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How To Prevent Ocular Migraines

Signs And Symptoms Of An Ocular Migraine

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Symptoms of an ocular migraine are called auras which can present as a variety of disturbances in your vision. Patients often describe their symptoms as heat waves, dark spots, flickering lights or loss of peripheral vision. Other areas of the brain can also be affected by these blood vessel constrictions causing symptoms such as vertigo, hearing loss, nausea, difficulty speaking, or difficulty with concentration. These auras can be very disconcerting, often sending many patients to the emergency room.

Complications Of Ocular Migraine

Any problems in vision should immediately be reported to a physician. The symptoms of ocular migraine should be investigated fully in order to determine that there is no other disease or condition present.

People who experience ocular migraines may be at risk for permanent vision loss. Patients should follow up with their physician on a regular basis and discuss any changes in their symptoms or their headaches.

  • Doyle, E., Vote, B. J., Casswell, A. G. . Retinal migraine: caught in the act Br J Ophthalmol. 88, 301302. doi: 10.1136/bjo.2003.021808 Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1772006/
  • Gan KD, Mouradian MS, Weis E, Lewis JR. . Transient monocular visual loss and retinal migraine. CMAJ.6 173, 1441-1442.
  • Grosberg, B. M., Solomon, S., Lipton, R. B. . Retinal migraine. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 9, 268-271.
  • International Headache Society. Retinal migraine. Retrieved from: https://ihs-classification.org/en/02_klassifikation/02_teil1/01.04.00_migraine.html

Hide In A Dark Room With A Nice Cold Wet Washcloth

Lie down, close your eyes and place a cold slightly damp washcloth over your eyes. Hot or cold doesn’t matter, use whatever calms the symptoms. This helps best if you can be resting in a darkened, quiet room.

Tell people what you are doing and that you need to be quiet and silent for half an hour or so.

Then just try to drift away and think about walking through the garden, all shaded and safe.

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How To Treat And Prevent Ocular Migraines

There is usually no treatment needed for an ocular migraine, as the symptoms disappear on their own within the hour. However, if you experience visual disturbances alongside a migraine headache, see your optician or GP for additional advice on treatment.

The most common treatment for ocular migraines includes pain relief for headaches and being able to reduce your exposure to any known triggers. It may be helpful to make a diary of your diet and lifestyle, especially anything that happens just before an episode. These records could lead to an established pattern of what triggers your ocular migraines, allowing you to try and reduce the frequency.

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Some people suffer from other symptoms such as dizziness, double vision, nausea, vomiting, sweating or intense eye pain.

Take your medication as soon as possible or see your physician.

It is not uncommon to sleep for a few hours after an ocular migraine. This usually helps quell the left over symptoms and then you typically wake up refreshed and feeling much better.

Ocular migraines are not common and one of the most important things is to attempt to figure out what your triggers actually are and then endeavor to avoid them.

This should help to decrease the frequency of your ocular migraine symptoms and attacks.

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What Are Migraine Triggers

A number of factors can trigger a migraine, whether its ocular, retinal or classic migraine. The reasons can vary from person to person. If you have ocular migraines, pay attention to these possible triggers:

  • Stress and anxiety
  • Relaxation after a stressful time
  • Loud sounds or bright lights
  • Strong odors
  • Changes in weather

Retinal migraines are more likely to be triggered by other factors: intense exercise, dehydration, low blood sugar, high blood pressure, hot temperatures and tobacco use.

Certain foods can trigger both types of visual migraines:

  • Red wine or other alcohol
  • Food and drink with caffeine
  • Hot dogs, sausage and other processed meats that contain nitrates
  • Chips, fast foods, broths and other products with the flavor enhancer monosodium glutamate
  • Artificial sweeteners
  • Food with the naturally occurring compound tyramine, including smoked fish, cured meats and some soy products

What To Lookout For How To Stop Ocular Migraines

A headache can be one of the nastiest and most frequent kinds of aches. To treat your headache, it is first important to understand what causes it. There are generally two kinds of headaches. A primary headache occurs on its own without any other associated medical condition.

The second kind of headache is called a secondary headache, which is caused by some other underlying condition or ailment. In this case the main problem that is causing the discomfort is not really the headache itself. It is usually caused by something that is being neglected or taken care of improperly. This can include taking certain medications, eating the wrong foods, not getting enough sleep, or not doing the recommended exercises.

When it comes to dealing with the symptoms of headache, there are a couple of things that you can do. One of those things is to see a doctor. Tension headaches are a very common kind of headache and can sometimes be relieved by the use of over the counter medicines such as Advil or Tylenol. If the headache comes on suddenly and stays for more than 30 minutes, then seeing a doctor is advised. Doctors can examine the severity and see if the headache is actually a tension headache or not. Doctors will then be able to prescribe stronger medications.

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How Do I Know If I Have An Ocular Migraine

ByAnna Hart | Submitted On March 20, 2007

To many people, a migraine headache is a migraine headache. They assume, falsely, that all migraines are pretty much the same. So when one of the 15% of our population that suffers from migraine says they have an ocular migraine, non-sufferers may raise a skeptical eyebrow. The truth is, however, that there are many different kinds of migraine.

Define Ocular Migraine

An ocular migraine is a type of migraine that focuses on that part of the aura in which visual symptoms predominate. There may never be an actual headache.

Symptoms of Ocular Migraine

If you are familiar with regular migraine pain, and now hear of ocular migraine, you may very well ask, How do I know if I have an ocular migraine? I have no headache.

An ocular migraine is sometimes called a migraine without headache. It is a migraine that distorts images when you look at them. The distortion usually begins in the images center, and then moves to one side. Ocular migraine is likely to affect only one eye at a time. As an ocular migraine progresses, images may turn grey or wavy. You may even lose your sight temporarily.

Doctors differ in their understanding of ocular migraine. Some say that ocular migraine is more likely to occur as you get older. Others say it is typically seen in young adults. It can be quite frightening, as you may think you are losing your sight forever.

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    One in every 200 migraine patients experiences ocular or retinal migraines that can significantly affect their vision. These attacks are often preceded by aura, which typically affects both eyes. Patients might see spots, patterns or flashes of light before a headache develops, and symptoms range from light sensitivity to temporary vision loss. The worst ocular migraines can cause temporary blindness episode lasting several minutes, although the duration is usually less than an hour.

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    Holly Hazen is the creator of Migraine Savvy. Her guidance is guaranteed to give you more confidence in your ability to prepare for that next attack and recover faster. Learning resilience and coping skills now will pay off forever!

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    Symptoms Of Retinal Migraine

    The symptoms of retinal migraine may include:

    • partial or total loss of vision in 1 eye this usually lasts 10 to 20 minutes before vision gradually returns
    • headache this may happen before, during or after the vision attack

    It’s unusual for an episode of vision loss to last longer than an hour. The same eye is affected every time in almost all cases.

    Vision may slowly become blurred or dimmed, or there may be flashes of light. Some people see a mosaic-like pattern of blank spots , which enlarge to cause total loss of vision.

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    Essential Skills For How To Stop A Migraine Aura

    We can all agree that migraines are no fun.

    But being able to tell when a migraine is coming gives us the upper hand in being able to prevent whats causing it and stop it in its tracks.

    In this article, I will be covering what a migraine aura is and 7 essential skills on how to stop a migraine aura.

    Coping With And Preventing Ocular Migraines

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    Ocular migraine is a condition that requires further, in-depth research. There is still much that is not entirely known relating to its direct causes, and as such influences both diagnostic and treatment procedures.

    Unless a serious underlying condition is determined as a direct link to ocular migraines, most instances are not considered serious, and can be sufficiently managed, with a low risk of more serious complications or damage to eyes and surrounding tissues developing.

    The most effective way a person can treat an ocular migraine when it happens is to safely take rest once symptoms begin. A dark and quiet environment where one can close and rest the eyes can be very helpful and as is taking a recommended pain-reliever as soon as possible. Some find that massaging the scalp or placing pressure at the temples helps to relieve pain. A damp cloth or towel placed on the forehead can also be soothing. Before resuming any normal activity, a person should wait for visual disturbances to pass completely.

    Reference

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    How Long Does It Take For An Ocular Migraine To Go Away

    Once an ocular migraine has begun, its difficult and sometimes impossible to stop. The migraine aura typically disappears in about 30 to 40 minutes, and headaches come about 10 to 15 minutes after the aura stage. My advice to those who suffer from ocular migraines is to just relax and enjoy the show.

    Lower High Blood Pressure

    High blood pressure is part of your bodys warning system that tells you something is wrong and needs to be fixed. It is also a huge contributor to ocular migraines. You need to take the necessary steps to keep it under control by taking your blood pressure regularly, reporting it to your doctor and taking your medication as prescribed.

    Additionally, changing to a heart-healthy diet, adding some light exercise like walking and spicing up meals with heart-healthy herbs will really help.

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    If You Experience Sudden Changes In Vision It May Be The Result Of A Visual Migraine

    Visual migraines are an episode of vision loss in one eye, usually lasting a short time and are rarely painful.

    Classic migraines usually result in intense headaches or sensitivity to light and loud sounds. While, ocular migraines cause sudden vision impairment and are not necessarily painful. For example a street sign becoming difficult to read while driving.

    Most ocular migraines dont actually cause or indicate any damage to your brain or eyes.

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    What Causes Ocular Migraine

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    Migraine aura is considered to be a result of abnormal electrical activity involving certain regions of the cortex of the brain. This abnormal activity spreads across the cortex at a slow rate of about 3mm per minute and this spread is responsible for the growth and movement of the visual disturbance over the 20-60 minutes that the visual aura lasts. Retinal migraine may be due to the same type of disturbance except occurring at the back of the eye in the retina, or it may be due to a reduction in blood flow to the retina.

    Like other types of migraine, harsh lights and electronic screens can be triggers. Straining your eyes by staring at a screen for long periods of time, spending time in fluorescent or other harsh lighting, driving long distances and other taxing visual activities can increase your risk for attacks. Talk to your eye doctor about how to avoid attacks.

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    How To Prevent An Ocular Migraine

    Ocular migraines, while not very common, can be painful for those who suffer from them. Ocular migraines, which are sometimes called visual or retinol migraines, may cause vision loss or blindness in one eye for a short period of time. This can seem severe or dangerous, so you will want to visit a doctor if you suffer from frequent ocular migraines. Be sure to immediately stop what you are doing and rest until you regain full vision. You will want to schedule a prompt visit to an eye doctor in Orlando so they can check your eyesight and recommend prevention and treatments if you continue to suffer from anymore migraines. We recommend a few techniques to prevent ocular migraines from occurring.

    Eat And Sleep On A Regular Schedule

    Fasting or skipping meals can trigger migraine headaches. Make sure you eat within an hour of waking up and then every three to four hours. Hunger and dehydration both cause migraines. Make sure youre drinking enough water, and never skip a meal.

    Lack of sleep can also aggravate symptoms, so make sure you clock in at least seven to eight hours. Even getting too much sleep can cause headaches, so dont try to make up for lost sleep by snoozing too long.

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    Suffer From Ocular Migraines Our Raleigh Optometrist Shares 5 Triggers To Avoid

    What causes ocular migraines? No one quite knows. At least, we dont understand what exactly causes the brain to suddenly release inflammatory substances around the nerves and blood vessels. However, there are several prevailing triggers that many migraine sufferers seem to have in common. If you suffer from chronic ocular migraines, here are some stimuli to avoid.

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    Pay Attention To The Weather

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    Changes in the weather can impact your migraine patterns. High humidity and hot temperatures can stimulate headaches, as well as rainy days. If the weather becomes uncomfortable for you, you may need to step inside and take a break from the outdoors. Of course, you cant always avoid going outside, but you can minimize your time spent in certain headache-inducing weather.

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    Ocular Migraine Vs Retinal Migraine

    People may use the terms ocular migraine and retinal migraine to mean the same thing, but there are some important differences. An ocular migraine generally occurs in both eyes. A retinal migraine is rare and tends to occur in just one eye, when vessels that supply the eye with blood narrow. It usually lasts about 10 to 20 minutes and sometimes up to an hour. Symptoms are similar to ocular migraine and may also include complete, temporary vision loss in one eye.

    Once the retinal migraine passes, blood vessels open back up and your vision returns to normal. Its a good idea to have retinal migraines checked out by a doctor to make sure symptoms are not signaling a more serious problem.

    Protect Yourself From Light Exposure

    One thing that might help is the wearing of sunglasses inside or out! Polarized sunglasses, in particular, can help protect your eyes from the glare of interior lighting or computers.

    There are times when the light is actually the trigger for the ocular migraine and sitting or lying in a dark room can be very beneficial.

    If this is not possible, shut your eyes and try to rest for at least 15 minutes.

    For example, looking at this picture feels like it is triggering a migraine for me. So glare is definitely a trigger for me. But I never leave the house without my polarized or migraine tinted sunglasses.

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    What Are The Preventive Treatments For Migraine

    Many patients with isolated visual migraines, without severe headaches, have relatively infrequent episodes that do not require specific preventive treatments. If a patient is aware of the particular triggers that seem to bring on an episode, then those triggers can be avoided.

    In patients where the pattern of migraines includes frequent, severe headaches, it is very reasonable to consider additional preventive treatments. The main goal for any of these strategies is to reduce the overall frequency and severity of the headaches. None of the preventive treatments is a magic bullet that is 100% effective. For example, it would be considered successful if a preventive treatment helped reduce the number of severe headaches from 8 per month to 2-4 per month.

    There are numerous medications that can be used as a preventive treatment for migraine. One medication that is used commonly, particularly because it has no side effects, is vitamin B2 . Approximately 100mg of riboflavin daily is thought to improve migraine headaches . One common side effect of riboflavin is that the urine turns bright yellow. Other herbal medications used to reduce migraine headaches include petasites and feverfew.

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