What Are Some Migraine Risk Factors And Triggers
Some things make you more likely to get migraine headaches . Other things may bring on a migraine .
Common migraine risk factors include the following:
- Family history: You are much more likely to have migraines if one or both of your parents had migraines.
- Sex: Women are more likely than men to have migraines.
- Age: Most people have their first migraine during adolescence, but migraines can start at any age, usually before age 40.
Common migraine triggers include the following:
- Food and drink: Certain food and drink may cause migraines. Dehydration and dieting or skipping meals may also trigger migraines.
- Hormone changes: Women may experience migraines related to their menstrual cycles, to menopause, or to using hormonal birth control or hormone replacement therapy.
- Stress: Stress may trigger migraines. Stress includes feeling overwhelmed at home or work, but your body can also be stressed if you exercise too much or dont get enough sleep.
- Senses: Loud sounds, bright lights , or strong smells may trigger migraines.
- Medicines: Certain medicines may trigger migraines. If you think your migraines might be related to your medicine, talk to your doctor. Your doctor may be able to prescribe a different medicine.
- Illness: Infections, such as the cold or the flu, may trigger migraines, especially in children.
Foods that may trigger migraines:
- aged, canned, cured, or processed meat
- aged cheese
- soy sauce
Where Is Migraine Pain Located
A migraine is usually an intense pounding headache that can last for hours or even days. The pounding or pulsing pain usually begins in the forehead, the side of the head, or around the eyes. The headache gradually gets worse. Just about any movement, activity, bright light, or loud noise seems to make it hurt more.
Can Migraines Be Caused By Stress
Yes stress can trigger both migraines and tension headaches. Even happy events, such as a wedding or a new baby, can cause stress that leads to migraines.
Researchers have discovered many links between stress and migraines including altered levels of stress hormones in migraine sufferers. Everyday stresses are certainly a contributing factor, so if you suffer from chronic migraines, its worth looking at ways to reduce the stress in your life.
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What Preventive Treatments Are There For Migraine Nausea
Just like with migraines in general, some nausea treatments can fight off your symptoms during an attack, and others are more preventive measures you need to incorporate into your lifestyle. Here are a few things you can try to keep migraine nausea from starting in the first place.
Take a Vitamin B6 supplement
Vitamin B6 may work against nausea. Dr. Crystal notes though that while it is âeffective at reducing pregnancy-related nausea,â it has not been studied for migraines specifically.
Take a magnesium supplement
Migraine sufferers have been found to be particularly deficient in the mineral magnesium, which can lead to symptoms like fatigue, lack of appetite, andâyou guessed itânausea. That may be one reason that taking a magnesium supplement to treat migraine, can help with the accompanying nausea as well.
Dr. Crystal recommends increasing magnesium intake through supplements and magnesium-rich foods, such as dairy products like milk and yogurt, fortified foods like breakfast cereals, leafy green vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds.
Eat a Preventive Diet
If youâve got an upset stomach, the idea of eating specific foods to deal with it probably isnât very appealing. Chances are you wonât want to eat anything until it passes. But your overall diet can still have a preventive effect.
Dehydration And Caffeine Withdrawal
About one-third of people who get migraine attacks note dehydration as a trigger.
Obviously, you cant drink water while youre asleep, so its possible that waking up dehydrated is a reason why people are more prone to getting migraine attacks in the morning.
The wee hours of the morning also tend to mark a full day since your last caffeine fix. Coffee and other forms of caffeine dilate the blood vessels in your brain, relieving tension. And caffeine withdrawal has been connected to migraine attacks.
Migraine happens in several different stages. You may wake up with the pain of a migraine attack, but that doesnt mean you didnt experience the other phases of migraine in the hours or days before the pain.
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It’s As If There’s A Glass Shattered In Front Of Me And I Can’t See Cory 26
I remember having my first migraine when I was in fifth grade, but then didn’t have one again until I was around 22. Since migraines run in my family, and I come from a family of doctors, I was able to sort of self-diagnose. I went to a neurologist, who classified it as a classic migraine.
The first symptom is a disturbing aura that takes over my vision. It’s as if there’s a glass shattered in front of me and I can’t see. My vision literally disappears or I see a psychedelic pattern. That lasts for about 20 minutes. Then, the headache comes on one side of my forehead. Its literally the worst pain you can imagine I have a really high pain tolerance. Anywhere from 4 to 5 hours later I will get really nauseous and then vomit. After I puke, I usually feel better, and almost deliriously happy that it’s over.
I got three in one day when I was on vacation in Hawaii. That was horrible because I didn’t have my medication with me. I was in so much pain, just weeping in the hotel room like a baby and barfing my brains outor trying to, at least. And I couldn’t look at the sunset or scenery because it looked like my aura.
Why Do Migraines Make You Nauseous
A migraine is a serious chronic condition where a person has a severe headache lasting anywhere from hours to days. It can be felt on either side of the head, temples, and even behind the eyes and ears. They generally do not come on suddenly – most will have warning signs like seeing spots or having a tingling feeling. Migraine sufferers have to deal with plenty of symptoms in addition to a debilitating headache. Over one-third of migraine sufferers experience sudden nausea and vomiting.
So why do so many people feel nauseated with their migraine? Why do people get migraines in the first place? The answer to both of these questions is the same: we do not know! However, here are a few theories:
- When someone has low serotonin levels in their brain, blood vessels swell up starting the migraine in the first place. Low levels of serotonin have been linked to nausea.
- Women are known to get more migraines than men. Scientists are looking into the idea that nausea associated with migraines in women could have to do with changing estrogen levels.
- High blood pressure experienced during migraines could cause vomiting, as a side effect of hypertension is nausea. However, the relationship between high blood pressure and migraines is still being investigated.
These are just a few theories as to why people vomit during migraines and no one theory is more likely than the other. Testing these answers, or even coming up with a new hypothesis altogether, could take several years of research.
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Neck Pain And Migraine Headache
Migraine headache, or migraine is a common disabling episodic headache characterized by throbbing or pulsating pain on one side of the head. More than half of the migraine population experience neck pain before and/or during a migraine attack.1–2 While in most cases neck pain in migraine is limited to the upper neck region, sometimes the pain may radiate to the lower neck and/or shoulder.
A migraine is a recurring headache that causes moderate to severe throbbing and pulsating pain on one side of the head. Other symptoms may include nausea and sensitivity to light and/or sound.
Migraine is believed to be caused due to genetically modified hypersensitive neurons in the brain. These neurons are triggered by environmental changes , hormones, food, or smell and in turn trigger adjacent neurons to induce pain pathways and cause migraine symptoms.
What Causes Abdominal Migraine
The cause of abdominal migraine is unknown. We dont know the exact connection between an abdominal migraine and a classic migraine, but we do know theres a connection between the gut and the brain, says Deena Kuruvilla, MD, a neurologist and specialist in facial and headache pain at Yale Medicine. Many of the drugs we use to treat depression, for example, are effective in treating an abdominal migraine.
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Are Migraines Linked To Periods
Many women do find that their menstrual cycle is linked to experiencing migraines. This is due to the hormonal changes caused by menstruation, and its why for some women, the migraines begin to tail off once they go through the menopause.
If your migraines occur just before the onset of menstruation, then it could be due to the drop in progesterone levels. Its also not uncommon for headaches and migraine attacks to occur when estrogen and other hormones peak during ovulation.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, like ibuprofen or naproxen, are the first port of call for treating a menstrual migraine.
If you need advice on the best way to treat migraines, you can start your free online consultation with the Independent Pharmacy today. One of our most popular migraine remedies is Sumatriptan which is a prescription-only drug.
You can find out what other customers thought of this medication on our Sumatriptan reviews page.
What Is A Migraine
A migraine is not simply a bad headache. A migraine is an intense headache that may be accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea , vomiting , visual problems and an increased sensitivity to light or sound.
Migraines commonly last between four hours and three days. Some people experience migraines several times a week. Others might only experience attacks every few years. If you experience headaches on 15 days or more each month, and eight of these headaches are migraines, this is known as chronic migraine.
Although migraines are not life-threatening and do not shorten peoples life expectancies, they can significantly damage the quality of peoples lives. A World Health Organisation study identified migraine as the sixth highest cause worldwide of years lost due to disability . Repeated migraines can have a negative impact on family life, social life and employment.
There are two main types of migraine: migraine without aura and migraine with aura .
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It Can Be So Distracting And Painful That Its Almost Impossible To Think Or Carry On A Conversation Amanda 27
Ive always had frequent headaches, but the migraines started around age 22. The first symptom I feel is a severe, piercing pain right between my eyebrows or sometimes what feels like behind my eye sockets. It can be so distracting and painful that its almost impossible to think or carry on a conversation. Then, my sensitivity to light and smell become increasingly worse, which sometimes will lead to nausea. Often, my migraines seem to come out of nowhere and advance very quickly.
One distinct memory I have is getting a migraine right before a date. At the time, I was in my apartment finishing getting ready when all of a sudden I keeled over and had a piercing pain in my forehead. I had to turn off all the lights and lay down on my side, practicing slow breathing to try to relieve the pain. I had to cancel the date less than an hour before we were supposed to meet, which was definitely embarrassing, and I lied there on my bed for hours.
Are There Different Types Of Colds
Head colds and chest colds are the two main types of colds, but they are caused by the same type of virus. If a cold goes down into your chest, you will probably notice a cough along with your stuffy head, headache, nasal congestion, and other symptoms. Having frequent colds does not mean you are getting different types of colds, but that you are getting exposed to different cold viruses. Summer colds are less frequent than winter colds, but they are not different types of colds.
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Migraines Vs Cluster Headaches
Cluster headaches differ from migraines mainly in that they follow patterns of occurrence. They cluster together in short, episodic attacks during a period of weeks or months. Sometimes, an entire year can pass between two headache clusters. Migraines tend not to follow this kind of pattern.
Symptoms of migraines and cluster headaches are similar. In both cases, pain is severe. Cluster headaches can cause many distinct symptoms that migraines dont cause, including:
- red, bloodshot eyes
- swelling of the eyelids
- shrinking of the pupil
- runny nose or congestion
- drooping of the eyelids
- agitation, annoyance, or restlessness during a headache
If you observe any of these symptoms during a severe headache, youre likely experiencing a cluster headache, not a migraine. Your doctor can usually diagnose cluster headaches by examining the nerves in your eye or discovering an abnormality during MRI scans linked to cluster headaches. Talk to your doctor about getting checked for cluster headaches if you have these symptoms.
Medications for pain relief may be enough to treat your symptoms. Common pain relievers that can help migraine symptoms include:
If your pain continues, talk to your doctor about other treatment options.
If you have at least six migraines per month or three migraines a month that severely interfere with your daily life, your doctor may recommend preventive medications that are effective against migraine symptoms, including:
The Sensation Is Like A Helmet On Your Head That Just Keeps Getting Tighter Lauren 29
The best way I can describe it for myself is that its such debilitating pain that it takes over everything else. I have to vomit, my neck tightens up, I become sensitive to light and smells . Even voices can make it worse. The sensation is like a helmet on your head that just keeps getting tighter, and you feel like your head will explode.
In December, I was driving back from the University of Michigan after being at a conference. I didnt have my prescription on me and I had a headache from the anxiety I felt all day and lack of the right food, etc. Around 3 P.M., the migraine hit. But I had no choice other than to drive the two hours back home. I had to pull over and vomit off the side of the highway. The rest of the drive home I honestly almost blacked out because the pain was so intense. My head felt like someone was taking a hammer to it. I remember calling my husband crying like a baby.
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Does Throwing Up Help Relieve A Migraine Attack
There are some migraine patients, especially younger patients, who know that if they vomit during a migraine attack it will actually abort the attack. There may be different explanations for why this is the case, but we know that vomiting will release intracranial pressure, says Spears.
Although vomiting may help stop your migraine attack, its not recommended that you try to make yourself throw up, adds Spears. The goal is to help patients avoid throwing up when thats possible, he says.
If you do vomit, its recommended that you drink water afterward to avoid dehydration, according to MedlinePlus. And if you develop uncontrollable vomiting, you should seek immediate medical attention, according to Cedars Sinai health system.
What Symptoms Must You Have To Be Diagnosed With A Migraine
Migraine with aura . This is a headache, plus:
- Visual symptoms or vision loss.
- Sensory symptoms .
Migraine without aura . A common migraine is a headache and:
- The attacks included pain on one side of your head.
- Youve had at least five attacks, each lasting between four and 72 hours.
Plus, youve experienced at least one of the following:
- Nausea and/or vomiting.
- Lights bother you and/or you avoid light.
- Sounds bother you and/or you avoid sounds.
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Whats A Migraine Journal
- Keeping a migraine journal is not only beneficial to you, but it helps your healthcare provider with the diagnosis process. Your journal should be detailed and updated as much as possible before, during and after a migraine attack. Consider keeping track of the following:
- The date and time of when the migraine began specifically when the prodrome started, if youre able to tell its happening. Track time passing. When did the aura phase begin? The headache? The postdrome? Do your best to tell what stage youre in and how long it lasts. If theres a pattern, that may help you anticipate what will happen in the future.
- What are your symptoms? Be specific.
- Note how many hours of sleep you got the night before it happened and your stress level. Whats causing your stress?
- Note the weather.
- Log your food and water intake. Did you eat something that triggered the migraine? Did you miss a meal?
- Describe the type of pain and rate it on a one to 10 scale with 10 being the worst pain youve ever experienced.
- Where is the pain located? One side of your head? Your jaw? Your eye?
- List all of the medications you took. This includes any daily prescriptions, any supplements and any pain medication you took.
- How did you try to treat your migraine, and did it work? What medicine did you take, at what dosage, at what time?
- Consider other triggers. Maybe you played basketball in the sunlight? Maybe you watched a movie that had flashing lights? If youre a woman, are you on your period?