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How To Prevent Heat Induced Migraines

Take Your Migraine Medication

3 Simple Tricks to Prevent Exercise Induced Migraines

Numerous studies have shown that treating the underlying condition will help alleviate many of the corresponding symptoms. Taking your migraine medication, especially in the early stages of an attack, can often keep the sunlight, your headaches and other issues at bay.


1Vijayan, N., Gould, S. and Watson, C. , Exposure to Sun and Precipitation of Migraine. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, 20: 4243. doi:10.1111/j.1526-4610.1980.hed2001042.x

2Vanagaite J, Pareja JA, Støren O, White LR, Sand T, Stovner LJ. Light-induced discomfort and pain in migraine. Cephalalgia. 1997 Nov;17:733-41.

3Hoffmann J, Recober A. Migraine and triggers: Post hoc ergo propter hoc? Current pain and headache reports. 2013;17:10.1007/s11916-013-0370-7. doi:10.1007/s11916-013-0370-7.

4Main A, Vlachonikolis I, Dowson A. The wavelength of light causing photophobia in migraine and tension-type headache between attacks. Headache. 2000 Mar;40:194-9.

5Bekkelund SI, Hindberg K, Bashari H, Godtliebsen F, Alstadhaug KB. Sun-induced migraine attacks in an Arctic population. Cephalalgia. 2011 Jul;31:992-8. doi: 10.1177/0333102411409071. Epub 2011 May 31.

How Are Migraines Diagnosed

To diagnose a migraine, your healthcare provider will get a thorough medical history, not just your history of headaches but your familys, too. Also, they’ll want to establish a history of your migraine-related symptoms, likely asking you to:

  • Describe your headache symptoms. How severe are they?
  • Remember when you get them. During your period, for example?
  • Describe the type and location of your pain. Is the pain pounding? Pulsing? Throbbing?
  • Remember if anything makes your headache better or worse.
  • Tell how often you get migraine headaches.
  • Talk about the activities, foods, stressors or the situations that may have brought on the migraine.
  • Discuss what medications you take to relieve the pain and how often you take them.
  • Tell how you felt before, during and after the headache.
  • Remember if anyone in your family gets migraine headaches.

Your healthcare provider may also order blood tests and imaging tests to make sure there are no other causes for your headache. An electroencephalogram may be ordered to rule out seizures.

Dont Let Yourself Get Dehydrated Even A Little

This is important all year, but especially in the summer. You may hear or see news reports warning about dehydration and heat stroke. Heed them. Dehydration is a major headache and migraine trigger for many people.

What you drink can make a difference, too. Soda or iced tea, although summer favorites, can have a great deal of caffeine. Water or electrolyte-containing beverages are always good choices!

Managing Migraines In General

Whatever your specific triggers, the following steps will help you manage your migraines.

Practice good sleep hygiene. Make sure you get enough sleep and try to fall asleep around the same time each night. Interruptions in your sleep schedulesuch as getting too much or too little sleepcan trigger migraines in some people.

Drink plenty of water. Eating regular meals and drinking enough water can help prevent migraines caused by a drop in blood sugar or dehydration. A common recommendation is to drink six or eight 8-ounce glasses of water every day. However, some adults may need more, depending on how much they exercise, for example.

Be careful with coffee. Although caffeine can provide migraine relief , too much can cause migraines. Caffeine can be found in chocolate and cocoa; beverages such as coffee, tea and colas; and certain medications.

Limit alcohol. Blood flow to your brain increases when you drink alcohol. Red wine in particular triggers migraines in many people.

Watch what you eat. Many foods can trigger migraines. A few of the more common ones include peanuts, peanut butter, other nuts and seeds, chocolate, and foods containing tyramine, such as aged cheeses and cured meats.

Exercise regularly. Research has shown that regular, moderate aerobic exercise may reduce the severity, duration, and number of migraines in many people. Regular exercise also helps control stress, another migraine trigger.

What Are The Four Stages Or Phases Of A Migraine Whats The Timeline

How to Prevent Your Migraines

The four stages in chronological order are the prodrome , aura, headache and postdrome. About 30% of people experience symptoms before their headache starts.

The phases are:

  • Prodrome: The first stage lasts a few hours, or it can last days. You may or may not experience it as it may not happen every time. Some know it as the preheadache or premonitory phase.
  • Aura: The aura phase can last as long as 60 minutes or as little as five. Most people dont experience an aura, and some have both the aura and the headache at the same time.
  • Headache: About four hours to 72 hours is how long the headache lasts. The word ache doesnt do the pain justice because sometimes its mild, but usually, its described as drilling, throbbing or you may feel the sensation of an icepick in your head. Typically it starts on one side of your head and then spreads to the other side.
  • Postdrome: The postdrome stage goes on for a day or two. Its often called a migraine hangover and 80% of those who have migraines experience it.
  • It can take about eight to 72 hours to go through the four stages.

    Be Aware Of Dietary Triggers

    Some people get migraines after eating chocolate, soy products, nitrate-containing foods, monosodium glutamate , or food coloring. Because some food items contain multiple ingredients, it can be difficult to nail down which one is triggering your migraines.

    If you experience migraines after consuming any type of food, write the incident down in a food diary to see if, over time, there is a pattern. Take note of the time you ate it and how much you consumed. Keeping a detailed food diary can be a useful part of an elimination diet. But this approach has its downsides as well; over time, an aggressive elimination diet could lead to nutritional deficiencies, so it’s not recommended to pursue this approach for more than two weeks.

    On the flip side, emerging research has pinpointed a few potential “migraine diets.” In particular, the ketogenic diet has been proposed to decrease cGRP levels, oxidative stress, and inflammation in the brain, all of which are closely associated with migraines.Still, more studies are needed to prove that the keto diet is specifically beneficial for migraine management.

    What Questions Should I Ask My Healthcare Provider

    • Will my child grow out of their migraines?
    • What medications do you recommend for me?
    • What should I change about my lifestyle to prevent my migraine headaches?
    • Should I get tested?
    • What type of migraine do I have?
    • What can my friends and family do to help?
    • Are my migraines considered chronic?

    A note from Cleveland Clinic

    Migraine headaches can be devastating and make it impossible to go to work, school or experience other daily activities. Fortunately, there are some ways to possibly prevent a migraine and other ways to help you manage and endure the symptoms. Work with your healthcare provider to keep migraines from ruling your life.

    Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 03/03/2021.


    Test Your Powers On Migraine Weather Today

    Before you get too bummed out about the weather you can’t control, consider this. It might just be a hidden superpower. In a way, those with Migraine are more in tune with their environment. Could this have actually been an evolutionary advantage?

    While this is just a theory, I like the idea of being a human barometer. It makes me different, a little special, just in case the Weather Channel calls to offer me a job.

    Track your Migraine attacks as you track the weather and see if it’s a trigger for you. If it is, start forecasting so you can adjust your exposure to triggers you can control.

    Whats A Migraine What Does A Migraine Feel Like

    How to treat and prevent stress-induced migraines

    A migraine is a common neurological disease that causes a variety of symptoms, most notably a throbbing, pulsing headache on one side of your head. Your migraine will likely get worse with physical activity, lights, sounds or smells. It may last at least four hours or even days. About 12% of Americans have this genetic disorder. Research shows that its the sixth most disabling disease in the world.

    Tips To Prevent Migraines During Weather Changes

    Use sunglasses

    As we have mentioned, the bright sunlight triggers migraines. Since you have increased sensitivity to light, always wear your sunglasses to protect your eyes and minimize your chance of a migraine attack. Use a tint referred to as FL-41.

    Remain inside

    Barometric pressure changes are inevitable, but you can always choose to stay indoors to avoid bright sunlight, high humidity, and excessive heat.

    Drink plenty of water!

    The hot weather and increased humidity increase your risk of dehydration. Drink lots of water to avoid migraines.

    Be informed about weather fronts

    Visit Weather.coms Aches and Pains for predictions and Migraine Forecast regularly to be educated and prepared for when migraines might occur.

    Monitor for pressure

    You can also check apps that help you examine barometer pressure in your location. We suggest using a weather app or digital barometer that warns you of migraine-unfriendly weather.

    Buy a barometer

    If you prefer an actual device, have a barometer at home or at your workplace to help you track the latest happenings in the weather world.

    Shift you exercise indoors.

    Exercising outdoors may not be a good idea considering the glare, heat, humidity, and risk of dehydration during summer. Instead, consider indoor swimming, tai chi, yoga, and other forms of indoor exercises.

    Avoid other migraine triggers.

    Signs Your Headache May Be Heat Stroke

    Have you ever spent a long day at the beach or a summer festival only to come home with a throbbing headache?

    I have. And it can really put a damper on your summer. You want to go out and enjoy all that the dog days have to offer but not if you have to pay for it later with a mind-numbing headache.

    Its easy to blame these headaches on the heat. But if you really want to prevent them from stealing all of your end-of-summer fun, you need to look a bit deeper. Because in most cases, its not the heat itself that causes headaches but its sinister side effect dehydration.

    You may be thinking, But how could I possibly be dehydrated? I drink plenty of water. Thats what I always thought too until I came home from a day at the beach with a splitting headache. And I drink water like a fish whether its hot or not. But the rules of water drinking are a bit different in the summer especially when youre out all day in the heat.

    Why Weather Triggers Migraines

    There may be different reasons for why certain weather events trigger Migraine. High humidity and extremely dry conditions may exacerbate dehydration, one of the most common and preventable Migraine triggers. Bright lights and sun glare activate a condition called photophobia among many people with Migraine.

    Why lightning and barometric pressure are associated with Migraine isn’t completely understood. It may be that environmental changes that affect the body’s homeostasis or set-point may predispose someone to develop Migraine.

    Headache specialist Dr. Vince Martin is the lead author on a handful of studies on weather-related Migraine. In an interview during the 2018 Migraine World Summit he explained:

    “Rising barometric pressure can trigger a migraine attack in some individuals. Falling barometric pressure can trigger it in some individuals. But the two often do not cross. So generally speaking, you’re either sensitive to falls or you’re sensitive to rises but not both.

    As for lightning, Dr. Martin and researchers suggest a couple of different theories. More study is needed on medical and natural remedies for headaches caused by weather.

    Be Respectful And Careful Of The Sun

    7 Ways To Prevent And Get Rid Of Headaches Caused By The ...

    Summer sun can be one of our worst enemies, and Im not talking about sunburn, even though that can be a problem. Too much time in the summer sun is another serious headache and migraine trigger. That doesnt mean we have to stay indoors. Try hats with broad brims that keep sun off your neck and upper chest and back as well as your face. Beach umbrellas can be great at ball games and the like. You can also cool yourself down with a spray bottle of water or a cold, wet bandana around your neck.

    How To Manage Weather

    June is Awareness Month, and many people with migraines say that weather changes trigger headachesespecially extreme heat.

    “Migraine is a prime example of a neurologic condition with environmental triggers,” says Orrin Devinsky, M.D., a neurologist at New York University and a Fellow of the American Academy of Neurology. “Foods are often considered the main trigger, but weather may be an underappreciated factor. For many people with migraine, recognizing their own triggerssuch as food or sleep deprivationcan be one of the most effective forms of prevention,” he says.

    According to a recent survey by the National Foundation, specific weather triggers may include:

    • Temperature changes
    • Bright lights and sun glare
    • Barometric pressure changes

    Some experts suggest that people with frequent headaches, including migraine, have a lower threshold for pain or are more sensitive to changes in the environment, including weather. On the other hand, several objective studies do not show a consistent association between weather changes and migraine. : 941-52)

    What Are The Types Of Headaches What Type Of Headache Is A Migraine

    There are over 150 types of headaches, divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. A migraine is a primary headache, meaning that it isnt caused by a different medical condition. Primary headache disorders are clinical diagnoses, meaning theres no blood test or imaging study to diagnose it. A secondary headache is a symptom of another health issue.

    Heat Headache: What You Need To Know About Hot Weather And Headaches

    A heat headache is a dull, throbbing pain that is exacerbated by heat. Millions of Americans suffer from headache disorders like migraines and cluster headaches. According to the National Headache Foundation, more than 37 million Americans suffer from migraines, and heat can make symptoms worse.

    These headaches often worsen in the summer months thanks to the heat and other factors like dehydration. If you experience a heat headache, dehydration might be part of the problem.

    With dehydration, blood vessels in the brain shrink, slowly pulling the brain away from the skull. This causes a pain response that produces a headache.

    Causes of Heat-Induced Headaches

    A heat headache can be caused by a variety of factors or present itself as a side effect of a more serious heat-related illness. In most cases, heat whether its the ambient outdoor temperature or the result of a hot work environment like being on the front lines as a firefighter is the main cause of these headaches.

    Here are some of the other contributing factors that lead to heat headaches:

    • Dehydration
    • Heat-related illness such as heat exhaustion and heat stroke
    • High humidity or a high heat index

    One study examined the impacts of heat on cognitive function in soldiers operating in desert areas. The study found that when it came to attention, motor function, and memory, intense heat and humidity resulted in poor performance compared to normal weather conditions.

    Symptoms of Heat Headache
    Relieve Dehydration With ORS

    Who Gets Migraines What Are The Risk Factors

    How to prevent heat related illnesses

    Its difficult to predict who may get a migraine and who may not, but there are risk factors that may make you more vulnerable. These risk factors include:

    • Genetics: Up to 80% of people who get migraine headaches have a first-degree relative with the disease.
    • Gender. Migraine headaches happen to women more than men, especially women between the ages of 15 and 55. Its likely more common in women because of the influence of hormones.
    • Stress level. You may get migraines more often if youre high-stress. Stress can trigger a migraine.
    • Smoking.

    Find Out How Heat And Other Weather Factors Can Affect Your Head Pain

    When its warm out, you might be prepping for beach escapes and road trips  but should you also be ready for more frequent headaches and migraines? Lets examine the research.

    Many people believe that weather changes, such as hot and sunny days, can trigger a headache or worsen symptoms. 2 Because of this common belief, many studies have examined this connection 1 2 3, but the findings havent been so clear: Some research studies have shown that warm weather can trigger headaches in some people 1, while others found no significant connection 2. 

    For example, in a study with more than 7,000 participants treated at a Boston hospital’s emergency department, higher temperatures were found to increase the risk of headache.  In fact, the researchers reported that for every 5 degree Celsius increase in temperature, the headache risk increased by approximately 7.5%. 1

    But other studies have found no connection 2 . For instance, a small study in Vienna compared the detailed headache diaries of 238 migraine sufferers with 17 different weather situations during a set testing period  2 . The researchers concluded that weather factors had a small and questionable impact on migraines and headaches. 2

    Everyones headache and migraine triggers are different, and weather may play a role for some.

    Treating Migraines In The Moment

    Nurtec ODT is also approved to treat acute migraines, meaning migraines that have already started. It is the only medication available to both treat and prevent migraines.

    These medications are antibodies that block the cGRP receptor, which is a pain receptor. cGRP may also cause vasodilation , which is believed to contribute to migraine symptoms. By blocking the action of cGRP, blood vessels may maintain their normal width.

    What Are The Symptoms Of Migraines

    The primary symptom of migraine is a headache. Pain is sometimes described as pounding or throbbing. It can begin as a dull ache that develops into pulsing pain that is mild, moderate or severe. If left untreated, your headache pain will become moderate to severe. Pain can shift from one side of your head to the other, or it can affect the front of your head, the back of your head or feel like its affecting your whole head. Some people feel pain around their eye or temple, and sometimes in their face, sinuses, jaw or neck.

    Other symptoms of migraine headaches include:

    • Sensitivity to light, noise and odors.
    • Nausea and vomiting, upset stomach and abdominal pain.
    • Loss of appetite.
    • Feeling very warm or cold .
    • Pale skin color .
    • Euphoric mood.

    What Causes Heat Headaches

    How To Stop A Migraine⦠Or You Could Just Take An Aspirin ...

    A heat headache or migraine, like the name suggests, is a headache that develops after being exposed to the sun or hot temperatures for extended periods. You may have gotten one before, even if you dont suffer from migraines, perhaps after falling asleep at the beach or from walking in the sun on a hot day for too long.

    But the evidence on whether temperature changes really do cause headaches or migraines is scarce and conflicting. For instance, one theory is that heat itself may be a trigger, as evidenced by a 2009 study with over 7,000 participants.

    Investigators reported that, during hot weather months, the risk of developing a heat-induced headache rose by about 7.5% for every 5 degree Celsius increase in ambient temperature. There was also evidence of increased risk of headache when the barometric pressure, sometimes called atmospheric pressure, was low for 48 to 72 prior to the headache or migraine attack.

    Conversely, a 2011 study conducted in Taipei noted an increase in headaches during the coldest months of the year, particularly in instances of cold fronts that made the temperature drop significantly and reduced sunshine duration. But investigators didnt find any associations between heat and head pain. 

    How To Avoid Headaches Related To Air Conditioning

    Does air conditioning cause headaches? Unfortunately, for some people, the answer is yes. AC is a necessity during the summer in many parts of the country, but too many homeowners and office workers pay the price. Read on for some reasons why air conditioning could be causing your headaches and ideas on how to solve the problem.

    What Causes A Migraine

    The cause of migraine headaches is complicated and not fully understood. When you have a headache its because specific nerves in your blood vessels send pain signals to your brain. This releases inflammatory substances into the nerves and blood vessels of your head. Its unclear why your nerves do that.

    Home Remedies And Lifestyle

    They say that the best offense is a good defense, and that is very true with migraines. Migraines often have several triggers, many of which are tied to lifestyle, and avoiding them can often prevent an episode. The best aspect of this approach: It is side effect-free.

    Keep in mind that not every lifestyle factor affects every person the same way. For example, certain foods and sounds can be major migraine triggers for some people, but they might not affect you at all.

    What Are The Symptoms Of A Migraine

    How to prevent heat-related illnesses

    Migraine pain is generally severe. The pain is often isolated to one particular spot or side of the head. Migraines can also cause nausea or vertigo. In severe cases, they may even cause vomiting.

    Unlike migraines, tension headaches are generally mild to moderate, steady, and felt throughout or across your head. Tension headaches dont cause nausea or sensitivity to light or sound.

    Other common migraine symptoms include:

    • severe, throbbing pain
    • flashing light
    • strobing light

    Migraines with aura can even cause short-term vision loss, blind spots, or tunnel vision. Its possible to experience the visual disturbances of an aura without ever feeling a headache.

    These symptoms may feel worse when you move around, walk, or climb stairs.

    You should see your doctor immediately if you have neck pain and a headache along with a fever. You may have meningitis. Meningitis is an infection of the membrane covering the brain.

    How To Cure A Sun Exposure Headache

    If hot, bright conditions brought on the headache, your first line of defense it to get to a cool, dark environment. Stay indoors, or at least in the shade, and wash down a couple of aspirin, Ibuprofen or Aceteminophen with cold water to lower your body temperature. Continue to sip on cool water.

    Take a tepid shower and wash your hair to help bring down your skin temperature. Dry off well to prevent chills.

    Wring out a small towel in cold water and place it over your forehead and eyes while you rest. An ice pack wrapped in a towel will also work. Wring out tea bags in cool water and apply them directly over your eyes, under the towel or ice pack, if desired.Tea is astringent and soothing to puffy tissue.

    Try this ayurvedic remedy: Curl your tongue into a tube and inhale through the tube. Swallow. Keeping your mouth closed, exhale normally through your nose. Repeat. The air will cool your tongue and throat.

    To prevent future sun-induced headaches: Stay in the shade when outdoors, if possible. Wear a light-colored, lightweight hat to deflect sun rays, but be sure it’s large enough to not constrict your forehead. Wear big sunglasses with UV-protective lenses. Sip on a cool drink frequently while in the sun.



    • If hot, bright conditions brought on the headache, your first line of defense it to get to a cool, dark environment.
    • Wring out tea bags in cool water and apply them directly over your eyes, under the towel or ice pack, if desired.

    How To Cure A Sun

    You enjoyed your day at the picnic, ballpark, or beach–but when you get home, you realize you’ve got a sun-induced headache that just won’t go away. Heat from the sun can cause blood vessels in your brain to dilate and raise your skin temperature, which can cause pain. The sun’s glare can also irritate your eyes, leading to a headache.

    Tips For Avoiding Summer Migraines And Headaches

    For people who have migraine, it is obvious that migraine is much more than just a headache disorder. People who have migraine may be sensitive to light, sound, smells, movement and also may note a variety of triggers for their migraines. As we approach the summer months, it is important to keep in mind some helpful tips to avoid migraines and headaches.


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