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HomeExclusiveCan Depression Cause Migraine Headaches

Can Depression Cause Migraine Headaches

Medication Overuse Headache May Be More Likely If You Have Migraine And Anxiety

Can allergies cause migraines?

People with anxiety are more likely to develop medication-overuse headache or rebound headache, says Mueller.

Medication-overuse headache is a chronic daily headache that happens when acute medications for headache or migraine are used more than two to three days per week, according to the American Migraine Foundation.

This can happen because often people with migraine who also have anxiety tend to treat early, because theyre more likely to have that anticipatory anxiety that the headache is going to escalate, explains Mueller.

Medication-overuse headache is linked with most of the drug categories used to treat migraine attacks, including triptans, ergotamines, opioids, and over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen , nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen, and combination pain relievers that contain aspirin and caffeine.

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Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder

Symptoms that mania and hypomania have in common include reduced need for sleep, flamboyant behavior, hypersexuality, excessive or inappropriate anger, rapid speech, skipping rapidly from topic to topic while talking, an exaggerated sense of self-worth, severe restlessness, inability to concentrate, and indulging in risky behaviors, among others.

Major depression symptoms include prolonged feelings of sadness, emptiness, worthlessness or low mood, uncontrollable crying, fatigue, body aches, being physically slowed down, losing interest in activities normally enjoyed, being unable to sleep properly or sleeping too much, trouble making decisions or concentrating, and thoughts of suicide, along with others. As mentioned above, psychotic symptoms may be present as well.

In the depressed phase of Cyclothymia, the most severe symptoms such as suicidality and psychosis are not present, and the depressed mood is not disabling.

Migraine Depression And Anxiety: What You Should Know

Here’s the painful truthmigraine headaches, depression, and anxiety frequently occur together and it’s a gruesome threesome. But the key to reducing migraines just may lie in treating your mental health. Here’s why.

Treating the anxiety and depression that often accompany migraine can reduce the frequency and intensity of the headaches.

If you are living with migraine, you may already know youre at risk for anxiety and depression. In fact, people with migraine are two to five times more likely to experience one of these mental health conditions, according to the American Migraine Foundation. Some 50% of migraine patients have anxiety while 25% live with depression.1

Migraine can be debilitating and unpredictable, notes Alex Dimitriu, MD, who is double board-certified in psychiatry and sleep medicine and is the founder of Menlo Park Psychiatry and Sleep Medicine in Menlo Park, California.

Migraine can also create a sense of distrust of self. You dont know when the next attack may happen and what activity it may interfere with, he says. Beyond life interruption, migraine is difficult and painful. There can be anxiety over the next attack and depression because of being unable to get the symptoms fully under control.

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Nervous System And Inflammation

Some researchers believe that some of the changes caused by endometriosis could explain its connection with migraines. Its been suggested that endo can cause the central nervous system to become overactive, which could trigger a migraine. Another theory is that endometriosis leads to the production of inflammatory and pain-causing chemicals. This could ultimately lead to excessive pain sensitivity and potentially trigger migraine attacks.

What Is Secondary Service Connection

Depression and Headaches: Coping With Depression

Secondary service connection is a method of service connection for a disability that has been caused by a condition that is already service-connected.; The most crucial part of establishing secondary service connection is providing a nexus.

A nexus is a medical opinion that links a veterans secondary disability to the disability that is already service-connected.; In order to be granted secondary service connection, there must be a medical nexus that clearly establishes the connection between the primary condition or disability and the secondary condition or disability.

To file a claim for secondary service connection, veterans may file VA Form 21-526, the same as if the veteran were filing for service connection.; Veterans will want to be sure they indicate on the form that they are filing for secondary service connection and include all the necessary evidence, such as the diagnosis, medical nexus, and any lay statements to establish the in-service occurrence or explain how the secondary condition was caused by the original service-connected condition.

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You May Have Already Heard Of The Vagus Nerve In One Of Your School Biology Lessons

Its the longest nerve in your body and is found right behind where you feel for your pulse.

One of 12 cranial nerves, this super nerve starts in the brainstem and runs all the way to your abdomen, cutting through your heart, esophagus and your lungs.

Known as cranial nerve X, the nerve is part of your involuntary nervous system, the system that directs your unconscious body activity, such as keeping your heart rate stable and ensuring you digest food properly. It tells the body to heal itself, essentially.

The nerve moves around your body sending out tiny fibres to your organs, such as your heart, lungs, liver, pancreas, and intestines. The vagus nerve is essentially controlling your parasympathetic nervous system, responsible for stimulating your rest and digest activities.

But the most interesting thing about the vagus nerve is the new research that has revealed its link with treating chronic inflammation, which can lead to high blood pressure, digestive issues, and migraines. Known as the missing link, the nerve may be able to treat these issues without medication! Heres how:

Vagal Tone

Vagal tone is the control the vagus nerve has over your heart rate. Recent studies have revealed that vagal tone is important in order to activate the parasympathetic nervous system.

High or low?

  • Sugar regulations
  • Reduced risk of stroke and cardiovascular disease
  • Lower blood pressure
  • Lower depression
  • Less stress and anxiety

Types Of Anxiety Headaches

Doctors don’t have a separate name for a stress or anxiety headache. But the most common types of headaches all have a link to anxiety.

Tension headaches. Almost everyone gets one at some point. When you hear people say they have a headache, it’s usually this kind. Typically they’re not too painful.

Tension doesn’t mean stress in this case, but refers to how the headache feels, which may be like a tight band around your head. It can be triggered by anxiety, but it’s not clear why this happens.

Migraines. These are more severe headaches that can cause painful pounding or throbbing. They can last for hours or even days. Besides pain, migraines can also make you vomit and feel sensitive to light and noise. They’re very common in people who have anxiety disorders.

Cluster headaches. They aren’t as common as the other two. They’re very intense and tend to give you a burning or piercing pain, usually behind the eyes.

They’re called cluster headaches because of how they happen. You might get them a few times a day for a few weeks or months, and then they just go away. They may not come back for months or years.

People with cluster headaches are more likely to have anxiety — typically in the months of downtime between bouts of headaches. Doctors aren’t sure how cluster headaches and anxiety are connected or which one causes the other.

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The Links Between Migraine And Depression Headaches

Migraine patients may suffer from a few or many of these symptoms, but depressive headaches have particular characteristics in common with migraine. Likewise, migraine headaches arent triggered by other medical conditions, but by many of the same issues that trigger depression, such as:

  • Use of alcohol
  • Reaction to changes in the seasons, similar to seasonal affective disorder
  • Insufficient restful sleep
  • Sensitivity to light, odors and certain foods

To diagnose a depressive headache, its important to rule out organic physical causes related to the bones of the head, neck and jaw. Physicians also routinely check for any form of lesion in the brain, as well as viral or bacterial infections such as meningitis, encephalitis or pneumonia, all of which can cause headache pain.

Migraines In Women With Endometriosis

Do Migraines have a Connection to Anxiety or Depression?

Migraine is a frequently discussed topic on MyEndometriosisTeam. More than 7,000 members on the site report headaches.

One MyEndometriosisTeam member reported, I am hopefully ending a four-day migraine. What baffles me is that I never usually get migraines during my period.

cramped all day long, along with a migraine. My back is also killing me, shared another member, continuing, Im seriously over the constant pain and daily migraines.

Understanding the relationship between endo and migraines is important it may help lessen the burden of symptoms in women living with both conditions.

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Migraine Symptoms And Triggers

The most common symptom of migraine is;throbbing headache pain, experienced by 85 percent of patients. This is closely followed by sensitivity to light and sound, changes in vision and the presence of aura, as well as nausea and vomiting. While none of these individual symptoms is likely to cause depression, its easy to understand chronic migraine sufferers who deal with pain 15 days or per each month could develop depression. Patients who experience migraine headaches more often typically have a lower quality of life than those who;only get occasional headaches. But what about the other way around? A 2008 survey conducted by the National Headache Foundation showed that some symptoms of depression could actually be triggers for migraine.

What Is The Connection Between Migraines And Endometriosis

Researchers have observed that migraines share a number of symptoms and risk factors with endometriosis. In fact, endometriosis has been shown to be an independent risk factor for migraines. In some cases, however, treatment for endo has triggered the occurrence of migraines. Estrogen and other hormonal treatments have been shown to trigger migraines and migraine-related aura. However, there are many different types of hormonal therapy for endometriosis. Many, including a specific type of oral contraceptives, often do not contain estrogen. They contain only progesterone. Therefore, they would not trigger migraine.

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Nitrates Can Cause Headaches

Nitrates are known to increase vasodilatation, i.e. dilatation of the blood vessels. Drugs containing nitrates, like blood pressure medications, are known to typically cause severe headaches and migraines. Some cardiac medicines, especially the ones related to nitroglycerin, nitrates or even a nitro patch for angina are some medicines which can cause severe headache or migraine.

What Does An Ocular Migraine Feel Like

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An ocular migraine begins with a sparkling and shimmering area that has a jagged border and that gradually spreads outward. It causes a small blinding spot that enlarges and blocks your vision temporarily. The brightness begins at the edge of your field of vision and gradually spreads to your line of vision. Zigzag lines or stars may also be seen. It is almost like looking through a broken window. Scotoma is the area where vision is disrupted and the whole episode is called a positive aura.

An ocular migraine is often referred to differently by different experts. While many call it a visual migraine or a typical aura without headache, the International Headache Society classifies such a migraine as a silent or acephalgic migraine.

Though it seems serious since you lose your vision partially, the condition is usually harmless and will resolve on its own within 2030 minutes without any medical intervention. Complete visual darkness, or a negative aura, is not a symptom of an ocular migraine, but of some other underlying condition that needs to be investigated.2

Apart from visual disturbances, ocular migraines can also interfere with your speech. You may also feel tingling, weakness, or numbness in your hands and legs, experience size or space distortions, or feel confused. All of these, however, are rare.3

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Whats A Migraine What Does A Migraine Feel Like

A migraine is a common neurological disease that causes a variety of symptoms, most notably a throbbing, pulsing headache on one side of your head. Your migraine will likely get worse with physical activity, lights, sounds or smells. It may last at least four hours or even days. About 12% of Americans have this genetic disorder. Research shows that its the sixth most disabling disease in the world.

Migraines And Depression: What’s The Connection

    When a medical condition is often accompanied by a second;condition, its called a comorbidity. Clinical findings show depression to be a psychiatric comorbidity of migraine, because while neither condition appears to be directly caused by the other, patients frequently suffer from both simultaneously. Having one of these conditions increases your risk for developing the other and vice versa, which makes them bi-directional comorbidities. Research shows patients who get migraines with aura have an increased chance of suffering from depression than patients who dont experience aura. For this reason, doctors typically screen migraine patients for indications of depression. ;

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    What Can Cause Migraines

    MIgraines can also cause nausea. The frequency of attacks can vary from once per week to once a year. It may also be related to other diseases or dysfunction, such as temporomandibular joint dysfunction.;

    This condition may or may not be accompanied by an aura. Migraine with aura occurs when a person has neurological symptoms, such as visual, sensory, motor, or speech disorders. For example, you may feel muscle weakness or feel like someone is touching you. Most people experience this pain without aura.;

    Some people can develop sensitivity to light , sound , smell and touch, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, possible fainting, and blurred vision. Both genetics and environment are thought to play a role in triggering headache pain. The frequency of pain varies from person to person.

    Many factors, including the following, can cause migraines.;

    • Hormonal changes, including hormonal medications like oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy
    • Food and food additives, such as aged cheese, salty foods, processed foods, aspartame, and monosodium glutamate
    • Alcoholic beverages or drinks with an excess of caffeine
    • Changes in sleep patterns, like jet lag
    • Meteorological changes or differences in atmospheric pressure
    • Physical factors such as strenuous exercise
    • Emotional factors like stress, depression, anxiety
    • Sensory stimulation: Things that stimulate your senses to the extreme, such as bright lights, intense sunlight, loud sounds, strong smells
    • Drugs

    Cyclical Nature Of The Two Conditions

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    Another important problem to consider is that the two conditions may cause each other. Anxiety can lead to migraines which eventually lead to anxiety, thus leading to more migraines and so on. That’s one of the main reasons that it’s often best to treat them as separate conditions even though they may be related. You’ll need to break the cycle if you want to make sure that both are cured, and that can be hard if you target just anxiety or just your migraines.

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    What Questions Should I Ask My Healthcare Provider

    • Will my child grow out of their migraines?
    • What medications do you recommend for me?
    • What should I change about my lifestyle to prevent my migraine headaches?
    • Should I get tested?
    • What type of migraine do I have?
    • What can my friends and family do to help?
    • Are my migraines considered chronic?

    A note from Cleveland Clinic

    Migraine headaches can be devastating and make it impossible to go to work, school or experience other daily activities. Fortunately, there are some ways to possibly prevent a migraine and other ways to help you manage and endure the symptoms. Work with your healthcare provider to keep migraines from ruling your life.

    Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 03/03/2021.

    References

    Overuse Of Pain Relievers Can Cause Rebound Headaches

    Overuse of pain relievers can cause a kind of headache known as rebound headache. This problem occurs in people who frequently suffer from severe headaches. The effect of the pain medicine which they take to manage their headache works for a limited period of time. As this effects wears off, the headache rebounds and returns in a worse manner than before. Medicines that cause rebound headaches are prescription medicines like hydrocodone, non-prescription medicines like aspirin, acetaminophen or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs. Medications for headaches and migraines, like triptans and NSAIDs like ibuprofen, do not; however, spike up the risk of developing a chronic migraine.

    Recent studies have found that headache and migraine sufferers who overuse barbiturates and opioids, including codeine, butalbital, and oxycodone, to treat their condition face a greater risk of developing chronic headaches, i.e. experiencing severe headaches on 15 or more days every month. Researchers recommended that migraine and chronic headache sufferers should set limits on their frequency of taking opioids and barbiturates to treat the pain. The cycle of recurrent headaches can be broken by stopping the use of opioids and barbiturates. Initially, the headache may seem to worsen for three to five days and the individual may experience nausea and vomiting. But once this period passes, the symptoms will start to improve.

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    What Is The Role Of Sleep In Migraine Depression And Anxiety

    A sleep disorder, which can include difficulty getting to sleep or staying asleep, can have an impact on migraine, depression, and anxiety, says Strauss.

    People with migraine are between 2 and 8 times more likely to have a sleep disorder, and people with chronic migraine report having almost double the rate of insomnia compared with people with less frequent headaches, according to the American Migraine Foundation.

    Not enough sleep or getting poor quality sleep increases the chances that a person with migraine to have a mood disorder.

    Some medications used to treat migraine can have an impact on sleep, says Mueller. For example, certain antidepressants can make you sleep more, while others have an activating effect, making it harder to go to sleep or stay asleep, according to a paper published in 2017 in Current Psychiatry Reports.

    Make sure you share any sleep issues with your doctor so that it can be factored in when deciding on a treatment strategy.

    Theres also good evidence that cognitive based behavior therapy can be helpful for insomnia, adds Strauss.

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