Phases Of A Migraine Attack
Prodrome Phase This first phase of migraine can occur hours to days prior to the attack, says Dr. Spears. It typically involves a change in mood and energy; certain cravings or excessive yawning can be a sign of prodrome, he says.
People sometimes confuse these prodrome, or premonitory, symptoms, with migraine triggers. Thats to say, a person who craves chocolate as a prodrome symptom may mistakenly believe that consuming chocolate triggered the migraine attack, according to MigraineAgain.
Aura About 25 to 35 percent of people with migraine have aura, says Spears. The most common aura is a visual change with a kaleidoscope-like phenomenon that can last anywhere from five minutes to an hour but usually much less than an hour, he says. Other aura symptoms may include tingling sensations, numbness, garbled speech, and clumsiness or weakness.
Headache Phase This stage can last 4 to 72 hours, and in most patients, its marked by a headache on one side of the head thats throbbing and pulsating in quality. Typically, the pain is described as moderate to severe, says Spears.
The headache phase is also associated with becoming sensitive to the environment, he adds. Light, sound, and odor sensitivity are common, as are nausea and vomiting, he says.
How Common Is Migraine
Migraine is the third most prevalent illness in the world, according to the Migraine Research Foundation. Almost 1 in 4 households in the U.S. includes someone with migraine.;
Migraine is much more common in women, affecting three times as many adult women as men. Migraine is poorly understood and often undiagnosed and undertreated. The condition has a tremendous economic impact: People who live with migraine may have high medical costs, limited support, or poor access to quality care. In fact, migraines are a common cause of disability and ranked second with respect to life lived with disability.
Migraine Treatment And Home Remedies
There’s no cure for migraine headaches. But many drugs can treat or even prevent them. Common migraine treatments include:
You may ease migraine symptoms by:
- Resting with your eyes closed in a dark, quiet room
- Putting a cool compress or ice pack on your forehead
- Drinking plenty of liquids
Complementary and alternative treatments
Some people get relief with therapies they use in addition to or instead of traditional medical treatment. These are called complementary or alternative treatments. For migraine, they include:
- Biofeedback. This helps you take note of stressful situations that could trigger symptoms. If the headache begins slowly, biofeedback can stop the attack before it becomes full-blown.
- Cognitive behavioral therapy . A specialist can teach you how actions and thoughts affect how you sense pain.
- Supplements. Research has found that some vitamins, minerals, and herbs can prevent or treat migraines. These include riboflavin, coenzyme Q10, and melatonin. Butterbur may head off migraines, but it can also affect your liver enzymes.
- Body work. Physical treatments like chiropractic, massage, acupressure, acupuncture, and craniosacral therapy might ease headache symptoms.
Talk to your doctor before trying any complementary or alternative treatments.
Don’t Miss: How Does Elavil Work For Migraines
Whats A Migraine What Does A Migraine Feel Like
A migraine is a common neurological disease that causes a variety of symptoms, most notably a throbbing, pulsing headache on one side of your head. Your migraine will likely get worse with physical activity, lights, sounds or smells. It may last at least four hours or even days. About 12% of Americans have this genetic disorder. Research shows that its the sixth most disabling disease in the world.
How Can I Tell If I Have A Migraine Or A Sinus Headache
Many people confuse a sinus headache with a migraine because pain and pressure in the sinuses, nasal congestion, and watery eyes often occur with migraine. To find out if your headache is sinus or migraine, ask yourself these questions:
In addition to my sinus symptoms, do I have:
If you answer yes to two or three of these questions, then most likely you have migraine with sinus symptoms. A true sinus headache is rare and usually occurs due to sinus infection. In a sinus infection, you would also likely have a fever and thick nasal secretions that are yellow, green, or blood-tinged. A sinus headache should go away with treatment of the sinus infection.
Read Also: Ocular Migraines And Strokes
How Is Status Migrainosus Treated
Status migrainosus requires a trip to the emergency room and potentially a stay in the hospital for treatment. Treatment targets the underlying migraine, along with the dangerous symptoms, like vomiting, which can cause life-threatening dehydration.
To help stop the migraine, many standard migraine drugs will be be administered by IV, nasal spray or suppository. This is because most patients with status migrainosus have severe vomiting and pills cannot be kept down and absorbed. Other medications will be given to treat the symptoms of the migraine, including pain, nausea and vomiting. Steroids are sometimes used to treat status migrainosus. All patients will also receive fluids through an IV, to treat the most serious complication of status migrainosus: dehydration.
Like any migraine, there is no surefire solution to treat status migrainosus. Instead, doctors may try a number of treatments to help a patient minimize status migrainosus and the accompanying symptoms.
Additionally, many emergency room and hospital status migrainosus treatments are designed to deliver instant relief, often not addressing the root causes of migraine symptoms. Status migrainosus patients may receive temporary migraine relief from these medications, but they may not treat prolonged migraines in the future.
Getting Rid Of Migraine With Medicines:
Generally migraines can be treated by two types of medications. One is to relieve pain when you get the migraine and the other is to stop or prevent migraines before they occur. Let us know about them below.
Treatments to Relieve Pain in Migraine:
- Over-The-Counter medicines usually work well for some people. The primary ingredients include ibuprofen, acetaminophen, aspirin and caffeine. It is always essential for you to remain careful while you are taking OTC pain medicines as sometimes they can also add to your headache. If you use them more then you can get rebound headaches or become dependent on them. In case you take any over-the-counter pain relievers more than thrice in a week then it is time for you to see your doctor. You can take his or her prescription medications that may be in fact more effective.
- In case you have symptoms of nausea in migraines then your doctor may also prescribe you with medications accordingly.
- Migraine treatments also include prescription medicines that were developed originally for depression, epilepsy or high blood pressure and these all can often prevent future attacks.
Also Check: Constant Headache When Pregnant
What Tests Are Used To Find Out If I Have Migraine
If you think you get migraine headaches, talk with your doctor. Before your appointment, write down:
Your doctor may also do an exam and ask more questions about your health history. This could include past head injury and sinus or dental problems. Your doctor may be able to diagnose migraine just from the information you provide.
You may get a blood test or other tests, such as CT scan or MRI, if your doctor thinks that something else is causing your headaches. Work with your doctor to decide on the best tests for you.
Can Migraine Be Worse During Menopause
If your migraine headaches are closely linked to your menstrual cycle,;;may make them less severe. As you get older, the nausea and vomiting may decrease as well. About two-thirds of women with migraines report that their symptoms improve with menopause.
But for some women, menopause worsens migraine or triggers them to start. It is not clear why this happens.;, which is prescribed for some women during menopause, may be linked to migraines during this time. In general, though, the worsening of migraine symptoms goes away once menopause is complete.
Don’t Miss: What Piercing Is For Migraines
What Are The Acute Treatments For Migraine
An isolated visual migraine, without headache, typically does not require any acute treatment, since the visual symptoms resolve on their own fairly quickly. The first few times someone experiences a visual migraine it usually causes a lot of anxiety. Once someone has become familiar with the symptoms of a visual migraine, new episodes no longer cause the same level of anxiety.
It can be helpful to try to rest during the episode. Some patients benefit from other strategies, including eating something, having caffeine, or taking an over-the-counter medication such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen .
Patients in whom the visual symptoms are accompanied by a severe headache often benefit from additional therapies. The goal of these medications is to try to cut short the headache before it becomes too severe. Some patients find naproxen , which is a stronger anti-inflammatory medication, to be helpful. Other patients try a class of medications known as triptans.
Triptans are specially designed to work on receptors on blood vessels and brain cells in order to halt a migraine at an early stage. Although there are a number of different triptans, made by several different pharmaceutical companies, each of these is approximately equally effective. Triptans are often taken orally, but also come as injections and nasal sprays. These medicines are generally not considered safe in patients with a history of strokes, heart attacks, or other vascular diseases.
Can Migraines Be Prevented Or Avoided
Medicine to prevent migraines may be helpful if your headaches happen more than 2 times a month. You may want to consider this medicine if your headaches make it hard for you to work and function. These medicines are taken every day, whether you have a headache or not.
Preventive medications for migraines can include prescription drugs often used to treat other ailments. Anti-seizure medicines, antidepressants, medicines to lower blood pressure, and even Botox injections are some of the preventive medications your doctor may prescribe. Calcitonin gene-related peptide inhibitors can also help prevent migraines. They do so by blocking a gene-related peptide in your sensory nerves. This peptide is known to increase during a migraine attack, so blocking it can help prevent migraines.
There are also a number of non-medical treatments designed to help minimize migraine pain and frequency. One is an electrical stimulation device, which has been approved by the FDA. It is a headband that you wear once a day for 20 minutes to stimulate the nerve linked to migraines. Another non-medical treatment is counseling aimed at helping you feel in more control of your migraines. This counseling works best when paired with medical prevention of migraines, as well.
Don’t Miss: Ear Piercing For Migraine Headaches
Can Migraines Be Prevented
Not all migraines can be prevented. But learning what triggers migraines and trying to avoid them can help. Have your child take a break from activities that might start a migraine, such as using the computer for a long time. If some foods are triggers, help your child skip them. Some people find that cutting back on caffeine or drinking a lot of water can help prevent migraines.
Make a plan for all the things your child has to do especially during stressful times so he or she doesn’t feel overwhelmed when things pile up. Regular exercise also can reduce stress and make your child feel better.
The more you and your child understand about migraine headaches, the better prepared you can be to fight them.
What Are The Four Stages Of Migraines
The various four stages of migraines include:
- Prodrome: Also known as the preheadache stage, it precedes a migraine attack. It can last for several hours or several days. During this phase, taking medication, practicing a stress-relieving technique, or avoiding trigger factors can prevent a migraine attack. Some of the common symptoms include:
- Changes in mood
Recommended Reading: What Piercing Is For Migraines
The Danger Of Using Acute Migraine Medication Too Often
When people with migraine use acute medication too often, they can develop medication-overuse headache, according to the American Migraine Foundation. These headaches are also known as rebound headaches.
The risk of medication-overuse headaches can put people with migraine in a difficult position, says Spears. Migraine is a condition where the sooner you treat it with medication, the more likely it is that youll be successful in stopping it. At the same time, if you take your rescue medication too frequently, it will lead to rebound, he says.
Most of the medications commonly used to treat migraine attacks, such as aspirin, NSAIDs, acetaminophen, triptans, and others, have all been associated with rebound headaches, according to the American Migraine Foundation. Its recommended that people dont take these medications for acute treatment of migraine for more than two days a week.
The one class that hasnt been shown to cause medication-overuse headache is gepants, says Spears. But we still try to limit patients to using them two days a week, he says.
Whats The Best For Migraines
Many people who have migraines find that over-the-counter painkillers, such as paracetamol, aspirin and ibuprofen, can help to reduce their symptoms. They tend to be most effective if taken at the first signs of a migraine attack, as this gives them time to absorb into your bloodstream and ease your symptoms.
Read Also: Migraines And Alzheimers
What Are The Four Stages Or Phases Of A Migraine Whats The Timeline
The four stages in chronological order are the prodrome , aura, headache and postdrome. About 30% of people experience symptoms before their headache starts.
The phases are:
It can take about eight to 72 hours to go through the four stages.
Can Stress Cause Migraines
Yes. Stress can trigger both migraine and tension-type headache. Events like getting married, moving to a new home, or having a baby can cause stress. But studies show that everyday stresses ;not;major life changes cause most headaches. Juggling many roles, such as being a mother and wife, having a career, and financial pressures, can be daily stresses for women.
Making time for yourself and finding healthy ways to deal with stress are important. Some things you can do to help prevent or reduce stress include:
- Eating healthy foods
- Being active
- Doing relaxation exercises
- Getting enough sleep
Try to figure out what causes you to feel stressed. You may be able to cut out some of these stressors. For example, if driving to work is stressful, try taking the bus or subway. You can take this time to read or listen to music, rather than deal with traffic. For stressors you can’t avoid, keeping organized and doing as much as you can ahead of time will help you to feel in control.
Read Also: Side Effects Of Migraine Medicine
Concussion Recovery: How Long Does It Last
Home»Concussion Recovery: How long does it last?
A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury caused by a force exerted on the head or by a hit to the body that causes the brain to move back and forth inside the skull. This can create both physical and chemical changes in the brain, as well as damage to brain cells. Concussions are one of the most common types of brain injury, and often occur as a result of playing contact sports or due to motor vehicle accidents. According to recent research from the Canadian Institute for Health Information , up to 95% of all emergency department visits for sport-related brain injuries are concussion-related.
What are the symptoms of a concussion?
;The signs of a concussion often appear within a few minutes or hours of the head injury. However, sometimes, these symptoms may not be obvious for a few days after sustaining the injury, so its important to be vigilant for concussion symptoms for several days after a head injury. Children are especially sensitive to the effects of concussion and are more likely to suffer head injuries than adults. Here are some of the most common signs and symptoms of a concussion:
- Temporary loss of consciousness.
- Behaviour and personality changes
How long do concussion symptoms last?
What is the average recovery time for a concussion?
Grade 0: Headache and difficulty concentrating
Grade 1: Headache, difficulty concentrating, and confusion for less than a minute