Drink A Small Amount Of Caffeine
Although caffeine can cause headaches of its own in large amounts, a small dose of a beverage like coffee or soda can soothe the pain of an intense migraine.
When you drink caffeine, it can offer pain relieving benefitsâas long as you drink just a small amount, as the Mayo Clinic notes. If you drink it right when you feel a migraine beginning to appear, it can also improve the effects of Tylenol, aspirin, and other over-the-counter pain relievers .
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Whatever you choose to calm your intense migraine pain, keep track of what you eat, drink, and do when you get them. Finding the trigger to your headaches can help you avoid them in the future. Avoiding certain foods, ingredients, and activities, you can keep migraines at bay and not have to endure their awful reign.
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How Should This Medicine Be Used
Sumatriptan injection comes as a solution to inject subcutaneously . It is usually used at the first sign of a migraine headache. If your symptoms improve after you use sumatriptan but return after 1 hour or longer, you may use a second dose of sumatriptan. However, if your symptoms do not improve after you use sumatriptan, do not use a second injection without talking to your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Use sumatriptan exactly as directed. Do not use more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.
Sumatriptan injection comes in a pre-filled auto-injection device and in vials to be used with disposable syringes. If you are using vials of sumatriptan injection, your doctor or pharmacist will tell you what type of syringe you should use. Do not use any other type of syringe because you may not get the right amount of medication.
You can inject your sumatriptan in the outer side of your thigh or upper arm. Do not inject sumatriptan through clothing. Never inject sumatriptan into a vein or muscle.
You may use your first dose of sumatriptan injection in a doctor’s office or other medical facility where you can be monitored for serious reactions. Carefully read the instructions that come with your device, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to show you how to use it.
Medicines For Nausea Or Vomiting
These medicines are called anti-sickness medicines or antiemetics. They can be helpful to treat migraine even if you don’t experience nausea or vomiting. These are prescribed by your doctor and can be used together with other pain relievers and triptans. Seek medical advice before taking anti-sickness medicines as they are not suitable for some people.As with pain relievers, anti-sickness medicines work better if taken as soon as your migraine symptoms begin. They usually come in the form as tablets, but are also available as a suppository.
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Apply A Cold Compress
If youve ever put an ice pack on an injury or a heating pad on a sore back, you know the power of temperature therapy. This can also help when you have a migraine.
Cold therapy has been used to treat migraine for more than 100 years, but there are few scientific studies to suggest why it can help relieve pain for some people. Some theories have suggested that cold therapy can help constrict blood vessels or slow the nerve signals involved with migraine pain.
Even recent studies havent pinpointed exactly how , or ice packs applied at the onset of a migraine could significantly reduce the perception of migraine pain.
You may need to experiment to decide what feels best for you. Some people find that an ice pack applied to the head offers soothing, numbing relief. This is particularly helpful if sun or heat brought on your migraine.
Migraine Relief Pressure Points
With acupressure, pain is said to be controlled by applying pressure on select points on the body to stimulate the release of endorphins, the bodys natural pain killers. So is acupressure one of the ways to get rid of a migraine? The jury is still out. But wrist-based acupressure can help combat a common migraine side effect: nausea, according to a 2012 study in the journal Neurological Sciences, noting that almost half of migraine sufferers reported nausea relief after 60 minutes of wearing Sea-Bands, with that number bumping to 84% at hour four.
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Drink Caffeinated Tea Or Coffee
Sipping on beverages that contain caffeine, such as tea or coffee, may provide relief when you are experiencing a headache.
Caffeine improves mood, increases alertness and constricts blood vessels, all of which can have a positive effect on headache symptoms .
It also helps increase the effectiveness of common medications used to treat headaches, such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen .
However, caffeine withdrawal has also been shown to cause headaches if a person regularly consumes large amounts of caffeine and suddenly stops.
Therefore, people who get frequent headaches should be mindful of their caffeine intake .
Certain herbs including feverfew and butterbur may reduce headache symptoms.
Feverfew is a flowering plant that has anti-inflammatory properties.
Some studies suggest that taking feverfew supplements in doses of 50150 mg per day may reduce headache frequency. However, other studies have failed to find a benefit .
Butterbur root comes from a perennial shrub native to Germany and, like feverfew, has anti-inflammatory effects.
Several studies have shown that taking butterbur extract in doses of 50150 mg reduces headache symptoms in both adults and children .
Feverfew is generally considered safe if taken in recommended amounts. However, butterbur should be treated with caution, as unpurified forms can cause liver damage, and the effects of its long-term use are unknown (
Foods containing them have been shown to trigger headaches in some people.
What Other Information Should I Know
Keep all appointments with your doctor. Your blood pressure should be checked regularly.
You should keep a headache diary by writing down when you have headaches and when you use sumatriptan injection.
Do not let anyone else take your medication. Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about refilling your prescription.
It is important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in case of emergencies.
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Consume Or Inhale Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is yet another anecdotal remedy for headaches, especially those triggered by poorly regulated blood sugar or sinus problems. This mildly acidic liquid has been credited with a lot of therapeutic potential but there isnt any solid scientific evidence to substantiate these claims.
Nevertheless, a lot of general users have reported positive results after using this remedy with little to no side effects, if used correctly.
How to use:
- Mix 2 teaspoons of ACV in a glass of water, and add some honey and lemon juice to it for better taste. Drink this tonic thrice a day for headache relief.
- Take equal amounts of water and ACV in a pot and bring this mixture to a boil. Then, breathe in the therapeutic vapors to relieve sinus headaches.
Note: ACV can erode the tooth enamel, which is why its important to drink this tonic through a straw and rinse your mouth thereafter.
Essential Oils For Migraines
While essential oils may seem like the ultimate woo-woo remedy, actual studies support their usefulness, specifically lavender and peppermint essential oils. To wit: A small placebo-controlled study out of Iran found that inhaling lavender for 15 minutes can be an effective and safe way to help manage migraines. And a larger 2019 double-blind study found that inhaling peppermint essential oil for just five minutes caused a considerable reduction in the intensity and frequency of migraines. To relieve your migraine fast, try placing a few drops in a diffuser as you rest in a dark and quiet room.
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Treating Migraines With Marijuana
Inhaled medical marijuana has been shown to reduce migraine severity by nearly 50%, according to a recent study in the Journal of Pain. While its migraine-squelching effectiveness appears to diminish over time, researchers didnt find any evidence of rebound headaches, which is a common pitfall of conventional migraine treatments. With that, the Cleveland Clinic does not endorse medical marijuana as a migraine treatment, in part, because it has not endured extensive clinical trials.
Acute Treatment For Cluster Headaches
Given the severity and also the relative brevity of cluster headaches, acute treatments need to work quickly to relieve the pain and suffering caused by them. According to neurologist and headache expert and researcher Peter J. Goadsby, MBBS, writing for the American Headache Society, effective acute treatments for cluster headaches include:
- Inhaled oxygen
- Injected dihydroergotamine
- Topical lidocaine nasal drops
Another option, the drug Emgality , was approved in 2019 to treat cluster headaches, becoming the only drug specifically approved for this type of headache. Its also approved for the prevention of migraine attacks.
When used to treat cluster headaches, Emgality is self-administered using three, 100-milligram prefilled syringes, which are taken one after the other at the start of a cluster period and then every month until the end of the cluster period.
Emgality belongs to a class of drugs known as calcitonin gene-related peptide antibodies. Drugs in this class are either targeted against CGRP receptors or against CGRP itself.
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Add A Little Pressure
Although it may feel as though your head is under an incredible amount of pressure and pain, getting in touch with certain pressure points on the body can alleviate your discomfort.
When you begin to feel the first tinges of a migraine, place a bit of pressure on your craniosacral system. By pressing with your fingers on certain migraine-specific spots, you can force your brain to relax and rest, restarting it from a pain-free place. Though it increases pressure in the cranium, it works to send the tension that’s building in your brain elsewhere.
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Prescription Drugs For Quick Migraine Relief
Headaches caused by migraine frequently occur along with other symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to light and sound, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Many people experience a migraine attack as a throbbing pain on one side of the head. Treating migraine symptoms right away can shorten the attack.
The types of medications that can alleviate symptoms once a migraine attack has started are known as acute, abortive, or rescue medications. These include OTC pain relievers such as aspirin and ibuprofen, prescription medications called triptans, and a new class of drugs called CGRP receptor antagonists.
Triptans Triptans are selective-serotonin receptor agonists, which means that they are believed to stimulate serotonin, a neurotransmitter found in the brain, to reduce inflammation and constrict blood vessels, which in turn stops the headache or migraine attack, according to the National Headache Foundation.
There are currently seven triptan drugs available in the United States: Axert , Relpax , Frova , Amerge , Maxalt , Imitrex , and Zomig . All are available in pill form two, Imitrex and Zomig, come as a nasal spray and one, Imitrex are sold in an injectable form.
Other Acute Migraine Treatments Other medications that may be used for acute treatment of migraine include:
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Home Remedies For Migraines
One-third of folks who suffer from migraines or headaches use complementary or alternative medicine , like acupuncture or homeopathy. The strange part? Only about 3% use CAM to treat their head pain. Instead, theyre utilizing CAM to quell other conditions. And that may be a missed opportunity, says Chris DAdamo, Ph.D., director of research for the Center for Integrative Medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore. Here are some effective ways to get rid of a migraine, naturally.
Natural Remedies For Migraines
Weve looked what causes migraines, what could possibly trigger them, and how to recognize the signs of a migraine headache. Now its time to talk about what you can do if all of your preventive measures fail and you suffer a migraine attack.
Here are six of the best natural remedies for migraine headaches:
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Apple Cider Vinegar To Treat Migraine
Another home remedy which helps to treat the migraine pain is ACV. It helps in detoxification, control blood sugar, regulate blood pressure, reduced bone pain, promote weight loss and relieves constipation. All you have to do is in a glass of water add a tablespoon of ACV, mix a tablespoon of honey in it and drink it regularly to keep a migraine at the bay.
What Else Can I Do To Prevent Migraines
While there are no sure ways to keep from having migraine headaches, here are some things that may help:
Eat regularly and do not skip meals.
- Keep a regular sleep schedule.
- Exercise regularly. Aerobic exercise can help reduce tension as well as keep your weight in check. Obesity can contribute to migraines.
- Keep a migraine journal to help you learn what triggers your migraines and what treatments are most helpful.
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Remedies To Get Rid Of Headaches Naturally
Headaches are a common condition that many people deal with on a daily basis.
Ranging from uncomfortable to downright unbearable, they can disrupt your day-to-day life.
Several types of headaches exist, with tension headaches being the most common. Cluster headaches are painful and happen in groups or clusters, while migraines are a moderate-to-severe type of headache.
Although many medications are targeted at relieving headache symptoms, a number of effective, natural treatments also exist.
Here are 18 effective home remedies to naturally get rid of headaches.
How Are Migraines Treated
Migraines can be treated at home with over-the-counter pain medicines such as acetaminophen , ibuprofen , or naproxen or with prescription medicines from your doctor. When a migraine hits, it may also help to lie down in a dark room and try to sleep.
To prevent migraines, try to avoid things you know can trigger your migraines and try to get regular exercise. Your doctor may also give you medicines to help prevent migraines.
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Reduction Of Migraine Triggers
Patients should avoid factors that precipitate a migraine attack . Encourage patients to use a daily diary to document the headaches. This is an effective and inexpensive tool to follow the course of the disease.
Patients may need to discontinue any medications that exacerbate their headaches. If an oral contraceptive is suspected to be a trigger, the patient may be advised to modify, change, or discontinue its use for a trial period. Similarly, when hormone replacement therapy is a suspected trigger, patients should reduce dosages, if possible. If headaches persist, consider discontinuing hormone therapy.
What Are The Symptoms Of Migraines
Migraines are usually episodic and recurrent. The periods between the episodes are symptom-free. The duration of an episode and frequency varies with each individual and exposure to triggers. An episode may last for a few minutes to hours to days.
Migraine is more common in adults, though children may also suffer from migraines . Migraine is also more common in women.
A migraine episode is characterized by the following:
- Migraine aura: Migraine episode begins with an aura. The aura may either precede the migraine or accompany the headache attacks. The aura is a specific neurological symptom that is associated with the headache. It may be visual or sensory .
- Migraine attack: Intense headaches that usually occur on one side of the head and/or face. The pain may radiate to other parts of the head or neck. Pain may also be present behind the eye.
- Migraine headaches are usually associated with symptoms such as
- Visual disturbances: appearances of flashes of light, blurring of vision, or blind spots
- Numbness over one side of the face or arm
Medical management to prevent or reduce the frequency of episodes
- Beta-blockers: These medications lower blood pressure and prevent the blood vessels from dilating. These are the most commonly prescribed medication to prevent migraine attacks or reduce frequency.
- Other medications such as anti-seizure medications, antidepressants, immuno-modulators, or Botox injections may be advised.
- Treatment of underlying medical causes.
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Avoid Strong Chemicals And Smells
Strong smells from chemicals can trigger migraines unexpectedly.
One study of 400 migraine patients found that strong odors, especially from perfume, can trigger migraines within minutes .
Osmophobia, hypersensitivity to odors, is common in those with migraines. One study found that it and may help predict chronic migraines in children .
A study of 1,005 migraine patients found that 43.9% of patients without aura and 38.5% of patients with aura reported osmophobia . The most common offending odors were scents from perfume 63.9%, food 55.2%, and cigarette smoke 54.8%.
Do you have osmophobia? If you do, keep track of your migraine smell triggers so you know what to avoid.