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How Do You Stop An Ocular Migraine

Causes And Risk Factors

ocular migraine – how do you stop these?

Although the exact physiology of retinal migraine is unknown, one theory is that it may result from vasospasm, a narrowing of vessels that supply blood to the retina or that are part of the ciliary body of the eye.

Whatever the mechanism, like all types of migraine headaches, retinal migraines tend to be brought on by specific triggers such as stress, high blood pressure, smoking, and more.

Retinal migraines, in particular, may be triggered by:

  • Staring at a screen for long periods
  • Spending time in fluorescent or other harsh lighting
  • Driving long distances or participating in other taxing visual activities

People believed to be at increased risk of retinal migraine headaches include those who:

  • Are in their 20s or 30sin particular women, due to hormonal changes related to the menstrual cycle
  • Have a history of other types of migraine
  • Have a family history of migraine headache
  • Have lupus, atherosclerosis, or sickle cell disease

What Causes A Vestibular Migraine

Similarly to other types of migraine, vestibular migraines can be triggered by eating certain foods, the amount of caffeine you are having as well as stress. You might find that particular activities can worsen your symptoms or if you havent had as much sleep as you need. Taking care of yourself by eating regularly, finding time in your day to relax as well as exercise can help to keep you feeling well, and prevent migraine attacks.

How Long Does It Take For An Ocular Migraine To Go Away

Once an ocular migraine has begun, its difficult and sometimes impossible to stop. The migraine aura typically disappears in about 30 to 40 minutes, and headaches come about 10 to 15 minutes after the aura stage. My advice to those who suffer from ocular migraines is to just relax and enjoy the show.

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What Is An Ocular Migraine

An ocular migraine is an eye problem characterized by short episodes of vision loss or visual disturbances.

For example, you may see flashing lights in one eye accompanied by a headache.

Your doctor may also refer to this type of migraine as ophthalmic or monocular migraines.

These episodes may be scary. But in most cases, they are harmless and short-lived. However, ocular migraines can be a sign of a more serious condition.

Some people experience retinal migraines every few months, but the frequency varies from person to person.

Retinal migraine is a unique condition that should not be confused with headache-type migraine or migraine with aura, which often affect both eyes.1

Ocular And Visual Migraines: Prevention And Treatment Options

How To Help A Migraine

An ocular migraine can be quite alarming since the symptoms often cause temporary vision loss. Even though ocular migraines are rare, the occurrence of a migraine can have a debilitating result. Whether you have a history of migraines or you are experiencing this condition for the first time, it is recommended that you talk to an experienced eye doctor to discuss treatment options.

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Lets Talk About Ocular Migraines

The purpose of this post is to define the difference between classic and ocular migraines. Also, before I launch into specifics, I would like to start with this:

Flashing lights in your eyes can be concerning, as they can be a sign of retinal detachment or other retinal problems. It is essential to see an ophthalmologist if you have flashing in your eyes. An eye exam can reveal problems with the vitreous fluid, the retina, or even signs of a stroke.

Now, lets talk about migraines. This blog talks about two types:

Classic Migraines are thought to be caused by spasm of blood vessels in the brain. If this happens in the temple area, the result can be a severe, one-sided headache, sound sensitivity, nausea, and vomiting.

If, on the other hand, the spasm of blood vessels occurs in the back of the brain where vision is processed, this could be an Ocular or Eye Migraine. This condition can be one cause of visual disturbances that often do not need treatment. However, its still essential to have a complete eye evaluation to rule out more serious causes.

Diagnosis Of An Ocular Migraine

The diagnosis of an ocular migraine is often made by comparing the patients symptoms to the criteria established by the IHS. Migraines can be difficult to diagnose other conditions that could be causing the symptoms need to be ruled out.

The potential difficulties of making a diagnosis is the reason the IHS have established criteria to help clinicians to make a proper diagnosis.

The diagnostic criteria for the diagnosis of an ocular migraine from the IHS Classification ICHD-II are:

  • Two attacks in which the patient experiences the symptoms outlined in B and C.
  • The patient sees flashing lights , a blind spot , or experiences blindness in one eye. A healthcare professional must be able to confirm these symptoms with an examination or a detailed drawing/description.
  • The patient experiences a headache, meeting criteria for a migraine without aura. The headache may begin at the same time as the visual symptoms, but must begin within an hour after the symptoms start.
  • An eye exam performed when there are no ocular or migraine symptoms turns up no evidence of any disease.
  • There is no other explanation, such as another disease or disorder, for the symptoms.
  • There are several other conditions that should be ruled out when symptoms of an ocular migraine are present. These other conditions may have similar symptoms, but will require different treatments.

    Unfortunately, there is a long list of other causes of ocular symptoms that should be ruled out, including:

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    What Are Ocular Migraines And How Can You Prevent Them

    It is important to note that an ocular migraine is sometimes confused with another condition known as a visual migraine. Ocular migraines are not the same thing a visual migraine is much more common and harmless. An ocular migraine, also known as a retinal migraine, are usually painless and may occur alongside or after a migraine headache.

    Does Ibuprofen Help Ocular Migraines

    What do I do to treat an ocular migraine?

    Some medicine to treat ocular migraine are the same as those for migraine with aura, including over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen, or anti-nausea medications. Unlike migraine with aura, your doctor won’t prescribe triptans or ergotamine medications.23 de out. de 2019

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    Symptoms Of Ocular Migraines

    Not only do the symptoms of ocular migraines vary from one person to the next, but an individual can have differing symptoms for each migraine. The most common symptoms associated with ocular migraines include:

    • Temporary vision loss
    • Temporary blindness
    • Blindspot
    • Headache

    The term migraine is often associated with a severe headache. While a headache can be part of the experience of having an ocular migraine, there are many times when patients experience vision problems without the pain of a headache.

    Can Magnesium Help Ocular Migraines

    Research on magnesium has found it to be a potentially well-tolerated, safe and inexpensive option for migraine prevention, while it may also be effective as an acute treatment option for headaches including migraines, tension- type headaches and cluster headaches, particularly in certain patient subsets.

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    Symptoms Of Ocular Migraine

    An ocular migraine can have you seeing stars…literally. Or you might get squiggles, or blind spots, or other visual mayhem that makes it very difficultif not impossibleto see. As you might imagine, this can make it hard to do pretty much anything, so an ocular migraine can really ruin your day.

    Here are some of the common visual disturbances that happen with a migraine aura, according to a review article published in the Journal of Headache and Pain5:

    • Bright flashes of light

    Can Dehydration Cause Migraine Aura


    Dehydration is a common underlying cause of headaches, and it’s also a common trigger for migraines. 4 Migraine headaches are often one-sided, throbbing, and associated with nausea, vomiting, and a sensitivity to light and/or sound. Some migraines are preceded by a neurological disturbance, called an aura.

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    What Are The Acute Treatments For Migraine

    An isolated visual migraine, without headache, typically does not require any acute treatment, since the visual symptoms resolve on their own fairly quickly. The first few times someone experiences a visual migraine it usually causes a lot of anxiety. Once someone has become familiar with the symptoms of a visual migraine, new episodes no longer cause the same level of anxiety.

    It can be helpful to try to rest during the episode. Some patients benefit from other strategies, including eating something, having caffeine, or taking an over-the-counter medication such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen .

    Patients in whom the visual symptoms are accompanied by a severe headache often benefit from additional therapies. The goal of these medications is to try to cut short the headache before it becomes too severe. Some patients find naproxen , which is a stronger anti-inflammatory medication, to be helpful. Other patients try a class of medications known as triptans.

    Triptans are specially designed to work on receptors on blood vessels and brain cells in order to halt a migraine at an early stage. Although there are a number of different triptans, made by several different pharmaceutical companies, each of these is approximately equally effective. Triptans are often taken orally, but also come as injections and nasal sprays. These medicines are generally not considered safe in patients with a history of strokes, heart attacks, or other vascular diseases.

    How To Get Rid Of Ocular Migraines

    Visual migraines, likewise called ocular migraines or auras without headache, cause temporary blindness or restricted vision, flashing lights and other visual disruptions, according to the National Headache Foundation.

    Other symptoms consist of confusion, numbness, state of mind changes, amnesia and vomiting, inning accordance with Robert S. Kunkel, M.D., in a short article published in the June 2005 issue of the Cleveland Journal of Medicine. Most patients experience attacks infrequently and do not have pain. Treatment includes convenience measures, medication and avoidance of migraine sets off. Also think about your diet: some foods can trigger ocular migraine as well.

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    Treating And Preventing Migraine With Aura Or Retinal Migraine

    For infrequent attacks, medications that target symptoms can be effective, from NSAIDs for pain to anti-nausea medications. Preventative therapies including calcium channel blockers, antiepileptic or tricyclic medications. Quitting smoking is recommended and cessation of oral contraceptives may be advised in certain circumstances. Some options for relief without drugs can include resting your eyes, removing yourself from bright sunlight or other harsh lighting, and taking a break from looking at a screen. As with all types of migraine, try to avoid triggers like stress, dehydration, high altitude, low blood sugar, excessive heat and extensive time spent staring at a screen.

    While the symptoms can be disorienting and distressing, they are often short-lived, and almost always reversible. Take some time away from triggers and wait for the symptoms to fade. For more information, visit the American Migraine Foundations resource center, which includes content specifically related to Migraine with Aura, Retinal Migraine and more. The American Migraine Foundation is committed to providing comfort and information to people living with this disease. You are not alone: find your support network today.

    Reviewed for accuracy by the American Migraine Foundations subject matter experts, headache specialists and medical advisers with deep knowledge and training in headache medicine. to read about our editorial board members.

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    Is There A Connection Between Strokes And Ocular Migraines

    The ONLY Ocular Migraines Solution That Works Consistently (3 Simple Steps)

    Currently, there isnt a definitive answer. But some researchers believe that ocular migraine and stroke have a connection. The connection, they believe, has to do with damage to the cells lining your blood vessels. The inflammation of the cells can cause them to become stiff and hence increase the risk of suffering a stroke.

    Also, people who have migraine with aura are twice as likely to suffer a stroke as those who have no migraines.

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    Dont Push Yourself While Exercising

    When exercising, its not uncommon for people to push themselves. Those prone to ocular migraines, however, will find that when pushing themselves too hard during a workout an episode may occur. Thats because additional blood is needed by working muscles. As the blood is diverted, arterial flow decreases in other parts of the body.

    The blood vessels in the eye narrow and discs change which negatively affects the vision. That means you dont have to stop exercising, just be aware of how hard youre pushing. The more blood muscles need in other parts of the body, the less that will be available for the eyes.

    What Is An Ocular Migraine Aura

    So, lets talk aura, those sensory changes that can accompany migraine . Aura most often manifests as visual disturbances, according to the Mayo Clinic4. But you could also experience different sensations, like hearing music or feeling like someone is touching you. When we’re talking about an ocular migraine, we’re only talking about the visual symptoms.

    While some people experience an aura before their migraine headache strikes, an ocular migraine refers to the experience of only experiencing visual disturbanceswithout the stereotypical migraine head pain.

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    Ocular Migraine Vs Retinal Migraine

    People may use the terms ocular migraine and retinal migraine to mean the same thing, but there are some important differences. An ocular migraine generally occurs in both eyes. A retinal migraine is rare and tends to occur in just one eye, when vessels that supply the eye with blood narrow. It usually lasts about 10 to 20 minutes and sometimes up to an hour. Symptoms are similar to ocular migraine and may also include complete, temporary vision loss in one eye.

    Once the retinal migraine passes, blood vessels open back up and your vision returns to normal. Its a good idea to have retinal migraines checked out by a doctor to make sure symptoms are not signaling a more serious problem.

    What Are The Causes

    What causes migraine and how to prevent it?

    The exact causes of ocular migraines are not definitively established. However, many scientists think that the symptoms that you experience happen because of reduced blood flow to the brain. Spasm in the blood vessels is what causes a reduction in blood flow.

    The source of visual disturbances in ocular migraines is the retinal blood vessels. Contrarily, the source of migraines with aura is the occipital cortex, which is located at the base of the skull.

    Since the source of the problem in aura migraines is not the eyes but the brain, you will still experience the sensory disturbances even when you close your eyes.

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    How To Get Rid Of A Visual Migraine

  • Close your eyes until the visual disruptions fade. If possible, rest in a dark room or cover your eyes with a towel to block out all light. If you are owning, stopped to the side of the roadway and stop your car. Activity, lights, noise or stress might intensify the symptoms.
  • Use over-the-counter medications, such as aspirin or ibuprofen, if you experience discomfort. Numerous visual migraine patients do not experience pain, nevertheless.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.
  • Attempt biofeedback, yoga or meditation to promote relaxation.
  • Take prescription medications if you and your healthcare provider concur. Numerous fast-acting prescription medications may be effective in reducing visual migraines, consisting of isoproterenol, meclofenamate, naproxen or nitroglycerin, inning accordance with Robert S. Kunkel, M.D., in a post released in the June 2005 problem of the Cleveland Journal of Medicine.
  • Avoid taking medications recommended for other types of migraines. Triptans do not act quickly adequate and might not work.
  • Try preventive medications if you have frequent visual migraines. Your healthcare provider might prescribe calcium channel blockers, including verapamil, or anti-seizure medications, such as valproic acid, gabapentin or topiramate, to reduce the frequency and seriousness of the symptoms of visual migraines.
  • Contact your healthcare provider if you lose vision in only one eye. You might have a hidden medical condition or separated retina.
  • How To Get Rid Of Migraine With Aura

    “You treat ocular migraines similar to how you treat regular migraines,” says Danielle Wilhour, MD, assistant professor of neurology in the headache and neurohospitalist division at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus. “You can take a variety of medication to help get rid of the symptoms, including triptans, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and acetaminophen.” Triptans, which block pain paths in the brain, require a prescription.

    It’s most effective if you take your medication as soon as you start having visual symptoms, advises Steven Lin, DO, a neurologist with Healthcare Associates in Medicine in Staten Island, N.Y.

    Self-care steps can also be part of the plan to get rid of an ocular migraine faster:

    Rest your eyes. Avoid bright light by going indoors if you’re outside on a sunny day or stepping away from your computer screen. Move to a room where the light isn’t harsh and close your eyes, the American Migraine Foundation recommends. A cool cloth to the back of your neck or over your eyes or forehead also might bring some relief.

    Eat something. Unless it’s one of your triggers, a piece of chocolate might help because of its caffeine.

    Take a drink. It’s important to stay hydrated, so drink up preferably water.

    Relax. Find what relieves stress for you and do it. For some people, formal relaxation training, such as biofeedback or cognitive behavioral therapy, is effective.

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    Tips For Managing And Preventing Visual Migraines

    If your visual migraine occurs frequently, here are some tips to help you prevent or manage the condition.

    • Acupressure. This is an evidence-based practice of applying pressure with hands to specific points on the body to relieve pain and other symptoms. It can be an effective alternative therapy for migraine headaches.
    • Lavender oil. Lavender oil can be inhaled or applied diluted to the temples to ease your migraine pain.
    • Peppermint oil. According to a 2010 study, the menthol in peppermint oil can minimize migraines.6 The research showed that applying menthol to the forehead and temples relieved migraine-related pain, nausea, and light sensitivity.
    • Yoga. Yoga uses breathing, meditation, and body postures to promote health and well-being, relieving the frequency, duration, and intensity of migraines.
    • Massage therapy. Massage reduces stress and enhances coping skills. It also lowers heart rate, anxiety, and cortisol levels.
    • Herbal supplements. Butterbur and feverfew are common herbal remedies that may aid with migraine pain and frequency reduction.
    • Avoid Triggers. Ocular migraine triggers such as caffeinated foods, alcohol, dehydration, smoking, or stress
    • Unwind at the end of the day. Basic things like listening to soothing music or taking a warm bath after a long day can help your body relax and prevent migraines.


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