Thursday, June 16, 2022
HomeHealthHow Do You Treat A Migraine

How Do You Treat A Migraine

How To Get Rid Of A Migraine Fast With The Chill Method

How Do You Treat Migraines? – Adel Olshansky, MD – Neurologist

You aren’t at your best when a Migraine attack hits. The beginning of an attack brings exhaustion, difficulty thinking, and anxiety. It can be tempting to panic and give in to the fear – especially if you don’t have your abortive meds in reach.

Panicking will make only make it worse – I know from experience. Your breathing becomes more shallow when you’re stressed, kicking your nervous system into fight-or-flight mode and depriving your brain of the oxygen it needs.

You don’t have to remember how to get rid of a Migraine fast, just remember to CHILL.

Are Migraine Headaches More Common In Women Than Men

Yes. About three out of four people who have migraines are women. Migraines are most common in women between the ages of 20 and 45. At this time of life women often have more job, family, and social duties. Women tend to report more painful and longer lasting headaches and more symptoms, such as nausea and vomiting. All these factors make it hard for a woman to fulfill her roles at work and at home when migraine strikes.

Is An Eye Migraine A Normal Migraine

Same Triggers, Same Causes and Same Treatment

Eye migraine has the same triggers as classical migraine: fatigue, skipping meals, caffeine withdrawal, stress and certain foods can trigger a migraine.

They have the same causes as a typical migraine: the chemical reactions cause cortical spreading depression that effects the electrical impulses in your brain, hormones get released, and the blood vessels spasm.

At your earliest warning signal you need to take action. If you wait for the pain phase to kick in, it’s too late. Then the hangover comes later.;

Getting your timing right when treating an acute attack is crucial.;

For mild to moderate migraines you might be able to reduce your symptoms by using caffeine or natural alternatives. Over the counter medications like ibuprofen aka Advil® or Motrin® or acetaminophen aka Tylenol® might work well.

For severe migraines it might be best to consider using abortive medications from the family of;triptans, specifically designed to target migraines. Aleve® if you can take it, is a combination of ibuprofen and naproxen. They are not considered for people with a history of heart attacks, strokes or any other vascular disease.;

If you get migraines regularly you might want to consider a good prevention strategy or seek a more natural approach. But long term management may be required.

MORE IDEAS YOU’LL LOVE

GET MORE RELIEF

So how do you treat your eye migraine symptoms so they don’t progress to full blown migraine attack?

Also Check: Why Do I Get Migraines On My Period

Medicines For Migraine When Pregnant Or Breastfeeding

Many of the medicines used to treat migraine should not be taken by pregnant or breastfeeding women.

  • For relief of a migraine headache:
  • Paracetamol is the medicine most commonly used, as it is known to be safe during pregnancy.
  • Ibuprofen is sometimes used but do not take it in the last third of the pregnancy .
  • Aspirin – avoid if you are trying to conceive, early in pregnancy, in the third trimester and whilst breastfeeding.
  • Triptans – should not be taken by pregnant women at all. Triptans can be used during breastfeeding, but milk should be expressed and discarded for 12-24 hours after the dose .
  • For feeling sick and being sick – no medicines are licensed in pregnancy. However, occasionally a doctor will prescribe one ‘off licence’.
  • Medicines used for the prevention of migraine are not recommended for pregnant or breastfeeding women.
  • Check with your pharmacist or doctor if you are not sure.

    How Are Migraines Treated

    What Can You Do To Treat Migraines?

    Migraine headaches are chronic. They cant be cured, but they can be managed and possibly improved. There are two main treatment approaches that use medications: abortive and preventive.

    • Abortive medications are most effective when you use them at the first sign of a migraine. Take them while the pain is mild. By possibly stopping the headache process, abortive medications help stop or decrease your migraine symptoms, including pain, nausea, light sensitivity, etc. Some abortive medications work by constricting your blood vessels, bringing them back to normal and relieving the throbbing pain.
    • Preventive medications may be prescribed when your headaches are severe, occur more than four times a month and are significantly interfering with your normal activities. Preventive medications reduce the frequency and severity of the headaches. Medications are generally taken on a regular, daily basis to help prevent migraines.

    Also Check: How Often To Take Excedrin Migraine

    Apple To Treat Migraine

    An;apple a day keeps the doctor away similarly, it also keeps a migraine away. Eat an apple at the onset of the migraine pain. The crunchy apple will improve the blood flow to the brain, which will eventually reduce the pain. Moreover, it is believed that green apples are more effective as compared to red apples. According to the recent research smelling, a green apple will have the equal benefits.

    Lifestyle Modification And Trigger Reduction

    When patients have chronic severe headaches, it can be difficult to recognize specific triggers. Paradoxically it is often the case that as chronic headaches start to improve with treatment, triggers become more obvious. Regularity of regimen with regard to meals, hydration, sleep and stress is always helpful in reducing the tendency to migraines; recognizing that this is helpful is straightforward, but actually making the requisite changes in a modern busy life may be more difficult.

    Many patients with chronic migraine will have other problems that exacerbate their tendency to headaches: these include depression, anxiety, other pain syndromes such as fibromyalgia, localized pain in head and neck structures, and conditions that create metabolic strain such as sleep apnoea or postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome. Proper management of these is necessary to maximize the effect of any other migraine treatments. It is particularly important to recognize and manage medication overuse as failure to do so will render most attempts at preventive treatment ineffective .

    Also Check: Can A Headache Become A Migraine

    Treatment For Pregnant And Breastfeeding Women

    In general, migraine treatment with medicines should be limited as much as possible when you’re pregnant or breastfeeding.

    Instead, trying to identify and avoid potential migraine triggers is often recommended.

    If medicine is essential, your GP may prescribe you a low-dose painkiller, such as paracetamol.

    In some cases, anti-inflammatory medicine or triptans may be prescribed.

    Speak to a GP or your midwife before taking medicine when you’re pregnant or breastfeeding.

    Page last reviewed: 10 May 2019 Next review due: 10 May 2022

    How Can I Tell If I Have A Migraine Or A Sinus Headache

    What do I do to treat an ocular migraine?

    Many people confuse a sinus headache with a migraine because pain and pressure in the sinuses, nasal congestion, and watery eyes often occur with migraine. To find out if your headache is sinus or migraine, ask yourself these questions:

    In addition to my sinus symptoms, do I have:

  • Moderate-to-severe headache
  • Nausea
  • Sensitivity to light
  • If you answer yes to two or three of these questions, then most likely you have migraine with sinus symptoms. A true sinus headache is rare and usually occurs due to sinus infection. In a sinus infection, you would also likely have a fever and thick nasal secretions that are yellow, green, or blood-tinged. A sinus headache should go away with treatment of the sinus infection.

    You May Like: How To Wean Off Nortriptyline For Migraines

    Treatment Of Menstrual Migraine

    Abortive therapy for menstrual migraine is the same as for nonmenstrual migraine. Patients with frequent and severe attacks may benefit from short-term, perimenstrual use of preventive agents . Patients with menstrual and nonmenstrual migraine who are receiving continuous preventive therapy and experiencing breakthrough menstrual migraine headaches may benefit from perimenstrual elevation of the dose of the preventive medication.

    Patients who do not respond to standard preventive measures may benefit from hormonal therapy. Perimenstrual estrogen supplementation with estradiol may be beneficial. A study by De Leo et al of oral contraceptive use in women with menstrual migraine without aura found that a regimen of 24 ethinyl estradiol/drospirenone pills and 4 inert pills was more effective than a regimen of 21 active pills and 7 inert pills.

    Treatment Of Migraine In Children

    Pediatric migraine is unique, and it requires an individualized treatment plan with the aid of specialists who understand and have expertise in the diagnosis and treatment of migraine. But while professionally crafted strategies are the cornerstone of effective migraine treatment in children, dont underestimate the relief that you, the parent, can provide your child by offering reassurance and understanding.

    In that spirit, its essential to understand what your child is going through and what their treatment entails. Knowing how to assist your child will go a long way in helping them lead a fulfilling life.

    Don’t Miss: What’s A Vestibular Migraine

    What Are Some Migraine Risk Factors And Triggers

    Some things make you more likely to get migraine headaches . Other things may bring on a migraine .

    Common migraine risk factors include the following:

    • Family history: You are much more likely to have migraines if one or both of your parents had migraines.
    • Sex: Women are more likely than men to have migraines.
    • Age: Most people have their first migraine during adolescence, but migraines can start at any age, usually before age 40.

    Common migraine triggers include the following:

    • Food and drink: Certain food and drink may cause migraines. Dehydration and dieting or skipping meals may also trigger migraines.
    • Hormone changes: Women may experience migraines related to their menstrual cycles, to menopause, or to using hormonal birth control or hormone replacement therapy.
    • Stress: Stress may trigger migraines. Stress includes feeling overwhelmed at home or work, but your body can also be stressed if you exercise too much or dont get enough sleep.
    • Senses: Loud sounds, bright lights , or strong smells may trigger migraines.
    • Medicines: Certain medicines may trigger migraines. If you think your migraines might be related to your medicine, talk to your doctor. Your doctor may be able to prescribe a different medicine.
    • Illness: Infections, such as the cold or the flu, may trigger migraines, especially in children.

    Foods that may trigger migraines:

    • aged, canned, cured, or processed meat
    • aged cheese
    • soy sauce

    Drink Caffeinated Tea Or Coffee

    How to Get Rid of a Migraine: A Step

    Sipping on beverages that contain caffeine, such as tea or coffee, may provide relief when you are experiencing a headache.

    Caffeine improves mood, increases alertness and constricts blood vessels, all of which can have a positive effect on headache symptoms .

    It also helps increase the effectiveness of common medications used to treat headaches, such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen .

    However, caffeine withdrawal has also been shown to cause headaches if a person regularly consumes large amounts of caffeine and suddenly stops.

    Therefore, people who get frequent headaches should be mindful of their caffeine intake .

    Certain herbs including feverfew and butterbur may reduce headache symptoms.

    Feverfew is a flowering plant that has anti-inflammatory properties.

    Some studies suggest that taking feverfew supplements in doses of 50150 mg per day may reduce headache frequency. However, other studies have failed to find a benefit .

    Butterbur root comes from a perennial shrub native to Germany and, like feverfew, has anti-inflammatory effects.

    Several studies have shown that taking butterbur extract in doses of 50150 mg reduces headache symptoms in both adults and children .

    Feverfew is generally considered safe if taken in recommended amounts. However, butterbur should be treated with caution, as unpurified forms can cause liver damage, and the effects of its long-term use are unknown (

    Foods containing them have been shown to trigger headaches in some people.

    Also Check: Why Do I Get Migraines During My Period

    Migraine Treatment: Whats Old Whats New

    Migraine headaches are a common cause of disability in the United States, affecting approximately 27 million American adults, or 17.1% of women and 5.6% of men.1 To help better define migraines, the term classical migraine has been replaced with migraine with aura, and non-classical migraine is now referred to as migraine without aura. Chronic migraine, which affects 3.2 million Americans , is defined as having migraine symptoms for at least 15 days per month, lasting at least 4 hours, and for longer than 3 months in duration. This is in contrast to episodic migraine, which causes symptoms on fewer than 15 days per month.2 Current treatment for chronic migraine is divided into acute, abortive agents , and medications that will prevent migraine onset.

    This review will highlight the current definitions of migraines as well as treatment options.

    Medications For Acute And Chronic Migraines

    The treatment of an acute migraine headache may vary from over-the-counter medicines, like acetaminophen , ibuprofen , naproxen sodium to prescription medications.

    Triptans

    • Triptans , may be extremely effective in treating migraines and may be prescribed to help patients treat their migraines at home. A combination of naproxen and sumatriptan is now available. Additionally, sumatriptan is now available as a patch, which delivers the medication though the skin.
    • Not every patient can take these medications, and there are specific limitations regarding how often these medications can be used.

    Other migraine treatments

    Don’t Miss: What Is An Abdominal Migraine

    Peppermint To Treat Migraine

    The well-known and effective anti-inflammatory property of peppermint helps soothe the nerves and treat a migraine at home. Additionally, it also has a calming and antispasmodic effect. A study completed in 2008 says, it is found that the fragrance of peppermint circulate the feeling of relief. You can simply intake peppermint tea with honey. This will surely help you to treat a migraine.

    This is the most effective home remedies for migraine and headaches. You can also massage with peppermint essential oil or you can make it at home by combining a peppermint and any;oil.;Boil water in a pan and add 2 pinches of normal tea leafs and boil it.;Now strain this liquid in a cup add lemon juice and pinch of peppermints.;Drink it twice in a day.

    What Causes Migraines

    How do you treat Migraine in children? – Dr. Vykunta Raju K N

    The exact cause of migraines isn’t known. Scientists think that they happen because some neurons stop working properly and send the wrong signals. This may affect the nerve system that regulates pain.

    Whatever the cause, experts do agree that different things trigger migraines in people who have them.

    Common migraine triggers include:

    • changes in hormone levels, such as from periods or birth control pill;use
    • skipping meals
    • too much caffeine or withdrawal from caffeine
    • some foods
    • sudden changes in sleep patterns
    • weather changes

    Read Also: What Migraine Medication Is Safe During Pregnancy

    Massage The Pain Away

    A regular massage may seem like a luxury, but when a migraine strikes, it can be the best way to relive all that’s built up in your head.

    Learn how to give yourself a calming and pain relieving massage, and you can prevent your migraines from growing worse, quickly. As you stretch and massage both the neck and the base of the scalp, you will stimulate blood flow and relaxation, sending the pain away from your head.

    Check out Theory & Practice of Therapeutic Massage for more on how to relieve the pain of headaches and migraines through massage.

    Image via Shutterstock

    Q When Do Migraines Begin In A Persons Life Is There A Particular Time

    A. There is no particular time when migraines can develop in a persons life. Most people have noticed that migraines have started developing when they were teenagers. In the 30s, migraines tend to be at their most severe. In your 40s, migraines tend to become less severe and more bearable as you age. However, a migraine can occur anytime and it varies from person to person. Usually stressful times and menstruation are times people suffer from migraine attacks. There are so many factors involved that it becomes difficult to predict.

    Read Also: What Causes Migraines In Adults

    Home Remedies To Ease A Headache Or Migraine Attack

    Many headache symptoms can be at least partially alleviated without medication. Here are some tips for homemade headache and migraine relief:

    Apply an ice pack to your head and neck.;Cold compresses on the head and neck are a common home remedy to ease the pain of a migraine attack. Some people also find it helpful for tension headaches. To avoid skin injury, wrap the ice or cold pack in a cloth and apply it for no more than 15 to 20 minutes at a time.

    Apply heat to the head, neck, or hands and feet. Applying heat may help relieve a tension headache or dull the pain of a migraine attack,;according to the Mayo Clinic. Use a heating pad set on low, a hot-water bottle, a warm compress, or a hot towel. A hot bath or shower may also be helpful, or simply run warm water over your hands and feet.

    Have a big glass of water.Dehydration can trigger a migraine attack or lead to a nonmigraine headache, says the National Headache Foundation. Replacing the liquids your body needs may help to relieve the pain.

    Practice a relaxation technique.;Meditate, breathe deeply, and try to visualize a peaceful image. “Various relaxation techniques can significantly help patients who suffer from ‘muscle contraction’ headaches,” says Rozental.

    Give yourself a massage.;Massage eases muscle tension, and sometimes helps to reduce headache pain,;according to the Mayo Clinic. Gently massage your temples, scalp, neck, and shoulders with your fingertips, or gently stretch your neck.

    What Medications Are Used To Relieve Migraine Pain

    How do you get rid of a migraine headache ...

    Over-the-counter medications are effective for some people with mild to moderate migraines. The main ingredients in pain relieving medications are ibuprofen, aspirin, acetaminophen, naproxen and caffeine.

    Three over-the-counter products approved by the Food and Drug Administration for migraine headaches are:

    • Excedrin® Migraine.
    • Advil® Migraine.
    • Motrin® Migraine Pain.

    Be cautious when taking over-the-counter pain relieving medications. Sometimes overusing them can cause analgesic-rebound headaches or a dependency problem. If you’re taking any over-the-counter pain medications more than two to three times a week, report that to your healthcare provider. They may suggest prescription medications that may be more effective.

    Prescription drugs for migraine headaches include:

    Triptan class of drugs :

    • Sumatriptan.
    • Butterbur.
    • Co-enzyme Q10.

    Drugs to relieve migraine pain come in a variety of formulations including pills, tablets, injections, suppositories and nasal sprays. You and your healthcare provider will discuss the specific medication, combination of medications and formulations to best meet your unique headache pain.

    Drugs to relieve nausea are also prescribed, if needed.

    All medications should be used under the direction of a headache specialist or healthcare provider familiar with migraine therapy. As with any medication, it’s important to carefully follow the label instructions and your healthcare providers advice.

    Read Also: Are Migraines A Symptom Of Pregnancy

    RELATED ARTICLES

    Popular Articles