What Can Cause A Migraine
Doctors are not sure what exactly causes migraines. But, many things can trigger a migraine. Different people have different triggers, which can include:
- Stress or anxiety
- Changes in hormones
- Bright lights, loud sounds, and strong smells
- Certain foods, such as chocolate, cheese, salty foods, or processed foods
- Food additives such as MSG or aspartame
- Not getting enough to eat
- Not getting enough sleep
- Some medicines
Take Time For Yourself
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We all need time to ourselves. Set aside a period of time every day that is just for you. Whether you meditate, listen to a relaxation or meditation app, exercise a bit, or just sit quietly doing nothing, use this time to focus on you, how youre feeling, and what you need. This self-care will pay off, leaving you more relaxed and aware of yourself.
Where Does The Information Come From
Researchers reviewed studies on medicines to treat migraines in the ER. These studies were published through January 2012. The researchers were funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality , a Federal Government research agency.
The researchers wrote a report on what they found, and this summary is based on that report. The report was reviewed by doctors, researchers, other experts, and the public. You can read the report at www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/migraine-emergency.cfm.
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What Are The Four Stages Or Phases Of A Migraine Whats The Timeline
The four stages in chronological order are the prodrome , aura, headache and postdrome. About 30% of people experience symptoms before their headache starts.
The phases are:
It can take about eight to 72 hours to go through the four stages.
Give Yourself A Massage
To relieve any pain and pressure happening in your neck or the back of your head, Dr. Datta recommends slowly massaging your shoulders and neck with a warm compress. Together, this combo loosens up the muscles in your neck and shoulders.
Meanwhile, if youre feeling pain mainly in your temples or the front of your head, you can take two fingers and slowly but deeply massage your temples in a circular motion.
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How Could Acupressure Help Relieve Your Migraine Pain
Acupressure can be a great way to help combat migraines. The idea that any physical or emotional pain could partly be relieved by acupressure should not go without saying, as it has been shown in many studies across different cultures and time periods to provide relief from depression, anxiety disorders like post-traumatic stress disorder , panic attacks, nausea/vomiting due to chemotherapy side effects.
It also works for people dealing with chronic health problems such as low back pain. It’s also free, easy enough to do by yourself if you are experiencing some of the symptoms of these conditions.
Acupressure is a common practice that many people have used to treat themselves. However, there are still many questions about how it works and what benefits acupressure may provide for everyday lives.
A 2011 review published in the Journal of Pain Symptom Management noted that 35 out of 43 studies found evidence suggesting acupressure relieved various illness symptoms. Still, due to bias, this was not enough proof on whether it helped patients feel better when all these things were being measured differently, making us wonder if maybe placebo effects play more than just a part here.
Other Natural Headache Relief
If your own natural headache remedies aren’t effective, consider alternatives, such as:
- Acupuncture: According to traditional Chinese beliefs, acupuncture works by affecting the flow of energy through pathways that run through the body.
- Psychotherapy: This can help you manage the effects that headaches have on your life, as well as the stresses and anxieties that may aggravate your pain.
- Physical therapy: This can provide relief for tension headaches and migraines by relaxing the tense muscles that commonly accompany tension and migraine headaches.
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Find A Quiet Dark Place To Relax
Sensitivity to light and sound is one of the most common migraine symptoms. Get away from these things if you can. This can help you find relief from your pain and can alleviate stress. Lie down and pay attention to your breathing. Try taking slow, deep breaths from your diaphragm. Feel your stomach rise with the inhale and fall with the exhale. This can help you relax.
and can help shorten and relieve migraine attacks. They may also help you prevent some migraines from happening.
What Is The Prognosis For People With Migraines
Migraines are unique to each individual. Likewise, how migraines are managed is also unique. The best outcomes are usually achieved by learning and avoiding personal migraine triggers, managing symptoms, practicing preventive methods, following the advice of your healthcare provider and reporting any significant changes as soon as they occur.
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The Burden Of Migraine
Migraine is not just about headaches. Attacks can include symptoms such as throbbing pain, nausea, vomiting, and acute sensitivity to light and sound. They may be preceded by aura nerve-related symptoms such as flashes of light, blind spots, difficulty speaking, and tingling in the face, arms, or legs. Migraine may last four hours or three days. Attacks may occur rarely or several times a week.
According to the American Migraine Foundation, 1 in 5 U.S. women have migraine. So do 1 in 16 men and 1 in 11 children. Because migraine is common and debilitating, the burden on personal wellness and economic productivity is staggering. In 2016 the combination of medical costs and lost productivity due to migraine in the United States totaled $36 billion, according to a study published in the American Journal of Managed Care.
There are so many people who are brilliant and successful who have had to walk away from work because this disease has completely destroyed them.
Jessica Ailani, MD, MedStar Georgetown
It takes careers away from people, says Ailani. You know, they could have been a teacher and now theyre an assistant. They could have been a professor and now theyre the janitor in the hallway. There are so many people who are brilliant and successful who have had to walk away from work because this disease has completely destroyed them.
Headache Vitamin D Deficiency
A great example of getting to the root cause of migraines occurred with one of the boys friends back in grade school.
Finn suffered severe life-altering headaches at age ten.
His mother took him to his pediatrician who found that his vitamin D levels had bottomed out. He was suffering from a severe vitamin D deficiency.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Migraines
The primary symptom of migraine is a headache. Pain is sometimes described as pounding or throbbing. It can begin as a dull ache that develops into pulsing pain that is mild, moderate or severe. If left untreated, your headache pain will become moderate to severe. Pain can shift from one side of your head to the other, or it can affect the front of your head, the back of your head or feel like its affecting your whole head. Some people feel pain around their eye or temple, and sometimes in their face, sinuses, jaw or neck.
Other symptoms of migraine headaches include:
- Sensitivity to light, noise and odors.
- Nausea and vomiting, upset stomach and abdominal pain.
- Loss of appetite.
- Feeling very warm or cold .
- Pale skin color .
- Euphoric mood.
Go For An Elimination Diet
This diet is designed to help you discover foods that cause headaches naturally and remove them as fast as possible. Coffee, citrus fruits, chocolate and alcohol or aged cheese will cause migraines, so removing them from your diet can help more than you might imagine. Learn more about the elimination diet and it might work for you very well. Drinking tea also works.
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How To Get Rid Of Migraine At Work
Taking pain medication, avoiding triggers, and having a solid support system can help a person get rid of a migraine episode at work or at least reduce their migraine symptoms.
Migraine is a neurological condition that can cause moderate-to-severe pain, nausea, and sensitivity to light or sound.
Sometimes, people can stop the progression of a migraine episode and continue working. However, there may be some days when it is necessary to go home.
Read on to learn more about stopping the progression of a migraine episode at work and to get some tips for coping with and preventing episodes.
One of the main symptoms of migraine is a headache, and this can be the most debilitating symptom when trying to work. For many people, the first line of defense against the pain is medication.
People can try the following options.
How To Relieve Migraine Pain
Unlike tension headaches, migraine pain has the power to stop you in your tracks. While your doctor can help, you can also try to get some relief on your own and control your migraine before it controls you.
Acetaminophen :An effective pain reliever, acetaminophen belongs to a class of drugs that is known to reduce pain and relieve fevers.1 One key benefit of acetaminophen is that it doesnt irritate the stomach.
Caffeine:TYLENOL® Ultra Relief contains the trusted pain relief of TYLENOL® combined with caffeine to provide superior relief. Clinical studies have proven that an acetaminophen and caffeine combination relieves headache pain more effectively than acetaminophen alone.
Natural remedies to relieve migraines:As an alternative solution to relieving your migraine pain, you can also try natural remedies. There are a number of herbal medicines that might be able to offer the relief you want.
For example, feverfew is a popular herbal remedy that is used to prevent migraines. However, it will not relieve migraines once they have begun.2
Other tips and practices:Lastly, there are several home-remedy treatments that can help alleviate your pain. Here are some ways you can find relief:
Lie down in a dark room. Migraines can worsen or be triggered with bright light and high volumes of noise.3 At the first sign of a migraine, relax in a dark and quiet place – and if possible, meditate, take a nap or at the very least, rest your eyes.
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What Questions Should I Ask My Healthcare Provider
- Will my child grow out of their migraines?
- What medications do you recommend for me?
- What should I change about my lifestyle to prevent my migraine headaches?
- Should I get tested?
- What type of migraine do I have?
- What can my friends and family do to help?
- Are my migraines considered chronic?
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Migraine headaches can be devastating and make it impossible to go to work, school or experience other daily activities. Fortunately, there are some ways to possibly prevent a migraine and other ways to help you manage and endure the symptoms. Work with your healthcare provider to keep migraines from ruling your life.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 03/03/2021.
What Can Acupuncture And Acupressure Be Used For
Acupuncture and acupressure are both forms of alternative medicine that work to relieve pain. The only difference between them is that Acupuncture uses needles, and acupressure uses non-invasive touch.
You use your fingers on specific Acupoints on your body to stimulate them for relief from headaches.
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Treatment Of Acute Migraine Headache
BENJAMIN GILMORE, MD, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California
MAGDALENA MICHAEL, MD, Mountain Area Health Education Center, Hendersonville, North Carolina
Am Fam Physician. 2011 Feb 1 83:271-280.
Patient information: See related handout on this topic at .
Migraine headache is one of the most common, yet potentially debilitating disorders encountered in primary care. Approximately 18 percent of women and 6 percent of men in the United States have migraine headaches, and 51 percent of these persons report reduced work or school productivity.1 Patients typically describe recurrent headaches with similar symptoms, and approximately one-third describe an aura preceding the headache.1 This article reviews treatment options for acute migraine headache.
Whats A Migraine What Does A Migraine Feel Like
A migraine is a common neurological disease that causes a variety of symptoms, most notably a throbbing, pulsing headache on one side of your head. Your migraine will likely get worse with physical activity, lights, sounds or smells. It may last at least four hours or even days. About 12% of Americans have this genetic disorder. Research shows that its the sixth most disabling disease in the world.
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Natural Home Remedies For Headaches During Pregnancy
- Non-medication strategies help pregnant women get relief while avoiding both over-the-counter medications and herbs that may not be safe.
- Hydration is critical. Dehydration is common in pregnancy. A large glass of mineral water or electrolyte-replacement beverage can resolve dehydration.
- Blood pressure is often high in pregnancy and can be a cause of headache. High blood pressure requires treatment.
- Relaxation, magnesium, and avoiding salt all help with headaches related to high blood pressure.
- Hydrotherapy, the therapeutic use of hot and cold, is helpful and safe in pregnancy. Apply a hot pack to the head and the back of the neck. This can be paired with a short application of an ice pack to maximize the relief.
Headache Relief And Treatment For Migraine Headaches
The pain from migraine headaches can be a severe, throbbing pain that can last for many days. Many people that suffer from migraines have a family history of migraine headaches. Effective treatment for migraine headaches include:
- Rest in a quiet, dark room
- Hot or cold compresses
- Tricyclic antidepressants
- Transcranial magnetic stimulation, a therapy that uses electrical currents to stimulate nerve cells in the brain
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What Are The Possible Side Effects Of Medicines Given In The Er To Treat Migraines
Researchers found that the side effects from these medicines are usually minor and temporary. Some of the medicines can cause drowsiness, so you may not be able to drive right away. More information is listed below for each type of medicine when it is taken a single time in the ER for a severe migraine.
- Neuroleptics/Antiemetics: Restlessness in the legs or body is a common side effect. A possible serious side effect is uncontrollable muscle movements, such as tics and tremors.
- Sumatriptan: The most common side effect is pain or swelling at the place where the shot was given. Other side effects can include redness in the face and neck, a burning feeling, feelings of tightness , and drowsiness.
- NSAIDs: Side effects are not common with these medicines.
- Opioids: Tiredness and drowsiness are common side effects.
- Dihydroergotamine: The most common side effects include pain or swelling at the place where the shot was given or where the IV needle was put in, drowsiness, stomach problems, nausea and vomiting, and an irregular heartbeat.
- Dexamethasone: Side effects were not common with this medicine in the research studies. But, possible side effects can include nausea, headache, dizziness, and trouble sleeping.
Note: There are other possible side effects of these medicines. The side effects listed here are the most common side effects when the medicines are taken a single time in the ER for a severe migraine.
Can Migraine Be Worse During Menopause
If your migraine headaches are closely linked to your menstrual cycle, may make them less severe. As you get older, the nausea and vomiting may decrease as well. About two-thirds of women with migraines report that their symptoms improve with menopause.
But for some women, menopause worsens migraine or triggers them to start. It is not clear why this happens. , which is prescribed for some women during menopause, may be linked to migraines during this time. In general, though, the worsening of migraine symptoms goes away once menopause is complete.
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Find A Quiet Dark Room
Not all of our tips require you see a specialist or take a remedy. If youre enduring a full-blown attack and have already taken medication, you need to give it time to work. A quiet, dark room helps, as does focusing your mind on something other than the pain. Lie down in a dark room with an ice pack on the back of your neck and on your forehead. Picture yourself lying on a beach in the sun and feel the warmth centered on your hands and head. Continue feeling the warmth soak into your hands and head for 15 minutes.