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What Causes Migraines In Males

Bleeding In The Brain

What’s Causing Your Migraines?

Sometimes, sex headaches can be a sign of something more serious, such as bleeding in the brain . This usually occurs when a bulge in a blood vessel in the brain ruptures during sexual activity. This will cause a sudden-onset severe headache, as well as other symptoms that are typically not seen in primary sex headaches.

What Are The Triggers For Migraine

People living with migraine disease have triggers that cause migraine attacks. Learning what triggers your migraine attacks and finding ways to avoid or reduce these triggers is an important part of managing migraine disease. There are many different trigger factors that may start a migraine attack or episode. Keeping a diary of when you have a migraine episode and what may have started it is a useful way to work out your triggers.

Triggers can include one or more of the following:

Some foods such as chocolate, brown vinegar, cheese, citrus fruits, onions and MSG can be a trigger for some people. Food may be considered a trigger for a migraine episode if an attack occurs within 6 hours of eating and you don’t get migraine attacks when you don’t eat that food.

Treatment Options And Prevention For Sex Headache

Primary sex headaches without an underlying cause can be treated with medications to prevent or control the symptoms. These include:

  • Triptan medications to treat headache symptoms: Triptans are medications typically used for migraine headaches that help by narrowing blood vessels in the brain that may be causing the pain and decreasing the release of inflammatory substances. Specific examples include sumatriptan and zolmitriptan .
  • Medications to prevent sex headaches: For people who consistently experience headaches during sex, your physician may recommend taking a medication prior to having sex to prevent the sex headache. Medications commonly recommended for this purpose include indomethacin and propranolol .
  • Treatments of underlying causes: Treatments will vary depending on the specific cause. These may include medications to lower blood pressure and prevent seizures, medications to break up blood clots, or surgical procedures to fix abnormal blood vessels.

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Migraine Relief For Men

If you suffer migraines, step one is to keep a journal to help you identify your triggers. Once you have identified them, you can start to avoid them. The Mayo Clinic also suggests following these lifestyle tips:

  • Be sure you get enough quality sleep.
  • Eat a well-balanced, healthy diet. And stay on a schedule so you don’t miss meals.
  • Watch your alcohol and caffeine intake and avoid those foods that you know can cause a migraine.
  • Stay hydrated. Dehydration can cause or worsen migraines.
  • Get regular exercise. Exercise reduces tension that can cause migraine.
  • Learn to reduce stress and enjoy your life.
  • Talk to your doctor about medications that can help you control your migraines.

Migraine meds include those you take when you have a migraine to relieve pain and those you take to prevent another one. Some are OTC and some are prescription, so don’t be afraid to discuss your migraines with your doctor. While many men might think of migraines as a female problem, it’s not unmanly to have migraines, and there’s no reason you should suffer when relief is available.

Migraine Is A Womens Health Issue

Causes of Migraines in Men

Of the more than 39 million American sufferers, 28 million are women. Migraine is one of the leading serious health problems affecting women.

Women experience migraine differently than men. Women report episodic pain and chronic pain more frequently than men. More severe and more frequent migraine attacks often result from changes in estrogen levels. Research has connected hormones to migraine, but not all migraines are hormonal.

During childhood, migraine is more prevalent in boys than in girls. But after puberty, when estrogen influence begins, the prevalence rises in girls. Girls are more likely to have their first migraine during the year their periods begin than at any other time in their lives. After puberty, migraine in women increases until age 40 or so, when it begins to decrease.

Women suffer from migraine three times as often as men. In the U.S., 18% of women suffer compared to 6% of men. But during the reproductive years, as many as 43% of women suffer. Of those who suffer, 50% have more than 1 attack each month, and 25% have 4 or more severe attacks per month. 85% of chronic migraine sufferers are women. 92% of women with severe migraine are disabled.

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The Overuse Of Medication

Ironically, taking medication for chronic headaches can actually cause the recurrence of them. This type of headache is known as a rebound headache and is most often caused by taking certain medications daily to relieve headaches and then stopping them abruptly. Medications such as:

  • Opiate painkillers like hydrocodone or tramadol
  • Tricyclic antidepressants including Elavil
  • Migraine medications called triptans including Sumatriptan or Rizatriptan
  • NSAIDs or non-steroidal anti-inflammatories like Ibuprofen or Naproxen Sodium
  • Caffeine or combination medications containing caffeine including the prescriptions Cafergot and Fioricet as well as over-the-counter combination medicines like Excedrin Migraine

Medication overuse headaches are typically the result of using headache relief medications like the above for longer than 10 days. Treatment usually involved tapering the medication until it is discontinued, at which point the rebound headaches subside, and the normal headache pattern returns.

Theories About Migraine Pain

Older theories about migraines suggested that symptoms were possibly due to fluctuations in blood flow to the brain. Now many headache researchers realize that changes in blood flow and blood vessels don’t initiate the pain, but may contribute to it.

Current thinking regarding migraine pain has moved more toward the source of the problem, as improved technology and research have paved the way for a better understanding. Today, it is widely understood that chemical compounds and hormones, such as serotonin and estrogen, often play a role in pain sensitivity for migraine sufferers.

One aspect of migraine pain theory explains that migraine pain happens due to waves of activity by groups of excitable brain cells. These trigger chemicals, such as serotonin, to narrow blood vessels. Serotonin is a chemical necessary for communication between nerve cells. It can cause narrowing of blood vessels throughout the body.

When serotonin or estrogen levels change, the result for some is a migraine. Serotonin levels may affect both sexes, while fluctuating estrogen levels affect women only.

For women, estrogen levels naturally vary over the life cycle, with increases during fertile years and decreases afterwards. Women of childbearing age also experience monthly changes in estrogen levels. Migraines in women are often associated with these fluctuating hormone levels and may explain why women are more likely to have migraines than men.

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What Causes A Migraine

The cause of migraine headaches is complicated and not fully understood. When you have a headache its because specific nerves in your blood vessels send pain signals to your brain. This releases inflammatory substances into the nerves and blood vessels of your head. Its unclear why your nerves do that.

What Are The Types Of Migraines

Migraine, Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment.

The two forms of migraine are migraine with aura and migraine without aura.

Migraine with aura: The person might observe the aura symptoms below 10 to 30 minutes before an attack or even accompanying the headache.

  • Seeing flashing lights, zigzag lines, or blind spots
  • Numbness or tingling in the face or hands
  • Altered sense of smell, taste, or touch
  • Feeling mentally fuzzy

Migraine without aura: The person does not have an aura but has all typical symptoms of an attack.

The symptoms of a migraine attack are:

  • Throbbing headache, which gets worse after physical activity

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How To Prevent Headaches

When debating how to prevent headaches, the easy answer is to try to avoid the causes of headaches in the first place. But doing that takes careful planning. You’ll have to note your triggers first, and write down the characteristics of your headaches, including their frequency, duration, intensity, as well the circumstances surrounding your headaches, including:

  • your medications

Battle Of The Sexes: The Difference Between Migraines In Men And Women

Dr. Kirtly Jones from the University of Utah distinguishes between women’s migraines and men’s migraines. She also provides tips for dealing with the pain that comes from what can be a debhilitating condition for some patients.

Dr Kirtly Parker Jones: Well a headache is not a headache is not a headache there are different headaches. This is Dr. Kirtly Jones professor from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at University of Utah Health Care and today on the scope how women’s headaches differ from men’s headaches and what you need to know and hopefully get some relief.

Announcer: Medical news and research from University Utah physicians and specialists you can use for a happier and healthier life. You’re listening to the scope

Announcer: We’re you’re daily dose of science, conversation, medicine. This is The Scope. University of Utah Health Sciences Radio

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Male Migraine Sufferers Are At Risk Of Heart Attack

Middle-aged male migraine patients have a 42 percent higher risk of having a heart attack than non-migraine patients, as well as an increased risk of aneurysms a bulge in a blood vessel caused by a weakness in the blood vessel wall.

These can develop in any blood vessel in the body, but the two most common places are the artery that transports blood away from the heart to the rest of the body, and the brain. Men who suffer from migraines are also more likely to develop diabetes and high blood pressure.

How Are Migraines Treated

Migraine Headache Sufferers Look For Better Medications

Although theres no cure for migraines, the good news is that you can either work with your health care provider to prevent them from happening, or treat symptoms that are bothering you. A health care provider can also prescribe medicine to take on a daily basis that can help prevent future migraines as well as medicine you can take at the beginning of a headache to help it go away. Treatment will depend on how often you get migraines, how severe the migraines are, and other symptoms you may have.

You may be able to prevent migraines if you:

  • Eat regular meals
  • Keep a regular sleep schedule
  • Avoid headache triggers
  • Take a preventive headache medication prescribed by your health care provider
  • Practice relaxation techniques such as meditation, mindfulness, biofeedback, and other complimentary treatments that are often prescribed by Pain clinics

If youre having a migraine and you want to treat the symptoms, you can:

Note: Its important NOT to take over the counter medicine more than twice a week. This can cause more headaches called rebound headaches because your body gets used to having the medication in your system.

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What Are The Four Stages Or Phases Of A Migraine Whats The Timeline

The four stages in chronological order are the prodrome , aura, headache and postdrome. About 30% of people experience symptoms before their headache starts.

The phases are:

  • Prodrome: The first stage lasts a few hours, or it can last days. You may or may not experience it as it may not happen every time. Some know it as the preheadache or premonitory phase.
  • Aura: The aura phase can last as long as 60 minutes or as little as five. Most people dont experience an aura, and some have both the aura and the headache at the same time.
  • Headache: About four hours to 72 hours is how long the headache lasts. The word ache doesnt do the pain justice because sometimes its mild, but usually, its described as drilling, throbbing or you may feel the sensation of an icepick in your head. Typically it starts on one side of your head and then spreads to the other side.
  • Postdrome: The postdrome stage goes on for a day or two. Its often called a migraine hangover and 80% of those who have migraines experience it.
  • It can take about eight to 72 hours to go through the four stages.

    Migraine Is Common In Men It Is Not Just A Female Complaint

    Many people dismiss migraine as a female complaint, and it is true that migraine prevalence is two to three times greater in women than in men . Hormonal fluctuations in women can affect the frequency and severity of migraine headache, causing higher levels of disability . Nevertheless, men, too, frequently experience migraine headache.

    Migraine ranks as the third most common disease in the world, both in men and in women . Prevalence studies estimate that in Europe 12% of adult men aged 1865 years suffer from migraine .

    Almost 1% of men suffer a chronic form of migraine. These men experience an attack on more than 15 days per month and half of them overuse pain killers .

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    What Is The Prognosis For People With Migraines

    Migraines are unique to each individual. Likewise, how migraines are managed is also unique. The best outcomes are usually achieved by learning and avoiding personal migraine triggers, managing symptoms, practicing preventive methods, following the advice of your healthcare provider and reporting any significant changes as soon as they occur.

    What Questions Should I Ask My Healthcare Provider

    Abdominal Migraine, Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
    • Will my child grow out of their migraines?
    • What medications do you recommend for me?
    • What should I change about my lifestyle to prevent my migraine headaches?
    • Should I get tested?
    • What type of migraine do I have?
    • What can my friends and family do to help?
    • Are my migraines considered chronic?

    A note from Cleveland Clinic

    Migraine headaches can be devastating and make it impossible to go to work, school or experience other daily activities. Fortunately, there are some ways to possibly prevent a migraine and other ways to help you manage and endure the symptoms. Work with your healthcare provider to keep migraines from ruling your life.

    Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 03/03/2021.


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    Avoiding Pain Is Easier When You Understand How To Prevent Headaches

    It’s hard to think about the causes of headaches when you’re struggling with pain. Once you’re feeling better, figuring out what leads to the agony can help you dodge it in the future. This requires you to pay attention to the environment, eating habits, and activities that spark headache discomfort.

    Stress Anxiety And Depression

    The most common trigger of chronic headaches is stress, and stress can come from just about anything including:

    • Major life changes such as a move, new job, marriage, or death in the family
    • Deadlines at work, problems with the boss or a coworker, or loss of a promotion
    • Unexpected car repair
    • Driving to and from work
    • Arguing with a spouse or significant other
    • Difficulty with children

    Chronic stress can lead to other chronic conditions such as anxiety or depression, both of which can cause chronic daily headaches. Chronic stress can also cause tension in the muscles of the neck which can cause tension-type headaches.

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    Men Often Have A Spouse Mother Daughter Work Colleague Friend Or Other Significant Other Affected By Headache They Should Learn To Be Supportive Acknowledging That Migraine Can Cause Severe Disability And Pain

    Migraine is ubiquitous, prevalent and disabling but it is often brushed off, especially by men, as a womens complaint, a minor inconvenience, a hysterical habit, or an excuse to avoid responsibility.

    Women are more likely than men to be inappropriately treated for their pain . Indeed, women who seek help for pain are less likely to be taken seriously than men this is possibly because Western medicine relies predominantly on objective evidence of disease and pain is subjective, and also because womens voices are less likely to be heard in a male-oriented health system . Women are more likely than men to have their headache attributed to psychological or emotional factors .

    There needs to be greater awareness among men of the fact that migraine is a brain disorder that can cause severe disability. Only in this way may we hope to change the cultural stereotype that places migraineurs at risk of being underestimated and undertreated.

    What Can I Do About Triggers

    What Really Causes Migraines?

    In order to figure out what your triggers are, keep a headache diary. Write down when you get a migraine, how long it lasts, what makes it better, and what might have caused it . You can find an example of a headache diary here. Share this information with your health care provider so that you can come up with some answers about whats causing your migraines .

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    The American Migraine Foundations Guide To Triggers & How To Manage Them

    The sudden onset of a migraine means a dark room, bed and a cool towel for most of us. While these seem to come out of nowhere, many will find that there are usually some signs that a migraine attack is on its way. These signs can reveal a pattern in your symptoms, and even provide you with preventative tools for managing migraine. Everyone has different triggers, but there are a few common culprits that affect a large number of people living with migraine. When you can identify your triggers, you are one step closer to effectively managing your migraine and avoiding future attacks.

    What Else Can I Do To Prevent Migraines

    While there are no sure ways to keep from having migraine headaches, here are some things that may help:

    Eat regularly and do not skip meals.

    • Keep a regular sleep schedule.
    • Exercise regularly. Aerobic exercise can help reduce tension as well as keep your weight in check. Obesity can contribute to migraines.
    • Keep a migraine journal to help you learn what triggers your migraines and what treatments are most helpful.

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