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Are Migraines More Common In Females

How Can I Tell If I Have A Migraine Or A Sinus Headache

Why Migraine Common in Women than Men?

Many people confuse a sinus headache with a migraine because pain and pressure in the sinuses, nasal congestion, and watery eyes often occur with migraine. To find out if your headache is sinus or migraine, ask yourself these questions:

In addition to my sinus symptoms, do I have:

  • Moderate-to-severe headache
  • Nausea
  • Sensitivity to light
  • If you answer yes to two or three of these questions, then most likely you have migraine with sinus symptoms. A true sinus headache is rare and usually occurs due to sinus infection. In a sinus infection, you would also likely have a fever and thick nasal secretions that are yellow, green, or blood-tinged. A sinus headache should go away with treatment of the sinus infection.

    Men Are 35% More Likely To Report Physical Exertion As A Trigger

    Interestingly, Migraine Buddy statistics state that women are more sensitive to smells during a migraine and report nausea as a symptom more often. Not much research has been conducted on the link between migraine and smells but it has been established that certain odors can prompt a migraine. The smells most likely to trigger a migraine are perfumes and colognes, specific food smells and cigarette smoke. As is the case for most migraine triggers, this is also extremely subjective and varies from person to person. Although certain smells can often spur it, nausea is a very commonly reported symptom for migraine with almost 80% of people diagnosed with migraine experiencing it.

    Alternatively, Migraine Buddy statistics maintain that men are more sensitive to light during a migraine. Migraine Action, another UK based charity, states that migraines can be set off by flickering lights and that research has shown that photophobia could most likely be linked to the optical nerve.

    Men are also 11% more likely to not take medication to treat their migraines. Many male Migraine Buddy users reported that they did not consult a doctor to treat their condition. Since a large proportion of migraine treatment medication is prescription based, not consulting a doctor may be the cause of lower medication intake by men.

      Why Is Migraine More Common In Women

      Migraine is twice as prevalent in women than in men.1 Estrogen is a predisposing factor with decreasing levels associated with increased frequency of migraine episodes. The associations between estrogen and migraine and why changing estrogen levels are linked to migraine episodes were explored by Patricia Pozo-Rosich, University of Barcelona, Spain, in an online presentation for live EAN 2020.

      Why is migraine more common in women?

      Menstruation is a risk factor for migraine without aura

      Among 40,000 people who participated in the 2003 National Health Interview Survey in the US the prevalence of migraine was 9% in males and 18% in females,1 said Dr Pozo-Rosich. It is highest in women between puberty and the menopause,2 reaching a peak of 25% among women in their thirties and forties.3

      Changing estrogen levels are linked to migraine epsiodes

      Changing estrogen levels associated with menarche, oral contraceptive use, pregnancy, lactation, and menopause are frequently accompanied by changes in the patterns and frequency of migraine:4

      • increasing or stable estrogen levels during pregnancy, while taking OC, and after the menopause are associated with decreased frequency of migraine episodes4

      Perimenstrual migraine episodes are less responsive to treatment than non-menstrual episodes

      Furthermore, menstruation is a risk factor for migraine without aura attacks, said Dr Pozo-Rosich, and can be the only or primary trigger in up to 14% of patients.5

      Read Also: Medication For Migraines List

      I’m Pregnant Can My Migraines Still Be Treated

      Some migraine medicines should not be used when you are pregnant because they can cause birth defects and other problems. This includes over-the-counter medicines, such as aspirin and ibuprofen. Talk with your doctor if migraine is a problem while you are pregnant or if you are planning to become pregnant. Your doctor might suggest a medicine that will help you and that is safe during pregnancy. Home treatment methods, such as doing relaxation exercises and using cold packs, also might help ease your pain. The good news is that for most women migraines improve or stop from about the third month of the pregnancy.

      Can Stress Cause Migraines

      Why migraines are more common among women

      Yes. Stress can trigger both migraine and tension-type headache. Events like getting married, moving to a new home, or having a baby can cause stress. But studies show that everyday stresses not major life changes cause most headaches. Juggling many roles, such as being a mother and wife, having a career, and financial pressures, can be daily stresses for women.

      Making time for yourself and finding healthy ways to deal with stress are important. Some things you can do to help prevent or reduce stress include:

      • Eating healthy foods
      • Being active
      • Doing relaxation exercises
      • Getting enough sleep

      Try to figure out what causes you to feel stressed. You may be able to cut out some of these stressors. For example, if driving to work is stressful, try taking the bus or subway. You can take this time to read or listen to music, rather than deal with traffic. For stressors you can’t avoid, keeping organized and doing as much as you can ahead of time will help you to feel in control.

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      How Long Is Too Long For A Migraine

      How long is too long for a migraine? A typical migraine lasts between four and 72 hours. If a migraine lasts longer than 72 hours, it is paramount to consult with a doctor. Also, if a person experiences 15 or more headache days per month, a doctor may diagnose this individual with chronic migraines.

      What Medicines Help Relieve Migraine Pain

      For mild to moderate migraines, over-the-counter medicines that may help relieve migraine pain include:

      • aspirin
      • acetaminophen
      • an acetaminophen, aspirin, and caffeine combination
      • ibuprofen
      • naproxen
      • ketoprofen

      People who have more severe migraines may need to try abortive prescription medicines. A medicine called ergotamine can be effective alone or combined with other medicines. Dihydroergotamine is related to ergotamine and can be helpful. Other prescription medicines for migraines include sumatriptan, zolmitriptan, naratriptan, rizatriptan, almotriptan, eletriptan, and frovatriptan.

      If the pain wont go away, stronger pain medicine may be needed, such as a narcotic, or medicines that contain a barbiturate . These medicines can be habit-forming and should be used cautiously. Your doctor may prescribe these only if they are needed and only for a short period of time.

      Read Also: Can You Take Motrin With Excedrin Migraine

      Few Tips To Defy Migraine

      Depending on over the counter medicine for relieving the pain is which everyone try for. But you can also try the below few methods.

      1) Drink plenty of fluids or electrolyte beverage as our body will remain hydrated. As dehydration is a common cause of headache. See to it that electrolyte beverage is without any artificial colors or sweeteners.

      2) Apply hot or cold pack to the back of your head or on forehead which will ease your pain and tension and will let you relax too.

      Recording Of Eeg Signals

      Is it a Headache or a Migraine?

      The continuous EEG signals were obtained from midline Fz, Cz and Pz electrode sites in accordance with the 1020 international system using Neurolab EEG/ERPs 32 Channel Amplifier. All scalp electrodes were referenced to left mastoid signals, with right mastoid as ordinary recording site. Electrooculogram was recorded with electrodes placed above and below the right eye and 10mm from the outer canthi. Electrode impedance was maintained below 5 k throughout the experiment.

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      Women Are Three Times As Likely To Get Migraines Than Men

      Whereas the cause of migraines for both men and women can often be cumulative, the leading cause of migraines for both men and women using Migraine Buddy is stress. The causes of stress in an individual vary greatly- it can be brought about by work life, relationships, certain lifestyle choices and even childhood trauma. A recent study conducted by a research team including Dr Dawn C Buse, found that children who were abused or neglected were at a higher risk of developing migraines as adults. This was true for both men and women.

      However, men are 35% more likely to report physical exertion as a migraine trigger. Exercise can often be a double-edged sword for migraine sufferers- some claim it is a trigger whereas others find it to be a helpful method to relieve migraine pain. However, migraines that occur solely during physical exercise can be indicative other neurological issues such as irregular blood flow to the brain.

      Women on the other hand are 50% more likely to experience weather as a migraine trigger. Changes in weather can often cause imbalances in serotonin, a chemical found in the brain. Migraine Buddys data scientists also found that men are 35% more likely to report alcohol as a trigger. This may be in part due to differences in lifestyles of men and women and also the fact that alcohol is chock-full of tyramines- a very common migraine trigger. Drinking alcohol can also cause dehydration which often prompts migraines to occur.

      What Should I Do When A Migraine Begins

      Work with your doctor to come up with a plan for managing your migraines. Keeping a list of home treatment methods that have worked for you in the past also can help. When symptoms begin:

      • If you take migraine medicine, take it right away.
      • Drink fluids, if you don’t have nausea during your migraine.
      • Lie down and rest in a dark, quiet room, if that is practical.

      Some people find the following useful:

      • A cold cloth on your head
      • Rubbing or applying pressure to the spot where you feel pain
      • Massage or other relaxation exercises

      Read Also: What Triggers Migraines With Aura

      Continue Learning About Migraine Headaches

      Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.

      Basic Science And Preclinical Research

      The Most Common Migraine Triggers  Dig4Details.com

      Sex Aspects

      As the pathophysiological mechanism of migraine is complicated and involves a variety of interrelated neurological and vascular processes, we highlight the most important developments in basic research related to sex differences. It is important to realize that several aspects involved in the pathophysiology of migraine may interact with each other, and thus the topics below are tightly interrelated.

      Central mechanisms

      Previous research has shown that migraine auras might be caused by cortical spreading depression , which is a propagating wave of initial depolarization of neuronal and glial cells followed by prolonged depression . Although not all migraine auras are followed or accompanied by headache pain , trigeminovascular activation induced by CSD may be, at least in part, responsible for the migrainous headache. Ovarian hormones have been linked to CSD susceptibility .

      The observed results from animal models might offer an explanation for the clinically observed association between attacks with aura and stable, high estrogen levels . Following this line of reasoning, it seems feasible that the majority of menstrually related migraine attacks, due to estrogen withdrawal, tend to occur without aura .

      We recommend a prior review by Dehghani and Karatas concerning the use of FMH mouse models for more details on the study of sex differences in pathophysiological mechanisms involved in migraine.

      Peripheral mechanisms

      Gender Aspects

      Read Also: Are Migraines A Symptom Of Pregnancy

      At What Age Do People Most Commonly Develop Migraines

      Migraines most commonly start prior to the age of 40, although they can occur at any age, even children have been reported have migraines as young as four years old. But they are more common in young females, and there is a large association between migraines and hormones, and this can be seen as we enter puberty, where migraines become more common in girls than in boys around that time. And a lot of women report that their first migraine attack did occur around the time of their first menstrual period. This pattern of migraines being more common in girls than in boys persists throughout life and its about three times more common in women than in men. Migraines can be associated with menstrual periods and when this happens it’s called menstrual migraine. And during pregnancy, migraines can often times settle down. And later in life, such as during perimenopause, as hormone levels fluctuate, migraines can actually get a little worse. And then later during menopause as hormone levels settle down, migraines often settle down as well.

      Migraines most commonly start before the age of 40, although they can occur at any age. Even children can get migraines as young as 4 years old.

      This pattern of migraines being more common in girls than in boys persists throughout life. Migraines are about three times more common in women than in men.

      Later, when hormone levels settle down during menopause, the migraines often become less frequent or go away.

      Learn more:

      Why Is Migraine More Common In Women One Protein May Hold The Key

      Dr. Greg Dussor, Fellow, Eugene McDermott Professor, and a team of UT Dallas researchers explored how the development of migraine symptoms differed between the sexes.

      A new preclinical study from University of Texas at Dallas researchers may help explain why migraine is three times more common in women than men.

      In research published online April 8 in The Journal of Neuroscience, a protein implicated in the development of migraine symptoms caused pain responses in female rodents, but not in males, when introduced into the meninges, the protective tissue layers surrounding the brain.

      Most previous preclinical investigations of migraine and the protein, called calcitonin gene-related peptide , used only male animals, leaving the question of neurobiological sex differences unanswered, said Dr. Greg Dussor, the corresponding author of the study and an associate professor of neuroscience in the UT Dallas School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

      This is the first study to show that CGRP might act differently between sexes, said Dussor, Fellow, Eugene McDermott Professor. It also shows that CGRP can have a pain-related effect in the meninges, which is something that has been questioned in the literature previously.

      This is the first study to show that CGRP might act differently between sexes. It also shows that CGRP can have a pain-related effect in the meninges, which is something that has been questioned in the literature previously.

      Read Also: How Long Do Migraines Last For

      Is It True That Migraine Are More Common In Female Than To Male

      Migraine can get anyone regardless of male or female but it is said that it effect predominantly on women than men. Most women between age 20 and 45 can vouch on it. Stress, anxiety, shock, shift work, low blood pressure and diet can be result of trigger for Migraine. If its a working woman then forget the pain of migraine she has to handle the office, home and bear the pain too. But the fact is out of 5 more than 1 women have migraine headache on regular basis.

      Migraine is said to common before puberty. But the equation changes for girls once their menstruation starts then it is found commonly in girls mainly due to hormones. Since hormones goes up and down or fluctuates the chances of migraine increase noticeably. Normally migraine affect young women and get better with age, they are most widespread during a time when women are expected to be most productive at home or work.

      The main cause of this is because of Estrogens. As after period or ovulation and just after delivery the levels drops sharply which can be the problem? Symptoms like insomnia, depression and irritability start during this hormonal changes of perimenopause when the periods are irregular. Changes in brain chemicals may cause blood vessels to swell putting pressure to nearby nerves which causes migraine. During menopause also the depression rates increases and women are more likely to found depressed and they are more likely to report headache.

      Why Are Migraines More Common In Women

      What are Migraines? (HealthSketch)

      Migraines — those painful, throbbing headaches — are known to be more common in women. But why?

      A new study in the journal Brainshows it may have something to do with sex differences in brain structure.

      Harvard Medical School researchers conducted their study in 44 men and women, some of whom suffered from migraines.

      They found that women’s brains had thicker gray matter in the posterior insula and the precuneus brain regions , ScienceNow reported. The researchers also observed that migraine intensity seemed to be equal for both men and women. But for women, the intensity was more unpleasant than it was for the men, according to ScienceNow.

      Researchers also conducted an experiment where they subjected the study participants to heat, and found that the brains of women who have migraines responded differently to the pain than other people’s brains, ScienceNow reported.

      “The results support the notion of a ‘sex phenotype’ in migraine and indicate that brains are differentially affected by migraine in females compared with males,” the researchers wrote in the study.

      Recently, a small study from Norwegian researchers published in the journal Headache showed that migraines may affect more people than was previously believed.

      In that study, 245 neurologists were surveyed about their migraines. Thirty-five percent reported having had a migraine at least once, while 26 percent said they’ve had one in the last year alone, Reuters reported.

      Read Also: How Common Are Visual Migraines

      What Is The Root Cause Of Migraines

      An underlying central nervous disorder may set off a migraine episode when triggered. Irregularities in the brains blood vessel system, or vascular system, may cause migraines. A genetic predisposition may cause migraines. Abnormalities of brain chemicals and nerve pathways may cause migraine episodes.

      Availability Of Data And Materials

      The data supporting the conclusions of this article are held electronically in Department of Senile Neurology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Shandong, China. They are still being analyzed for further publications. These data will be made publicly available finally, and some of them can be obtained upon request to the corresponding author now.

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