Keep That Water Bottle Handy
One of the key triggers of ocular migraines is dehydration. Its not uncommon for people to forget to drink enough fluids especially with their busy lives keeping their calendars filled. Dehydration can also be worse in harsher climates, during peak activity times and when dieting.
Thirst has little to do with how much you should be drinking in a day. However, drinking sufficient amounts of fluid is one of the easiest things to correct when trying to prevent ocular migraines from occurring. The golden rule is no less than 6-8 glasses of fluid every day.
How To Tell If Youre Experiencing A Migraine Or A Stroke
If you routinely experience migraines with or without aura, its paramount to understand the signs and symptoms of a potential stroke. As previously mentioned, many symptoms are identical across migraines, strokes, andtransient ischemic attacks . These shared symptoms include, but are not limited to, visual changes and disturbances, muscle fatigue, and impaired speech.
Before we dive into;the key differences between migraines and strokes, lets first define positive and negative symptoms. Apositive symptom;is the addition of a symptom, as a result of excess electrical discharges in your central nervous system . Positive symptoms include visual disturbances such as flashing lights, and motor disturbances such as muscle spasms. Conversely, negative symptoms are caused by a loss of CNS function and manifest as a negation of normal functionality. Typical negative symptoms include tunnel vision, hearing loss, and loss of motor control or numbness.
This distinction is important to functionally understand, because strokes normally produce negative symptoms, whereas migraines with aura normally produce positive symptoms. For example, common stroke side effects include numbness in the face or along one side of the body, trouble speaking, loss of balance, andblurred vision,according to the CDC. A migraine with aura, on the other hand, may cause the migraineur to see flashes of light, a visual zigzagging pattern, blinking lights, and dots.
Other Ocular Migraine Triggers
Despite the fact little is known about the condition and how to treat it, several other possible triggers have been identified through research. Here are a few more ways you should investigate when trying to find out how to prevent ocular migraines:
- Working at the computer for too long
- Eating smoked meats, items with cheese, chocolate, red wine, caffeinated drinks, etc.
- Watching too much television
- Reading for extended periods without a break
- Any activity that requires intense and long-term focus
- Low blood sugar
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What Can Trigger A Migraine
For many migraine sufferers, symptoms are often triggered by various stimuli or situations. These triggers can vary among migraineurs, but there are many common culprits.
Women between the ages of 20 and 45 are the demographic most likely to suffer from migraines, and women overall arethree times;more likely to experience migraine headaches than men. This discrepancy between the sexes was once erroneously attributed to a perceived inability of women to cope with stress. Interestingly enough, in youth, boys are actually more likely to experience migraines than young girls. However, per theNashville Neuroscience Group, once menstruation begins, the fluctuation of hormones in women causes asubstantial increase in migraines. Stress can also play a substantial part in triggering symptoms; in a recent study, nearly 60 percent of participants listed stress as aprecipitating influence.
Other common migraine triggers are diet-related and may be avoided by employing restrictions. Migraines are routinely reported to betriggered;by dairy, alcohol, chocolate, citrus fruits, and nuts, as well as by fasting. Certain types ofodors; may trigger migraines for some sufferers.Meteorological;triggers related to low temperature, relative humidity, and atmospheric pressure are also important to note, although these stimuli are less frequently reported as triggers than the aforementioned factors.
Recognizing An Ocular Migraine
A migraine aura can often begin before the actual headache or head pain sets in; however, it can occur at the same time as well. An ocular migraine typically impacts both eyes simultaneously, though it can affect only one eye and not the other.
Symptoms of a migraine aura can be both positive or negative in nature. Positive symptoms include things that you can see, whereas negative symptoms involve missing portions of vision.
Positive symptoms include:
- Tunnel vision
- Vision loss in one or both eye
Other signs of an ocular migraine, or migraine aura, can include changes or loss of color vision, blurred vision, a kaleidoscope-like fracturing of images, heat waves, distortion in objects , or an appearance of seeing things as if one were looking through water. Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet, nausea, dizziness, sensitivity to light and sound, weakness, and head pain are additional possible effects of an ocular migraine.
The National Headache Foundation publishes that visual auras typically precede an actual headache or migraine by about 20 minutes to an hour, although the symptoms can persist with the headache itself. Visual impairments that accompany an ocular migraine can make it difficult to function normally and do things like drive safely or read.
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Be Aware When Bending Over
Ocular migraines are frequently associated with head injuries, especially those that resulted in a concussion and/or blowout fracture. Any change in pressure can trigger one of these migraines. In determining how to prevent ocular migraines with this trigger its important to use caution when bending down. That includes bending to pick something up off the floor or doing any kind of exercise that requires bending such as touching your toes.Just remember that bending over increases the pressure in your head.
They May Make You Feel Like Youre Having A Stroke
A migraine with aura isnt just visual. Dr. Rothrock says that some people have sensory auras, which means they get numbness or tingling in their face or hand. This can be misdiagnosed as a stroke or partial seizure, he says. A patient history is one of the best ways to make the diagnosis. An MRI can rule out a stroke.
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Stay Calm This Shouldn’t Last Long
One of the best things which you can do is to stay calm.
Typically the ocular migraines last ten minutes to an hour and are not known to have long lasting effects.
The more you can relax and avoid stress until the symptoms disappear, the better off you will be.
Plus, once you learn your early warning signals of your ocular migraine symptoms, you will know what to do and feel more in control.
You can take action to take care of yourself faster.
What Are The Preventive Treatments For Migraine
Many patients with isolated visual migraines, without severe headaches, have relatively infrequent episodes that do not require specific preventive treatments. If a patient is aware of the particular triggers that seem to bring on an episode, then those triggers can be avoided.
In patients where the pattern of migraines includes frequent, severe headaches, it is very reasonable to consider additional preventive treatments. The main goal for any of these strategies is to reduce the overall frequency and severity of the headaches. None of the preventive treatments is a magic bullet that is 100% effective. For example, it would be considered successful if a preventive treatment helped reduce the number of severe headaches from 8 per month to 2-4 per month.
There are numerous medications that can be used as a preventive treatment for migraine. One medication that is used commonly, particularly because it has no side effects, is vitamin B2 . Approximately 100mg of riboflavin daily is thought to improve migraine headaches . One common side effect of riboflavin is that the urine turns bright yellow. Other herbal medications used to reduce migraine headaches include petasites and feverfew.
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What Are Ocular Migraines
Ocular migraines are a larger group of visual aura type migraines.
They include many different types of migraines but all have the visual disturbance such as:
- Blind spots
There are two main types of ocular migraines:
Is described by the american migraine foundation as visual symptoms occurring in only one eye before or during a migraine. This type of migraine is more serious, may lead to permanent vision loss and needs to be brought up with your doctor immediately as it may be something more serious.
Migraine with aura
The most common presentation of migraine with aura is a visual disturbance that slowly increases, peaks and then disappears resulting in a headache. But not all migraines with aura are visual.
Ocular migraines may or may not come with head pain but are most commonly found with it.
Its always important to bring any of these symptoms up with your doctor to be sure its a migraine and not something more serious.
Other common names for ocular migraines are:
Below is a video of a type of ocular migraine.
Signs And Causes Of Ocular Migraines
Signs and Causes of Ocular MigrainesMany people experience different kinds of migraines even without knowing. An ocular migraine occurs when you experience a blind spot, floating lines, patterns that look like they are zigzagging and flashes of lights. This flash of light can sometimes be accompanied by feelings of headache behind the eyes.What is an ocular migraine?An ocular migraine is a type of migraine that is caused by a set of visual disturbances which may or may not be accompanied by pain. This type of migraine is sometimes known as ophthalmic migraines. These migraines are characterized by a small blind spot at the center of ones vision. This blind spot starts to enlarge later and is often accompanied by flashing lights as well as other visual manifestations. Ocular migraines are typically nothing to worry about. A small percentage, around fourteen percent of the worlds population usually experience some type of migraine which include, retinal, traditional, ocular and other types of migraines.Types of Migraines
This type of migraine is mainly caused by a traditional migraine, which leads to an intense pain, usually on one side of the head. This type of pain can last for hours, or even days and is usually accompanied by nausea and sensitivity to light. When experiencing ocular migraine, it can sometimes be followed by pain, but are usually more concentrates around the affected eye.
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It’s Easy To Get The Care You Need
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The visual cues are hard to ignore: shimmering or flashing lights, zigzagging lines or stars, black spots. All make it difficult to read, write or drive. If you experience these symptoms, youre most likely having an ocular migraine. It can occur with or without the pain of a migraine headache.;
For people prone to migraines, one of every five has this visual aura before the headache pain begins. An ocular migraine by itself lasts anywhere from 10 minutes to an hour and isnt considered a serious condition.
Although some doctors think ocular migraines are caused by the same factors that create classic migraines, no one knows for certain. Ocular migraines seem to run in families. They have been linked to estrogen, a female hormone that fluctuates during menstruation, pregnancy and menopause, or with use of oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapies.
Most ocular and retinal migraines dont require treatment.
A Guide To Ocular Migraine: Everything You Need To Know
We have all experienced different types of headaches. Most adults get headaches now and then, but how do you know if its serious? But there is a throbbing excruciating pain in your head that usually signals that you do not have a normal headache.
These are signs that you might be having a migraine. The most common neurological disorder is the migraine. It is estimated that a whopping 30 million Americans are suffering from migraines each year. What is even worse is that if you suffer from migraines, you are more likely to suffer a stroke.
Different types of migraines are caused by different things, each with a different set of symptoms.
An ocular migraine is a type of migraine that involves visual interference. Since some migraines, including the ocular migraine with aura, can show similar symptoms as life-threatening conditions, you need to know the differences and knowing when it as an emergency.
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Lower High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is part of your bodys warning system that tells you something is wrong and needs to be fixed. It is also a huge contributor to ocular migraines. You need to take the necessary steps to keep it under control by taking your blood pressure regularly, reporting it to your doctor and taking your medication as prescribed.
Additionally, changing to a heart-healthy diet, adding some light exercise like walking and spicing up meals with heart-healthy herbs will really help.
Switch Out Hormonal Birth Control Pills
It has been found that hormonal birth control pills will trigger migraines in some people. Its because most birth control options on the market today are estrogen heavy. For people with sensitivities, estrogen also increases the chance of stroke. There are alternative birth control pills available but you have to ask for them.
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Triggers And Treatments For Ocular Migraines
The term ocular migraine can describe different conditions. If you were told you had an ocular migraine, you probably had one of the following:
- Repeated episodes of blindness or a blind spot in one eye, lasting less than one hour. Retinal migraine is another name for this condition.
- A group of symptoms called an aura, with eye symptoms and vision changes, that happen with a migraine headache.
Ocular migraine symptoms
Eye symptoms in a migraine aura can include:
- Bright or flashing lights and jagged or wavy lines
- A blind spot or bright spot in the center of your vision
- Temporary vision loss You might lose all your vision or just part of it.
- Light sensitivity
Vision loss in just one eye is the main symptom of a retinal migraine.
If you have any of these symptoms, with or without a headache, call an eye doctor. You can reach Oregon Eye Specialists at 503-935-5580.
Ocular migraine triggers
For eye symptoms that are part of a migraine headache aura, triggers can be anything that triggers a migraine. Migraine triggers can include certain foods, stress and hormone changes.
Talk to your doctor about possible triggers of ocular migraines. He or she might suggest that you keep a diary to see if there is any pattern.
Doctors do not know exactly what triggers retinal migraines. In some people, they could be related to another medical condition.
Ocular migraine treatment
Can ocular migraines be prevented?
How Can I Treat Migraines Without Using Medicines
It is very important to remember that many of the most effective preventive treatments for migraines do not require any medications. Frequent aerobic exercise is an excellent example of an effective way to improve headaches. Other strategies may include better sleep habits, stress reduction, massage, yoga, and acupuncture.
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Ocular Migraines Treatment And Medication
Optical migraines are challenging to treat as they occur for a very short time and usually go away within an hour. It is necessary to consult a doctor who will recommend the medications according to the frequency of the migraines as the treatment usually focuses on preventing and reducing the symptoms.
Your doctor might suggest mediations that include:
- NSAIDs like ibuprofen for occasional ocular migraine
- Tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline
- Calcium channel blockers such as amlodipine
In certain cases, the medication used for treating epilepsy has also proved helpful with an ocular migraine.
If you are performing tasks that require a clear vision when an ocular migraine occurs, stop what you are doing and relax until it passes. Even if you are driving, pull off the road and wait for your vision to return to normal before moving forward.
How Do You Treat Ocular Migraines
Treatment isnt always necessary for ocular migraines as symptoms usually go away own their own after about half an hour. Wed recommend resting your eyes until your symptoms pass, and taking painkillers as recommended if you have an accompanying headache. Otherwise, the best thing you can do is to avoid exposure to common triggers.
However, because ocular migraine symptoms are similar to those caused by a stroke-type event in the eye, its important that you seek medical advice from your GP quickly so that further investigations can be considered.
If you have any concerns about the frequency of your ocular migraines, visit your GP who may also be able to recommend further treatment.
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Symptoms Of Migraine With Aura Vs Ocular Migraine
The most common symptoms of migraine with aura are visual changes that affect both eyes and include seeing things like:
- Light flashes
- Sparkly or shimmering dots
You could also get nausea or feel numbness and tingling down one side of the body. You might have changes in the way you talk, such as trouble coming up with the correct word or slurring your speech. Sometimes you have trouble with coordination.
Often these problems will come before the head pain. Sometimes you have the symptoms without any pain.
Also known as retinal migraines, ocular migraines are less common than migraines with aura. But they can be more serious. If you don’t get treatment, there’s a small chance that the vision loss in one eye could become permanent.
In an ocular migraine, a change in vision can happen in one eye before, during, or after a headache. The symptoms include:
- Seeing twinkling or sparkling lights
- Having blind spots
One way to tell if the vision changes are only happening in one eye is to close each of your eyes and check if you only see the changes in one of them.