Get Your Priorities Straight
Think about your priorities, and write them down as two lists, marked Life and Now. What are the most important things on your list? What can you eliminate? Remember whats really important as you schedule your time and prioritize actions. Being always on the go, focused on tasks that dont make you happy is not the best option for leading a low-stress life.
Common Symptoms Of A Migraine
The main symptom of a migraine is usually an intense headache on 1 side of the head.
The pain is usually a moderate or severe throbbing sensation that gets worse when you move and prevents you carrying out normal activities.
In some cases, the pain can occur on both sides of your head and may affect your face or neck.
How Are Cluster Headaches Diagnosed
The diagnosis of cluster headache is made by taking the patient’s history. The description of the pain and its clock-like recurrence is usually enough to make the diagnosis.
If examined in the midst of an attack, the patient usually is in a painful crisis and may have the eye and nose watering as described previously. If the patient is seen when the pain is not present, the physical examination is normal and the diagnosis will depend upon the history.
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Do Migraine Attacks Last Longer Or Happen More Frequently Than Cluster Headaches
A migraine attack typically lasts between 4 and 72 hours, says Rajneesh. Thats longer than a cluster headache lasts, which is between 15 minutes and three hours.
Most people with migraine have one or two migraine attacks per month, but some people have them much more frequently. About 1 percent of the population has chronic migraine, which is defined as having at least 15 migraine days per month, according to American Migraine Foundation.
Cluster headaches come in bouts, or cluster periods. These periods last for weeks or months, according to the International Headache Society, and are separated by remissions lasting months or years.
During a cluster period, the frequency of headaches ranges from one every other day to as many as eight per day.
What Are The Symptoms
Migraine symptoms happen in certain stages, though you might not have them all.
A day or two before you get a migraine, you might notice:
- A brief period of depression
- Hearing sounds that arenât there
- Movements you canât control
This is the headache itself. Most of the time:
- Itâs usually a severe throbbing or pulsing pain.
- It affects one side of your head or one eye.
- It can last from 4 to 72 hours.
- Youâre extra-sensitive to light so much so that you may need to retreat to a darkened room.
- Youâre also sensitive to smells, sounds, and touch.
- You might feel sick to your stomach or throw up.
- You could get lightheaded or faint.
- Your vision might get blurry.
This is the last phase. It usually lasts about 24 hours after the headache ends. You might feel:
- Sensitive to light and sound
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How Common Are Headache Disorders
Globally, it has been estimated that prevalence among adults of current headache disorder is about 50%. Half to three quarters of adults aged 1865 years in the world have had headache in the last year and, among those individuals, 30% or more have reported migraine. Headache on 15 or more days every month affects 1.74% of the worlds adult population. Despite regional variations, headache disorders are a worldwide problem, affecting people of all ages, races, income levels and geographical areas.
Chronic Stress Impacts Other Emotions
Have you ever arrived home after spending an hour in traffic only to have a minor annoyance at home set you off? Thats because stress makes people grouchy, and a study published in Nature Communications has learned why.
Chronic stress eats away at a brain mechanism important for social skills and healthy cognition. It does this by affecting pathways in the hippocampus, a portion of the brain involved in memory, learning, and emotion, literally interfering with healthy responses. Interestingly, these affected pathways are the same ones involved in neurodegenerative diseases like epilepsy. Researchers plan to explore stress potential impact on those diseases as well.
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What Is A Migraine
A migraine is a type of primary headache disorder that can cause severe pain and other symptoms. People with migraine may experience recurring symptoms that doctors call episodes or attacks.
Headaches are only one symptom of migraines, and they can range in severity. Migraine can cause intense, throbbing headaches that last anywhere from a few hours to several days.
A migraine headache usually affects one side of the head, but some people experience pain on both sides.
A migraine episode can occur in four distinct phases, though not everyone experiences every phase.
Doctors also call the premonitory phase the preheadache or prodrome phase. It includes nonpainful symptoms that occur hours or days before the headache arrives.
Premonitory phase symptoms can include:
- unexplainable mood changes
- sensitivity to light, sound, or smells
Auras refer to sensory disturbances that occur before or during a migraine attack. Auras can affect a persons vision, touch, or speech.
Visual auras can cause the following symptoms in one or both eyes:
- flashing lights
- blurred vision
- blind spots that expand over time
Sensory auras cause numbness or tingling that starts in the arm and radiates to the face.
Motor auras affect a persons ability to communicate and think clearly. Motor auras include:
- slurred or jumbled speech
- difficulty understanding what others say
- difficulty writing words or sentences
- having trouble thinking clearly
What Questions Should I Ask My Healthcare Provider
- Will my child grow out of their migraines?
- What medications do you recommend for me?
- What should I change about my lifestyle to prevent my migraine headaches?
- Should I get tested?
- What type of migraine do I have?
- What can my friends and family do to help?
- Are my migraines considered chronic?
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Migraine headaches can be devastating and make it impossible to go to work, school or experience other daily activities. Fortunately, there are some ways to possibly prevent a migraine and other ways to help you manage and endure the symptoms. Work with your healthcare provider to keep migraines from ruling your life.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 03/03/2021.
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How Are Cluster Headaches Treated
Cluster headaches may be very difficult to treat, and it may take trial and error to find the specific treatment regimen that will work for each patient. Since the headache recurs daily, there are two treatment needs. The pain of the first episode needs to be controlled, and the headaches that follow need to be prevented.
Initial treatment options may include one or more of the following:
- inhalation of high concentrations of oxygen
What Are The Symptoms Of Migraines
The primary symptom of migraine is a headache. Pain is sometimes described as pounding or throbbing. It can begin as a dull ache that develops into pulsing pain that is mild, moderate or severe. If left untreated, your headache pain will become moderate to severe. Pain can shift from one side of your head to the other, or it can affect the front of your head, the back of your head or feel like its affecting your whole head. Some people feel pain around their eye or temple, and sometimes in their face, sinuses, jaw or neck.
Other symptoms of migraine headaches include:
- Sensitivity to light, noise and odors.
- Nausea and vomiting, upset stomach and abdominal pain.
- Loss of appetite.
- Feeling very warm or cold .
- Pale skin color .
- Euphoric mood.
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What Is Chronic Tension Headache And Who Is Affected By It
Chronic tension headache is a condition where you have a tension headache on at least 15 days every month for at least three months.This can be tiring and depressing. Tension headache is the common type of headache that most people have at some time.
Itâs not known exactly how common chronic tension headache is, as few studies have looked at this clearly. Some studies have estimated that around 1 in 30 of all adults have chronic tension headaches â which means they have a headache on more than half of all days for three months or more. However, it is possible that a proportion of these patients actually have developed medication-overuse headaches as a result of their tension headaches. Therefore, it can be difficult to be certain which is their main problem.
Chronic means persistent it does not mean severe. The severity of the headaches can vary from mild to severe. Because of the persistent nature of the headaches, however, this condition is often quite disabling and distressing, and most patients take preventative medication.
Stress And Chronic Migraines: How They Connect
Approximately 29.5 million Americans suffer from migraine headaches every year. Known for their tendency to cause intense, throbbing pain in concentrated areas of the head, migraines are the most common form of disabling headache sending patients to see their doctors. While not every migraine is anxiety-induced, there are definitely links between our levels of stress and chronic migraines.
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How To Treat A Headache
Because there are so many different types of headache, there are lots of different ways they can be treated.
If your headaches are frequent, keeping a diary that lists when you get headaches might help you figure out what triggers them. If theres an obvious cause, like a tight neck, dehydration, or having too much caffeine, you might be able to avoid headaches by changing your behaviour or lifestyle.
When you have a headache, the below steps can help relieve the pain.
- rest and relax in a quiet space with good ventilation
- put a cool cloth or ice pack on your head
- splash your face with cold water
- if you have a tension headache, massage your neck, jaw, shoulders and head
- talk to your pharmacist about what pain medication you can take this might change depending your health, if you are taking any other medications and the type of headache you have.
Try these tips for preventing headaches:
How To Know If You Have Anxiety
According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America , generalized anxiety disorder, also known as GAD is characterized by excessive, persistent, unrealistic worry about everyday things including family, work, money, health, and more.
- Find it difficult to control worry on more days than not for at least six months
- Have a frequent sense of impending doom, danger, or panic
- Frequently feel nervous, irritable, or on edge
- Have trouble sleeping
- Have difficulty concentrating
It makes sense that anxiety is a common side effect of living with an unpredictable disease like Migraine.
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See Your Doctor Right Away If:
- You have abrupt, severe headaches.
- Your headaches begin for the first time after age 50.
- Headaches start when youâre active, straining, coughing, or having sex.
- You have these problems, and they donât get better after the headache goes away:
- Changes in your vision
- A body part that is weak, or you canât move it
- Trouble with balance and walking
Causes Of Acute Headaches
- Viral Illnesses. Most acute headaches are part of a viral illness. Flu is a common example. These headaches may relate to the level of fever. Most often, they last a few days.
- Hunger Headaches. About 30% of people get a headache when they are hungry. It goes away within 30 minutes of eating something.
- MSG Headache. MSG is a flavor enhancer sometimes added to soups or other foods. In larger amounts, it can cause the sudden onset of a throbbing headache. Flushing of the face also occurs.
- Common Harmless Causes. Hard exercise, bright sunlight, blowing a wind instrument or gum chewing have been reported. So has severe coughing. “Ice cream headaches” are triggered by any icy food or drink. The worse pain is between the eyes .
- Head Injury. Most just cause a scalp injury. This leads to a painful spot on the scalp for a few days. Severe, deeper or entire-head pain needs to be seen.
- Frontal Sinus Infection. Can cause a headache on the forehead just above the eyebrow. Other symptoms are nasal congestion and postnasal drip. Rare before 10 years old. Reason: the frontal sinus is not yet formed. Other sinus infections cause face pain, not headaches.
- Meningitis . A bacterial infection of the membrane that covers the spinal cord and brain. The main symptoms are a stiff neck, headache, confusion and fever. Younger children are lethargic or so irritable that they can’t be consoled. If not treated early, child can suffer brain damage.
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What Should You Know About Exercising With Migraines
Migraines are defined as recurrent and intense headaches which are usually located on one side of the head and related to vascular alterations of the brain.
Migraines can be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to sound or light. This can cause a malaise that, in many cases, prevents sufferers from undertaking their daily activities.
Its important to take the following factors into account before determining whether it is wise to exercise or not when you have a migraine:
- The intensity of the pain: sometimes the pain may be mild and have a short duration, however, it could also be intense and last for longer periods of time. Sometimes the use of medicine has to be employed to relieve the pain.
- Types of exercise: high impact exercises such as CrossFit, HIIT or running are very demanding on the body. Low impact exercises on the other hand, do not demand a lot of effort.
- Special conditions: people suffering from health conditions such as hypertension, diabetes or brain disease should take special precautions
Determining whether or not you can exercise with migraines depends on the factors mentioned above. Some of the factors may help alleviate the migraine while others may make it worse.
Reducing pain with exercise
Yes, you can exercise with migraines, physical activity may actually help you feel better. This is only true however, under the following conditions:
Aggravating your migraine with exercise
How Prevalent Are Migraines
Migraines are about three times more common in women than men, and may affect more than 12 percent of the U.S. adult population. Migraines often run in families, and can start as early as elementary school but most often in early adulthood. They often fade away later in life, but can strike at any time. The most common cause of recurring, disabling headache pain, migraines are also the most common underlying cause of disabling chronic, daily headache pain. While migraines are the No. 1 reason that patients see a neurologist, most cases are handled by primary care physicians.
Things that can make the headaches more likely to occur include:
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How Are Mild Headaches Diagnosed
When you have no serious symptoms, testing is not necessary with mild headaches. Blood tests are usually not helpful because the results are almost always normal unless other symptoms are present. Without injury, X-rays or CT scans are usually not necessary. Even with an injury to the head, X-rays or scans are often not needed. Physical examination in mild headache is generally normal, except for possible tenderness of the muscles of the scalp or neck.
What Are Secondary Headaches
Secondary headaches are those that are due to an underlying structural or infectious problem in the head or neck. This is a very broad group of medical conditions ranging from dental pain from infected teeth or pain from an infected sinus, to life-threatening conditions like bleeding in the brain or infections like encephalitis or meningitis.
Traumatic headaches fall into this category including post-concussion headaches.
This group of headaches also includes those headaches associated with substance abuse and excess use of medications used to treat headaches . “Hangover” headaches fall into this category as well. People who drink too much alcohol may waken with a well-established headache due to the effects of alcohol and dehydration.
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Light Noise Or Smells Trigger Or Worsen Pain
In the throes of a migraine attack, the migraine sufferer tends to seek refuge in a dark, quiet place. Bright lights and loud noises can trigger a migraine or intensify the pain. The same is true of certain odors.
“Once you’ve already got a migraine, smells can seem more intense and make it worse,” Dr. Calhoun says. “But a smell can also trigger a migraine in someone who didn’t have one before walked past the perfume counter.”
Causes Of Ocular Migraine
An ocular or ophthalmic migraine is hold your breath a painless migraine! These are, however, associated with visual disturbances in both eyes. You may experience flickering or flashing lights, lines, stars, or blind spots that deter your vision. About 35 percent of migraine sufferers experience this kind of an aura, visual or otherwise. A painless migraine such as an ocular migraine is considered a migraine equivalent.1
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