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How Do You Describe A Migraine

What Is The Prognosis For People With Migraines

What Are Migraines?

Migraines are unique to each individual. Likewise, how migraines are managed is also unique. The best outcomes are usually achieved by learning and avoiding personal migraine triggers, managing symptoms, practicing preventive methods, following the advice of your healthcare provider and reporting any significant changes as soon as they occur.

What Can I Take For A Headache That Wont Go Away

Common types of medication to treat or prevent lingering headaches include:OTC treatments, such as acetaminophen or Excedrin.nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin or ibuprofen.prescription migraine medications, such as triptans, ergotamine, beta-blockers, or calcitonin gene-related peptide antagonists.

How Can I Tell If It Is A Migraine Or Another Type Of Headache

There is no test to diagnose a migraine headache, so the diagnosis usually is based on your history and symptoms for migraines or another type of headache, like cluster or tension headaches. The International Headache Society criteria for diagnosis of migraine headaches state that a patient must have at least five headache attacks that have lasted 4 to 72 hours, and that the headache must have had at least two of the following characteristics:

  • The pain is only on one side of the head .
  • It has a pulsating quality to it
  • It causes moderate to severe pain
  • It is aggravated by routine physical activity

In addition, the patient must have one of two criteria, either nausea and/or vomiting, or photophobia and phonophobia.

Finally, these symptoms listed here do not occur due to any other disorder or condition the patient may have.

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This Is What A Migraine Really Feels Like

It’s just a headache. Can’t you just take some ibuprofen and get back to work?

People who get migraine headachesor migraine attacks, which is even more accurate since they don’t always come with headachesare all too familiar with this kind of misperception.

Migraines, which affect some 38 million Americans, consist of a web of symptoms that can make day-to-day functioning nearly impossible, including headache, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, sensitivity to sound, light, smell, or touch, tingling or numbness, and vision changes. So no, it’s not just a headache.

For about 2% of people, migraines are chronic, meaning they rear their ugly heads on 15 or more days each month, says Elizabeth Seng, PhD, a clinical health psychologist and assistant professor at Yeshiva University in New York who specializes in the study and treatment of headache and chronic pain.

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To help shed some light on what migraine suffererstechnically called migraineursare going through, we asked real women to tell us what it’s really like. Here, they describe the attacks.

“About 12 to 24 hours before a full-blown migraine, I start getting irritable or cry easily. I’ll get strange food cravings, or I can’t think straight. I’ll hear words but none of them will make any sense, or I try to get an idea out, and it’s just jumbled when I try to speak.”Tammy, 46

What Are Primary Headaches

What is headaches and migraines

Primary headaches include migraine, tension, and cluster headaches, as well as a variety of other less common types of headaches.

  • Tension headaches are the most common type of primary headache. Tension headaches occur more commonly among women than men. According to the World Health Organization, 1 in 20 people in the developed world suffer with a daily tension headache.
  • Migraine headaches are the second most common type of primary headache. Migraine headaches affect children as well as adults. Before puberty, boys and girls are affected equally by migraine headaches, but after puberty, more women than men are affected.
  • Cluster headaches are a rare type of primary headache. It more commonly affects men in their late 20s, though women and children can also suffer from this type of headache.

Primary headaches can affect the quality of life. Some people have occasional headaches that resolve quickly while others are debilitating. While these headaches are not life-threatening, they may be associated with symptoms that can mimic strokes.

Many patients equate severe headache with migraine, but the amount of pain does not determine the diagnosis of migraine. Read our Migraine Headache article for more information about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of migraines.

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Why Do I Get Frequent Ocular Migraines

For migraine sufferers, visual disturbances like zigzag lines or flashes of light are common occurrences, especially in those who experience an aura prior to a migraine. But some people experience these visual disturbances and do not get the pain associated with a migraine. These visual disturbances are known as ocular migraines or migraines of the eye. But what exactly are they and why do they happen so frequently?

Trigger: Anxiety And Stress

Emotional stress is a common trigger of migraine headaches. While it’s impossible to completely avoid stress, relaxation exercises can help you cope. Inhale and exhale slowly, letting the air fill you and then deflate like a balloon. Some people find that thinking of a peaceful scene or listening to favorite music can help.

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Migraine Is Like A Horror Movie

During Halloween one year, I was inspired to tell a family member that my migraines sometimes take on a monster-like quality. Discussing the movie Frankenstein, I asked, You know when all that lightning goes into The Creature’s head? I began, Well, imagine that kind of blinding painand then add flu symptoms. Sadly, during an attack, Im always too achey to sing a rousing rendition of Putting on the Ritz.

Migraine In Other Inherited Disorders

Video Explanation: What are Headaches?

Migraine occurs with increased frequency in patients with mitochondrial disorders, such as MELAS . CADASIL is a genetic disorder that causes migraine with aura, strokes before the age of 60, progressive cognitive dysfunction, and behavioral changes.

CADASIL is inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion, and most patients with the disorder have an affected parent. Approximately 90% of cases result from mutations of the < INOTCH3< I> gene, located on chromosome 19. Patients with CADASIL have significant morbidity from their ailment, and life expectancy is approximately 68 years.

Migraine is also a common symptom in other genetic vasculopathies, including 2 autosomal dominant disorders: RVCL , which is caused by mutations in the TREX1 gene, and HIHRATL , which is suggested to be caused by mutations in the COL4A1 gene. The mechanisms by which these genetic vasculopathies give rise to migraine are still unclear.

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What Causes Cluster Headaches

Cluster headaches are so named because they tend to occur daily for periods of a week or more followed by long periods of time — months to years — with no headaches. They occur at the same time of day, often waking the patient in the middle of the night.

The cause of cluster headaches is uncertain but may be due to a sudden release of the chemicals histamine and serotonin in the brain. The hypothalamus, an area located at the base of the brain, is responsible for the body’s biologic clock and may be the source for this type of headache. When brain scans are performed on patients who are in the midst of a cluster headache, abnormal activity has been found in the hypothalamus.

Cluster headaches also:

  • tend to run in families and this suggests that there may be a role for genetics
  • may be triggered by changes in sleep patterns and
  • may be triggered by medications

If an individual is in a susceptible period for cluster headache, cigarette smoking, alcohol, and some foods also are potential causes for headache.

Learn More About Each Stage Of A Migraine:

1. Prodrome

One or two days before a migraine, you might notice subtle changes that warn of an upcoming migraine, including constipation, mood changes from depression to euphoria, food cravings, neck stiffness, increased thirst and urination or frequent yawning.

2. Aura

For some people, aura might occur before or during migraines. Auras are reversible symptoms of the nervous system. They’re usually visual, but they also can include other disturbances. Each symptom usually begins gradually, builds up over several minutes and lasts 20 minutes to one hour.

Examples of auras include:
  • Visual phenomena, such as seeing various shapes, bright spots or flashes of light
  • Vision loss
  • “Pins-and-needles” sensations in an arm or leg
  • Weakness or numbness in the face, or one side of the body
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Uncontrollable jerking or other movements

3. Attack

A migraine usually lasts from four to 72 hours if untreated, and the frequency varies by the person. Migraines might occur rarely or strike several times a month.

During a migraine, you might have:
  • Pain, usually on one side of your head, but often on both sides
  • Pain that throbs or pulses
  • Sensitivity to light, sound, and sometimes smell and touch
  • Nausea and vomiting

4. Post-drome

After a migraine attack, you might feel drained, confused and washed out for up to a day. Some people report feeling elated. Sudden head movement might bring on pain again briefly.

Learn more about headaches:

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What Is A Migraine With Aura

A migraine with aura is a severe headache that happens along with things like dizziness, a ringing in your ears, zigzag lines in your vision, or sensitivity to light.

About a quarter of all migraines happen with auras. But you may not have one with every migraine. Some children and older adults may get an aura but no pain.

Though they can hurt a lot and make you feel “off,” these headaches aren’t life-threatening. There are things you can do as well as medications and devices that can treat the symptoms and prevent migraine with aura.

What is aura?

“Aura” is the term for any of the sensory changes that happen before a migraine headache. They can affect your vision, hearing, or ability to speak. You could also have muscle weakness or tingling.

What Are Ocular Migraines

How do you describe your migraine?

The term ocular migraine is used to describe a migraine that takes place in the eye. These migraines can manifest as a variety of different visual disturbances including:

  • Zigzag lines
  • Bright flashes of light
  • Scotomas or blind spots
  • Scintillations or sparkling, usually of lights or stars but can also be blind spots

These are the most common symptoms of an ocular migraine, but the visual disturbance caused by this type of migraine can manifest as anything from shadows in the vision to a complete but temporary loss of vision in the eye.

What makes an ocular migraine different from an aura is that it typically only occurs in one eye and lasts only a few minutes to an hour. They are also not followed by an actual migraine headache .

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How Many Migraines A Month Is Too Many

Most people who are prone to migraines get a painful attack once or twice a month. But if you have the condition known as chronic migraine, you get headaches much more often 15 or more days a month for at least 3 months.. These frequent and severe attacks can make living a normal life a challenge.

How Will Your Doctor Use This Information

Once youâve given your doctor as much information as possible, including whether your headaches feel more like âthrobbingâ or âtightness,â for example, what should you expect next?

Unfortunately, says Dr. Crystal, thereâs no blood test or scan for diagnosing your headaches. These tests are used to rule out other caues of headaches. Instead, your doctor will look at your personal history, she says.

You might have to go through a few tests, especially if your doctor thinks you might have a type of headache other than migraine. But, if your doctor does suspect migraine, she will use these criteria:

Migraine is diagnosed when a patient has had at least 5 episodes of headaches in their lifetime lasting between 4 and 72 hours and accompanied by at least two of these symptoms:

  • Unilateral, or one-sided, pain
  • Throbbing or pulsating pain
  • Worsens with routine activity

And at least one of the following:

  • Sensitivity to light and/or sound
  • Nausea and/or vomiting

Other factors might lead to a migraine diagnosis too, adds Dr. Crystal, like aura , motion sickness , and the presence of common migraine triggers in your life.

The good news, says Dr. Crystal, is that youâll likely leave your first visit with a diagnosis and a treatment plan.

âI like to divide the treatment plan in terms of transitional treatments ,â she says, âpreventives , and acute treatment .â

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Migraine With Brainstem Aura

You may notice that in the list of possible aura symptoms above that brainstem aura is listed. These migraines doesnt have motor weakness but show at least two of the following brainstem symptoms: dysarthria, vertigo, tinnitus, hypacusis, diplopia, ataxia, and decreased level of consciousness. As you can see this is a different subset of clinical symptoms that your patient may report and are associated with disruption to the vascular blood flow from the basilar artery to the brainstem. Many of these patients have the typical aura symptoms, no motor symptoms, and brainstem features.

Are Migraine Brains Different

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Summary: People with migraines have differences in an area of the brain that helps process sensory information, including pain, according to a new study. The study found that part of the cortex area of the brain is thicker in people with migraine than in people who do not have the neurological disorder.

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Is Your Treatment Working

After you have treated two or three headaches, ask yourself some simple questions. Are you getting the relief you need? If not, you should ask your doctor about altering treatment. Be sure you take medications early in the attack — at least within two hours of migraine pain. If medications are not working, your doctor may prescribe use of an external medical device that stimulates the trigeminal nerve, the vagus nerve or nerves in the back of the head that are linked to migraines.

Can The Wind Give You A Headache

5 Bad weather If youre prone to getting headaches, you could find that grey skies, high humidity, rising temperatures and storms can all bring on head pain. Pressure changes that cause weather changes are thought to trigger chemical and electrical changes in the brain. This irritates nerves, leading to a headache.

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I Thought I Was Having A Stroke Or Some Kind Of Brain Failure Because My Vision Went Out In My Right Eye Dominique 28

I didn’t know the difference between a headache and a migraine until I was older. They were just bad headaches to me. It wasn’t until college that I got my first aura migraine, which was the scariest symptom ever. I thought I was having a stroke or some kind of brain failure because my vision went out in my right eye.

so hard to describe sometimes they feel like a splitting sensation through my eye and temple, extending toward the back of my head. Sometimes it’s localized to one side other times it’s the full head. Its such a wild thing to have this pain with no trauma, because it feels like an injury. Typically for me it’s either behind my eyes, in my temples, or in the back of my skull .

I Didn’t Describe My Migraine That Well

Pin on Migraine Art

When I first started getting migraines, the only language I had to describe one was, Its like a headache but way worse. I was at a loss to describe the agony I felt and in trying to find some relatable way of speaking about them, I used headaches as an example.

A migraine is not a bad headache.

Still, I couldn’t figure out a way to accurately describe my migraine pain. Over the years, I realized I was going to have do better if I wanted to stop the stigma that a migraine is merely a headache gone bad.

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How Are Tension Headaches Diagnosed

The key to making the diagnosis of any headache is the history given by the patient. The health care professional will ask questions about the headache to try to help make the diagnosis. Those questions will try to define the quality, quantity, and duration of the pain, as well as any associated symptoms. The person with a tension headache will usually complain of mild-to-moderate pain that is located on both sides of the head. People with tension headaches describe the pain as a non-throbbing tightness, that is not made worse with activity. There usually are no associated symptoms like nausea, vomiting, or light sensitivity.

The physical examination, particularly the neurologic portion of the examination, is important in tension headaches because to make the diagnosis, it should be normal. However, there may be some tenderness of the scalp or neck muscles. If the health care professional finds an abnormality on neurologic exam, then the diagnosis of tension headache should be put on hold until the potential for other causes of headaches has been investigated.

How Can I Describe A Girl

Affable She has many friends and is a pleasure to be around. Ambitious She has a personality that revolves around her goals and improving her situation. Captivating She is a delightful person you cant take your eyes off her. Confident She trusts her own abilities and knows that she has value.

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What Is An Aura

An aura is a group of sensory, motor and speech symptoms that usually act like warning signals that a migraine headache is about to begin. Commonly misinterpreted as a seizure or stroke, it typically happens before the headache pain, but can sometimes appear during or even after. An aura can last from 10 to 60 minutes. About 15% to 20% of people who experience migraines have auras.

Aura symptoms are reversible, meaning that they can be stopped/healed. An aura produces symptoms that may include:

  • Seeing bright flashing dots, sparkles, or lights.
  • Blind spots in your vision.
  • Numb or tingling skin.


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