelings of pain behind the eyes, alongside soreness and redness.

With other common conditions such as blurry vision, digital eye strain, and difficulty seeing up-close, its best to have your eyesight checked by an optician if youre concerned.

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How Long Does An Ocular Migraine Last

Ocular migraines usually last between 30-60 minutes. If yours lasts longer, its best to seek advice from a healthcare professional to confirm that you are not experiencing the effects of an underlying health condition.

Ocular migraines can be accompanied by a variety of symptoms and you may or may not have them all.

Causes Of Ocular Migraines

Ocular migraines have the same causes as classic migraines, although thereâs still an element of mystery involved because medical science doesnât yet understand all aspects of how these conditions happen. We know, however, that inflammatory substances released deep within the brain play a significant role in the development of both types of migraines. Itâs also widely believed in the medical community that genetics is a part of the picture. Common triggers have also been identified, including red wine, coffee, dark chocolate, aged cheeses, and cured and smoked meats. Some people also report developing ocular migraines as a result of exposure to strong perfumes, cigarette smoke, emotional stress, overly bright or flashing lights, and certain dietary ingredients such as artificial sweeteners and monosodium glutamate.

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Complications Of Ocular Migraine

Any problems in vision should immediately be reported to a physician. The symptoms of ocular migraine should be investigated fully in order to determine that there is no other disease or condition present.

People who experience ocular migraines may be at risk for permanent vision loss. Patients should follow up with their physician on a regular basis and discuss any changes in their symptoms or their headaches.

  • Doyle, E., Vote, B. J., Casswell, A. G. . Retinal migraine: caught in the act Br J Ophthalmol. 88, 301302. doi: 10.1136/bjo.2003.021808 Retrieved from
  • Gan KD, Mouradian MS, Weis E, Lewis JR. . Transient monocular visual loss and retinal migraine. CMAJ.6 173, 1441-1442.
  • Grosberg, B. M., Solomon, S., Lipton, R. B. . Retinal migraine. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 9, 268-271.
  • International Headache Society. Retinal migraine. Retrieved from:

Massage The Bridge Of Your Nose Drilling Bamboo Point

The Difference Between A Regular and Ocular Migraine ...

This acupressure point is great to treat headaches too. Its located at the very top of your nose, just above and right between your eyes. Its on either side of the spot where the bridge of your nose meets the inside of your eyebrows.

1.Using both hands, instead of making small circles just use your index fingers to apply firm but gentle pressure to both points at once.

2.Hold the pressure to at least 10 seconds, maximum 15.

3.Release the point, wait a few seconds and repeat. You can do this for about 10 minutes, or more if the pain is escalating.

If the pain is escalating, and it feels like a migraine is imminent, be sure to take action.

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Eye Migraines Occular Migraines:

The term ocular migraine is another one that is no longer generally used. Most often in the past it has referred to retinal migraine, a rare type of migraine that has severe visual disturbances or blindness in one eye during an attack. Sometimes the term has also been used to describe other types of migraine that have visual auras, such as the much more common migraine with aura.If you are diagnosed with ocular migraine, it would be helpful to ask your doctor for a more specific diagnosis from the International Headache Society’s classifications. The other important thing is to rule out other eye problems, which could be quite serious.Once again, it’s a good idea to see a doctor or ophthalmologist to make sure there isn’t something else going on. It’s especially important to see a doctor if your symptoms are accompanied by headache.

Treating And Preventing Migraine With Aura Or Retinal Migraine

For infrequent attacks, medications that target symptoms can be effective, from NSAIDs for pain to anti-nausea medications. Preventative therapies including calcium channel blockers, antiepileptic or tricyclic medications. Quitting smoking is recommended and cessation of oral contraceptives may be advised in certain circumstances. Some options for relief without drugs can include resting your eyes, removing yourself from bright sunlight or other harsh lighting, and taking a break from looking at a screen. As with all types of migraine, try to avoid triggers like stress, dehydration, high altitude, low blood sugar, excessive heat and extensive time spent staring at a screen.

While the symptoms can be disorienting and distressing, they are often short-lived, and almost always reversible. Take some time away from triggers and wait for the symptoms to fade. For more information, visit the American Migraine Foundations resource center, which includes content specifically related to Migraine with Aura, Retinal Migraine and more. The American Migraine Foundation is committed to providing comfort and information to people living with this disease. You are not alone: find your support network today.

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How Is An Ocular Migraine Diagnosed

There is no specific diagnostic test for ocular migraine. Ocular migraine is a diagnosis of exclusion meaning that we must exclude all other options and then conclude that the patient has only had an ocular migraine and nothing more vision threatening. The most important diagnosis to exclude is a retinal detachment which can be visually devastating. An eye doctor must perform a full retinal examination with pupil dilation to ensure that there is no tear or detachment of the retina.

Causes Of Ocular Migraine

Eye Health & Optometry : Strange Ocular Migraine Symptoms

An ocular or ophthalmic migraine is hold your breath a painless migraine! These are, however, associated with visual disturbances in both eyes. You may experience flickering or flashing lights, lines, stars, or blind spots that deter your vision. About 35 percent of migraine sufferers experience this kind of an aura, visual or otherwise. A painless migraine such as an ocular migraine is considered a migraine equivalent.1

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What Is Aura In The Eye & What Causes An Aura In The Eye

Aura in the eye, also called as migraine with aura or classic aura refers to a severe headache, which strikes along or after with various sensory disturbances. Here, the disturbances may include blind spots, light flashes, changes in the vision of a patient or tingling in his face or hand.

Migraine with aura or aura in the eye problem may result in throbbing pain or a sensation of pulse severely on a particular side of your head. In addition, sometimes, the problem accompanies vomiting, nausea and extreme sensitivity towards the sound and the light.

Migraine attacks may result in a huge pain for about few hours to 1 or 2 day and may become so much severe that pain disables. Aura or any other warning symptom may take place with or before you face with the headache problem. These include tingling, light flashes and blind spots.

Flashing Lights Can Make Your Migraine Attacks More Painful

During a migraine attack, do you find that flashing lights worsen your pain or other symptoms? If so, then this can indicate that you are also highly sensitive to light . In fact, 80% of patients in one study cited they were sensitive to flickering stimuli, with many actually showing a strong desire to also avoid flashing or flickering lights as much as possible.5

Experts believe that the intensity of the light/dark contrast along with the length of exposure are primarily responsible for tripping the neurologic pathway related to photophobia they also have found that people with migraine generally have a lower tolerance for even low-contrast flicker. And you may be more sensitive to flashing light as well as have greater discomfort from it the longer you have had migraine too. These reasons may ultimately also explain why non-moving striped patterns can similarly affect people with migraine.6,7

It is important to note that blue light wavelengths, particularly from artificial flashing lights, can agitate migraine and therefore may compound a persons aversion to flicker.

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Ocular Migraine Vs Retinal Migraine

The terms ocular migraine and retinal migraine are often used to mean the same thing. But to be precise, a retinal migraine is a rare type of ocular migraine.

Its also worth differentiating the term visual migraine, in which the migraine affects an area of the brain that involves vision. This may result in aura affecting sight in both eyes, not just one.

Pinging The Fingertips And Toe Tips

Chronic Ocular Migraines

1.Place your index finger and thumb at the tips of the nail bed of each finger and press quite firmly until you pull away – ping – your fingers together.

2.Do the same for each toe. You can massage these points as well but pinging them is more effective to move chi.

3.You can do one or two cycles until the pain has subsided.

Eye migraines typically last between twenty to thirty minutes and although the symptoms can be scary at first, you will learn to manage them. They are considered harmless and don’t cause any long-term damage.

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Symptoms Of Retinal Migraine

The symptoms of retinal migraine may include:

  • partial or total loss of vision in 1 eye this usually lasts 10 to 20 minutes before vision gradually returns
  • headache this may happen before, during or after the vision attack

It’s unusual for an episode of vision loss to last longer than an hour. The same eye is affected every time in almost all cases.

Vision may slowly become blurred or dimmed, or there may be flashes of light. Some people see a mosaic-like pattern of blank spots , which enlarge to cause total loss of vision.

How Can I Treat Migraines Without Using Medicines

It is very important to remember that many of the most effective preventive treatments for migraines do not require any medications. Frequent aerobic exercise is an excellent example of an effective way to improve headaches. Other strategies may include better sleep habits, stress reduction, massage, yoga, and acupuncture.

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Treatment And Prevention Of Ocular And Visual Migraines

As already noted, visual disturbances caused by ocular migraines and visual migraines typically go away within an hour.

If you are performing tasks that require clear vision when an ocular migraine or visual migraine occurs, stop what you are doing and relax until it passes. If you’re driving, pull of the road, park your vehicle and wait for your vision to return to normal.

As soon as possible, see your eye doctor, family physician or a neurologist for evaluation of your migraine episodes. Your doctor can let you know about the latest medicines for treating migraines, including those that may help prevent future attacks.

It’s also a good idea to keep a journal of your diet and daily activities. Doing so can help you identify possible triggers of your ocular migraines or visual migraines .

Many migraine attacks are stress-related. You might be able to reduce how often they occur by:

  • Avoiding common migraine triggers

  • Getting plenty of sleep

  • Trying stress-busters such as yoga and massage

Migraines can be successfully managed so they are less frequent and debilitating. The first step is to see a doctor to discuss your symptoms including vision problems and discuss treatment and prevention options.


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