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How Do You Know If You Have A Migraine

What Causes Tension Headaches And Migraines

Migraine : What you need to know

Tension-type headaches usually are brought on by stress, worry, or being tired. They cause the muscles of your scalp, neck, and jaw to tighten, and that leads to pain.

The exact cause of migraine headaches is unclear. Your genes and environment may play roles, though. You get a migraine when certain chemicals in your brain increase.

Migraine headaches can be brought on by triggers, which can include changes in your hormone levels or bright lights.

How Can You Tell The Difference

It can be hard to tell the difference between a migraine with aura and a TIA. Here’s what to look for:

  • With a stroke, symptoms usually come on suddenly. With a migraine, they happen gradually the headache usually starts small and gets more painful.
  • A stroke is more likely to have what are called “negative” symptoms such as you might lose sight in one eye or lose feeling in one of your hands or feet. A migraine is more likely to have “positive” symptoms. That means added sensations, like flashes in your vision or tingling in your skin.
  • If you’re young, it’s more likely to be a migraine. If you’re older, it’s more likely to be a stroke, especially if you’ve never had a migraine before or you have high blood pressure or an irregular heartbeat.

How Can I Tell If I Have A Migraine Or A Sinus Headache

Many people confuse a sinus headache with a migraine because pain and pressure in the sinuses, nasal congestion, and watery eyes often occur with migraine. To find out if your headache is sinus or migraine, ask yourself these questions:

In addition to my sinus symptoms, do I have:

  • Moderate-to-severe headache
  • Nausea
  • Sensitivity to light
  • If you answer yes to two or three of these questions, then most likely you have migraine with sinus symptoms. A true sinus headache is rare and usually occurs due to sinus infection. In a sinus infection, you would also likely have a fever and thick nasal secretions that are yellow, green, or blood-tinged. A sinus headache should go away with treatment of the sinus infection.

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    Here Are Some Places Where You Can Read Up:

    • Get migraine research and facts

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    • News and information for people living with migraine and Chronic Migraine

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    • An online community for people living with migraine

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    What Are The Symptoms Of Migraines

    How to Tell if You Have a Migraine: 12 Steps (with Pictures)

    The primary symptom of migraine is a headache. Pain is sometimes described as pounding or throbbing. It can begin as a dull ache that develops into pulsing pain that is mild, moderate or severe. If left untreated, your headache pain will become moderate to severe. Pain can shift from one side of your head to the other, or it can affect the front of your head, the back of your head or feel like its affecting your whole head. Some people feel pain around their eye or temple, and sometimes in their face, sinuses, jaw or neck.

    Other symptoms of migraine headaches include:

    • Sensitivity to light, noise and odors.
    • Nausea and vomiting, upset stomach and abdominal pain.
    • Loss of appetite.
    • Feeling very warm or cold .
    • Pale skin color .
    • Euphoric mood.

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    How To Spot The Difference Between Migraines & Sinus Headaches

    If you have a runny nose, watery eyes and your head hurts, you might assume that you have a sinus headache. But studies show that about 90% of self-diagnosed sinus headaches are actually migraine.

    Theres a belief that sinus headache is a common illness. The marketing of over-the-counter medications designed to treat these symptoms reinforce this belief.. However, a sinus headache is not as common as you might think.

    How can you tell if you have migraine or sinus headache and get the treatment you need? Lets start by defining migraine and sinus headache.

    Our Free Guide Gives You 5 Tools For Every Day Migraine Prevention

    Holly Hazen is the creator of Migraine Savvy. Her guidance is guaranteed to give you more confidence in your ability to prepare for that next attack and recover faster. Learning resilience and coping skills now will pay off forever!

    If you like this article, please share it on your favorite social channelsâ¦

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    Tips For Managing Migraine With Aura

    • Confirm you have the right diagnosis. Bring a headache diary into your doctor and review ALL your symptoms, even the strange and seemingly unrelated ones. If you’re not confident with your diagnosis, it may be time to see a doctor who is more familiar with migraine or a headache specialist.
    • Act quickly. Think of the aura as your friendly tornado siren. If you know what to look and listen for, you can get to a safe place and sometimes abort an attack before the debilitating headache phase begins. That’ll save you money, time, and a lot of pain. It can allow you to treat early, which experts say is far more effective than waiting.
    • Alert others. Don’t be afraid to ask for help, especially with driving and navigating in public. Friends don’t let friends experience an aura alone. Have an alert plan if you feel an aura coming on, like sending a quick pre-formatted text with instructions to your three closest caregivers.
    • Re-evaluate your treatment plan. If you indeed have migraine with aura, it may not be wise for you to take medications that further elevate your risk of stroke. You and your doctor can create a treatment plan with lifestyle changes that limits your risks.

    Once you recognize the symptoms of Migraine with aura, you can better manage Migraine and all the emotions it brings.

    Earlier versions of this article incorrectly stated the device is called “Nerivio Migra.” It should have simply read “Nerivio.” Migraine Again regrets the error.

    How Can I Tell If I Have A Migraine Or Just A Bad Tension

    How Do You Know If You Have Cluster Headaches?

    Compared with migraine, tension-type headache is generally less severe and rarely disabling. Compare your symptoms with those in this chart to see what type of headache you might be having.

    Migraine vs. bad tension-type headache

    Symptom
    Aura before onset of headachex

    Note: Rebound headache may have features of tension and/or migraine headache. Adapted from a table produced by the American Council for Headache Education.

    Although fatigue and stress can bring on both tension and migraine headaches, migraines can be triggered by certain foods, changes in the body’s hormone levels, and even changes in the weather.

    There also are differences in how types of headaches respond to treatment with medicines. Although some over-the-counter drugs used to treat tension-type headaches sometimes help migraine headaches, the drugs used to treat migraine attacks do not work for tension-type headaches for most people.

    You can’t tell the difference between a migraine and a tension-type headache by how often they occur. Both can occur at irregular intervals. Also, in rare cases, both can occur daily or almost daily.

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    Research Data On Race And Ethnicity

    Migraine can be a debilitating condition that is underdiagnosed and challenging to treat. This can be seen especially in BIPOC populations. People of Color are less likely to receive the diagnosis of migraine and the treatment than white people.

    In fact, only 47% of African Americans have an official migraine diagnosis, compared with 70% of white people in the country. And other research found that Latino people are 50% less likely to receive a formal migraine diagnosis than white people. These disparities can impact treatment and therapies.

    While these figures could lead to the conclusion that white people experience more migraine episodes than other groups, looking at the average prevalence of severe headache or migraine from 2005 to 2012 in the U.S. found that the prevalence rates of episodes across all groups were similar:

    • 17.7% of Native American people
    • 15.5% of white people
    • 14.45% of Black people
    • 9.2% of Asian people

    Furthermore, females in all groups were approximately twice as likely to experience migraine episodes than males.

    Overall, studies that discuss migraine and use racial and ethnic differences for clarity often do not consider contributing factors. Further research is warranted, and this should consider behavioral, environmental, genetic, and socioeconomic factors, as well as access to healthcare.

    The 4 Phases Of A Migraine Headache

    The migraine sign everyone knows is a severe headache, but there’s actually more to it than that. In fact, there are four distinct stages to a migraine that can begin up to a full day before you descend into the pits of an attack. You might not go through every migraine phase every time you have one, and you may never experience some at all. Still, keep an eye out for these signs.

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    Where To Seek Help

    • Always see your doctor if you’re worried about migraines or headaches. Seek medical attention immediately if you are experiencing any other sudden or unusual symptoms.
    • If you’re not sure whether you’re having a migraine, try the healthdirect Symptom Checker tool for advice on what to do next.
    • If you’re not sure whether you need to see a doctor or go to hospital, you can call healthdirect for advice on 1800 022 222 .
    • To find a doctor or health service near you, use the healthdirect service finder.
    • Visit the Headache Australia website for information and support. There, you can also join Headache Australia’s national register to stay informed of any new treatments, developments and research into migraine and headache.

    Location Of Headache Pain Vs Migraine Pain

    You have a terrible headache. How do you know if it

    Migraines and headaches can also have different areas where the pain is centralized.

    If you have a headache, you’ll likely feel pain and pressure in the forehead and scalp, and sometimes even toward the area where the spine and skull connect.

    If you have a migraine, you’ll likely feel pain on only one side of your head. You may occasionally feel pain on both sides of the head when you have a migraine, but the pain will likely feel more intense on one side.

    If you can clearly identify that the pain is on one side of your head instead of across your forehead or across your entire head, you’re likely dealing with a migraine. Each case is different, though, so make sure you monitor for other symptoms.

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    What Causes Vestibular Migraine

    Vestibular migraines, like other migraine syndromes, tend to run in families. Although science has not completely clarified the complex mechanisms of migraine, it is known that women tend to suffer more from the condition than men, and symptoms may get worse around menstruation.

    In addition, people vulnerable to vestibular migraines can experience episodes after migraine triggers including altered sleep patterns, MSG, menstrual cycle and food such as chocolate, ripened or aged cheese and red wine.

    Where Are The Sinuses

    The sinuses are hollow spaces or cavities in the bones around the nose. Your sinuses make mucus or fluid. The mucus drains into your nasal cavity and down the back of your throat. This keeps your nose moist and gets rid of dust, allergens, and germs.

    There are four pairs of sinuses connected to your nose:

    • in the cheekbones on each side of your nose
    • above your eyes near the forehead
    • between the eyes and the bridge of your nose
    • behind your eyes

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    Can You Get Both Types Of Headaches

    If you feel like you’re getting a mix of migraines and tension-type headaches, and you get them often, you might have a condition called chronic or transformed migraine.

    This is when you get headaches 15 or more days a month, and on at least 8 of those days it feels like you’re having a migraine.

    People with this condition usually start getting occasional migraines in their teens or 20s, and then start having the headaches more often — daily even. As the headaches become more frequent, the pain often becomes less severe.

    Along with pain, you may also have migraine symptoms like nausea and sensitivity to light or sound, but these usually become less frequent and severe over time, too.

    A variety of things can make you more likely to get chronic migraine. Research shows that almost 80% of people with the condition took pain-relief drugs for their headache symptoms too often. Other things that can raise your odds for chronic migraine are:

    • Having more than one migraine a week
    • Getting these headaches for a long time
    • Obesity

    See Your Doctor Right Away If:

    What is Migraine? And Other Frequently Asked Questions
    • You have abrupt, severe headaches.
    • Your headaches begin for the first time after age 50.
    • Headaches start when youâre active, straining, coughing, or having sex.
    • You have these problems, and they donât get better after the headache goes away:
    • Changes in your vision
    • A body part that is weak, or you canât move it
    • Trouble with balance and walking
  • You get a fever or stiff neck.
  • You lose weight without trying.
  • Headaches start after an injury.
  • Headaches are more severe than or different from your regular headache pattern.
  • Show Sources

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    What To Know Before You See The Doctor

    Some people think an occasional headache is nothing to worry about. But headaches can become a problem if:

    • You experience them frequently
    • They become severe
    • They are disrupting your everyday life

    To help your doctor diagnose the source of your headaches, I find it useful when my patients keep track of how often theyre happening. This way, I can determine whether theres a pattern in triggers.

    Seek immediate care for your headache if you experience:

    • A sudden, intense headache
    • Loss of consciousness or vision
    • Frequent vomiting
    • Pain for more than 72 hours with little to no relief

    If youd like to speak with a Temple doctor about your headaches, schedule an appointment or call 800-TEMPLE-MED today.

    Headaches Are Interfering With Your Daily Life

    If you have headaches that are landing you in bed all day or otherwise making you unable to perform your normal daily activities, its time to see a doctor. You may be experiencing migraines, or the headaches could be a symptom of another underlying issue such as the ones listed above. Only a doctor can assess the cause, so get help as soon as possible.

    Make an appointment with one of our headache specialists at Keck Medicine of USC. If youre in the Los Angeles area, schedule an appointment by calling or by visiting neuro.keckmedicine.org/request-an-appointment.

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    What Are Some Migraine Risk Factors And Triggers

    Some things make you more likely to get migraine headaches . Other things may bring on a migraine .

    Common migraine risk factors include the following:

    • Family history: You are much more likely to have migraines if one or both of your parents had migraines.
    • Sex: Women are more likely than men to have migraines.
    • Age: Most people have their first migraine during adolescence, but migraines can start at any age, usually before age 40.

    Common migraine triggers include the following:

    • Food and drink: Certain food and drink may cause migraines. Dehydration and dieting or skipping meals may also trigger migraines.
    • Hormone changes: Women may experience migraines related to their menstrual cycles, to menopause, or to using hormonal birth control or hormone replacement therapy.
    • Stress: Stress may trigger migraines. Stress includes feeling overwhelmed at home or work, but your body can also be stressed if you exercise too much or dont get enough sleep.
    • Senses: Loud sounds, bright lights , or strong smells may trigger migraines.
    • Medicines: Certain medicines may trigger migraines. If you think your migraines might be related to your medicine, talk to your doctor. Your doctor may be able to prescribe a different medicine.
    • Illness: Infections, such as the cold or the flu, may trigger migraines, especially in children.

    Foods that may trigger migraines:

    • aged, canned, cured, or processed meat
    • aged cheese
    • soy sauce

    Prescription Drugs For Quick Migraine Relief

    Do YOU know how to recognize what kind of headache you ...

    Headaches caused by migraine frequently occur along with other symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to light and sound, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Many people experience a migraine attack as a throbbing pain on one side of the head. Treating migraine symptoms right away can shorten the attack.

    The types of medications that can alleviate symptoms once a migraine attack has started are known as acute, abortive, or rescue medications. These include OTC pain relievers such as aspirin and ibuprofen, prescription medications called triptans, and a new class of drugs called CGRP receptor antagonists.

    Triptans Triptans are selective-serotonin receptor agonists, which means that they are believed to stimulate serotonin, a neurotransmitter found in the brain, to reduce inflammation and constrict blood vessels, which in turn stops the headache or migraine attack, according to the National Headache Foundation.

    There are currently seven triptan drugs available in the United States: Axert , Relpax , Frova , Amerge , Maxalt , Imitrex , and Zomig . All are available in pill form two, Imitrex and Zomig, come as a nasal spray and one, Imitrex are sold in an injectable form.

    Other Acute Migraine Treatments Other medications that may be used for acute treatment of migraine include:

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