Weakness On One Side Of The Body
When an arm goes limp, it can be a sign of a migraine.
Some people experience muscle weakness on one side of the body before a migraine attack. This can also be a sign of a stroke, however, so consult a doctor to rule out any other causes.
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Cold Flu Allergies Or Covid
This article was updated June 26, 2020, to reflect new information from the CDC.
There are many similar symptoms of cold, flu, allergies and novel coronavirus .
Sometimes, it may be difficult to determine what ailment you may be experiencing.
So how can you know whether you are dealing with allergies, a common cold, the flu or COVID-19?
The biggest difference is the shortness of breath associated with COVID-19. The flu or cold does not cause shortness of breath unless it progresses to pneumonia. Other symptoms of COVID-19 are fever and dry cough. On April 27, 2020, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention expanded the list of symptoms to include chills, repeated shaking with chills, muscle pain, headache, sore throat and new loss of taste or smell. On June 25, 2020, the CDC, again added three new symptoms to the list. The complete list of symptoms are:
- Fever or chills
- Nausea or vomiting
A cold, which could be triggered by more than 200 different viruses, can make you miserable but is relatively harmless. It usually clears up by itself after a period of time, although it can sometimes lead to a secondary infection, such as an ear infection. Common cold symptoms include sneezing, stuffy nose, sore throat and mild to moderate chest discomfort and cough.
Despite some overlap, the typical symptoms of COVID-19 are more similar to the flu than the common cold or allergies.
Migraine With Aura Prevention
If other treatments donât work and you have 4 or more migraine days a month, your doctor may suggest preventive medicines. You take these regularly to make migraines less strong or happen less often. These include seizure medicines, blood pressure medicines , and some antidepressants. A new class of preventive medicine called CGRP inhibitors may also help.
Your doctor can also prescribe a device, Cefaly, that uses a method called transcutaneous supraorbital nerve stimulation. You wear it as a headband on your forehead and turn it on daily for 20 minutes to prevent migraines.
Avoid your triggers. Common ones include:
- Certain foods
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Causes Of Acute Headaches
- Viral Illnesses. Most acute headaches are part of a viral illness. Flu is a common example. These headaches may relate to the level of fever. Most often, they last a few days.
- Hunger Headaches. About 30% of people get a headache when they are hungry. It goes away within 30 minutes of eating something.
- MSG Headache. MSG is a flavor enhancer sometimes added to soups or other foods. In larger amounts, it can cause the sudden onset of a throbbing headache. Flushing of the face also occurs.
- Common Harmless Causes. Hard exercise, bright sunlight, blowing a wind instrument or gum chewing have been reported. So has severe coughing. “Ice cream headaches” are triggered by any icy food or drink. The worse pain is between the eyes .
- Head Injury. Most just cause a scalp injury. This leads to a painful spot on the scalp for a few days. Severe, deeper or entire-head pain needs to be seen.
- Frontal Sinus Infection. Can cause a headache on the forehead just above the eyebrow. Other symptoms are nasal congestion and postnasal drip. Rare before 10 years old. Reason: the frontal sinus is not yet formed. Other sinus infections cause face pain, not headaches.
- Meningitis . A bacterial infection of the membrane that covers the spinal cord and brain. The main symptoms are a stiff neck, headache, confusion and fever. Younger children are lethargic or so irritable that they can’t be consoled. If not treated early, child can suffer brain damage.
You Have Low Blood Sugar
Although many people feel a bit shaky and irritable when they need to eat, true hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, most often occurs in people who have diabetes.
One of the symptoms of hypoglycemia is a feeling of shakiness, which may mimic chills, Taroyan says. Hypoglycemia requires immediate treatment to get blood sugar levels back to normal.
Defined as blood glucose of less than 70 milligrams per deciliter, hypoglycemia can cause a variety of other symptoms, including sweating, confusion, a rapid heartbeat, blurry vision, lightheadedness and drowsiness.
If you have diabetes and you notice these symptoms, follow the 15-15 rule: Have 15 grams of simple carbs, such as a glucose tablet, juice, honey or hard candy, and check your blood glucose again in 15 minutes. Then eat a meal, but dont overeat, or your blood sugar will spike.
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How To Relieve A Headache
There are many causes of a headache and while there is no absolute cure, there are ways to find relief. Before turning to the medicine cabinet you can:
- Have a warm bath or shower. This soothes, calms and relaxes muscles.
- Get a head full of fresh air. Go outside and take a walk.
- Doing gentle neck stretches will also help loosen your neck muscles and provide relief.
Drink up! A common cause of headaches is dehydration, so make sure you have plenty of fluids.
Recovery Or Postdrome Stage
This is the final stage of an attack, and it can take hours or days for a drained, fatigued or hangover type feeling to disappear. Symptoms can be similar to those of the first stage . Often, they mirror these symptoms. For example, if you lost your appetite at the beginning of the attack, you might be very hungry now. If you were tired, you might feel full of energy.
Being aware of the different stages of the migraine attack can be helpful. It can help you prepare for an attack, get a diagnosis and decide when to take acute treatment, such as painkillers or adapt your activities.
It is useful to have a rescue treatment plan for when attacks occur. This may include painkillers such as a triptan, a NSAID or paracetamol. It often also includes anti-sickness medication.
For other people, being aware of the stages and symptoms of a migraine attack can help their understanding. It may also help with the frustration and lack of understanding people often face around migraine, especially at work and in education.
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How Do Doctors Treat Vestibular Migraines
Typically, we treat migraines and vestibular migraines the same, Dr. Cherian says.
He suggests three common approaches:
Your doctor also may prescribe vestibular rehabilitation, a type of physical therapy that can help improve balance and manage your dizziness.
The rehabilitation team will tailor an exercise plan for your specific problems, including exercises for neck stretching and vision stability, for example.
Bottom line? Dont try to diagnose yourself. Explain your headache history and symptoms and let your doctor determine whether youre having vestibular migraines.
Migraine With Aura Diagnosis
Your doctor will give you a physical exam and check your muscles, reflexes, speech, and senses to test the nerves in your head. Theyâll also ask about your health history, such as:
- Do other family members have migraine or other kinds of headaches?
- What medications do you take, including birth control pills or blood pressure drugs?
- Do your headaches start after working hard, coughing, or sneezing?
Blood tests and imaging, such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs, can help rule out other causes like an infection and bleeding.
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Phase : Migraine Aura
Only about 1 out of 4 people with migraine have the second phase called aura. Aura refers to changes in the senses. Sight changes are by far the most common change. However, people with migraine also report changes to their sense of smell, hearing, and touch. Speech and movement may also be affected. Some people even have a combination of migraine auras during an attack.1
How Do Vestibular Migraines Differ From Classic Migraines
A migraine headache causes moderate to severe pain and tends to recur. The pain often begins on one side of the head and throbs or pulses. You may notice sensitivity to light, sound and odors. You may experience nausea and vomiting.
Some people notice a warning signal or aura before a migraine.
They tend to run in families, but there are other triggers emotional stress, sensitivity to chemicals and preservatives in food, caffeine, and sleep deprivation.
Vestibular migraines mirror many of these symptoms along with dizziness . Dr. Cherian says he looks for the absence of signs of an inner ear problem or other possible sources of dizziness to help make a diagnosis.
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Common Causes Of Migraines
The trigeminal nerve in your head runs your eyes and mouth. It also helps you feel sensations in your face and is a major pathway for pain. Your levels of a chemical called serotonin may fall at the start of a migraine, and this nerve can release chemicals called neurotransmitters that travel to your brain and cause pain.
What To Do When You Have Fever And Chills With Migraine
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You Have A Viral Or Bacterial Infection
When chills are accompanied by other symptoms, such as fever, body aches or fatigue, theyre more likely associated with a systemic infection, such as flu or pneumonia.
Chills boost your bodys core temperature when your immune system attempts to fight off infection, Taroyan explains. Your body temperature increases, even though you might feel cold. If you have a viral infection, you will usually notice other symptoms along with chills, such as sore throat, cough, headache, fatigue and muscle aches. Most of the time, it can be self-limiting and will resolve within 2 weeks. Its important to get plenty of rest and increase your fluid intake.
What Is A Migraine With Aura
About a quarter of all migraines happen with auras. But you may not have one with every migraine. Some children and older adults may get an aura but no pain.
Though they can hurt a lot and make you feel “off,” these headaches aren’t life-threatening. There are things you can do as well as medications and devices that can treat the symptoms and prevent migraine with aura.
What is aura?
“Aura” is the term for any of the sensory changes that happen before a migraine headache. They can affect your vision, hearing, or ability to speak. You could also have muscle weakness or tingling.
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What Is Your Body Telling You When You Get The Chills
You can expect to get the chills when in a cold environment or if you have a cold or the flu. While chills and fever often come together, they dont necessarily have to.
Chills are brought on by your muscles expanding and contracting its your bodys attempt to burn energy to keep you warm. By themselves, the chills are not an illness, but can signal that an illness might be causing them.
Dr. Scott Carrington, a family medicine physician with Advocate Medical Group, explains that sometimes the chills are the start of an illness and a fever may soon follow. It is very important to monitor this and consult a physician if a fever does present. Sometimes an infectious or systemic illness might bring on the chills, Dr. Carrington says. The infection or illness causes the immune system to shift the bodys temperature upward as a defense mechanism, which conversely results in the sensation of feeling cold.
But the chills arent always accompanied by a fever. According to Dr. Carrington, the most common causes of chills with no fever are:
- Anemia: a common blood disorder
- Anxiety: anxiety disorder is a serious mental illness
- Hypoglycemia: low blood sugar
- Hypothyroidism: thyroid gland is not active enough
- Prescription drugs: chills can be a side effect
What Conditions Can Cause A Headache And A Fever
Since it is unusual to experience migraines and fevers together, a headache coupled with a fever may not be a migraine attack at all. There are various conditions in which headaches and fevers occur together as symptoms of other diseases, which include the following.
If your system is under attack from a microbe such as a bacterium or a virus, then your body responds to the infection in the form of many different symptoms, one of which may be a fever. The fever itself can then give rise to a headache.
Infections that can cause a headache along with a fever includes:
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Learn More About Each Stage Of A Migraine:
One or two days before a migraine, you might notice subtle changes that warn of an upcoming migraine, including constipation, mood changes from depression to euphoria, food cravings, neck stiffness, increased thirst and urination or frequent yawning.
For some people, aura might occur before or during migraines. Auras are reversible symptoms of the nervous system. They’re usually visual, but they also can include other disturbances. Each symptom usually begins gradually, builds up over several minutes and lasts 20 minutes to one hour.
Examples of auras include:
- Visual phenomena, such as seeing various shapes, bright spots or flashes of light
- Vision loss
- “Pins-and-needles” sensations in an arm or leg
- Weakness or numbness in the face, or one side of the body
- Difficulty speaking
- Uncontrollable jerking or other movements
A migraine usually lasts from four to 72 hours if untreated, and the frequency varies by the person. Migraines might occur rarely or strike several times a month.
During a migraine, you might have:
- Pain, usually on one side of your head, but often on both sides
- Pain that throbs or pulses
- Sensitivity to light, sound, and sometimes smell and touch
- Nausea and vomiting
After a migraine attack, you might feel drained, confused and washed out for up to a day. Some people report feeling elated. Sudden head movement might bring on pain again briefly.
Learn more about headaches:
How Are Migraines Treated
Migraine headaches are chronic. They cant be cured, but they can be managed and possibly improved. There are two main treatment approaches that use medications: abortive and preventive.
- Abortive medications are most effective when you use them at the first sign of a migraine. Take them while the pain is mild. By possibly stopping the headache process, abortive medications help stop or decrease your migraine symptoms, including pain, nausea, light sensitivity, etc. Some abortive medications work by constricting your blood vessels, bringing them back to normal and relieving the throbbing pain.
- Preventive medications may be prescribed when your headaches are severe, occur more than four times a month and are significantly interfering with your normal activities. Preventive medications reduce the frequency and severity of the headaches. Medications are generally taken on a regular, daily basis to help prevent migraines.
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What Symptoms Must You Have To Be Diagnosed With A Migraine
Migraine with aura . This is a headache, plus:
- Visual symptoms or vision loss.
- Sensory symptoms .
Migraine without aura . A common migraine is a headache and:
- The attacks included pain on one side of your head.
- Youve had at least five attacks, each lasting between four and 72 hours.
Plus, youve experienced at least one of the following:
- Nausea and/or vomiting.
- Lights bother you and/or you avoid light.
- Sounds bother you and/or you avoid sounds.
How Learning Braille Changes Brain Structure Over Time
Brain connectivity reflects human aesthetic responses to music
Humans uniquely appreciate aesthetics, experiencing pleasurable responses to complex stimuli that confer no clear intrinsic value for survival. However, substantial variability exists in the frequency and specificity of aesthetic responses. While pleasure from aesthetics is attributed to the neural circuitry for reward, what accounts for individual differences in aesthetic reward sensitivity remains unclear. Using a combination of survey data, behavioral and psychophysiological measures and diffusion tensor imaging, we found that white matter connectivity between sensory processing areas in the superior temporal gyrus and emotional and social processing areas in the insula and medial prefrontal cortex explains individual differences in reward sensitivity to music. Our findings provide the first evidence for a neural basis of individual differences in sensory access to the reward system, and suggest that socialemotional communication through the auditory channel may offer an evolutionary basis for music making as an aesthetically rewarding function in humans.
Brain connectivity reflects human aesthetic responses to music by Matthew E. Sachs, Robert J. Ellis, Gottfried Schlaug, and Psyche Loui in Social and Affective Neuroscience. Published online March 10 2016 doi:10.1093/scan/nsw009
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What Else Can I Do To Prevent Migraines
While there are no sure ways to keep from having migraine headaches, here are some things that may help:
Eat regularly and do not skip meals.
- Keep a regular sleep schedule.
- Exercise regularly. Aerobic exercise can help reduce tension as well as keep your weight in check. Obesity can contribute to migraines.
- Keep a migraine journal to help you learn what triggers your migraines and what treatments are most helpful.