What Are The Acute Treatments For Migraine
An isolated visual migraine, without headache, typically does not require any acute treatment, since the visual symptoms resolve on their own fairly quickly. The first few times someone experiences a visual migraine it usually causes a lot of anxiety. Once someone has become familiar with the symptoms of a visual migraine, new episodes no longer cause the same level of anxiety.
It can be helpful to try to rest during the episode. Some patients benefit from other strategies, including eating something, having caffeine, or taking an over-the-counter medication such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen .
Patients in whom the visual symptoms are accompanied by a severe headache often benefit from additional therapies. The goal of these medications is to try to cut short the headache before it becomes too severe. Some patients find naproxen , which is a stronger anti-inflammatory medication, to be helpful. Other patients try a class of medications known as triptans.
Triptans are specially designed to work on receptors on blood vessels and brain cells in order to halt a migraine at an early stage. Although there are a number of different triptans, made by several different pharmaceutical companies, each of these is approximately equally effective. Triptans are often taken orally, but also come as injections and nasal sprays. These medicines are generally not considered safe in patients with a history of strokes, heart attacks, or other vascular diseases.
Dont Push Yourself While Exercising
When exercising, its not uncommon for people to push themselves. Those prone to ocular migraines, however, will find that when pushing themselves too hard during a workout an episode may occur. Thats because additional blood is needed by working muscles. As the blood is diverted, arterial flow decreases in other parts of the body.
The blood vessels in the eye narrow and discs change which negatively affects the vision. That means you dont have to stop exercising, just be aware of how hard youre pushing. The more blood muscles need in other parts of the body, the less that will be available for the eyes.
Feed Your Brain Cells
One of the main causes of brain cells to get damaged, inflamed, oxidized and contribute to the break down of the brain is because the brain cells metabolism is broken.
When the brain cells metabolism breaks, it cannot produce enough energy to run its systems and send signals throughout the brain.
Even worse, when the metabolic cycle doesnt have nutrients to go from A to Z, then a bunch of oxidative particles start being created.
If we are not supporting the brain with enough antioxidants, these particles can actually destroy the brain cell.
But luckily one of the most important factors in this A to Z cycle is oxygen.
We need to support our bodys ability to bring in oxygen.
This means fixing our breathing and optimizing it.
If our abdominals are tight because of over-training or a mental desire to have a flat stomach we can end up limiting our breathing.
If we are constantly stressed or anxious, chances are, we are chest breathers.
A chest breather is someone who breathes with their chest.
Even though this may logically sound like the right thing to do because our lungs are in our chest, its not.
Our lungs are actually supposed to expand down more than they expand out.
They are only supposed to expand up
To make matters worse, if we are breathing into our shoulders and neck then we are triggering stress receptors that will contribute to anxiety and bad sleep.
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Ocular Migraine Treatment And Prevention
Because they generally are harmless and typically resolve on their own within a half hour, ocular migraines usually require no treatment.
If you are performing tasks that require good vision when an ocular migraine occurs, stop what you are doing and relax until the visual disturbance passes. If you are driving, pull off to the side of the road as soon as you can safely do so, and wait for your vision to return to normal.
There is no test to confirm the diagnosis of ocular migraine. Nonetheless, whenever you are experiencing unusual visual symptoms such as those described here, it is recommended that you undergo a comprehensive eye exam with an eye doctor. This is important so as to rule out sight-threatening conditions such as a retinal tear or detachment, which require urgent attention and/or treatment. Rarely, ocular migraine symptoms can also be associated with stroke.
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What Is An Ocular Migraine
An ocular migraine is a rare condition characterized by temporary vision loss or even temporary blindness in one eye. Ocular migraines are caused by reduced blood flow or spasms of blood vessels in the retina or behind the eye.
In an ocular migraine, vision in the affected eye generally returns to normal within an hour. Ocular migraines can be painless or they can occur along with a migraine headache. Ocular migraines are also called retinal migraines.
Unfortunately, “ocular migraine” often is used to describe a much more common condition called a visual migraine or migraine aura.
Visual migraines also cause temporary vision disturbances. But the vision problems caused by visual migraines affect both eyes, not just one eye, and tend to be somewhat shorter usually around 20 minutes in duration.
Now, lets take a closer look at ocular migraines and visual migraines .
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Certain Foods And Additives
Alcohol, chocolate, and caffeine are all common migraine triggers. Other possible trigger foods include cheese, salami, and pickled foods containing large amounts of tyramine. Food additives such as monosodium glutamate and artificial sweeteners like aspartame can also trigger migraines in some individuals.
Take Your Migraine Medication Asap
One of the best tips you can use to deal with these migraines is to take your migraine medication quickly when the very first symptoms occur. You will hear me repeat this a lot timing is everything.
Some of the first symptoms often include blind spots, zig zag patterns or flashing lights in your vision.
If you have been prescribed migraine medication, take it right away to prevent your symptoms from worsening.
Taking your medication quickly may help to prevent the severe pain that often occurs after the preliminary symptoms.
Some of the;common medications;prescribed to treat or prevent ocular migraines include: Topamax, Elavil, Depakote, and certain beta blockers. In some cases, your doctor may recommend that you take aspirin regularly or when a migraine occurs to help relieve the symptoms.
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Stay Calm And Avoid Stress
While it can feel stressful when you notice the warning signs of an ocular migraine, its important to stay calm and avoid stress. If you let the symptoms upset you, the stress may make the symptoms even worse and result in adding pain to the episode.
Work to recognize and learn the early warning signs of ocular migraines so you know how to relax until the symptoms subside.
Remember, emotional and physical stress will only make any migraine worse. In fact, stress is known to trigger migraines. If you need help staying calm, try learning relaxation skills, such as progressive muscle relaxation or deep breathing techniques.
Treating And Coping With Migraines
Even if the migraines exist alone and are not a symptom of an underlying condition, they can still be debilitating and impact your life. If youre experiencing blind spots or vision disturbances, for example, you will want to wait until they pass before driving.
Ocular migraines will typically go away on their own within 30 minutes. You should rest and avoid triggers such as bright lights until the vision disturbances are gone.
There are both over the counter treatments and prescription medications that can be used to treat recurring migraines. Over-the-counter drugs like ibuprofen or Excedrin migraine can be used to reduce the symptoms of a migraine once you already have them. Your doctor can prescribe you:
- beta blockers, to relax blood vessels
- calcium channel blockers, which can prevent the blood vessels from constricting
- anti-epileptics or antidepressants, which are sometimes used to treat and prevent migraines
Some of these prescription medications will be taken on a regular basis instead of an as-needed basis when you get the migraines.
If youre experiencing ocular migraine pain, you can:
- lie down or sit in a dark, quiet room
- massage your scalp with a lot of pressure
- put pressure on your temples
- put a damp towel over your forehead
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Caffeine Could Stop Them In Their Tracks
There are a lot of things that are still not known about the ocular migraines.;Drinking caffeine, in any form that you like such as soda or coffee, may help alleviate these symptoms.
We don’t know for sure, at this time, if the caffeine actually helps the ocular symptoms, or just stops the migraine from progressing, and stops the headache pain afterwards.
It is well worth a trial and error experiment, if you don’t drink coffee every day already.;
You can read more about using caffeine as a migraine treatment on this post;caffeine and migraines.;
If You Experience Sudden Changes In Vision It May Be The Result Of A Visual Migraine
Visual migraines are an episode of vision loss in one eye, usually lasting a short time and are rarely painful.
Classic migraines usually result in intense headaches or sensitivity to light and loud sounds. While, ocular migraines cause sudden vision impairment and are not necessarily painful. For example a street sign becoming difficult to read while driving.
Most ocular migraines dont actually cause or indicate any damage to your; brain or eyes.;
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What Is A Visual Migraine
Visual migraines can mimic other serious conditions, making it very important to see an eye doctor as soon as possible if you experience any sudden vision loss or changes to your vision.
A visual migraine, also known as an ocular migraine, causes temporary visual disturbance. This disturbance often appears suddenly and may create a blind spot moving across the visual field or the sensation of looking through a cracked window.
There are two types of ocular migraines:
- migraine auras
Migraine auras are very common, affecting 1 in 5 migraine sufferers.
Migraine auras cause binocular visual distortions, affecting both eyes simultaneously. They may also cause:
- Numbness or tingling
- Mental fog
- Changes in taste, smell, or sense of touch.
An aura can occur with or without a migraine, and may sometimes precede a headache. The visual distortions are temporary and usually last around 30 minutes. They can impact performance in certain activities, such as driving and reading.
The most common visual symptoms of migraine auras include:
- Flashes of light
Symptoms Of Migraine With Aura Vs Ocular Migraine
The most common symptoms of migraine with aura are visual changes that affect both eyes and include seeing things like:
- Light flashes
- Sparkly or shimmering dots
You could also get nausea or feel numbness and tingling down one side of the body. You might have changes in the way you talk, such as trouble coming up with the correct word or slurring your speech. Sometimes you have trouble with coordination.
Often these problems will come before the head pain. Sometimes you have the symptoms without any pain.
Also known as retinal migraines, ocular migraines are less common than migraines with aura. But they can be more serious. If you don’t get treatment, there’s a small chance that the vision loss in one eye could become permanent.
In an ocular migraine, a change in vision can happen in one eye before, during, or after a headache. The symptoms include:
- Seeing twinkling or sparkling lights
- Having blind spots
One way to tell if the vision changes are only happening in one eye is to close each of your eyes and check if you only see the changes in one of them.
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Essential Skills For How To Stop A Migraine Aura
We can all agree that migraines are no fun.
But being able to tell when a migraine is coming gives us the upper hand in being able to prevent whats causing it and stop it in its tracks.
In this article, I will be covering what a migraine aura is and 7 essential skills on how to stop a migraine aura.
Suffer From Ocular Migraines Our Raleigh Optometrist Shares 5 Triggers To Avoid
What causes ocular migraines? No one quite knows. At least, we dont understand what exactly causes the brain to suddenly release inflammatory substances around the nerves and blood vessels. However, there are several prevailing triggers that many migraine sufferers seem to have in common. If you suffer from chronic ocular migraines, here are some stimuli to avoid.
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Ocular Migraine And Visual Migraine Symptoms
Ocular migraine symptoms;generally include a small blind spot that affects your central vision in one eye. This blind spot gets larger, making it impossible for you to drive safely or read with the affected eye.
In some cases, the entire visual field of one eye may be affected. Generally, the episode lasts less than an hour.
Visual migraine symptoms;can vary, and may include:
Visual migraines often appear suddenly and may create the sensation of looking through a cracked window. The visual migraine aura usually moves across your field of view and disappears within 30 minutes.;
A flickering blind spot in the center or near the center of your field of view
A wavy or zigzag ring of colored light surrounding a central blind spot
A blind spot that slowly migrates across your visual field
The symptoms of a visual migraine typically affect both eyes and last less than 30 minutes. A migraine headache may occur shortly after the symptoms of a visual migraine subside or no headache may occur.
If you’re experiencing a blind spot or other visual disturbance and you’re not sure if it’s an ocular migraine or a visual migraine , cover one eye at a time. If the visual disturbance affects just one eye, it’s probably an ocular migraine. If it affects both eyes, it’s likely a visual migraine.
What Are The Preventive Treatments For Migraine
Many patients with isolated visual migraines, without severe headaches, have relatively infrequent episodes that do not require specific preventive treatments. If a patient is aware of the particular triggers that seem to bring on an episode, then those triggers can be avoided.
In patients where the pattern of migraines includes frequent, severe headaches, it is very reasonable to consider additional preventive treatments. The main goal for any of these strategies is to reduce the overall frequency and severity of the headaches. None of the preventive treatments is a magic bullet that is 100% effective. For example, it would be considered successful if a preventive treatment helped reduce the number of severe headaches from 8 per month to 2-4 per month.
There are numerous medications that can be used as a preventive treatment for migraine. One medication that is used commonly, particularly because it has no side effects, is vitamin B2 . Approximately 100mg of riboflavin daily is thought to improve migraine headaches . One common side effect of riboflavin is that the urine turns bright yellow. Other herbal medications used to reduce migraine headaches include petasites and feverfew.
How To Prevent Ocular Migraines
Sometimes while attentively working on a computer, you can notice that you are having difficulty focusing with your eyes and suddenly zigzag flashing lights will start emerging from the screen. You might start thinking of the possible unfortunate conditions like losing vision, stroke, nervous breakdown etc. In reality; you are experiencing an Ocular Migraine also known as ophthalmologic, ophthalmic, silent or painless migraine. It is a type of the traditional migraine but its symptoms are not different but very difficult to identify. However, fractional vision loss, blurring, dimming, blind spots in vision, nausea, light headache feeling, vomiting and flashes of light are some of the possible symptoms of ocular migraines.
There are numerous possible ways to avoid Ocular Migraines, but as it is well said Prevention is better than Cure. So, isnt it better taking necessary steps to stay away from this irritating condition rather than experimenting with the curing techniques?
Triggers And Treatments For Ocular Migraines
The term ocular migraine can describe different conditions. If you were told you had an ocular migraine, you probably had one of the following:
- Repeated episodes of blindness or a blind spot in one eye, lasting less than one hour. Retinal migraine is another name for this condition.
- A group of symptoms called an aura, with eye symptoms and vision changes, that happen with a migraine headache.
Ocular migraine symptoms
Eye symptoms in a migraine aura can include:
- Bright or flashing lights and jagged or wavy lines
- A blind spot or bright spot in the center of your vision
- Temporary vision loss You might lose all your vision or just part of it.
- Light sensitivity
Vision loss in just one eye is the main symptom of a retinal migraine.
If you have any of these symptoms, with or without a headache, call an eye doctor. You can reach Oregon Eye Specialists at 503-935-5580.
Ocular migraine triggers
For eye symptoms that are part of a migraine headache aura, triggers can be anything that triggers a migraine. Migraine triggers can include certain foods, stress and hormone changes.
Talk to your doctor about possible triggers of ocular migraines. He or she might suggest that you keep a diary to see if there is any pattern.
Doctors do not know exactly what triggers retinal migraines. In some people, they could be related to another medical condition.
Ocular migraine treatment
Can ocular migraines be prevented?
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