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HomeExclusiveAre Migraines Caused By Inflammation

Are Migraines Caused By Inflammation

Are There Other Types Of Migraine That Occur In Children And Adolescents

Headaches & Inflammation

Yes, other types are grouped as either complicated migraine or migraine variants.

Complicated migraines are migraines with neurological symptoms, including:

  • Paralysis or weakness of the eye muscles that keep the eye in its normal position and control its movement. This was previously called an ophthalmoplegic migraine.
  • Weakness on one side of the body. This is called a hemiplegic migraine.
  • Pain at the base of the skull as well as numbness, tingling, visual changes and balance difficulties . This is called basilar migraine.
  • Confusion and speech and language problems. This is called confusional migraine and may also occur after a minor head injury.
  • Migraine variants are disorders in which the symptoms appear and disappear from time to time. Headache pain may be absent. Migraine variants are more common in children who have a family history of migraine or who will develop migraine later in life. Migraine variants include:
  • Paroxysmal vertigo dizziness and vertigo that is brief, sudden, intense, and recurs.
  • Paroxysmal torticollis sudden contraction of the neck muscles on one side of the head that causes the head to tilt to one side.
  • Cyclic vomiting uncontrolled vomiting that lasts about 24 hours and occurs every 60 to 90 days.
  • Abdominal migraine pain in the belly, usually near the belly button . Pain usually lasts 1 to 2 hours.

What Are The Symptoms Of Cluster Headaches

    Cluster headaches are headaches that come in groups separated by pain-free periods of months or years. A patient may experience a headache on a daily basis for weeks or months and then be pain-free for years. This type of headache affects men more frequently. They often begin in adolescence but can extend into middle age.

    • During the period in which the cluster headaches occur, pain typically occurs once or twice daily, but some patients may experience pain more than twice daily.
    • Each episode of pain lasts from 30 to 90 minutes.
    • Attacks tend to occur at about the same time every day and often awaken the patient at night from a sound sleep.
    • The pain typically is excruciating and located around or behind one eye.
    • Some patients describe the pain as feeling like a hot poker in the eye. The affected eye may become red, inflamed, and watery.
    • The nose on the affected side may become congested and runny.

    Unlike people with migraine headaches, those with cluster headaches tend to be restless. They often pace the floor and/or bang their heads against a wall. People with cluster headaches can be driven to desperate measures, including suicidal thoughts.

    What Is A Migraine Headache

    Migraine is a neurological disorder known to cause multiple symptoms. It is characterized by severe debilitating headaches.

    The symptoms may include vomiting, nausea, difficulty in speaking, numbness and tingling in the hands, and increased sensitivity to sound and light. Migraine can affect people of all ages and has been found to run in families indicating it could be genetically linked.

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    Treatment For Sinus Pain

    If you have pain thats caused by sinusitis, the following self-care measures may help ease your symptoms:

    • Inhaling steam.Inhaling steamy air may help loosen mucus and ease inflammation. You can do this by draping a towel over your head and leaning over a bowl of warm water. Standing in a warm, steamy shower may also help.
    • Using a nasal wash. A nasal wash is a saline solution and helps to flush out your sinuses. You can buy saline washes over-the-counter or make your own at home.
    • Taking OTC medications. Various OTC medications may help relieve symptoms like pain, inflammation, and sinus congestion:
    • pain medications like ibuprofen , naproxen , and acetaminophen
    • nasal decongestants, such as Sudafed and Mucinex Sinus Max
    • nasal corticosteroids like Flonase and Nasacort

    Neurogenic Inflammation And Other Neurological Disorders

    Migraine. Causes, symptoms, treatment Migraine

    Fibromyalgia is a chronic, generalized neuromuscular pain disorder of unknown etiology. The clinical symptoms are characterized by widespread muscular pain, fatigue, multiple tender points, and multiple other somatic symptoms. Till recently, CNS was considered to be the major factor involved in the pathophysiology of FM. However, recent investigations in FM patients have suggested that peripheral nerve endings also play a pivotal role. An increased neurogenically-mediated axon reflex flare reaction to mechanical and chemical stimuli and a lower threshold of the capsaicin-induced flare were observed in FM patients. This increased receptor activity may also contribute to the pain and tenderness experienced by these patients. A recent study demonstrated high amounts of SP in the nerve endings of the trapezius muscle of FM patients, compared with controls. In other studies, SP concentration was found to be three times higher in the CSF of FM patients, compared with controls. These findings thus support the role of neurogenic inflammation in the development and perception of myofascial pain in FM patients.

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    You Have Neck Stiffness

    Another one of the more serious signs to look out for is neck stiffness. As Dr. Dean says, this too can indicate swelling in the brain. Encephalitis and meningitis, which are illnesses that cause inflammation around the brain and spinal cord, are usually caused by bacteria or viruses. If you are experiencing a stiff neck along with headaches, and a fever, see your doctor about your symptoms.

    Estrogen Dominance And Migraines

    One of the biggest factors affecting chronic migraines is hormone imbalances, especially the progesterone-to-estrogen ratio. This may be one reason why women are three times more likely to suffer from migraines than men.

    Estrogen is the hormone responsible for the proliferation of the endometrium, stimulation of the breast tissues and increasing body fat, while progesterone side effects is responsible for maintaining secretory endometrium, the usage of fat for energy, and the prevention of fibrocystic breasts and breast cancer.

    In healthy women, estrogen and progesterone work together, keeping each other in check and maintaining a balanced ratio between them. With advancing age, plus a few other risk factors like diet, lifestyle, health conditions, xenoestrogen exposure, and stress, this delicate balance can be easily disrupted.

    Although after age 35 both hormones begin to decline, the rate of decline of progesterone is about three times more than that of estrogen, making the relative amount of estrogen to progesterone much higher. This is called estrogen dominance, and it is responsible for many problematic womens health issues.

    The relatively low amount of progesterone as compared to estrogen in the system makes keeping estrogen in check much harder. With such elevated amounts of estrogen, you can experience symptoms such as:

    • Weight gain
    • Infertility
    • Headaches

    Other causes of estrogen dominance to be aware of are:

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    How Are Headaches Classified

    In 2013, the International Headache Society released its latest classification system for headache. Because so many people suffer from headaches, and because treatment is difficult sometimes, the Headache Society hoped that the new classification system would help health care professionals make a more specific diagnosis as to the type of headache a patient has, and allow better and more effective options for treatment.

    The guidelines are extensive, and the Headache Society recommends that health care professionals consult the guidelines frequently to make certain of the diagnosis.

    There are three major categories of headache based upon the source of the pain.

  • Primary headaches
  • Secondary headaches
  • Cranial neuralgias, facial pain, and other headaches
  • The guidelines also note that a patient may have symptoms that are consistent with more than one type of headache, and that more than one type of headache may be present at the same time.

    The Link To Migraines

    Migraine Headaches Causes and Solutions

    Research has been done showing how stressing the trigeminal nerve beyond normal use causes blood vessels in the covering of the brain to dilate, letting white blood cells to leak into the surrounding space. This causes what would be similar to having an infection in other parts of the body. This can lead to migraines. Just as poison ivy may produce a rash on the skin, migraines cause inflammation in the brain. However, just to be clear, it is NOT an infection of the brain , but rather a similar response inflammation.

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    Who Is At Risk And How Long Do Migraines Last

    Women are three times more likely to get migraines than men. However, anyone at any age can develop migraines. People with a family history of migraines are more prone to getting them. They generally affect those in the age range of 15 to 55. In the USA, 39 million men, women, and children have migraines, and worldwide 1 billion have migraines.

    Most migraines last for around four hours. If they do not respond well to care, they can last for up to 72 hours or even as long as a week.

    To learn more about the connection between head and neck injuries and migraines .

    How Can I Tell If I Have A Migraine Or Just A Bad Tension

    Compared with migraine, tension-type headache is generally less severe and rarely disabling. Compare your symptoms with those in this chart to see what type of headache you might be having.

    Migraine vs. bad tension-type headache

    Symptom
    Aura before onset of headachex

    Note: Rebound headache may have features of tension and/or migraine headache. Adapted from a table produced by the American Council for Headache Education.

    Although fatigue and stress can bring on both tension and migraine headaches, migraines can be triggered by certain foods, changes in the body’s hormone levels, and even changes in the weather.

    There also are differences in how types of headaches respond to treatment with medicines. Although some over-the-counter drugs used to treat tension-type headaches sometimes help migraine headaches, the drugs used to treat migraine attacks do not work for tension-type headaches for most people.

    You can’t tell the difference between a migraine and a tension-type headache by how often they occur. Both can occur at irregular intervals. Also, in rare cases, both can occur daily or almost daily.

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    What Is The Outlook For Children And Adolescents With Migraine

    Treatment helps most children and adolescents with migraine. Fifty percent of children and adolescents report migraine improvement within 6 months after treatment. However, in about 60% of adolescents who experience their first migraine as an adolescent, the migraine may continue off and on for many years.

    It should be noted that many of the medications listed in this handout have not been approved by the by the Food and Drug Administration for use in children and adolescents with headaches. This is a common practice in the field of medicine and is called off-label prescribing. It is one of the ways new and important uses are found for already approved drugs. Many times, positive findings lead to formal clinical trials of the drug for new conditions and indications.

    Rehabilitation program. Some hospitals and/or other health care facilities offer inpatient headache management programs for children and adolescents ask your doctor if their facility offers such programs.

    Patients typically accepted into these programs are those who have a chronic daily headache , missed an excessive amount of school, have overused over-the-counter medications, and have headache pain that is controlling their lives. The staff of such programs can include psychologists, pediatric rehabilitation specialists, occupational and physical therapists as well as access to a child psychiatrist. Stress factors are an important focus of this program not rapid changes in medications.

    References

    What Causes A Migraine

    Can a migraine give you a fever  Health News

    Until recently, migraine was thought to be caused by the changing size of blood vessels in the brain. These changes either increase or decrease blood flow, which then trigger other changes. Today, migraine is thought to be a brain malfunction a disorder that mainly affects the brain and nerves but also affects blood vessels. The malfunction is caused, in part, by the release of chemicals in the brain. One of these chemicals is serotonin. This cycle of changes cause inflammation and the pain of the migraine.

    Migraine is genetic, meaning it tends to run in families. Some 60% to 70% of people who have migraine headaches also have an immediate family member who have or may have had a migraine.

    A migraine can cause great discomfort, disability, and interfere with activities. However, they do not usually cause damage to the body. Migraine headaches are not related to brain tumors or strokes.

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    Are Chronic Migraines Caused By Adrenal Fatigue

    Migraines. The dreaded headaches that can keep you from going to work, playing with your kids, or even getting out of bed. Theyre distinct from other types of headaches in the intensity of the pain, the accompanying symptoms, the possibility of a pre-attack aura, and in that they can affect one or both sides of the head. Chronic migraines can have the same triggers and phases as regular migraines, but can also be associated with other factors, such as adrenal fatigue, chronic stress, sustained use of certain medications, and estrogen dominance.

    Migraines affect around 15% of the global population and their causes are unclear, though they seem to have some genetic factors as they can run in families, as well as environmental factors. They affect women three times more than men. It is thought that they cause pain by affecting nerves and blood vessels in the head and brain.

    Migraines are known for their severity, with a pounding pain that is sometimes accompanied by other symptoms, including:

    • Nausea
    • Blurry vision
    • Lightheadedness

    Doctors have mapped out three possible phases of migraine headaches, with some people experiencing all three while, more commonly, others experiencing the migraine attack only. The phases are:

  • Attack This is when the migraine hits. The pain in the head, ranging from mild to severe, can be throbbing or pounding or constant. This phase can have the accompanying symptoms listed above.
  • Migraine As A Life Span Disorder

    Migraine is a life span disorder affecting children, adults and the elderly. The clinical presentation of migraine shows an age-dependent change with shorter duration and also occurrence of special paroxysmal symptoms like vomiting, abdominal pain or vertigo in childhood and largely an absence of autonomic signs in the elderly.

    The prevalence of migraine in children varies, depending on the study and the age range of the included subjects, between 2.7% and 10.0% and in younger children it does not differ between girls and boys . In adulthood, migraine is more prevalent in women than in men with a lifetime prevalence of 1217% and 46%, respectively . A factor that may contribute to the increased prevalence of migraine in women compared to men in the reproductive years is estrogen withdrawal which is a reliable trigger of menstrual attacks in women . Migraine in women usually declines after menopause , indicating further the influence of hormonal changes on migraine occurrence. The prevalence of migraine in the elderly is about 3.5% with females affected ~2 times more often than males .

    The clinical manifestation of migraine is different in childhood from that in adulthood. Pediatric migraine is characterized by shorter attacks with the pain being less often unilateral. Accompanying symptoms include mild intolerance to light and rarely to noise , while vomiting and cranial autonomic features are significantly more frequent compared to adult patients .

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    From The Conversation: How Does A Piece Of Bread Cause A Migraine

    Migraine is the third most prevalent illness in the world and causes suffering for tens of millions of people. In fact, nearly 1 in 4 U.S. householdsincludes someone with migraines.

    Migraine is not just a headache but also includes a collection of associated symptoms that can be debilitating. These include nausea, vomiting, light sensitivity and dizziness. Often people struggle to determine what triggers their migraines. It can be environmental, hormonal, genetic, secondary to an underlying illness, or triggered by certain foods, such as cheese, red wine or chocolate. One food that has received a lot of attention is recent years is gluten a protein found in wheat, rye and barley.

    Article author Lauren Green, DO, RD

    As a registered dietitian and board-certified neurologist who specializes in headache management, I often will have my patients try a gluten-free diet.

    Celiac disease vs. gluten sensitivity

    When someone suffers from celiac disease a digestive disorder caused by an autoimmune response to gluten there is a clear link between migraine headaches and gluten. Gluten triggers immune cells to release antibodies to attack substances the body sees as foreign.

    This triggers an inflammatory reaction that puts the body in high alert that injures various healthy organs. Organs then release molecules that cause blood vessels to become leaky and release water, electrolytes and protein into the tissues and cause swelling.

    Step by step, how gluten leads to migraines

    What Are The Symptoms Of Sinus Headaches And Migraines

    When to Apply Essential Oils: Relieve Sinus Headaches

    Sinus headaches and migraines have the following symptoms in common:

    • Pain in the head especially the forehead
    • Itchy, watery eyes
    • Worsening pain when you move

    Migraines tend to also have some of the following symptoms:

    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Sensitivity to light or sound
    • Severe pain located on one size of the head

    Sinus headaches and migraines are often confused, and its important to know which type you have so you can receive treatment thats more likely to help.

    If youre experiencing headaches, make an appointment today for an evaluation at Houston Sinus Surgery at the Yeung Institute. Well correctly diagnose the type of headache you have as well as any underlying issues that are causing them and devise an effective treatment plan.

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