Thursday, June 30, 2022
HomeEditor PicksHow To Stop Eye Migraines

How To Stop Eye Migraines

What Is An Ocular Migraine Aura

What do I do to treat an ocular migraine?

So, lets talk aura, those sensory changes that can accompany migraine . Aura most often manifests as visual disturbances, according to the Mayo Clinic4. But you could also experience different sensations, like hearing music or feeling like someone is touching you. When we’re talking about an ocular migraine, we’re only talking about the visual symptoms.

While some people experience an aura before their migraine headache strikes, an ocular migraine refers to the experience of only experiencing visual disturbanceswithout the stereotypical migraine head pain.

What Causes Ocular Migraine

Migraine aura is considered to be a result of abnormal electrical activity involving certain regions of the cortex of the brain. This abnormal activity spreads across the cortex at a slow rate of about 3mm per minute and this spread is responsible for the growth and movement of the visual disturbance over the 20-60 minutes that the visual aura lasts. Retinal migraine may be due to the same type of disturbance except occurring at the back of the eye in the retina, or it may be due to a reduction in blood flow to the retina.

Like other types of migraine, harsh lights and electronic screens can be triggers. Straining your eyes by staring at a screen for long periods of time, spending time in fluorescent or other harsh lighting, driving long distances and other taxing visual activities can increase your risk for attacks. Talk to your eye doctor about how to avoid attacks.

Treatment For Eye Strain Headaches

In addition to modifying your habits, you can also relieve eye strain headaches at home by taking the following steps.

  • Wear prescription glasses. Using reading or computer glasses may provide relief. If you have glasses to correct your vision, be sure to use your most recent prescription.
  • Close your eyes. Simply resting your eyes for several minutes can ease your symptoms.
  • Use artificial tears. Dryness can make your eye strain worse. Using artificial tears may help moisten your eyes and offer relief.
  • Take an NSAID. If you have a stubborn eye strain headache, an over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug may help.

Recommended Reading: Does Sumatriptan Cause Drowsiness

How Can They Be Prevented

The most effective thing you can do to prevent frequent ocular migraines is to identify your triggers and avoid those things. Pay attention to how you are feeling and your activities before the migraine was triggered. Keep a journal of these triggers and episodes so you can review your history to identify patterns.

Improving overall health can be beneficial in preventing ocular migraines. For example, make sure that you are sleeping enough at night, making healthy dietary choices, and managing stress effectively. Since sleep, stress, and food can all be migraine triggers, these daily habits can reduce the likelihood of being triggered with a migraine.

Sometimes, migraine medication is recommended as a treatment option. For example, your doctor might write a prescription that can be used when the symptoms start to occur. It can be helpful to keep the medicine on hand so the migraine can be stopped in the earliest stages.

What Are Ocular Migraines

How to Prevent Your Migraines

Ocular migraines are painless, temporary visual disturbances that can affect one or both eyes. Though they can be quite alarming, ocular migraines are typically harmless and resolve on their own within approximately 30 minutes.

A number of different visual symptoms may occur with ocular migraines. These may include the appearance shimmering, flashing, or flickering lights , the development of a small, enlarging blind spot in your central vision, and wavy or zig-zag lines surrounding the blind spot, sometimes appearing as a heat wave. The blind spot often enlarges and may move across your field of vision. A person might even observe what appears to be the sensation of looking through a cracked window. The entire experience of an ocular migraine may last only a few minutes and will usually resolve without medication within 30 minutes. In some cases, it might last longer. If you experience vision loss lasting more than 30 minutes, be sure to see an eye specialist.

Some migraine sufferers will experience symptoms in the days weeks before the attack that warn them of an impending migraine or ocular migraine. These might include changes in mood, cravings for certain foods, or a feeling of tiredness.

Migraine auras usually are visual in nature, but they can include disturbances of hearing, speech or smell progressive numbness or tingling in the face or arms or legs or generalized weakness.

You May Like: Can Iuds Cause Migraines

Can I Have A Visual Migraine Without A Headache

Definitely. It is actually very common to have a visual migraine without any headache. The medical term for this is acephalgic migraine, which literally means migraine symptoms without headache. Except for the absence of a headache, the visual symptoms in acephalgic migraine are identical to the episodes that accompany a classic migraine aura.

A Guide To Ocular Migraine: Everything You Need To Know

We have all experienced different types of headaches. Most adults get headaches now and then, but how do you know if its serious? But there is a throbbing excruciating pain in your head that usually signals that you do not have a normal headache.

These are signs that you might be having a migraine. The most common neurological disorder is the migraine. It is estimated that a whopping 30 million Americans are suffering from migraines each year. What is even worse is that if you suffer from migraines, you are more likely to suffer a stroke.

Different types of migraines are caused by different things, each with a different set of symptoms.

An ocular migraine is a type of migraine that involves visual interference. Since some migraines, including the ocular migraine with aura, can show similar symptoms as life-threatening conditions, you need to know the differences and knowing when it as an emergency.

Read Also: Ibuprofen Migraine Dose

Treatment Options For Ocular Migraines

Ocular migraine is not well understood, and some treatments are supportive in nature, meant only to help deal with symptoms.

Certain medications can also be helpful in preventing an episode. Triptans, which are sometimes used to treat other types of migraines, are not typically used to treat ocular migraines. Some of the medications that may be used to treat ocular migraine include:

How To Get Rid Of Migraine With Aura

ocular migraine – how do you stop these?

“You treat ocular migraines similar to how you treat regular migraines,” says Danielle Wilhour, MD, assistant professor of neurology in the headache and neurohospitalist division at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus. “You can take a variety of medication to help get rid of the symptoms, including triptans, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and acetaminophen.” Triptans, which block pain paths in the brain, require a prescription.

It’s most effective if you take your medication as soon as you start having visual symptoms, advises Steven Lin, DO, a neurologist with Healthcare Associates in Medicine in Staten Island, N.Y.

Self-care steps can also be part of the plan to get rid of an ocular migraine faster:

Rest your eyes. Avoid bright light by going indoors if you’re outside on a sunny day or stepping away from your computer screen. Move to a room where the light isn’t harsh and close your eyes, the American Migraine Foundation recommends. A cool cloth to the back of your neck or over your eyes or forehead also might bring some relief.

Eat something. Unless it’s one of your triggers, a piece of chocolate might help because of its caffeine.

Take a drink. It’s important to stay hydrated, so drink up preferably water.

Relax. Find what relieves stress for you and do it. For some people, formal relaxation training, such as biofeedback or cognitive behavioral therapy, is effective.

Read Also: Can You Get A Fever With A Migraine

Ocular Migraine Treatment And Prevention

Because they generally are harmless and typically resolve on their own within a half hour, ocular migraines usually require no treatment.

If you are performing tasks that require good vision when an ocular migraine occurs, stop what you are doing and relax until the visual disturbance passes. If you are driving, pull off to the side of the road as soon as you can safely do so, and wait for your vision to return to normal.

There is no test to confirm the diagnosis of ocular migraine. Nonetheless, whenever you are experiencing unusual visual symptoms such as those described here, it is recommended that you undergo a comprehensive eye exam with an eye doctor. This is important so as to rule out sight-threatening conditions such as a retinal tear or detachment, which require urgent attention and/or treatment. Rarely, ocular migraine symptoms can also be associated with stroke.

Your ConsultationClick Here to Contact Us

An Ounce Of Prevention

You can try to prevent migraine with aura the same ways you would any migraine. Try these steps as suggested by the Mayo Clinic:

Discover your triggers. By keeping a journal, you can see what’s likely to trigger your migraines. Once you know your triggers, you can work to avoid them as much as possible. Common migraine triggers include alcohol, citrus fruits and packaged and processed foods with chemicals, such as MSG and nitrates in hot dogs and deli meats.

Get quality sleep. Don’t sleep too long or too little. Stick to the same bedtime and morning routine, even on weekends.

Eat according to the clock. Having a regular eating routine will help you avoid missing meals, a trigger for some people.

Take migraine-prevention medications. There are many new and effective drugs as well as medications used for other conditions that help prevent migraines. These range from biologics and Botox to high blood pressure, antidepressant and anti-seizure medications. Talk to your doctor about what’s best for you based on the frequency of your visual migraines.

Recommended Reading: Medication For Migraines And Seizures

What Type Of Doctor Do You See For Ocular Migraines

If you have ocular migraines, you can see an ophthalmologist oran optometrist.

Optometrists are eye care specialists who offer primary vision care services, including:

  • Vision testing
  • Correction of visual problems
  • Treatment and management of visual issues and eye diseases

On the other hand, ophthalmologists are medical practitioners who specialize in eye and vision care. They differ from optometrists in their degrees of schooling as well as what they can diagnose and cure.

An ophthalmologist is a healthcare professional who has finished college and has at least eight years of further medical studies. He or she is licensed to practice medicine and surgery. Ophthalmologists hold a Doctor of Medicine degree.

Optometrists are healthcare professionals who complete four additional years of school after finishing undergraduate studies. They hold a Doctor of Optometry degree.

Fruits Vegetables And Legumes

Ocular Migraines: Causes, Symptoms &  Treatment Tips

We all know it. To be healthy, we must adopt a diet rich in fruits and vegetables. This also goes for migraines. In addition to providing a lot of vitamins and nutrients that are essential for the well-functioning of the body, fruits and vegetables also contain plant estrogen that can make up for a deficiency in women during menstruations.

Indeed, a lot of women experience menstrual migraines due to a sudden drop in estrogen production just before their period.

You May Like: Imitrex For Migraines Side Effects

Home Remedies And Lifestyle

They say that the best offense is a good defense, and that is very true with migraines. Migraines often have several triggers, many of which are tied to lifestyle, and avoiding them can often prevent an episode. The best aspect of this approach: It is side effect-free.

Keep in mind that not every lifestyle factor affects every person the same way. For example, certain foods and sounds can be major migraine triggers for some people, but they might not affect you at all.

Foods Rich In Magnesium

A low level of magnesium makes the brain more sensitive to migraine triggers. Indeed, it seems that half of the people with migraines are magnesium deficient. So this deficiency could be the cause of your headache. Enough magnesium is never wrong anyway. For example, it relaxes muscles and nerves and increases your resistance to stress, which can be extra beneficial for people with migraines. Daily 600 mg of magnesium already seems to reduce the risk of an attack.

Recommended Reading: How Do U Get Migraines

Need A Quick Migraine Cure Learn How To Stop Migraines Fast

Ferdie earned his BSN in 2016 from Lyceum of the Philippines University and is working as an RN in the emergency department of SPCDH.

A comprehensive guide to migraines and how to stop them.

A migraine can happen at any time. You’re sitting in your office, writing notes for the morning appointment, when you slowly start to see white, sharp lights flickering in your periphery. The left side of your face goes numb and then the same with your hands. Your head unexpectedly seems enlarged to three times its size. You realize that you’re on the verge of getting your next throbbing migraine headache. Several hours later, your meeting is going on without you, and you’re locked in the washroom, bracing yourself while experiencing a skull-crushing pain and dizziness. You feel helpless and can only see out of one eye. It starts to feel like your head is placed in a vice. The next morning, a co-worker takes a jab at you for missing work for a simple “headache.”

Headache? Hardly. Migraines are a disabling condition that cause problems for 24 million Americans and continue to be highly under-diagnosed. They are not like your normal stress or sinus headaches. Migraines can last anywhere from a couple of hours to a few days and, in a number of reported cases, can stretch out for monthsperhaps even years.

Do you suffer from migraines? Learn a quick cure. In this article, the following topics will be covered:

  • Migraine Symptoms
  • What Is A Migraine Trigger

    Talking with ocular migraine aura cause and cure

    Most migraine sufferers learn what their triggers are. A trigger is an action or event that tends to lead to the migraine starting. Sometimes a person needs to have a combination of triggers to occur before they get a migraine.

    Some common triggers include:

    • Certain foods such as red wine, chocolate, caffeine or aged cheese

    For many sufferers, no trigger can be found.

    You May Like: Migraine Relief Pregnancy

    Be Aware Of Dietary Triggers

    Some people get migraines after eating chocolate, soy products, nitrate-containing foods, monosodium glutamate , or food coloring. Because some food items contain multiple ingredients, it can be difficult to nail down which one is triggering your migraines.

    If you experience migraines after consuming any type of food, write the incident down in a food diary to see if, over time, there is a pattern. Take note of the time you ate it and how much you consumed. Keeping a detailed food diary can be a useful part of an elimination diet. But this approach has its downsides as well over time, an aggressive elimination diet could lead to nutritional deficiencies, so it’s not recommended to pursue this approach for more than two weeks.

    On the flip side, emerging research has pinpointed a few potential “migraine diets.” In particular, the ketogenic diet has been proposed to decrease cGRP levels, oxidative stress, and inflammation in the brain, all of which are closely associated with migraines.Still, more studies are needed to prove that the keto diet is specifically beneficial for migraine management.

    How Do You Know If It Is A Headache Or Eye Strain

    Most of us have experienced a headache and know what it is like to have one. However, there are different kinds of headaches. The most common types of headaches are migraine, cluster headache, and tension headache. Different types of headaches require different care. They are not similar to eye strain headache. So, what does eye strain headache feel like? Some common signs of an eye strain headache are:

    • Occurs after continuous eye activity: Headache from eye strain does not occur when you wake up or any other fixed time of the day. It develops after prolonged eye activity after you have been focusing on or watching something for a long time.
    • Singular discomfort: Unlike other headaches, this one does not cause any digestive pain, vomiting, or nausea, only eye discomfort.
    • Headache behind your eyes: In an eye strain headache, the back of the head and the area around the eyes can be painful, and feel sore or tired.

    Also Check: How Much Ibuprofen For Migraine

    Can Poor Eyesight Trigger Migraines

    Poor eyesight is not commonly a trigger for migraine. Although it can cause eyestrain and headaches in some people. Poor eyesight isnt even in the top 10 most common causes of headaches!

    Refractive errors, like astigmatism, myopia, hyperopia or presbyopia when uncorrected or under corrected can cause muscle tension. If you squint to see better, you are tensing the muscles in your forehead and around your eyes. Or you may find you lean closer to your computer screen, or lift your chin to try and see through the bottom of your spectacles. These changes to posture and muscle tension around the head, neck and shoulders is a very common cause of headaches. So, having up to date and properly fitting spectacles can actually reduce your muscle tension.

    Despite this, when looking for the underlying cause of your headaches or migraines, having a full and thorough eye examination is still high on the list of priorities. Refractive errors may not be a common cause of headache or migraine, but they can contribute to the frequency and intensity of the head pain. There are also other eye related conditions that can cause visual disturbances or headaches such as Angle Closure Glaucoma and Age Related Macular Degeneration.

    What about in children?

    If you experience migraine headaches, we recommend consulting your doctor and/or eye care professional. They can help you get to the cause and come up with a treatment plan.

    RELATED ARTICLES

    Popular Articles