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How To Stop A Migraine From Getting Worse

What Causes Medication Overuse Headaches Or Rebound Headaches

Medication overuse headaches are sometimes called rebound headaches, but they mean the same thing. Any medications you use for immediate pain relief can cause MOH, especially if you already have a headache disorder like recurring migraines. 

This means that over-the-counter migraine medications like acetaminophen with aspirin and caffeine and , as well as prescription migraine medications like triptans and ergotamines, can put you at risk for rebound headaches. and are examples of triptans. and are examples of ergotamines.

But its not the pain relievers themselves that cause rebound headaches. Its using them too much that causes problems. What is too much will depend on the medication. Youre more likely to have rebound headaches if you take:

  • A triptan, ergotamine, or medication with more than one pain reliever 10 or more days per month
  • A single-ingredient OTC pain reliever like acetaminophen , ibuprofen , or aspirin 15 or more days per month
  • More than 200 mg of caffeine per day
  • An opioid pain reliever like oxycodone or tramadol 10 or more days per month

Method 3 Of 4:making Lifestyle Changes

  • 1Go to bed and get up at the same time each day. One of the triggers for migraines are hormonal fluctuations. Your body will manufacture and release hormones such as melatonin and cortisol in response to the number of hours of sleep you get and when you get them. These fluctuations, along with sleep deprivation, can trigger migraine headaches.XTrustworthy SourceUS Office on Women’s HealthU.S. government agency providing resources for women’s healthGo to source
  • 2Limit your alcohol and caffeine intake. Alcohol and caffeine affect your neuroregulatory system. Although the exact cause of migraine headaches has not yet been identified, most physicians agree that migraines can be triggered by changes to the neurological system.XTrustworthy SourceUS Office on Women’s HealthU.S. government agency providing resources for women’s healthGo to source
  • In small amounts caffeine can increase the effects of acetaminophen when taken at the beginning of a headache. One cup of coffee with acetaminophen is often enough. If you drink too much caffeine, over two cups, you can get a rebound headache later on.
  • 3Manage your stress. Stress triggers the release of hormones that may affect your neurological system, which can trigger migraine headaches.XTrustworthy SourceUS Office on Women’s HealthU.S. government agency providing resources for women’s healthGo to source Not all stress reduction strategies work for everyone, so itâs important to find something that works for you.XResearch source
  • Learn Another Reason To Get A Massage

    Massages help relieve two main causes of migraine headaches; tension and stress.

    A study of 26 adults with migraine headaches randomly assigned participants to a massage therapy group or a wait-list control group. Those in the massage therapy group reported less pain, better sleep, and fewer migraines than the control group .

    Can a Massage Trigger a Migraine?

    If you are not used to getting massage therapy, a deep massage could trigger a migraine . Start with short massage therapy sessions to give your body time to adjust.

    Further, tense muscles and tissues are unable to flush out metabolic waste . Massage therapy promotes circulation and waste removal.

    Because your kidneys need extra water to replace what you lose in the cleansing process, massage therapy can cause dehydration. Drink plenty of water after getting a massage to prevent a dehydration headache.

     

    How Migraine Progresses Over Time

    According to a 12-year retrospective study on how migraines progress over time, 3 of 10 of people with Migraine who had been getting 1 to 6 attacks per month reported that their attacks had stopped

    The researchers, led by Dr. Carl Dahlof of the Gothenburg Migraine Clinic in Sweden, found that of the remaining patients who continued to experience attacks 12 years later, most had fewer, briefer, and milder attacks. That’s also good news.

    • Fewer Attacks for most: 80% reported a change in attack frequency, with 80% of them have fewer attacks and 20% have more.
    • Shorter attacks for most: 55% reported a change in the duration of attacks, with 66% of them saying their attacks lasted shorter periods of time and 34% saying they lasted longer.
    • Less intense pain for most: 66% said the pain intensity changed, with 83% of them experiencing milder pain and 17% experiencing more severe pain.

    Now, the bad news: a small percentage progressed to the more disabling form known as chronic Migraine , defined as having attacks more than 15 days a month.

    The American Migraine Prevalence and Prevention Study found that 2.5% of the US population lives with chronic migraine – including many of us.

    Another large, real-world study, the Chronic Migraine Epidemiology and Outcome Study followed 12,000 people with Migraine in the U.S. to discover the factors that increase the likelihood of episodic migraine attacks turning chronic. They discovered five risk factors that reliably predict Migraine progression

    Dont Take Pain Medications Longer Than Advised

    Pin on health tips

    Consult your healthcare provider to find out how long you can safely take your pain medication. Instructions that come with OTC and prescription medications should also include guidance on how long to take the medication and when to stop, but its a good idea to always check in with your provider as you begin taking a new medication or follow up with them as you continue taking it. Dont take your medications longer than your healthcare provider recommends.

    How To Prevent Migraines

    I remember the first migraine I experienced. I was in university writing a French exam and suddenly the whole middle of my paper disappeared in front of my eyes. Within a few minutes I was hit with a wave of nausea and intense head pain that I had never experienced before. I do not remember leaving my exam and making it to my room, but the pain was so intense I could do nothing but lay there in the dark, not even able to sleep away the discomfort. This is why we have composed a guide on how to prevent migraines.

    If you have experienced a similar situation you know that migraine headaches are no joke and while there is no precise cure for migraines, there are steps you can take to help prevent them. Recognizing your triggers, medication, and natural remedies are all useful tools to have in your migraine prevention tool kit.

    Keep reading to discover the difference between migraines and headaches, different warning signs and symptoms, and how to prevent their onset.

    Eat Natural Whole Foods

    Its important to eat natural whole foods to prevent migraines.

    Meredith Barad, MD, clinical associate professor of anesthesiology, perioperative, and pain medicine at Stanford University, recommends Minimizing caffeine and sugar. Minimize processed foods in your diet, and avoid chemical triggers like MSG and nitrites, which may trigger migraine in some people.

    Additionally, Dr. Barad says, Stay away from carbs and sugar. Instead, eat a protein and veggie when youre hungry. And if you dont recognize an ingredient on a food label, do not put it in your body!

    How To Stop Migraines From Getting Worse

    It is hard to imagine a better example of the folly of the modern medical system than migraine, which is so debilitating that millions of Americans get it each year.

    But what is it?

    The answer, if you ask most experts, is not much more than the usual assortment of symptoms, such as headaches and nausea, and some of the same ones we all have.

    It is called pleurisis.

    This term is a bit of a misnomer.

    It actually refers to the swelling and bleeding of the brain that comes from the narrowing of the blood vessels that supply the brain with blood.

    It can happen in any age, and in the most severe cases, it can be life-threatening.

    The problem is that many people with migrainas get it, but most of the time it doesnt become severe enough to affect them.

    What causes it?

    This is a complex question, but in general, it involves two components.

    First, there is a change in the amount of blood in the brain.

    This is caused by a narrowing of blood vessels, and it can happen during the first few days after you have a stroke.

    But that blood flow is usually enough to stop the flow of blood to the brain, so there is nothing to stop it from flowing back in.

    This blood flow, however, is blocked in the case of migraine.

    And second, there are a number of factors that can lead to a stroke, including the size of the vessel that carries blood to it, how long it has been in place, and the type of blood flow.

    This slowing of the flow is called the stroke threshold.

    Sometimes a tumor may be the cause.

    Practice Yoga And Meditation

    Meditation is an effective long term solution for migraine sufferers. Mindfulness meditation helps to relieve stress and raise your HRV.

    One study found that meditation can promote healthy heart rate regulation which supports effective recovery from stressful events.

    Yoga and Migraines

    Practicing yoga can help you relieve stress, increase strength and flexibility, decrease pain, improve sleep, and increase circulation . The benefits of yoga not only help prevent migraines, but they can also improve the quality of life.

    One study compared conventional migraine care with conventional care with yoga therapy. Both groups showed significant improvement, but the yoga therapy group had better improvement.

    Another study found that practicing yoga for three months can significantly reduce the frequency and severity of migraine headaches .

    Other relaxation practices that can help with migraines are deep breathing, tai chi, and progressive muscle relaxation.

     

    Can Migraine Be Worse During Menopause

    If your migraine headaches are closely linked to your menstrual cycle,  may make them less severe. As you get older, the nausea and vomiting may decrease as well. About two-thirds of women with migraines report that their symptoms improve with menopause.

    But for some women, menopause worsens migraine or triggers them to start. It is not clear why this happens. , which is prescribed for some women during menopause, may be linked to migraines during this time. In general, though, the worsening of migraine symptoms goes away once menopause is complete.

    Method 1 Of 4:reducing Pain And Severity

  • 1Prevent a migraine from getting worse. It is important to take immediate action to prevent a migraine from becoming worse. Once a migraine has started there a few things you can do to reduce the severity and help deal with the headache.XTrustworthy SourceMayo ClinicEducational website from one of the world’s leading hospitalsGo to source
  • Find a calm environment and retreat from your daily challenges as much as possible.
  • Dim the lights in the room
  • Lie down or use a reclining chair if possible.
  • Relax in a dark quiet room and try to sleep if you can.
  • 2Take an over the counter painkiller. Over-the-counter acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help to relieve the pain of a migraine for some people. However, it is important to be aware that these medications can also damage your liver and kidneys when used often over a long period of time.
  • Ibuprofen and acetaminophen doses are listed on the bottle. Do not use more than the dose on the bottle. Talk to your physician to make sure that there are no interactions with other medications you are already taking or with an underlying medical condition.
  • Overdoses of either of these over-the-counter pain medications can be life threatening, causing significant liver or kidney damage. If you have taken too much, seek emergency medical care immediately.
  • Leave the compress on for up to 15 minutes.
  • Try To Relax In A Dark Quiet Space

    Untreated, it’s likely your migraine will evolve and the throbbing pain may progressively get worse. In addition to medication, there are other things you can do. “I do recommend patients take medication as soon as they can and then take it easy,” Dr. Feoktistov says. Here are 4 things you can do:

    • Lay down in a dark, quiet room for 30 minutes.
    • Take a power nap for 30 to 40 minutes.
    • Eliminate other irritants or migraine triggers such as bright lights or loud noises. “Migraine patients almost universally become sensitive to light and sound. It’s important to control these factors as best you can,” he says.
    • Stay hydrated. Drinking a lot of water can help you recover from an episode more quickly, he adds.

    Experiment With These Essential Oils

    How to Get Rid of a Migraine Headache Fast (25 Remedies ...

    Essential oils are highly concentrated plant extracts containing aromatic compounds. Essential oils have many therapeutic properties and are used mostly in aromatherapy or topically.

    The inhalation of lavender oil appears to be a safe and effective treatment for migraine headaches

    In one study, one group of migraine sufferers were asked, at the early signs of a headache, to rub 2-3 drops of lavender oil on their upper lip and inhale its vapor for 15 minutes. Then they were asked to rate the severity of their migraine headache for the next two hours.

    The placebo group used the same method except with unscented liquid wax. Neither group was allowed to use any other painkillers.

    In the lavender group, 74% of participants reported an improvement in their symptoms, which was significantly better than the placebo group. How does lavender oil compare to conventional treatments?

    • Lavender oil works about three-quarters of the time;
    • Ibuprofen, 54% of the time
    • Tylenol works about half the time
    • Generic Imitrex, 59% of the time
    • The Extreme treatment used in emergency rooms , 70%

    Another study found that applying peppermint oil to the temples can help relieve tension headache symptoms .

    Essential oils are effective, tolerable, and inexpensive alternatives for migraines. Other essential oils for migraines include rosemary , eucalyptus , and chamomile .

     

    Method 3 Of 3:trying Environmental Treatment

  • 1Shut off the lights. Many migraines are triggered by sensory stimuli, such as bright or flickering lights. Calm your senses down by turning the lights off and pulling down the shades, or by moving into a dark room.XTrustworthy SourceMayo ClinicEducational website from one of the world’s leading hospitalsGo to source
  • Stay in the dark room until your migraine goes away, or for as long as possible.
  • Wear sunglasses when necessary. If you have to be out and about and are unable to get to an area with soft light or no light, wear polarizing sunglasses to protect your eyes from the brightest parts of the light spectrum. This may not be quite as effective as spending a few minutes in a dark room, but it will usually still help.
  • 2Eliminate as much noise as possible. As with light, sound is another sensory stimuli known to trigger migraines. Turn off all background noise, such as radios and televisions, or move to a quiet, calm spot.XTrustworthy SourceMayo ClinicEducational website from one of the world’s leading hospitalsGo to source
  • If you cannot go to a separate room, wear noise-canceling headphones over your ears to block out external noise.
  • Some individuals find silence stressful or unnerving. If this is the case, run a white noise machine or air purifier in the background to provide soothing ambient sound. You could also try soothing music; however, avoid loud or exciting tunes.
  • Rest anywhere from five to 30 minutes to help your migraine go away.
  • Alcohol
  • Pay Close Attention To The Weather

    Environmental conditions such as weather can trigger a migraine. You need to avoid migraine triggers such as climatic condition to prevent discomfort. Avoid hot temperatures and high humidity as they can stimulate headaches. In some people, rainy weather can trigger a headache. So, when the weather causes discomfort, you need to take a break. While it is not possible to avoid going outdoors, you can minimize the time you spend outdoors.

    Try A Different Temperature

    There are two tried-and-true methods that most of us turn to when facing an injury and its pain: hot or cold therapy. While it might seem odd to consider placing an iced or heated pack on your head, it can make all of the difference in just a few minutes.

    As Stress Knots and the Mayo Clinic both recommend, simply choose which works best for your migraines. When you apply heat, your muscles will relax, and pain will lower. If you choose icy cold, you will numb the areas most in pain to all that they are feeling.

    Try out one of these or other â keep the included ice pack in the freezer so it’s cold when pain strikes. If heat works for you, try this or .

    Image via Shutterstock

    When To Call A Professional

    If you have a history of migraine, you should contact your doctor if you develop headaches that differ from your usual headache or other migraine symptoms. Examples include:

    • Headaches that get worse over time
    • New onset of migraine in a person over age 40
    • Severe headaches that start suddenly
    • Headaches that worsen with exercise, sexual intercourse, coughing or sneezing
    • Headaches with unusual symptoms such as passing out, loss of vision, or difficulty walking or speaking
    • Headaches that start after a head injury

    In addition, you may want to see your health care professional if you have headaches that do not get better with over-the-counter medications; severe headaches that interrupt work or the enjoyment of daily activities; or daily headaches.

    How Are Migraines Diagnosed

    To diagnose a migraine, your healthcare provider will get a thorough medical history, not just your history of headaches but your familys, too. Also, they’ll want to establish a history of your migraine-related symptoms, likely asking you to:

    • Describe your headache symptoms. How severe are they?
    • Remember when you get them. During your period, for example?
    • Describe the type and location of your pain. Is the pain pounding? Pulsing? Throbbing?
    • Remember if anything makes your headache better or worse.
    • Tell how often you get migraine headaches.
    • Talk about the activities, foods, stressors or the situations that may have brought on the migraine.
    • Discuss what medications you take to relieve the pain and how often you take them.
    • Tell how you felt before, during and after the headache.
    • Remember if anyone in your family gets migraine headaches.

    Your healthcare provider may also order blood tests and imaging tests to make sure there are no other causes for your headache. An electroencephalogram may be ordered to rule out seizures.

    What Are The Symptoms Of Migraines

    The primary symptom of migraine is a headache. Pain is sometimes described as pounding or throbbing. It can begin as a dull ache that develops into pulsing pain that is mild, moderate or severe. If left untreated, your headache pain will become moderate to severe. Pain can shift from one side of your head to the other, or it can affect the front of your head, the back of your head or feel like its affecting your whole head. Some people feel pain around their eye or temple, and sometimes in their face, sinuses, jaw or neck.

    Other symptoms of migraine headaches include:

    • Sensitivity to light, noise and odors.
    • Nausea and vomiting, upset stomach and abdominal pain.
    • Loss of appetite.
    • Feeling very warm or cold .
    • Pale skin color .
    • Euphoric mood.

    What Are Some Ways I Can Prevent Migraine

    The best way to prevent migraine is to find out what triggers your attacks and avoid or limit these triggers. Since migraine headaches are more common during times of stress, finding healthy ways to cut down on and cope with stress might help. Talk with your doctor about starting a fitness program or taking a class to learn relaxation skills.

    Talk with your doctor if you need to take your pain-relief medicine more than twice a week. Doing so can lead to rebound headaches. If your doctor has prescribed medicine for you to help prevent migraine, take them exactly as prescribed. Ask what you should do if you miss a dose and how long you should take the medicine. Talk with your doctor if the amount of medicine you are prescribed is not helping your headaches.

    Can Using Birth Control Pills Make My Migraines Worse

    how to get rid of headaches

    In some women,  pills improve migraine. The pills may help reduce the number of attacks and their attacks may become less severe. But in other women, the pills may worsen their migraines. In still other women, taking birth control pills has no effect on their migraines.

    The reason for these different responses is not well understood.  For women whose migraines get worse when they take birth control pills, their attacks seem to occur during the last week of the cycle. This is because the last seven pills in most monthly pill packs don’t have hormones; they are there to keep you in the habit of taking your birth control daily. Without the hormones, your body’s estrogen levels drop sharply. This may trigger migraine in some women.

    Talk with your doctor if you think birth control pills are making your migraines worse. Switching to a pill pack in which all the pills for the entire month contain hormones and using that for three months in a row can improve headaches. Lifestyle changes, such as getting on a regular sleep pattern and eating healthy foods, can help too.

    What Medicines Help Relieve Migraine Pain

    For mild to moderate migraines, over-the-counter medicines that may help relieve migraine pain include:

    • aspirin
    • acetaminophen
    • an acetaminophen, aspirin, and caffeine combination
    • ibuprofen
    • naproxen
    • ketoprofen

    People who have more severe migraines may need to try abortive prescription medicines. A medicine called ergotamine can be effective alone or combined with other medicines. Dihydroergotamine is related to ergotamine and can be helpful. Other prescription medicines for migraines include sumatriptan, zolmitriptan, naratriptan, rizatriptan, almotriptan, eletriptan, and frovatriptan.

    If the pain wont go away, stronger pain medicine may be needed, such as a narcotic, or medicines that contain a barbiturate . These medicines can be habit-forming and should be used cautiously. Your doctor may prescribe these only if they are needed and only for a short period of time.

    What Causes Headaches

    Doctors don’t fully understand what causes most headaches. They do know that the brain tissue and the skull are never responsible since they don’t have nerves that register pain. But the blood vessels in the head and neck can signal pain, as can the tissues that surround the brain and some major nerves that originate in the brain. The scalp, sinuses, teeth, and muscles and joints of the neck can also cause head pain.

    Add A Little Pressure

    Although it may feel as though your head is under an incredible amount of pressure and pain, getting in touch with certain pressure points on the body can alleviate your discomfort.

    When you begin to feel the first tinges of a migraine, place a bit of pressure on your craniosacral system. By pressing with your fingers on certain migraine-specific spots, you can force your brain to relax and rest, restarting it from a pain-free place. Though it increases pressure in the cranium, it works to send the tension that’s building in your brain elsewhere.

    Image via Shutterstock

    A Few More Potential Trigger Foods

    Even though weâd hate to take the fun out of even more of your favorite foods, we should let you know about these other potential trigger foods. According to the Cleveland Clinic, these foods are commonly reported as migraine triggers, but thereâs no scientific evidence that they really cause them, so donât clean out your fridge just yet. Instead, turn to a migraine tracker to see if any of these might be causing you pain.

    • Avocados
    • Chicken livers and other organ meats
    • Dairy products like buttermilk, sour cream, and yogurt
    • Dried fruits like dates, figs, and raisins
    • Garlic
    • Most beans including lima, fava, navy, pinto, garbanzo, lentils, and snow peas
    • Onions
    • Pickled foods like olives, sauerkraut, and, of course, pickles
    • Potato chips
    • Some fresh fruits like ripe bananas, papaya, red plums, raspberries, kiwi, and pineapple
    • Smoked or dried fish
    • Tomato-based products

    Get Your Beauty Sleep

    Catching enough zzzs is critical for keeping migraines at bay. A sleep-deprived week followed by a Saturday spent sleeping-in could have the potential to ruin your weekend with a headache. Dr. McCawley recommends staying in a routine by going to bed at the same time every night and waking up at the same time every morning.

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