When To See A Doctor
A person should see their doctor if they have frequent or severe headaches at night. A doctor will be able to carry out tests to check for any underlying causes and to find out which type of headache the person may be experiencing.
A person should also see their doctor if they notice any unusual symptoms, such as:
Are There Different Kinds Of Migraine
Yes, there are many forms of migraine. The two forms seen most often are migraine with aura and migraine without aura.
Migraine with aura . With a migraine with aura, a person might have these sensory symptoms 10 to 30 minutes before an attack:
- Seeing flashing lights, zigzag lines, or blind spots
- Numbness or tingling in the face or hands
- Disturbed sense of smell, taste, or touch
- Feeling mentally “fuzzy”
Only one in five people who get migraine experience an aura. Women have this form of migraine less often than men.
Migraine without aura . With this form of migraine, a person does not have an aura but has all the other features of an attack.
What Are The Symptoms Of A Migraine
Individual migraines are moderate to severe in intensity, often characterized by a throbbing or pounding feeling. Although they are frequently one-sided, they may occur anywhere on the head, neck and face or all over. At their worst, they are typically associated with sensitivity to light, noise and/or smells. Nausea is one of the most common symptoms and it worsens with activity, which often results in patient disability. In many respects, migraines are much like alcohol-related hangovers.
Migraine pain can be felt in the face, where it may be mistaken for sinus headache or in the neck, where it may be mistaken for arthritis or muscle spasm. Complicating the diagnosis of migraine is that the headaches may be accompanied by other “sinus like” symptoms, including watering eyes, nasal congestion and a sense of facial pressure. Most patients who think they have sinus headache in fact have migraines.
In up to 25 percent of patients, the migraine headache pain may be preceded by an aura, a temporary neurological syndrome that slowly progresses and then typically resolves just as the pain begins. While the most common type of migraine aura involves visual disturbances , many people experience numbness, confusion, trouble speaking, vertigo and other strokelike neurological symptoms. Some patients may experience auras without headaches.
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Wwwthescottishsuncouk Health 8309018im A Doctor And Heres 5 Headache Red Flag Symptoms That
Jan 20, 2022 · Headache with persistent vomiting. Headache that wakes you up at night. Neck stiffness and high temperature. Headache worsening in nature. The NHS states that headaches can last anywhere between …
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Why do I get a headache at night?
Other Sleep And Migraine Correlations:
One interesting link to the occurrence of nocturnal migraines was drug withdrawal .
Other studies have found correlations between nocturnal migraines and diseases and disorders such as:
- temporal arteritis
- subacute angle-closure glaucoma
- vascular lesions
If your migraine frequently happen at night or wake you up, be sure to discuss that detail with your doctor so that they can rule out other conditions.
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When You Get A Migraine
Try to treat your symptoms right away. This may help make the headache less severe. When migraine symptoms begin:
- Drink water to avoid dehydration, especially if you have vomited
- Rest in a quiet, dark room
- Place a cool cloth on your head
- Avoid smoking or drinking coffee or caffeinated drinks
- Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages
- Try to sleep
Over-the-counter pain medicines, such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or aspirin, are often helpful when your migraine is mild.
Your health care provider may have prescribed medicines to stop a migraine. These drugs come in different forms. They may come as a nasal spray, rectal suppository, or injection instead of pills. Other medicines can treat nausea and vomiting.
Follow your provider’s instructions about how to take all of your medicines. Rebound headaches are headaches that keep coming back. They can occur from overuse of pain medicine. If you take pain medicine more than 3 days a week on a regular basis, you can develop rebound headaches.
Why Do You Get Headaches At Night
Headaches at night are still a topic of controversy and doctors arent sure what exactly leads to them.
However, research suggests that there may be a connection between these headaches and certain stages of sleep or your sleep cycle. They can also be caused due to too much screen time or due to a stressful day.
Other reasons can be sleep apnea, overuse of certain drugs or medications, any head injury, etc. While the exact causes and the science behind it is still in the research stage, whats important to know is the type of headache you are experiencing at night.
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You’re Spending Too Much Time In Front Of Your Computer
Jumping off of the endless Zoom call bandwagon, you might find yourself hanging out in front of your computer more when WFH compared to last winter when you were still in the office. In fact, some estimations say that workers are logging longer hours about 30 minutes more in the U.S.
So here’s the deal: If you’re staring at a computer screen, you’re at risk of developing “computer vision syndrome,” which includes symptoms like eyestrain, neck and shoulder pain and headaches, according to the American Optometric Association .
If you wear glasses, make sure you have the right prescription for viewing a computer screen, correct your posture when doing work and practice the 20-20-20 rule: For every 20 minutes on your computer, look away for 20 seconds at something 20 feet away.
Headache In Forehead: 9 Possible Causes
Headache in forehead is sometimes described as a frontal lobe headache. Headaches are one of the most common reasons for visiting a doctor for missing work or school. Generally headaches can cause pain anywhere in your head but a frontal headache mostly causes pain and pressure in the forehead and temples.
There are several conditions when you feel pain in your forehead. Some of them are mentioned below:
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When To Talk To Your Doctor
You should talk to your doctor if you start experiencing headaches that you did not experience before, if the headaches wake you from your sleep, or if your headaches change in any way, especially if they are severe. You should also contact a healthcare professional if your morning headaches are accompanied by any other symptoms, such as loud snoring, vomiting, or feeling tired during the day. In preparation for your doctorâs visit, consider keeping a journal next to your bed to record the frequency and intensity of your morning headaches.
Your doctor can run tests to see if you might have a treatable sleep disorder or other medical condition. They can also work with you to change your medications and implement productive lifestyle habits to help reduce morning headaches.
How Are Hypnic Headaches Diagnosed
To diagnose hypnic headaches, your doctor will inquire about your symptoms and when they occur. This will help them determine whether your symptoms are caused by hypnic headaches or another disorder that has similar symptoms. For example, high blood pressure, brain tumors, depression, and other sleep disorders like sleep apnea can also cause headaches that occur at night or wake you up from sleep.
To help rule out other conditions, your doctor may order tests such as a polysomnogram , an MRI, or CT scans of your brain.
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It’s A True Emergency
If you can describe your headache as “the worst headache of my life,” that’s a buzzword that perks up an emergency physician’s ears, Dr. Dasgupta says. One potential cause is a ruptured brain aneurysm that can lead to a brain bleed, which is life-threatening.
Get help immediately and tell emergency personnel that, yes, this is “the worst headache of my life.”
What Are Some Ways I Can Prevent Migraine
The best way to prevent migraine is to find out what triggers your attacks and avoid or limit these triggers. Since migraine headaches are more common during times of stress, finding healthy ways to cut down on and cope with stress might help. Talk with your doctor about starting a fitness program or taking a class to learn relaxation skills.
Talk with your doctor if you need to take your pain-relief medicine more than twice a week. Doing so can lead to rebound headaches. If your doctor has prescribed medicine for you to help prevent migraine, take them exactly as prescribed. Ask what you should do if you miss a dose and how long you should take the medicine. Talk with your doctor if the amount of medicine you are prescribed is not helping your headaches.
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When Should I Seek Help For My Headaches
Sometimes, headache can signal a more serious problem. You should talk to your doctor about your headaches if:
- You have several headaches per month and each lasts for several hours or days
- Your headaches disrupt your home, work, or school life
- You have nausea, vomiting, vision, or other sensory problems
- You have pain around the eye or ear
- You have a severe headache with a stiff neck
- You have a headache with confusion or loss of alertness
- You have a headache with convulsions
- You have a headache after a blow to the head
- You used to be headache-free, but now have headaches a lot
How Sleeping Poorly Can Worsen Migraines
When your sleep quality is affected as a result of migraines, this can make the condition more difficult to deal with. This is because the quality of sleep we get can affect our experience of pain. For example, if you get a healthy amount of sleep , then the better you will be able to emotionally and physically manage pain. In contrast, a study from the University of California, Berkeley, found that a lack of sleep makes your experience of pain more intense. So, the less sleep you get, the more painful your migraines may be.
The team behind the University of California study discovered that sleep-deprived brains had higher activity in brain regions that detect pain signals. Brain scans also revealed less activity in regions responsible for natural pain relief. This research goes to show how crucial a good nights rest is for dealing with migraine pain. If you are unable to sleep well, for whatever reason, then your migraine symptoms the next day could be quite unmanageable, getting in the way of your everyday activities.
Tae-Jing Song, PhD, one of the investigators involved in the Korean Headache Sleep Study, said: If patients are getting short sleep and they have migraines, could be an alternative way to improve their migraines without medication.
A study from the University of California, Berkeley, found that a lack of sleep makes your experience of pain more intense.
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Common Headache Types By Location
Back of your head or neck
Aneurysm or bleeding, called a hemorrhagic stroke
Temporomandibular joint disorder
On one side of your head
What Causes A Hypnic Headache
Experts arent sure what causes hypnic headaches. However, they seem to be a primary headache disorder, which means they arent caused by an underlying condition, such as a brain tumor.
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What Is The Best Treatment For A Headache
Although there is no complete cure for a headache, there are several helpful treatment options available. It is important to have the cause of your headache diagnosed before taking any medicine, so a visit to your doctor is a good first step.
You may need to try several different treatments before you find what works for your particular headache.
If you have headaches less frequently than once every 2 weeks, simple over-the-counter medicines like paracetamol or ibuprofen may be enough. People who have more frequent headaches or migraines often need other kinds of medicines that need to be prescribed by their doctor. This may include medicines taken regularly to prevent headaches or medicines such as triptans for migraines. If you have cluster headaches, your doctor may refer you to a specialist.
Some people who use pain medicines to treat headaches more than 3 times a week, may experience medication overuse headache. This can feel similar to a tension-type headache. Your doctor or pharmacist can guide you on how to use your pain medicines safely.
Quick Tips And Tricks
- Get a relieving and relaxing massage therapy from a good practitioner to reduce chronic pain and ease muscle tension. Massage therapies are therapeutic and help a lot.
- You can opt for acupuncture which is a traditional Chinese method of relieving body pain and headaches. It works by applying fine, sharp needles to key areas of the body as a means of promoting energy flow.
- For tension headaches, apply cold packs/ hot packs on the affected area for a maximum of 10 minutes. These bring instant relief reducing your chronic head pain.
- Instant relief in headaches can also be brought about by aromatherapy. Certain smells have a positive and soothing effect and provide healing to the brain as well. You can use peppermint extract, lavender oil, etc.
- A cup of warm and steaming tea is a quick solution to your headache and is probably one of the most preferred methods used. Tea, particularly herbal tea, incorporated with chamomile, ginger, dandelion, etc, provides pain-relieving effects.
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Sleep And Headaches: What Is The Connection
While headaches may be considered a symptom or warning sign of various sleep disorders, research has also shown that sleep disturbances often occur in those who have frequent headaches. There is no doubt that sleep and headaches are connected, but the strongest relationship between headaches and sleep is found in the number of REM cycles experienced. Migraines occur in direct correlation to the amount of REM sleep periods experienced per night , and this connection is even stronger in relation to cluster headaches and REM cycles. Headaches have also been associated with the decreased oxygen intake and transient hypertension caused by sleep apnea, and these factors have been theorized to cause early morning headaches.
Tips For Better Sleep Hygiene
While there are many connections between the sleep-wake cycle and migraines, you can take steps to improve sleep hygiene to help stop the cycle. Practicing good sleep hygiene, which aims to keep the sleep-wake cycle balanced, may help. Essential tips for better sleep hygiene include:
- Wake up and go to bed around the same time each day.
- Get time outdoors in natural light while its daylight to help the body stay in its correct sleep-wake cycle.
- Know what you need to get a good night of rest. Every persons sleep-wake cycle is a bit different. Know how much sleep you need and the best times for waking up and going to sleep are for your body.
- Avoid exercising too close to bedtime, since it can elevate your heart rate and keep your body alert.
- Create an environment that encourages sleep. This means you need a quiet dark room, and the temperature shouldnt be too hot or cold. Keep devices that emit blue light, such as a smartphone or laptop, away from your bed.
- Avoid alcohol before bedtime. It can disrupt your sleep-wake cycle.
- Skip stimulants like caffeine later in the day.
Getting enough quality sleep each night is essential for combatting migraines. By learning the connection between your sleep-wake cycle and migraines, as well as how to improve sleep hygiene, you can help prevent the vicious cycle that often occurs between sleep and migraines.
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How Can I Stop Waking Up With A Headache
A morning headache from time to time probably isn’t reason to worry. But see your doctor if:
- You get morning headaches several times a week
- They’re really painful
- You have other symptoms like snoring or dizziness with them
Which treatment your doctor recommends depends on the cause of your headaches. You may need medicines to prevent migraines and cluster headaches. You can also take a pain reliever first thing in the morning to stop a headache that has already started.
If you grind your teeth while you sleep, ask your doctor whether you should wear a mouth guard to prevent you from clenching. Also, try meditation or other relaxation techniques. Daytime stress can contribute to nighttime grinding.
Use pain relievers sparingly and only when you need them. Overuse of these medicines can lead to rebound morning headaches.