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Are Migraines And Alzheimer’s Related

Who Is At Risk

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The main type of migraine associated with stroke is migraine with aura, a subtype affecting about 25% of persons with migraine. The main type of stroke associated with migraine is ischemic stroke but persons with migraine also have an increased risk of hemorrhagic stroke . Women with aura are 2 to 3 times more likely to have stroke than women without migraine, all other things being equal. Women with aura are also at higher risk of stroke than men with aura. Interestingly, young persons are at greater risk for migraine-related stroke than are older individuals, and the strongest association of migraine and stroke is in persons without traditional stroke risk factors such as high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus and high cholesterol.

How Do These Brain Lesions Affect Your Health

If you have migraines, do you need to get regular brain scans? Experts say no. The odds that thereâs a problem is less than 1 in 1,000.

Brain lesions donât appear to cause any long-term damage. Two large studies found people with migraines didnât have any more changes to their brain function or thinking than those who donât get the headaches.

One study concluded these lesions donât affect your brain health. The scientists used scans to track lesions over 9 years. They found those who had more brain lesions scored no differently on memory, attention, or speed tests.

Failing To Pick Up On Sarcasm And Spot A Liar

You may or may not appreciate a sarcastic sense of humor, but sarcasm;is;a part of our culture. “We see it as a nice way to be critical and so we use it constantly, even when we are trying to be nice,” says Dr. Rankin, whose research found that people with both frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer’s disease tend to have a harder time picking up on sarcasm.

Another unusual sign of dementia Rankin noticed? People with FTD couldn’t tell when someone was lying, although people with Alzheimer’s disease;could;tell. “FTD patients don’t have that sense anymore that things that people do could turn out badly,” she says.

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More Headache Less Migraine With Dementia

An association was found between headache or non-migrainous headache and later dementia. Not so for migraine.

Any headache and non-migrainous headache are more likely to be reported at baseline among patients who later are included in a dementia registry, the HUNT study found. No statistical significant association was found between migraine and dementia. In fact, migraine was less likely in patients in whom dementia developed.

To examine the association between headache and dementia, researchers in Norway used data from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Surveys performed in 19951997 and 20062008 . Patients aged 55 years or older who answered headache questions in HUNT2 and later participated in HUNT3 were the reference group.

Any headache was more likely to be reported in HUNT2 among those who later were included in the dementia registry compared with the reference group but less likely among confirmed non-demented patients. The relationship was stronger for non-migrainous headache; such an association was not found for migraine.

The researchers suggested there are several ways to interpret the finding that any headaches, particularly non-migrainous headaches, are more likely to be reported at baseline among patients in whom dementia develops:

The notion that for some patients, the early or presymptomatic condition of dementia was causing headache-rather than headache later causing dementia-cannot be ruled out.

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Migraines A Risk Factor For Developing Dementia And Alzheimer’s Study Suggests

Migraine may raise dementia, Alzheimer

Migraines could raise the risk of developing dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease, according to researchers. The study published in the International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatryinvolved 679 people aged 65 or over in Canada, who didn’t have dementia.

They filled out a questionnaire on their medical history, including whether they had migraines. After five years, the researchers checked on the participants, and noted whether they had developed dementia. The sample was mostly made up of women, at 61.9 percent, with an average age of 75 years old.

Of the total, 7.5 percent of the participants developed dementia: a group of conditions with related symptoms including memory loss, of which Alzheimer’s is the most common. Out of the dementia patients, 5.1 percent had been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s, and 1.9 percent vascular dementia. None of the men who reported having migraines were diagnosed with dementia.

People with dementia were three times more likely to have experienced migraines than those without dementia. There was no link found between migraines and vascular dementia. Some 23.5 percent of participants with Alzheimer’s also had a history of migraines, compared with 9.9 percent of those who didn’t.

The link between dementia and migraines, as well as headaches more generally, mirror the findings of previous studies, the authors of the paper wrote.

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Key Points About Vascular Dementia

  • Vascular dementia is a disorder characterized by damaged brain tissue due to a lack of blood flow. Causes can include blood clots, ruptured blood vessels, or narrowing or hardening of blood vessels that supply the brain.
  • Symptoms can include problems with memory and concentration, confusion, changes in personality and behavior, loss of speech and language skills, and sometimes physical symptoms such as weakness or tremors.
  • Vascular dementia tends to progress over time. Treatments can’t cure the disease, but lifestyle changes and medicines to treat underlying causes might help slow its progress.
  • Surgical procedures to improve blood flow to the brain can also be helpful. Other medicines might slow the progression of dementia or help with some of the symptoms it can cause.
  • A person;with;vascular dementia may eventually need full-time nursing care or to stay in a long-term care facility.

How Is Vascular Dementia Diagnosed

In addition to a complete medical history and physical exam, your healthcare provider may order some of the following:

  • Computed tomography . This imaging test;uses X-rays and a computer to make;horizontal, or axial images of the brain. CT scans are more detailed than general X-rays.
  • FDG-PET scan. This is a PET scan of the brain that uses a special tracer to light up regions of the brain.
  • Electroencephalogram . This;test measures electrical activity in the brain
  • Magnetic resonance imaging . This;test;uses large magnets, radiofrequencies, and a computer to make;detailed images of the brain.
  • Neuropsychological assessments. These tests can help sort out vascular dementia from other types of dementia and Alzheimer’s.
  • Neuropsychiatric evaluation. This may be done to rule out a psychiatric condition that may resemble dementia.

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Migraines Linked To Future Dementia Alzheimer But Only In Women

Finding a midlife risk factor for dementia—such as migraine—could allow for earlier detection of at‐risk patients.

A history of migraines was a significant risk factor for Alzheimer disease and all‐cause dementia, but not vascular dementia, in a recent study examining older adults living independently.

The researchers used a subset of data from the Manitoba Study of Health and Aging, part of the longest continuous study of aging in Canada. Analyses were based on 679 community‐dwelling participants 65 years or older.

Dementia is the most common neurological disease in older adults, and identifying predictors of dementia is critical, researchers noted, given the current increases in prevalence and expected further growth as the population ages.

Headaches, including migraines, are the most common neurological disorder across all ages; previous studies have found some suggestions of an association between migraine and dementia. However, the associations are poorly defined and may vary by dementia subtype, headache/migraine measure, gender, comorbidities, and clinical versus community‐based samples.

To be included in the study, participants were screened to determine that their cognition was unimpaired at baseline. Researchers collected data on migraine history and all covariates at baseline; 5 years later, they were re-assessed for cognitive outcomes .

The sample was predominantly women with a mean age of 75.9 years.

Reference

The Seven Stages Of Dementia

Anxiety, Migraines, Vertigo, Dementia, Pain Testimonial Reboot Your Health With The Lymphatic System

One of the most difficult things to hear about dementia is that, in most cases, dementia is irreversible and incurable. However, with an early diagnosis and proper care, the progression of some forms of dementia can be managed and slowed down. The cognitive decline that accompanies dementia conditions does not happen all at once – the progression of dementia can be divided into seven distinct, identifiable stages.

Learning about the stages of dementia can help with identifying signs and symptoms early on, as well as assisting sufferers and caretakers in knowing what to expect in further stages. The earlier dementia is diagnosed, the sooner treatment can start.

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What Is The Risk Of Stroke With Migraine

Fortunately, the absolute risk of migraine-related stroke is low. In the U.S. the yearly number of strokes from all causes is about 800,000 in a population of over 322 million persons. The yearly risk of stroke in women with migraine is about 3 times what it is for women without migraine, with an estimated 13 strokes per 100,000 women that are tied to migraine rather than to another diagnosis. This means that out of 28 million women in the U.S. with migraine, the number of stroke per year related to that diagnosis is about 3600, which is less than 1 percent of the total strokes affecting women.

Migraines Associated With All

Migraines may be a significant risk factor for all-cause dementia, Alzheimers disease and vascular dementia, according to the results of a study recently published in the International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.

As the global population ages, the prevalence of agerelated conditions, such as dementia, will continue to rise. Although dementia is the most common neurological disease in older adults, headaches are the most common neurological disorder across all ages, affecting almost half of the global population of adults, Rebecca E. Morton, MD, from the School of Public Health and Health Systems From the University of Waterloo in Waterloo, Ontario and colleagues wrote in the study.The relationship between migraines and dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia , has not yet been clearly established and has the potential to inform prevention and treatment as well as further understanding of the etiology of these disorders.

Dementia illustration. Source: Getty

Although dementia is the most common neurological disease among older adults and headaches, including migraines are the most common neurological disorder across all age groups, there is little evidence linking the two. To explore the relationship between migraines and dementia, Morton and colleagues conducted analyses based on 679 participants from the population-based, prospective, Manitoba Study of Health and Aging.

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Dementia And Vertigo: Are They Linked

To understand how these disorders are linked, you first need to know something about your brain. Your;cerebellum is the part of your brain;that controls your body movements. When there is a problem with this part of your brain, it can cause balance issues, like vertigo.;

Because of this, episodes of vertigo are sometimes the first sign that you may be getting dementia. This is especially true when talking about vascular dementia and Alzheimers disease because they affect the balance center of your brain.

When you consider vertigo,;vascular dementia;is the one type of dementia that should come to your mind. This is because, with this disease, theres a problem getting oxygenated blood to flow to your cerebellum. Because this part of your brain is vital to body movement, any disruption in blood flow can cause you to feel as though youre spinning, along with episodes of dizziness.

With vascular dementia, vertigo is one of the first symptoms youll experience before any of the other signs begin to show. Alzheimers disease is similar because vertigo may be one of the earlier signs you may experience. Theres a specific form of this disease called posterior cortical atrophy, affecting your cerebellum, leading to vertigo and balance problems.

When youve had enough of constant forgetfulness, call our office at 732-856-5999 to make an appointment or;schedule a consultation online;today.

Identifying Those At Risk Can Mean Earlier Diagnoses

Chronic migraines linked to greater risk of dementia

Tyas points out that a goal of the study is to help medical providers identify people at high risk for dementia to help them get treatment early and even more critically, to adopt preventive strategies to lower their risk.

Identifying risk factors for dementia may facilitate early identification of at-risk individuals and preventive strategies, Tyas said in the study.

According to the Alzheimers Association, early diagnosis is a critical part of treatment.

The Alzheimers Association believes early detection of Alzheimers is important to help individuals and their families prepare for the course of their disease. Furthermore, getting an accurate diagnosis can let a person know whether their symptoms are due to Alzheimers disease or another cause, some of which are reversible, such as depression or sleep apnea, Edelmayer said.

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Stage 6: Moderately Severe Dementia

When the patient begins to forget the names of their children, spouse, or primary caregivers, they are most likely entering stage 6 of dementia and will need full time care. In the sixth stage, patients are generally unaware of their surroundings, cannot recall recent events, and have skewed memories of their personal past. Caregivers and loved ones should watch for:

  • Delusional behavior

What Are The Symptoms Of Vascular Dementia

The symptoms of vascular dementia depend on the location and amount of brain tissue involved. Vascular dementia symptoms may appear suddenly after a stroke, or gradually over time. Symptoms may get worse after another stroke, a heart attack, or major surgery. These are signs and symptoms of vascular dementia

  • Increased trouble carrying out normal daily activities because of problems with concentration, communication, or inability to carry out instructions
  • Memory problems, although short-term memory may not be affected
  • Confusion, which may increase at night
  • Stroke symptoms, such as sudden weakness and trouble;with speech
  • Personality changes
  • Mood changes, such as depression or irritability
  • Stride changes when walking too fast, shuffling steps
  • Problems with movement and/or balance
  • Urinary problems, such as urgency or incontinence
  • Tremors

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Association Between Migraine Headaches And Dementia In More Than 7400 Patients Followed In General Practices In The United Kingdom

Article type: Research Article

Authors: Kostev, Karela; * | Bohlken, Jensb | Jacob, Louisc

Affiliations: Epidemiology, IQVIA, Frankfurt, Germany | Institut für Sozialmedizin, Arbeitsmedizin und Public Health , Medizinische Fakultät der Universität Leipzig | Faculty of Medicine, University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Montigny-le-Bretonneux, France

Correspondence: Correspondence to: Prof. Dr. rer. med. Karel Kostev, Epidemiology, IQVIA, Commercial GmbH & Co OHG, Unterschweinstiege 2-14, 60549 Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Tel.: +49 69 66 04 4878; E-mail: .

Keywords: Dementia, migraine, retrospective cohort study, sex differences, United Kingdom

DOI: 10.3233/JAD-190581

Journal: Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 353-360, 2019

Falling More Frequently Than You Used To

All Brain Issues- Chronic Headaches, Migraines, Epilepsy, Seizures, Parkinson’s, Alzheimers’, Tumors

Constantly tripping over your own two feet? Everyone falls now and again but frequent falling could be an early signal of Alzheimers disease, according to research. A;study published in;July;2013 in the journal;Neurology;found that presumptive preclinical Alzheimers disease is a risk factor for falls in older adults. People will come into our office concerned because they forgot what was on their grocery list last week, but when their spouse says theyve fallen four times in the past year, thats a sign of a problem, says Rankin. Frequent falls may also be a symptom of other brain disorders, including progressive supranuclear palsy.

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Migraine And Other Risk Factors

Tyas says shes been interested in looking at the impact of migraine after previous research.

Some years ago, I conducted a study that took a broad-brush look at a large number of possible risk factors, but because of the breadth of the study, it didnt examine any particular one in depth, she said.

A history of migraines was one of the factors that proved interesting from that study, so Ive always been interested in following up and investigating migraines more fully, she added.

One interesting finding in this study is that no link was found between migraine and another form of dementia called vascular dementia.

This suggests that migraine attacks arent causing memory loss by restricting blood flow to the brain, but by another mechanism.

Vascular dementia is a decline in cognitive ability as a result of vascular injury, but Alzheimers disease is a neurodegenerative disorder, said Dr. Cristina Wohlgehagen, a neurologist at Texas Health Dallas who wasnt associated with the study.

While Tyas expected a link between Alzheimers disease and migraine, she found it interesting that cardiovascular issues werent a factor.

I was surprised that this association wasnt explained even partly by high blood pressure, stroke, heart attack, or other vascular factors we studied. This suggests that migraines are not acting through the vascular system to increase the risk of Alzheimers disease, but instead may act through other neurological damage, Tyas said.

How To Help Ease Headaches

If youve established that youre dealing with a headache confident that its a minor ailment and nothing more worrying youre advised to administer the suggested dose of paracetamol. If however, youre more concerned that the pain is either acute, recurring, or persistent, then its always wise to visit a GP, who can investigate the issue in more depth.;

If youre keen to explore ways of easing headache symptoms without medical intervention , then the following tips may help ease the pain

  • Eat Ginger ; Often called upon as a cure for nausea, ginger has certainly earned its superfood stripes. Stem ginger has properties known to help ease the effects of migraines too, and can be taken in both supplement form, or freshly grated and brewed to make a tea.;.
  • Switch off Watching bright screens for an extended period can cause migraines to appear. Whats more blue-light from TVs and phones also plays havoc with sleep, which can exacerbate headache issues.;
  • Drink up As with most health issues, good old H20 is essential to stave off headaches. Dehydration is one of the leading causes of head pain, so try to keep your loved one topped up on fluids throughout the day.;
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