Are Migraines Hereditary
Migraines tend to run in families. As many as four out of five people with migraines have a family history. If one parent has a history of migraines, their child has a 50% chance of having them. If both parents have a history of migraines, the risk jumps to 75%. Again, up to 80% of people with migraines have a first-degree relative with the disease.
How Do I Relieve Sinus Pressure In My Head
What are five ways to relieve sinus pressure?
How Long Is Too Long For A Migraine
Every 10 seconds, someone in the U.S. goes to the emergency room for head pain. So when should you go to the ER for migraine? According to the American Migraine Foundation, “the best reason for an ER visit is for unusual symptoms that are new to you.”
Not sure when you should go to an emergency department? You should go if you have:
The American Migraine Foundation reminds patients that there is not one universal protocol for treating headache or migraine in the ER. Different ER doctors may approach treatment in different ways. For the long-run you should follow up with your headache specialist to establish or tweak your treatment plan.
What Medicines Help Relieve Migraine Pain
For mild to moderate migraines, over-the-counter medicines that may help relieve migraine pain include:
- an acetaminophen, aspirin, and caffeine combination
People who have more severe migraines may need to try “abortive” prescription medicines. A medicine called ergotamine can be effective alone or combined with other medicines. Dihydroergotamine is related to ergotamine and can be helpful. Other prescription medicines for migraines include sumatriptan, zolmitriptan, naratriptan, rizatriptan, almotriptan, eletriptan, and frovatriptan.
If the pain won’t go away, stronger pain medicine may be needed, such as a narcotic, or medicines that contain a barbiturate . These medicines can be habit-forming and should be used cautiously. Your doctor may prescribe these only if they are needed and only for a short period of time.
Should A Person With Chronic Migraine See A Headache Specialist
Yes, that’s a situation where expertise in the management of headache disorders is critical. It doesn’t necessarily have to be a neurologist; there are some internists and other specialists in other areas of medicine who are headache specialists. People with chronic migraine should see a provider who has specialty training in the management of headache.
What Causes Migraines With Vertigo
The exact cause of vestibular migraines is not clearly understood. However, many researchers believe that there is overlap and erroneous connections between pain signals and vestibular signals that come in from the inner ear and the electrical migraine pathways. Some contributing factors to vestibular migraines include many of the commonly recognized migraine triggers such as lack of sleep, consumption of MSG and certain other foods, and dehydration.
What Is The Outlook For Vestibular Migraines
Overall, the outlook for Vestibular migraines is good. An NIH study found that vestibular migraines in a pool of patients from a period of 10 years decreased in about 56% of cases, increased in only about 30% of people, and stayed the same in about 16 percent of cases.
IF YOU HAVE HEADACHE, MIGRAINE, OR FACIAL PAIN AND ARE LOOKING FOR ANSWERS ON ANYTHING RELATED TO IT, A HEADACHE SPECIALIST IS HERE TO HELP, FOR FREE!
FIRST, LET’S DECIDE WHERE TO START:
IF YOU HAVE AN EXISTING HEADACHE, MIGRAINE, OR FACIAL PAIN DIAGNOSIS AND ARE LOOKING FOR THE LATEST INFORMATION, HOT TOPICS, AND TREATMENT TIPS, VISIT OUR . THIS IS WHERE I WRITE AND CONDENSE A BROAD VARIETY OF COMMON AND COMPLEX MIGRAINE AND HEADACHE RELATED TOPICS INTO THE IMPORTANT FACTS AND HIGHLIGHTS YOU NEED TO KNOW, ALONG WITH PROVIDING FIRST HAND CLINICAL EXPERIENCE FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF A HEADACHE SPECIALIST.
What Is Medication Overuse Headache
The term “medication overuse headache,” also popularly known as “rebound headache,” is used to describe different sorts of phenomena. One of them is a new type of headache that is brought on by the frequent use of acute medications — this may be a more constant headache that lacks migraine features like light and sound sensitivity or nausea. But many practitioners also use the term to describe an increase in the frequency or severity of migraine attacks that are brought on by frequent use of acute medications
The terminology is a bit problematic because it’s suggesting that someone is intentionally “overusing” medications, when in fact they are simply trying to find relief. It’s quite clear, however, that especially with specific classes of medications, if you use them more than a certain number of days each month, you’re likely to worsen the migraine condition or create a new type of headache that may even be different than typical migraine attacks.
Medical Treatments To Get Rid Of Tension Headaches:
- Most individuals can treat their tension headaches with OTC pain relievers such as Aspirin, Acetaminophen etc. However, you may get rebound headaches if you are taking these pain relievers more than three times in a week. Rebound headaches are something that usually begins after pain medicine has worn off, which leads you to take one more dose. After a while, you get a headache whenever you stop taking the pain relieving medicines.
- In case you have chronic tension headaches, your doctor would prescribe you with the effective medications for getting rid of the headache.
- If the cause of your tension headache is a temporomandibular joint problem or a cervical vertebrae problem, then medical treatment for this condition would be highly essential. Similarly a neck injury causing tension headache can be helped with a supportive collar which allows the neck muscles to rest and relax and treat tension headaches. Likewise, treating the underlying causes is required in order to get rid of the tension headaches.
What Are Some Migraine Risk Factors And Triggers
Some things make you more likely to get migraine headaches . Other things may bring on a migraine .
Common migraine risk factors include the following:
- Family history: You are much more likely to have migraines if one or both of your parents had migraines.
- Sex: Women are more likely than men to have migraines.
- Age: Most people have their first migraine during adolescence, but migraines can start at any age, usually before age 40.
Common migraine triggers include the following:
- Food and drink: Certain food and drink may cause migraines. Dehydration and dieting or skipping meals may also trigger migraines.
- Hormone changes: Women may experience migraines related to their menstrual cycles, to menopause, or to using hormonal birth control or hormone replacement therapy.
- Stress: Stress may trigger migraines. Stress includes feeling overwhelmed at home or work, but your body can also be stressed if you exercise too much or don’t get enough sleep.
- Senses: Loud sounds, bright lights , or strong smells may trigger migraines.
- Medicines: Certain medicines may trigger migraines. If you think your migraines might be related to your medicine, talk to your doctor. Your doctor may be able to prescribe a different medicine.
- Illness: Infections, such as the cold or the flu, may trigger migraines, especially in children.
Foods that may trigger migraines:
- aged, canned, cured, or processed meat
- aged cheese
- soy sauce
How To Treat Nausea And Prevent Vomiting
When you have nausea but without vomiting, then your physician may give you a medication that may help ease the nausea. This medication is called antiemetic or anti-nausea drugs. It can help in preventing vomiting and also make you feel better when you’re nauseous.
Another form of treatment for nausea that can prevent vomiting is acupressure. There have been studies that show that acupressure can help in reducing the intensity of the nausea associated with migraine. But acupressure should be performed as soon as you start feeling nauseous. You will notice an improvement of your condition within the next four hours.
When nausea comes with vomiting, doctors will usually choose to treat them together by focusing on treating the migraine that you are experiencing. If the migraine attacks come with intense pain as well as vomiting, then you can talk to your doctor about medications such as prophylactic meds.
The Phases Of Migraine
Also known as “preheadache” or the premonitory phase, prodrome can mark the beginning of a migraine attack. This phase can last several hours or may even occur over several days.
Most people with migraine will experience prodrome, but not necessarily before every migraine attack. If a person with migraine is experiencing prodrome, his or her care team can study their symptoms and patterns to guide a treatment plan that may lessen the severity of the oncoming headache. During this phase, taking medication, minimizing/avoiding other trigger factors and practicing mindfulness meditation, relaxation therapy or other biobehavioral techniques, can even prevent headache in some cases. Prodrome symptoms vary from person to person, but can include changes in mood, from feelings of depression or irritability to difficulty focusing. Other symptoms may include fatigue, sensitivity to light and sound, insomnia, nausea, constipation or diarrhea, and muscle stiffness, especially in the neck and shoulders. Symptoms that are especially unique to the prodrome phase of migraine include yawning, cravings for certain foods, and frequent urination.
Can Migraines Be Prevented Or Avoided
Medicine to prevent migraines may be helpful if your headaches happen more than 2 times a month. You may want to consider this medicine if your headaches make it hard for you to work and function. These medicines are taken every day, whether you have a headache or not.
Preventive medications for migraines can include prescription drugs often used to treat other ailments. Anti-seizure medicines, antidepressants, medicines to lower blood pressure, and even Botox injections are some of the preventive medications your doctor may prescribe. Calcitonin gene-related peptide inhibitors can also help prevent migraines. They do so by blocking a gene-related peptide in your sensory nerves. This peptide is known to increase during a migraine attack, so blocking it can help prevent migraines.
There are also a number of non-medical treatments designed to help minimize migraine pain and frequency. One is an electrical stimulation device, which has been approved by the FDA. It is a headband that you wear once a day for 20 minutes to stimulate the nerve linked to migraines. Another non-medical treatment is counseling aimed at helping you feel in more control of your migraines. This counseling works best when paired with medical prevention of migraines, as well.
Concussions And Other Head Injuries
If you’ve recently experienced a concussion or similar head injury, you could be dealing with an ongoing headache. This is called post-concussion syndrome, and it’s a mild injury to your brain caused by the initial trauma. It can last for months after a concussion — possibly up to a year.
Symptoms of post-concussion syndrome include:
- recurrent or ongoing headaches
A variety of treatment options, including home treatments and medical care, can help relieve symptoms of a prolonged headache.
Phases Of A Migraine Attack
Prodrome Phase This first phase of migraine can occur hours to days prior to the attack, says Dr. Spears. “It typically involves a change in mood and energy; certain cravings or excessive yawning can be a sign of ,” he says.
People sometimes confuse these prodrome, or “premonitory,” symptoms, with migraine triggers. That’s to say, a person who craves chocolate as a prodrome symptom may mistakenly believe that consuming chocolate triggered the migraine attack, according to MigraineAgain.
Aura About 25 to 35 percent of people with migraine have aura, says Spears. “The most common aura is a visual change with a kaleidoscope-like phenomenon that can last anywhere from five minutes to an hour but usually much less than an hour,” he says. Other aura symptoms may include tingling sensations, numbness, garbled speech, and clumsiness or weakness.
Headache Phase “This stage can last 4 to 72 hours, and in most patients, it’s marked by a headache on one side of the head that’s throbbing and pulsating in quality. Typically, the pain is described as moderate to severe,” says Spears.
The headache phase is also associated with becoming sensitive to the environment, he adds. “Light, sound, and odor sensitivity are common, as are nausea and vomiting,” he says.
What Are The Four Stages Or Phases Of A Migraine Whats The Timeline
The four stages in chronological order are the prodrome , aura, headache and postdrome. About 30% of people experience symptoms before their headache starts.
The phases are:
It can take about eight to 72 hours to go through the four stages.
Can Migraine Attacks Last For A Week
Yes, unfortunately, attacks can last for a week, two weeks, and even three weeks or longer.
When a migraine attack lasts for more than 72 hours, then it is classified as “status migrainosus,” which means you’re in a state of migraine that is continuous and unremitting over long periods of time. It is particularly challenging to treat when attacks have that kind of duration.
What Are The Four Stages Of Migraines
The various four stages of migraines include:
- Prodrome: Also known as the preheadache stage, it precedes a attack. It can last for several hours or several days. During this phase, taking medication, practicing a -relieving technique, or avoiding trigger factors can prevent a attack. Some of the common symptoms include:
- Changes in mood
Migraine Is Much More Than Just A Headache
There are different types of migraine that involve different symptoms. There are many features or symptoms that are a part of migraine. There are also differences in how severe a symptom might be.
The most common symptoms of a migraine attack include:
- throbbing headache
- sensitivity to light, noise and smell
What Are The Types Of Headaches What Type Of Headache Is A Migraine
There are over 150 types of headaches, divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. A migraine is a primary headache, meaning that it isn’t caused by a different medical condition. Primary headache disorders are clinical diagnoses, meaning there’s no blood test or imaging study to diagnose it. A secondary headache is a symptom of another health issue.
How Long Do Migraines Last For Center
Migraines typically last from four to 72 hours. The frequency of migraines differs for everyone, but usually, there would be two to four headaches per month. In some, the migraines may occur every few days, while others may get them once or twice a year. Read more: How Long Do Migraines Last For? Article
How Is Status Migrainosus Treated
Status migrainosus requires a trip to the emergency room and potentially a stay in the hospital for treatment. Treatment targets the underlying migraine, along with the dangerous symptoms, like vomiting, which can cause life-threatening dehydration.
To help stop the migraine, many standard migraine drugs will be be administered by IV, nasal spray or suppository. This is because most patients with status migrainosus have severe vomiting and pills cannot be kept down and absorbed. Other medications will be given to treat the symptoms of the migraine, including pain, nausea and vomiting. Steroids are sometimes used to treat status migrainosus. All patients will also receive fluids through an IV, to treat the most serious complication of status migrainosus: dehydration.
Like any migraine, there is no surefire solution to treat status migrainosus. Instead, doctors may try a number of treatments to help a patient minimize status migrainosus and the accompanying symptoms.
Additionally, many emergency room and hospital status migrainosus treatments are designed to deliver instant relief, often not addressing the root causes of migraine symptoms. Status migrainosus patients may receive temporary migraine relief from these medications, but they may not treat prolonged migraines in the future.
How Long Can A Migraine Last & How To Get Rid Of It
are so powerful that often occur with nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light. As per The National Headache Foundation, it is estimated that 28 million Americans get migraines and it is more in women than in men.
Read below to know about how long can a migraine last and also know about some of the ways to get rid of it.
What Is A Head Cold Vs Sinus Infection
The main difference between cold and sinus infection is the duration or number of days the symptoms were persistent: A common cold may typically run its course within 10 days, but sinus infections may last longer than 10 days. Another key distinction between cold and sinus can be noted through nasal discharge.
Treatment For Retinal Migraines
There are no clear guidelines for the management of patients with retinal migraine. For infrequent attacks, medications used for other forms of migraine are often employed to relieve the other symptoms. These medications can include NSAIDs and antinausea medications. Triptans and ergotamines are avoided in these patients. Preventive therapies used for other migraines types should be explored, such as the calcium channel blockers, antiepileptic or tricyclic medications. Daily aspirin is considered for these people as well. People should stop smoking and discontinuation of oral contraceptives may be advisable.
When To See A Doctor
If you have any type of headaches consistently, it’s important to speak with your primary care physician so they can help create a treatment plan or refer you to a specialist.
“If your headaches are increasing in frequency or severity, or are interfering with your usual activities, see a doctor,” says Dr. Andiman.
Seek immediate medical attention if you’re experiencing the worst headache you’ve ever had, lose vision or consciousness, have uncontrollable vomiting, or if your headache lasts more than 72 hours with less than 4 hours pain-free.
Can I Have A Visual Migraine Without A Headache
Definitely. It is actually very common to have a visual migraine without any headache. The medical term for this is “acephalgic migraine,” which literally means migraine symptoms without headache. Except for the absence of a headache, the visual symptoms in acephalgic migraine are identical to the episodes that accompany a classic migraine aura.
How Is Abdominal Migraine Similar To A Migraine
Abdominal migraine and migraine share similar triggers, such as stress, skipping meals, exposure to bright light, poor sleep, and foods containing chocolate, caffeine, and monosodium glutamate . Because there are so few studies on medications used to treat abdominal migraine, patients with the condition are often treated with medications shown to be effective on a migraine.
What Is An Aura
An aura is a group of sensory, motor and speech symptoms that usually act like warning signals that a migraine headache is about to begin. Commonly misinterpreted as a seizure or stroke, it typically happens before the headache pain, but can sometimes appear during or even after. An aura can last from 10 to 60 minutes. About 15% to 20% of people who experience migraines have auras.
Aura symptoms are reversible, meaning that they can be stopped/healed. An aura produces symptoms that may include:
- Seeing bright flashing dots, sparkles, or lights.
- Blind spots in your vision.
- Numb or tingling skin.
What Causes Migraine
Scientists and doctors think migraine is the result of abnormal brain activity affecting nerve signals, chemicals and blood vessels in the brain. We don’t know what causes this brain activity, although for many people there is a link to their genes. If you are sensitive to migraine there are certain triggers which can have an impact. These include stress, skipping meals and low blood sugar, alcohol, hormonal changes in women, lack of sleep and the environment you are in .
Diagnosis Of Retinal Migraine
There are no diagnostic tests to confirm retinal migraine. Diagnosis is accomplished by reviewing the patient’s personal and family medical history, studying their symptoms, and conducting an examination. Retinal migraine is then diagnosed by ruling out other causes for the symptoms. With retinal migraine, it is essential that other causes of transient blindness, such as stroke of the eye , be fully investigated and ruled out. Seeing an eye doctor for a full eye exam is generally required for a good look at the back of the eyes.
What Medications Are Used To Relieve Migraine Pain
Over-the-counter medications are effective for some people with mild to moderate migraines. The main ingredients in pain relieving medications are ibuprofen, aspirin, acetaminophen, naproxen and caffeine.
Three over-the-counter products approved by the Food and Drug Administration for migraine headaches are:
- Excedrin® Migraine.
- Advil® Migraine.
- Motrin® Migraine Pain.
Be cautious when taking over-the-counter pain relieving medications. Sometimes overusing them can cause analgesic-rebound headaches or a dependency problem. If you’re taking any over-the-counter pain medications more than two to three times a week, report that to your healthcare provider. They may suggest prescription medications that may be more effective.
Prescription drugs for migraine headaches include:
Triptan class of drugs :
- Co-enzyme Q10.
Drugs to relieve migraine pain come in a variety of formulations including pills, tablets, injections, suppositories and nasal sprays. You and your healthcare provider will discuss the specific medication, combination of medications and formulations to best meet your unique headache pain.
Drugs to relieve nausea are also prescribed, if needed.
All medications should be used under the direction of a headache specialist or healthcare provider familiar with migraine therapy. As with any medication, it’s important to carefully follow the label instructions and your healthcare provider’s advice.
How Will My Doctor Manage My Vestibular Migraines
In addition to some of the medications suggested above, there are ways to manage your vestibular migraines. Your doctor will probably do a full medical examination to understand any comorbidities and also see what medications you are currently taking. Dizziness is one of the most commonly reported side effects of many medications, so make sure to trace onset of symptoms back to any medication adjustments as well.
Depression, lack of sleep, and anxiety are some of the issues that may be exacerbated by your vestibular migraines. If these conditions are left untreated, the vestibular migraine will not get better. Depression and anxiety do not cause vestibular migraines, but the migraines can lead to anxiety and depression and these issues can all begin to feed into and fuel one another.
Another thing to keep in mind is that traditional medicinal approaches to headaches may not be the best approach to vestibular migraines for everyone. Vestibular migraines can sometimes be sensitive to Advil, Tylenol, and other NSAIDs. However, most patients will not respond as well to these over the counter medications and will need more migraine specific therapies. If you use triptans or NSAIDs daily or with a high frequency of more than 10 days per month on average, you may be more prone to rebound vestibular migraines. Vestibular physical therapy can also be helpful for some patients if they suffer from a high frequency of symptoms.